Year 494 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Tricostus and Geminus (or, less frequently, year 260 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 494 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
494 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar494 BC
Ab urbe condita260
Ancient Egypt eraXXVII dynasty, 32
- PharaohDarius I of Persia, 28
Ancient Greek era71st Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar4257
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−1086
Berber calendar457
Buddhist calendar51
Burmese calendar−1131
Byzantine calendar5015–5016
Chinese calendar丙午年 (Fire Horse)
2204 or 1997
    — to —
丁未年 (Fire Goat)
2205 or 1998
Coptic calendar−777 – −776
Discordian calendar673
Ethiopian calendar−501 – −500
Hebrew calendar3267–3268
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−437 – −436
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2607–2608
Holocene calendar9507
Iranian calendar1115 BP – 1114 BP
Islamic calendar1149 BH – 1148 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar1840
Minguo calendar2405 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1961
Thai solar calendar49–50
Tibetan calendar阳火马年
(male Fire-Horse)
−367 or −748 or −1520
    — to —
(female Fire-Goat)
−366 or −747 or −1519

Events edit

By place edit

Persian empire edit

  • Having successfully captured several of the revolting Greek city-states, the Persians under Artaphernes lay siege to Miletus. The decisive Battle of Lade is fought at the island of Lade, near Miletus' port. Although out-numbered, the Greek fleet appears to be winning the battle until the ships from Samos and Lesbos retreat. The sudden defection turns the tide of battle, and the remaining Greek fleet is completely destroyed. Miletus surrenders shortly thereafter, and the Ionian Revolt comes to an end.[1]
  • The Persian leaders Artaphernes and Mardonius grant a degree of autonomy to the Ionian cities. They abstain from financial reprisals and merely exact former levels of tribute. The Persians abolish the Greek tyrannies in Ionia and permit democracies.
  • The Persians burn down the Temple of Apollo at Didyma.[2]

Greece edit

  • The Phoenician allies of the Persians retaliate fiercely against the Greeks, whom they perceive as pirates, unleashing savage reprisals..
  • The Thracians and Scythians drive Miltiades the Younger from the Chersonesos. Miltiades loads five boats with his treasures and makes for Athens. One of the boats, captained by Miltiades' eldest son, Metiochos is captured. Metiochos is taken as a lifelong prisoner to Persia.[3]
  • The Spartan king, Cleomenes I inflicts a severe defeat on Argos at Sepeia near Tiryns (approximate date).[4]

Roman republic edit

Births edit

Deaths edit

References edit

  1. ^ Herodotus, lib vi. c. 33
  2. ^ Weber, U. (2020). Das Apollonheiligtum von Didyma - Dargestellt an seiner Forschungsgeschichte von der Renaissance bis zur Gegenwart, p. 275-279.
  3. ^ Herodotus, lib vi. c. 41
  4. ^ There is some uncertainty about the date: see Democracy Beyond Athens: Popular Government in the Greek Classical Age by Eric W. Robinson, pp. 7–9