7.7×58mm Arisaka

The 7.7×58mm Arisaka cartridge, Type 99 rimless 7.7 mm or 7.7mm Japanese was a rifle cartridge which was used in the Imperial Japanese Army's Arisaka Type 99 rifle and machine guns, and was the standard light cartridge for the Imperial Japanese Army Air Service, such as the Type 89. The Imperial Japanese Navy (and Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service) never shared weapons or ammunition with the army, instead adopting the 7.7x56mmR, a direct copy of the .303 British round. The cartridge was designed to replace the aging 6.5×50mm Arisaka after seeing the effectiveness of the MG 34 GPMG in action (firing 8×57mm IS full power military rifle ammunition) in China during 1937.[2] Due to a lack of materials, the plan to phase out the 6.5 mm Arisaka cartridge by the end of the war was not completed.

Type 99 7.7 mm rimless
7.7 x 58mm JAP.JPG
7.7×58mm Arisaka
TypeRifle
Place of originJapan
Production history
Produced1939–1945
VariantsType 92 semi-rimmed 7.7 mm
Specifications
Bullet diameter7.89 mm (0.311 in)
Neck diameter8.07 mm (0.318 in)
Shoulder diameter10.89 mm (0.429 in)
Base diameter11.99 mm (0.472 in)
Rim diameter12 mm (0.47 in)
Rim thickness1.0 mm (0.039 in)
Case length57.66 mm (2.270 in)
Overall length79.5 mm (3.13 in)
Primer typeLarge rifle
Ballistic performance
Bullet mass/type Velocity Energy
175 gr (11 g) (Ball) 2,440 ft/s (740 m/s) 2,313 ft⋅lbf (3,136 J)
Type 92 semi-rimmed 7.7 mm
Type 92 7.7 mm semi-rimmed.jpg
Various Type 92 rounds
TypeMachine gun round
Place of originJapan
Service history
Used byJapan
WarsSecond World War
Production history
VariantsType 99 rimless 7.7 mm (Arisaka), Navy type 7.7 mm
Specifications
Case length2.25 in (57 mm)
Overall length3.14 in (80 mm)
Ballistic performance
Bullet mass/type Velocity Energy
202 gr (13 g) (Ball) 2,200 ft/s (670 m/s) 2,350 ft⋅lbf (3,190 J)
Source(s): [1]

DesignEdit

While the round chambered by the Arisaka rifle used a rimless case, rimmed and semi-rimmed variants were produced for use in some Japanese machine guns. This machine gun ammunition is more powerful, and the altered rim is meant to prevent it from being chambered in a rifle.

Japanese ammunitionEdit

All Japanese military ammunition used gilding metal jackets for the bullets on ball and the Pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN)-filled flat-tipped explosive incendiary, cupro-nickel jackets for tracer and phosphorus incendiary and a brass bullet with steel core for armor-piercing. The bullet type was signified by a colored band over the case mouth.

Bullet Jacket Marking Code Description
Ball gilding-metal Pink or Salmon ring jacketed lead-core bullet
Armor-Piercing - Black ring brass bullet with a steel core
Tracer cupro-nickel Green ring pyrotechnic core in a lead bullet
Incendiary cupro-nickel Magenta ring white phosphorus core in a lead envelope
High Explosive gilding-metal Purple ring PETN core in a flat-tipped lead envelope

Late war ammunition can still be encountered.

Modern LoadingsEdit

The 7.7×58mm Arisaka, as a sporting cartridge, is suitable for most big game with proper bullet selection.

The 7.7 mm Arisaka uses the same .311–.312" bullets as the .303 British,[3] and the standard military load delivered the same muzzle energy as the .303 British. Factory loaded ammunition and brass cases are available from Norma and Graf; Hornady, Sierra and Speer also produce usable bullets. Reloadable cartridge cases are produced by reforming .30-06 brass, or fire forming 8x57mm IS cases. Case heads derived from the .30-06 are slightly undersized and bulge slightly just ahead of the web on firing, while the 8×57mm IS derived cases are slightly short. Normal cases of the correct dimensions also bulge slightly, however, as most Japanese rifles of this era had slightly oversized chambers, intended to allow the bolt to be closed on a round even in a very dirty chamber. Reloading data for .303 British is often used for load development, since the two cartridges are nearly identical in power and size.


7.7×58mm Type 92Edit

The Type 92 (semi-rimmed) 7.7 mm (7.7×58mm SR) was a machine gun cartridge and was primarily used with the Type 92 heavy machine gun and the earlier Type 89 flexible and fixed air-cooled machine guns used on Japanese Army planes.

Bullet Jacket Marking Code Description
Ball gilding-metal Pink or Salmon ring jacketed lead-core bullet
Armor-Piercing - Black ring brass bullet with a steel core
Tracer cupro-nickel Green ring pyrotechnic core in a lead bullet
Incendiary cupro-nickel Magenta ring white phosphorus core over a lead slug
High Explosive gilding-metal Purple ring PETN core in a flat-tipped lead envelope

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Johnson, Melvin M., Jr. (1944). Rifles and Machine Guns. New York: William Morrow & Company. p. 384.
  2. ^ Honeycutt and Anthony P. 84
  3. ^ http://www.chuckhawks.com/7-7mmArisaka.htm