54th government of Turkey

The 54th government of Turkey governed Turkey from 28 June 1996 to 30 June 1997. It was a coalition government formed by Welfare Party (RP) and True Path Party (DYP), and was known as Refahyol (a portmanteau of the Turkish names of the two parties in the coalition).

BackgroundEdit

After the fall of the 53rd government of Turkey, in which True Path Party (DYP) was one of the participants, Welfare Party (RP) and True Path Party (DYP) formed a coalition government.

Initially, Necmettin Erbakan of Welfare Party was the prime minister and Tansu Çiller of True Path Party was the deputy prime minister. After two years, they were to rotate in the position. However, the DYP was the third-largest in the parliament, and when Erbakan stepped down to begin the rotation, President Süleyman Demirel asked Mesut Yılmaz, leader of the Motherland Party which was the second-largest, to form the new government instead.[1][2]

GovernmentEdit

In the list below, the serving period of cabinet members who served only a part of the cabinet's lifespan are shown in the column "Notes".

Title[3][4] Name Party Notes
Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan
Deputy Prime Minister and
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Tansu Çiller
Minister of State
Fehim Adak
RP
Nevzat Ercan
DYP
Abdullah Gül
RP
Işılay Saygın
DYP
Sabri Tekir
RP
Nafiz Kurt
DYP
Mehmet Altınsoy
RP
Namık Kemal Zeybek
DYP
Lütfi Esengün
RP
Selim Ensarioğlu
DYP
Cemil Tunç
RP
Bekir Aksoy
DYP
Gürcan Dağdaş
RP
Ufuk Söylemez
DYP
Teoman Rıza Güneri
RP
Ayfer Yılmaz
DYP
Sacit Günbey
RP
Bahattin Şaker
DYP
Ahmet Demircan
RP
Ministry of Justice Şevket Kazan
RP
Ministry of National Defense Turhan Tayan
DYP
Ministry of the Interior Mehmet Ağar
Meral Akşener
DYP
28 June 1996 – 8 November 1996
8 November 1996 – 30 June 1997
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Emre Gönensay
DYP
Ministry of Finance Abdüllatif Şener
RP
Ministry of National Education Mehmet Sağlam
DYP
Ministry of Public Works and Settlement Cevat Ayhan
RP
Ministry of Health and Social Security Yıldırım Aktuna
İsmail Karakuyu
DYP
28 June 1996 – 26 April 1997
13 May 1997 – 30 June 1997
Ministry of Transport Ömer Barutçu
DYP
Ministry of Labour and Social Security Necati Çelik
RP
Ministry of Industry and Commerce Yalım Erez
Ali Rıza Gönül
DYP
28 June 1996 – 26 April 1997
13 May 1997 – 30 June 1997
Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources Recai Kutan
RP
Ministry of Culture İsmail Kahraman
RP
Ministry of Tourism Bahattin Yücel
DYP
28 June 1996 – 13 June 1997
Ministry of Agriculture and Village Affairs Musa Demirci
RP
Ministry of Forestry Halit Dağlı
DYP
Ministry of Environment Ziyaettin Tokar
RP

AftermathEdit

Necmettin Erbakan resigned as prime minister, hoping his coalition partner Tansu Çiller would be the next prime minister and a similar government would be formed. However, president Süleyman Demirel appointed Mesut Yılmaz of Motherland Party as the new prime minister[5] (see Prime ministership of Necmettin Erbakan).

This government dissolved under the pressure from the military.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Faulkner, Thomas (28 February 2011). "Necmettin Erbakan obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 February 2021. From early 1996 until the middle of 1997, Erbakan was prime minister and the Welfare party ruled Turkey, its rural and religious style provoking a strong reaction from much of the metropolitan middle class and the military. In February 1997, the military sent tanks into an Islamist town near Ankara and issued a set of demands. Erbakan decided to step down and allow the junior partner in the coalition to lead the government. But he was wrongfooted when Demirel, now president of the republic, appointed the leader of a third party as prime minister.
  2. ^ "Hürriyet – Cumhuriyetin seyir defterinden". Archived from the original on 25 June 2012. Retrieved 7 January 2022.
  3. ^ Official page of prime minister Archived 15 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Official page of the parliament
  5. ^ Sina Akşin:Kısa Türkiye Tarihi,Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür yayınları, İstanbul, ISBN 978-9944-88-172-2, p.303
Preceded by 54th Government of Turkey
(28 June 1996- 30 June 1997)
Succeeded by