4th Army (German Empire)
The 4th Army (German: 4. Armee / Armeeoberkommando 4 / A.O.K. 4) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the VI Army Inspection. The army was disbanded in 1919 during demobilization after the war.
Flag of the Staff of an Armee Oberkommando (1871–1918)
|Active||2 August 1914 – 28 January 1919|
|Engagements||World War I|
At the outset of war, the 4th Army, with the 5th Army, formed the center of the German armies on the Western Front, moving through Luxembourg and Belgium in support of the great wheel of the right wing that was to pin down and defeat the French armies. The 4th Army defeated Belgian forces on the frontier, drove the French out of the Ardennes and then encountered the British Expeditionary Force in the "Race to the Sea" at the First Battle of Ypres. The 4th Army faced the British in Flanders for the rest of the war, notably defending in the Battle of Passchendaele (1917), attacking in the 1918 Spring Offensive and finally being pushed back in the Hundred Days Offensive from August 1918.
Order of Battle, 30 October 1918Edit
By the end of the war, the 4th Army was organised as:
|Organization of 4th Army on 30 October 1918|
|4th Army||Naval Corps||1st Naval Division|
|2nd Naval Division|
|two thirds 38th Landwehr Division|
|one third 3rd Division|
|85th Landwehr Division|
|Guards Reserve Corps||3rd Reserve Division|
|two thirds 3rd Division|
|13th Reserve Division|
|16th Bavarian Division|
|36th Reserve Division|
|11th Bavarian Division|
|one third 38th Landwehr Division|
|16th Reserve Division|
|3rd Landwehr Division|
|Guards Corps||26th Division|
|Guards Ersatz Division|
|1st Bavarian Reserve Division|
|52nd Reserve Division|
|6th Cavalry Schützen Division|
|X Reserve Corps||49th Reserve Division|
|23rd Reserve Division|
|11th Reserve Division|
|6th Bavarian Reserve Division|
The 4th Army had the following commanders during its existence.
|2 August 1914||Generaloberst Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg||VI Army Inspectorate (VI. Armee-Inspektion)||Heeresgruppe Albrecht|
|1 August 1916||Generalfeldmarschall Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg|
|25 February 1917||General der Infanterie Friedrich Bertram Sixt von Armin||IV Corps||Resigned|
- Armee-Abteilung or Army Detachment in the sense of "something detached from an Army". It is not under the command of an Army so is in itself a small Army.
- Armee-Gruppe or Army Group in the sense of a group within an Army and under its command, generally formed as a temporary measure for a specific task.
- Heeresgruppe or Army Group in the sense of a number of armies under a single commander.