The 660s decade ran from January 1, 660, to December 31, 669.

Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
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EventsEdit

660

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
  • Emperor Constans II is paranoid about the ambitions of his younger brother, Theodosius, and has him murdered. Having attracted the hatred of the citizens of Constantinople, Constans decides to leave the Byzantine capital and moves to Syracuse (Sicily).
EuropeEdit
BritainEdit
KoreaEdit
JapanEdit
  • Prince Naka no Ōe no Ōji of Japan makes for the first time a Japanese clock at Asuka, by which he causes the people to know the hours.
  • After the fall of Sabi to the forces of Silla, the Yamato government sends envoys directly to the Chinese court for the first time
  • The Baekje–Tang War begins, involving Yamato forces in support of the kingdoms of Baekje and Goguryeo
  • Japanese forces, under command of Abe no Hirafu, massacre the Mishihase people in Hokkaido
  • The capital of Japan moves from Asuka, Yamato (Okamoto Palace or Nochi no Asuka-Okamoto-no-miya) to Asakura, Fukuoka[3][4]

661Edit

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
BritainEdit
Arabian EmpireEdit
JapanEdit
  • Approximate date – The imperial fleet of Japan invades Kyūshū by the order of Empress Kōgyoku. On its way, princess Nukata composes a famous poem at Nikitatsu in Iyo Province.
  • c. May – Empress Kōgyoku builds the palace of Asakura in Kyūshū, from trees cut down from the shrines. Two months later she dies. People say it is because the gods are angry with her for destroying the shrines.
  • July 24Emperor Tenji ascends to the throne of Japan after his mother Empress Kōgyoku's death. He sends an expeditionary force under Abe no Hirafu to Korea, to help the allied kingdom of Baekje.
KoreaEdit
  • King Munmu becomes the 30th ruler of the Korean kingdom of Silla.[6]

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit
  • Maximus the Confessor, Christian monk, is recalled from exile in Thrace. He is tried, and sentenced to mutilation. His tongue and his right hand are cut off to prevent his further opposition to the Monothelites.
  • Approximate date – In Gaul all Roman bishops are replaced with Frankish bishops. They become increasingly common, as Frankish leaders control the episcopate.

662Edit

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
BritainEdit
Arab EmpireEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

663Edit

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Byzantine EmpireEdit
BritainEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

664Edit

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North America & EuropeEdit
Britain & IrelandEdit
Arabian EmpireEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

665Edit

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
BritainEdit
Arabian EmpireEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit
ScienceEdit

666Edit


By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
AsiaEdit

667Edit

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
Arabian EmpireEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

668Edit

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
Arabian EmpireEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

669Edit

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
BritainEdit
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Significant peopleEdit

BirthsEdit

660

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DeathsEdit

660

 
Saint Eligius

661

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669


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lewis, Miracula, p. 388
  2. ^ Bede, Book III, chapter 7
  3. ^ Asuka Historical Museum, Palaces of the Asuka Period," 1995; retrieved 2011-11-25.
  4. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1915). The Imperial Family of Japan, p. 24.
  5. ^ Roberts, J. M. (1994). History of the World. Penguin.
  6. ^ "List of Rulers of Korea". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
  7. ^ Patrick J. Geary, "Before France & Germany, the Creation & Transformation of the Merovingian World". (New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988), p. 180
  8. ^ Cain, Fraser (2009-06-02). "Mount Fuji". Universe Today. Retrieved 2019-12-18.
  9. ^ Fryde, et al. "Handbook of British Chronology", p. 223
  10. ^ NASA, 2015, Total Solar Eclipse of 664 May 01 (access: 10 November 2016).
  11. ^ a b c Josiah Cox Russell, 1976, "The earlier medieval plague in the British Isles", Viator vol. 7, pp. 65–78.
  12. ^ Yorke, "King of Kingdoms", p. 63.
  13. ^ Roberts, J: "History of the World.". Penguin, 1994.
  14. ^ Mayr-Harting, Henry (1991). The "Coming of Christianity to Anglo-Saxon England". Pennsylvania State University Press, p.129–147. ISBN 0-271-00769-9
  15. ^ Mayr-Harting, Henry (1991). The "Coming of Christianity to Anglo-Saxon England". Pennsylvania State University Press, p. 117. ISBN 0-271-00769-9
  16. ^ Thomas F. Glick; Steven Livesey; Faith Wallis, eds. (2014). Medieval Science, Technology, and Medicine: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. p. 464. ISBN 1135459398.
  17. ^ Treadgold (1997), pp. 318–324
  18. ^ Hindley, "A Brief History of the Anglo-Saxons", p. 47
  19. ^ Bury, p. 306
  20. ^ Bury, p. 307
  21. ^ Kashiwahara Y., Sonoda K. "Shapers of Japanese Buddhism", Kosei (1994)
  22. ^ Walsh, "A New Dictionary of Saints", p. 127
  23. ^ a b Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
  24. ^ Kriti M. Shah, "The Pashtuns, the Taliban, and America’s Longest War", Asian Survey, Vol. 57, Number 6 (2017) pp. 981–1007
  25. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1962). "Sovereign and Subject", pp. 216–220