The year 591 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Empire, it was known as year 163 Ab urbe condita . The denomination 591 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
591 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar591 BC
DXC BC
Ab urbe condita163
Ancient Egypt eraXXVI dynasty, 74
- PharaohPsamtik II, 5
Ancient Greek era47th Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar4160
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−1183
Berber calendar360
Buddhist calendar−46
Burmese calendar−1228
Byzantine calendar4918–4919
Chinese calendar己巳(Earth Snake)
2106 or 2046
    — to —
庚午年 (Metal Horse)
2107 or 2047
Coptic calendar−874 – −873
Discordian calendar576
Ethiopian calendar−598 – −597
Hebrew calendar3170–3171
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−534 – −533
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2510–2511
Holocene calendar9410
Iranian calendar1212 BP – 1211 BP
Islamic calendar1249 BH – 1248 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar1743
Minguo calendar2502 before ROC
民前2502年
Nanakshahi calendar−2058
Thai solar calendar−48 – −47
Tibetan calendar阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
−464 or −845 or −1617
    — to —
阳金马年
(male Iron-Horse)
−463 or −844 or −1616

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