# 57 (number)

57 (fifty-seven) is the natural number following 56 and preceding 58.

 ← 56 57 58 →
Cardinalfifty-seven
Ordinal57th
(fifty-seventh)
Factorization3 × 19
Divisors1, 3, 19, 57
Greek numeralΝΖ´
Roman numeralLVII
Binary1110012
Ternary20103
Octal718
Duodecimal4912

## In mathematics

Fifty-seven is the sixteenth discrete semiprime and the sixth in the (3×q) family. With 58 it forms the fourth discrete bi-prime pair. 57 has an aliquot sum of 23 and is the first composite member of the 23-aliquot tree. Although 57 is not prime, it is jokingly known as the "Grothendieck prime" after a story in which mathematician Alexander Grothendieck supposedly gave it as an example of a particular prime number. This story is repeated in Part 2 of a biographical article on Grothendieck in Notices of the American Mathematical Society.[1]

As a semiprime, 57 is a Blum integer since its two prime factors are both Gaussian primes.[2]

57 is a 20-gonal number.[3] It is a Leyland number since 25 + 52 = 57.[4]

57 is a repdigit in base 7 (111).

## In fiction and media

### In films

• Passenger 57, a film starring Wesley Snipes
• In the movie Contagion, Vaccine #57 successfully protects the lab monkey from infection.
• The Terminal (2004) starring Tom Hanks. There are 57 members of the jazz band that Viktor Navorski carries a picture of with him.

## In food

• Heinz 57, a brand of sauce, and the number of varieties of foods claimed to be produced by the H.J. Heinz Company

## In music

• "Incident on 57th Street", a song by Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band, from their 1973 album, The Wild, the Innocent and the E Street Shuffle
• "57 Channels (And Nothin' On)", a song by Bruce Springsteen, from his 1992 album Human Touch
• "57", the name of a song by Biffy Clyro on their 2002 debut album, Blackened Sky
• Shure SM57, considered the workhorse of recording microphones

## In organizations

• The number of the French department Moselle