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563d Flying Training Squadron

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The 563d Flying Training Squadron was part of the 12th Flying Training Wing based at Randolph Air Force Base, Texas. It operated the T-43 Bobcat conducting navigator training. It was most recently inactivated at a ceremony held at Randolph Air Force Base on November 15, 2010.

563d Flying Training Squadron
T-43.jpg
Active1942–1945; 1947–1949; 1953–1957; 1962–1972; 1975–1989; 1993–1996; 1999–2010
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
RoleFlying Training
Part ofAir Education and Training Command
EngagementsEuropean Theater of Operations
Vietnam War[1]
DecorationsDistinguished Unit Citation
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award with Combat "V" Device
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award[1]
Insignia
563d Flying Training Squadron emblem[1]563d Flying Training Squadron.jpg
563d Fighter-Bomber Squadron emblem (approved 4 February 1955)[2]563 Fighter-Bomber Sq emblem.png
563d Bombardment Squadron emblem (approved 7 July 1944)[3]563d Bombardment Squadron - Emblem.png

Contents

HistoryEdit

World War IIEdit

The 563d was first activated as a bombardment squadron in 1942 at Gowen Field, Idaho. It transferred to Wendover Field, Utah in early 1943 to train in Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress aircraft. In the spring of 1943, the unit deployed to RAF Knettishall, England. As part of the Eighth Air Force, the unit flew several combat missions from 17 July 1943 to 21 April 1945 over Germany, France, Poland, Belgium, Norway, Romania and the Netherlands. While in combat, the unit received two Distinguished Unit Citations: one for the Regensburg raid on 17 August 1943, and another for separate attacks on Hanover, the Ruhr, and a shuttle-bombing raid. After V-E Day, the unit transferred back to the U.S. awaiting movement to the Pacific Theater of Operations, but the Japanese surrender altered these plans and the unit was inactivated in August 1945.[4]

Air Force reserveEdit

The squadron was reactivated in the reserve from 12 June 1947 to 27 June 1949, flying the North American AT-6 Texan, Beechcraft AT-11 Kansan, Curtiss C-46 Commando, Douglas C-47 Skytrain, and Douglas A-26 Invader at Orchard Place Airport, Illinois.[4]

Fighter operationsEdit

 
563d F-86F Sabre[note 1]

The 563d was reactivated again in 1953 following Secretary of State John Foster Dulles' promise to provide NATO with four fighter wings. The unit became a fighter-bomber squadron at Clovis Air Force Base, New Mexico, 23 November 1953, where its members trained in North American F-86 Sabre aircraft. The squadron moved to Bitburg Air Base, Germany, in 1954, and then to Étain-Rouvres Air Base, France, in the summer of 1955. The unit flew support for the Suez Canal and Hungarian crises. It converted to North American F-100 Super Sabre aircraft on 2 April 1957 and was inactivated shortly after on 10 December 1957.[4]

 
563d TFS F-105 Thunderchief at Yokota AB[note 2]

The squadron was reactivated 1 May 1962, as the 563d Tactical Fighter Squadron, at McConnell Air Force Base, Kansas, again flying the F-100 Super Sabre and then the Republic F-105 Thunderchief by the end of 1963. In April 1965, the unit was sent into combat in Southeast Asia. The 563d deployed to Takhli Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand, and flew 1508 combat sorties over North Vietnam and Laos. On 27 July 1965, the unit participated in the first destruction of a surface-to-air missile site in North Vietnam. In addition, there were several attacks as part of the first increment of Operation Rolling Thunder, and other Operation Iron Hand missions, and several dangerous attempts to destroy the Thanh Hoa and Paul Doumer bridges. The 563d lost 10 of its original 18 F-105Ds. Two pilots were killed by enemy action and three became Prisoners of War in that five-month tour. The 563d was awarded two Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards with Combat "V" Device for this tour, and was the most experienced squadron in the U.S. Air Force. (The 563rd never received its Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm citation though because its mission was classified.) In 1966, the squadron became a replacement training unit back at McConnell. The unit trained ten classes of pilots for the F-105D between 1966 and 1970 and later transitioned to the F-105 "Thunderstick II" until its inactivation, 31 July 1972.[4]

 
563d TFS F-4E Phantom II[note 3]

On 31 July 1975, the 563d was reactivated for the fifth time at George Air Force Base, California. The unit initially flew "Thunderstick II"'s but added McDonnell F-4 Phantom IIs in September 1975. In October 1978, the 563d received new aircraft from Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, to become the first operational squadron to fly the advanced F-4G Wild Weasel. The unit served with this electronic warfare aircraft in many exercises until it was inactivated in October 1989.[4]

Flying trainingEdit

On 14 May 1993, the 563d was redesigned as a flying training squadron and reactivated at Randolph Air Force Base, Texas. The squadron was assigned to the 12th Flying Training Wing under Air Education and Training Command. In conjunction with the 562d Flying Training Squadron, it operated the Boeing T-43 Bobcat aircraft conducting electronic warfare officer and combat systems officer training in electronic attack, threat reaction, and electronic surveillance. The 563d also operates the state of the art T-25 Simulator.[4]

LineageEdit

  • Constituted as the 563d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 19 December 1942
Activated on 24 December 1942
Redesignated 563d Bombardment Squadron, Heavy on 20 August 1943
Inactivated on 28 August 1945
  • Redesignated 563d Bombardment Squadron, Very Heavy on 5 May 1947
Activated in the reserve on 12 June 1947
Inactivated on 27 June 1949
  • Redesignated 563d Fighter-Bomber Squadron on 5 November 1953
Activated on 23 November 1953
Inactivated on 10 December 1957
  • Redesignated 563d Tactical Fighter Squadron and activated on 1 May 1962 (not organized)
Organized on 1 October 1962
Inactivated on 31 July 1972
  • Redesignated 563d Tactical Fighter Training Squadron on 15 July 1975
Activated on 31 July 1975
Redesignated 563d Tactical Fighter Squadron on 1 July 1977
Inactivated on 5 October 1989
  • Redesignated 563d Flying Training Squadron on 14 December 1992
Activated on 14 May 1993
Inactivated on 3 June 1996
  • Activated on 30 April 1999[5]
Inactivated on 19 November 2010[6]

AssignmentsEdit

StationsEdit

AircraftEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

Explanatory notes
  1. ^ Aircraft is North American F-86F-35-NA Sabre, serial 53-1117. In 1957 this aircraft was transferred to the Norwegian Air Force
  2. ^ Aircraft is Republic F-105D-31-RE Thunderchief, serial 62-4386 in 1965.
  3. ^ Aircraft is McDonnell Douglas F-4E-43-MC Phantom, serial 69-7254 in F-4G Wild Weasel configuration. It awaits its turn at Mojave for conversion to a 'Red Tail' target drone. The white fin cap indicates the aircraft was assigned to the 563d TFS. Converted to QF-4G AF-209. Expended 4 June 2002.
Citations
  1. ^ a b c Robertson, Patsy (March 19, 2008). "Factsheet 563 Flying Training Squadron (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
  2. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, 661-662
  3. ^ Watkins, pp. 76-77
  4. ^ a b c d e f "563 FTS Fact Sheet". Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2008-12-03.
  5. ^ a b c Lineage information, including assignments and aircraft, through 2007 in Robertson.
  6. ^ a b c d Brief History of Randolph AFB, p. 52
  7. ^ Station number in Anderson.
  8. ^ Station information through 2007 in Robertson, except as noted.

BibliographyEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

External linksEdit