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6805 Abstracta, provisional designation 4600 P-L, is a carbonaceous Themistian asteroid and slow rotator from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 10 kilometers in diameter.

6805 Abstracta
Discovery [1]
Discovered byC. J. van Houten
I. van Houten
T. Gehrels
Discovery sitePalomar Obs.
Discovery date24 September 1960
Designations
MPC designation(6805) Abstracta
Named after
Astronomy and Astrophysics Abstracts [2]
4600 P-L · 1988 RG11
main-belt · Themis[3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc67.00 yr (24,472 days)
Aphelion3.6852 AU
Perihelion2.6917 AU
3.1885 AU
Eccentricity0.1558
5.69 yr (2,080 days)
281.84°
0° 10m 23.16s / day
Inclination1.8950°
136.68°
338.24°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions8.41 km (calculated)[3]
11.870±0.246 km[4][5]
152.1834±0.8953 h[6]
0.08 (assumed)[3]
0.087±0.026[4][5]
C[3]
13.0[1] · 12.9[4] · 13.74[3] · 13.286±0.009 (R)[6]

It was discovered on 24 September 1960, by Dutch astronomer couple Ingrid and Cornelis van Houten at Leiden, on photographic plates taken by Dutch–American astronomer Tom Gehrels at Palomar Observatory in California, United States.[7] The asteroid was named for the astronomical bibliography Astronomy and Astrophysics Abstracts.[2]

Contents

Orbit and classificationEdit

Abstracta is a member of the Themis family, a dynamical family of outer-belt asteroids with nearly coplanar ecliptical orbits. It orbits the Sun in the outer main-belt at a distance of 2.7–3.7 AU once every 5 years and 8 months (2,080 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.16 and an inclination of 2° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] The first precovery was taken at Palomar Observatory in 1949, extending the asteroid's observation arc by 11 years prior to its discovery.[7]

The survey designation "P–L" stands for "Palomar–Leiden", named after Palomar Observatory and Leiden Observatory, which collaborated on the fruitful Palomar–Leiden survey in the 1960s. Gehrels used Palomar's Samuel Oschin telescope (also known as the 48-inch Schmidt Telescope), and shipped the photographic plates to Ingrid and Cornelis van Houten at Leiden Observatory. The trio are credited with the discovery of several thousand minor planets.[8]

Physical characteristicsEdit

LightcurveEdit

A rotational lightcurve of Abstracta was obtained at the U.S. Palomar Transient Factory from photometric observation made in September 2011. It showed an exceptionally long rotation period of 152.1834±0.8953 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.78 in magnitude (U=2).[6]

Diameter and albedoEdit

According to the NEOWISE mission of NASA's space-based Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, Abstracta measures 11.9 kilometers in diameter and its surface has a low albedo of 0.09.[4][5] The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a typical albedo for carbonaceous asteroids of 0.08 and calculates a somewhat smaller diameter of 8.4 kilometers with an absolute magnitude of 13.74.[3]

NamingEdit

This minor planet was named for the astronomical bibliography Astronomy and Astrophysics Abstracts (AAA).[2]

Since it was founded under the auspices of the International Astronomical Union in 1969, it has systematically described, documented and indexed more than half a millions astronomical and astrophysical documents and produced more than 60 volumes. Head of AAA was German astronomer Lutz Schmadel, also known for his Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, and after whom the minor planet 2234 Schmadel is named.[2] The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 1 June 1996 (M.P.C. 27331).[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 6805 Abstracta (4600 P-L)" (2016-11-23 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(6805) Abstracta". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (6805) Abstracta. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 558. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_6115. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "LCDB Data for (6805) Abstracta". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  5. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. arXiv:1109.4096. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
  6. ^ a b c Waszczak, Adam; Chang, Chan-Kao; Ofek, Eran O.; Laher, Russ; Masci, Frank; Levitan, David; et al. (September 2015). "Asteroid Light Curves from the Palomar Transient Factory Survey: Rotation Periods and Phase Functions from Sparse Photometry". The Astronomical Journal. 150 (3): 35. arXiv:1504.04041. Bibcode:2015AJ....150...75W. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/150/3/75. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  7. ^ a b "6805 Abstracta (4600 P-L)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  8. ^ "Minor Planet Discoverers". Minor Planet Center. 24 April 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  9. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 27 April 2016.

External linksEdit