The 450s decade ran from January 1, 450, to December 31, 459.

Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
Categories:

Events

450

By placeEdit

ByzantiumEdit
  • July 28 – Emperor Theodosius II, age 49, falls from his horse while hunting at Constantinople and dies soon afterward. He reigned since 408, mostly under the domination of his Christian sister Pulcheria, who has been allowed to return to court (see 441).
  • August 25 – Pulcheria is forced to marry and co-rule the Eastern Roman Empire. She gives the imperial diadem to the Illyrian (or Thracian) officer and senator Marcian, age 58, and is crowned as empress in the Hippodrome at Constantinople, in a first religious coronation ceremony.
  • Marcian orders the execution (or assassination) of the unpopular court eunuch Chrysaphius. He discontinues the tribute payments to Attila.
  • All the Temples of Aphrodisias (City of Goddess Aphrodite) are demolished and its libraries burned down. The city is renamed Stauroupolis (City of the Cross).
EuropeEdit
PersiaEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

AgricultureEdit
Exploration and ColonizationEdit

451

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
PersiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

452

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
ChinaEdit

453

By placeEdit

ByzantiumEdit
EuropeEdit
AsiaEdit

454

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit

455

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
BritanniaEdit
AsiaEdit
  • Skandagupta succeeds Kumaragupta I as ruler of the Gupta Empire (India). During his reign he crushes the Hun invasion; however, the expense of the wars drains the empire's resources and contributes to its decline.
  • Gaero becomes king of the Korean kingdom of Baekje.[2]
MesoamericaEdit

By topicEdit

CommerceEdit
  • Barter economy replaces organized trade as Romans and other citizens desert their towns for the countryside, where they will be less vulnerable against barbarian raids (approximate date).
MedicineEdit

456

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
BritanniaEdit
AsiaEdit
  • After a 10-year reign, Emperor Ankō is assassinated by the 10-year-old Mayowa no Ōkimi (prince Mayowa), in retaliation for the execution of his father. He is succeeded by his brother Yūryaku who becomes the 21st emperor of Japan.

457

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
PersiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

458

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

Exploration and ColonizationEdit
ReligionEdit

459

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
BritanniaEdit
EuropeEdit
AsiaEdit

Significant peopleEdit

BirthsEdit

450

451

452

453

454

455

456

457

458

459

DeathsEdit

450

451

452

453

454

455

456

457

458

459

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ronald Grigor Suny, The Making of the Georgian Nation, (Indiana University Press, 1994), 23.
  2. ^ a b "List of Rulers of Korea". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b Croke, Brian (1978). "The date and circumstances of Marcian's decease". Byzantion. 48: 5–9. JSTOR 44170550.
  4. ^ Nathan, Geoffrey S. (1998). "Roman Emperors – DIR Marcian". www.roman-emperors.org. Archived from the original on 6 July 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  5. ^ Bury, John Bagnell (1958). History of the Later Roman Empire: from the death of Theodosius I to the death of Justinian. Dover books. Vol. 1. Dover Publications. ISBN 978-0-486-20398-0.
  6. ^ Edward Gibbon, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Volume I, Chap. XXXVI (Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 1952), p. 582. Bibl. Theophanes, p. 95 [ed. Par.; tom. i p. 170, ed. Bonn].
  7. ^ Sidonius Apollinaris, Carmina, V.373–385.
  8. ^ Fasti vindobonenses priores, 583.
  9. ^ Timothy Barnes, "Review: Late Roman Prosopography: Between Theodosius and Justinian", Phoenix, vol. 37, no. 3 (1983), pp. 268–269
  10. ^ Brayley, Edward Wedlake (1808). The Beauties of England and Wales; or, Original Delineations Topographical, Historical and Descriptive of Each Country. Vol.VII. London: Thomas Maiden Sherbourn-Lane. p. 416. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  11. ^ a b Pourshariati, Parvaneh (2008). Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire: The Sasanian-Parthian Confederacy and the Arab Conquest of Iran. London and New York: I.B. Tauris. p. 70. ISBN 978-1-84511-645-3.
  12. ^ Shahbazi, A. Shapur (2004). "Hormozd III". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica, Volume XII/5: Homosexuality III–Human migration II. London and New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul. pp. 465–466. ISBN 978-0-933273-79-5.
  13. ^ Bonner, Michael (2020). The Last Empire of Iran. New York: Gorgias Press. p. 124. doi:10.31826/9781463240516. ISBN 978-1-4632-0616-1. S2CID 219805346.
  14. ^ Blackburn, Bonnie J.; Holford-Strevens, Leofranc (1999). The Oxford Companion to the Year. Oxford University Press. p. 793. ISBN 978-0-19-214231-3.
  15. ^ "List of Rulers of Korea". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
  16. ^ "Theodoric | king of Italy | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  17. ^ Pithiya
  18. ^ Kim, Hyun Jin (19 November 2015). The Huns. Routledge. p. 123. ISBN 978-1-317-34091-1.