The 660s decade ran from January 1, 660, to December 31, 669.

Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
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Events

660

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
  • Emperor Constans II is paranoid about the ambitions of his younger brother, Theodosius, and has him murdered. Having attracted the hatred of the citizens of Constantinople, Constans decides to leave the Byzantine capital and moves to Syracuse (Sicily).
EuropeEdit
BritainEdit
KoreaEdit
JapanEdit
  • Prince Naka no Ōe no Ōji of Japan makes for the first time a Japanese clock at Asuka, by which he causes the people to know the hours.
  • After the fall of Sabi to the forces of Silla, the Yamato government sends envoys directly to the Chinese court for the first time
  • The Baekje–Tang War begins, involving Yamato forces in support of the kingdoms of Baekje and Goguryeo
  • Japanese forces, under command of Abe no Hirafu, massacre the Mishihase people in Hokkaido
  • The capital of Japan moves from Asuka, Yamato (Okamoto Palace or Nochi no Asuka-Okamoto-no-miya) to Asakura, Fukuoka[5][6]

661

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
BritainEdit
Arabian Empire (Islamic Caliphate)Edit
 
Muawiya I became caliph in mid 661, after the Abdication of caliph al-Hasan. Muawiya established the Umayyad dynasty (Muawiya with Councillors, from the manuscript of Hafiz-i Abru’s Majma’ al-tawarikh)
JapanEdit
  • Approximate date – The imperial fleet of Japan invades Kyūshū by the order of Empress Kōgyoku. On its way, princess Nukata composes a famous poem at Nikitatsu in Iyo Province.
  • c. May – Empress Kōgyoku builds the palace of Asakura in Kyūshū, from trees cut down from the shrines. Two months later she dies. People say it is because the gods are angry with her for destroying the shrines.
  • July 24Emperor Tenji ascends to the throne of Japan after his mother Empress Kōgyoku's death. He sends an expeditionary force under Abe no Hirafu to Korea, to help the allied kingdom of Baekje.
KoreaEdit
  • King Munmu becomes the 30th ruler of the Korean kingdom of Silla.[8]

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit
  • Maximus the Confessor, Christian monk, is recalled from exile in Thrace. He is tried, and sentenced to mutilation. His tongue and his right hand are cut off to prevent his further opposition to the Monothelites.
  • Approximate date – In Gaul all Roman bishops are replaced with Frankish bishops. They become increasingly common, as Frankish leaders control the episcopate.

662

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
BritainEdit
Arab EmpireEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

663

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
BritainEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

664

By placeEdit

North America & EuropeEdit
Britain & IrelandEdit
Arabian EmpireEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

665

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
BritainEdit
Arabian EmpireEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit
ScienceEdit

666


By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
AsiaEdit

667

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
Arabian EmpireEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

668

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
Arabian EmpireEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

669

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
BritainEdit
AsiaEdit

Significant peopleEdit

BirthsEdit

660

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DeathsEdit

660

 
Saint Eligius

661

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669

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lewis 1976, p. 388 n. 31.
  2. ^ Nicolle 2008, p. 16.
  3. ^ James 1977, p. 14.
  4. ^ Bede Book III, Chapter VII.
  5. ^ Asuka Historical Museum, Palaces of the Asuka Period," 1995; retrieved 2011-11-25.
  6. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1915). The Imperial Family of Japan, p. 24.
  7. ^ a b Roberts 1994.
  8. ^ "List of Rulers of Korea". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
  9. ^ Patrick J. Geary, "Before France & Germany, the Creation & Transformation of the Merovingian World". (New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988), p. 180
  10. ^ Cain, Fraser (2009-06-02). "Mount Fuji". Universe Today. Retrieved 2019-12-18.
  11. ^ Fryde et al. 1996, p. 223.
  12. ^ NASA, 2015, Total Solar Eclipse of 664 May 01 (access: 10 November 2016).
  13. ^ a b c Josiah Cox Russell, 1976, "The earlier medieval plague in the British Isles", Viator vol. 7, pp. 65–78.
  14. ^ Yorke 2002, p. 63.
  15. ^ Mayr-Harting 1991, pp. 129–147.
  16. ^ Mayr-Harting 1991, p. 117.
  17. ^ Glick, Thomas F.; Livesey, Steven; Wallis, Faith, eds. (2014). Medieval Science, Technology, and Medicine: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. p. 464. ISBN 978-1-135-45939-0.
  18. ^ Treadgold 1997, pp. 318–324.
  19. ^ Hindley 2006, p. 47.
  20. ^ Bury 1889, p. 306.
  21. ^ Bury 1889, p. 307.
  22. ^ Kashiwahara Y., Sonoda K. "Shapers of Japanese Buddhism", Kosei (1994)
  23. ^ Walsh 2007, p. 127.
  24. ^ a b Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
  25. ^ Kriti M. Shah, "The Pashtuns, the Taliban, and America’s Longest War", Asian Survey, Vol. 57, Number 6 (2017) pp. 981–1007
  26. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1962). "Sovereign and Subject", pp. 216–220

SourcesEdit