436th Airlift Wing
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|436th Airlift Wing|
C-5 illuminated at night
|Active||1949–1951; 1955–1958; 1966–present|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Mobility Command|
|Garrison/HQ||Dover Air Force Base|
|Nickname(s)||Eagle Wing|
|Motto(s)||Robustum Auxilium Latin Powerful Support|
|Decorations||Air Force Outstanding Unit Award|
|Colonel Joel Safranek|
|William J. Begert|
|436th Airlift Wing emblem (approved 14 July 1966)|
|436th Airlift Wing emblem (approved 20 June 1957)|
Known as the "Eagle Wing", the 436th consists of the operations, logistics, support, and medical groups; in addition to 12 divisions and two detachments. The wing has over 4,000 active-duty military and civilian employees. The wing's Lockheed C-5 Galaxy and Boeing C-17 Globemaster III aircraft provides 25 percent of the nation's inter-theater airlift capability, providing worldwide movement of outsized cargo and personnel on scheduled, special assignment, exercise and contingency airlift missions. The 436th is the only combat-ready C-5 Galaxy wing capable of employing airdrop and special operations tactics in support of worldwide airlift.
The wing routinely flies airlift missions throughout the world projecting global reach to more than 90 countries on six different continents including Asia, Africa, Australia, Europe, North and South America. Additionally, the Eagle Wing operates the largest and busiest aerial port in the Department of Defense with its passenger terminal moving over 100,000 passengers in 1998.
- 436th Maintenance Group
- 436th Maintenance Squadron
- 436th Aircraft Maintenance Squadron (C-5 Galaxy)
- 736th Aircraft Maintenance Squadron(C-17 Globemaster III)
- 436th Maintenance Operations Squadron
- 436th Aerial Port Squadron
- 436th Mission Support Group
- 436th Contracting Squadron
- 436th Security Forces Squadron
- 436th Force Support Squadron
- 436th Aerial Port Mobility Flight
- 436th Logistics Readiness Squadron
- 436th Communications Squadron
- 436th Civil Engineer Squadron
- 436th Medical Group
- 436th Medical Operations Squadron
- 436th Aerospace Medicine Squadron
- 436th Medical Support Squadron
Additionally, the 436th Comptroller Squadron reports directly to the wing.
- For related history, see 436th Operations Group
The wing was activated as a Reserve troop carrier wing in June 1949, and until April 1951, trained under the supervision of the 2236th Air Force Reserve Training Center, and again during May 1955-November 1957, under supervision of the 2230th Air Reserve Flying Center. In between, ordered to active service and inactivated almost immediately, personnel serving as fillers for other USAF units during the Korean War.
In January 1966 the 436th was again activated at Dover Air Force Base, Delaware where it replaced the 1607th Air Transport Wing when Military Airlift Command replaced Military Air Transport Service. The wing initially flew strategic airlift missions with propeller-driven Douglas C-124 Globemaster II and Douglas C-133 Cargomaster aircraft. However the C-124s were replaced by Lockheed C-141 Starlifter jet transports in the late 1960s, and the C-133s were replaced by the Lockheed C-5 Galaxy in 1971. In 1973, the 436th exchanged their C-141s with the 437th Military Airlift Wing at Charleston Air Force Base, South Carolina, which sent their C-5s to Dover, making the 436th an exclusively C-5 Galaxy wing.
During the Vietnam War, the wing flew numerous missions to Southeast Asia, although the wing flew routes worldwide to Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. It participated in joint training with U.S. Army, taking part in numerous tactical exercises in the United States and overseas, particularly in support of NATO. Additionally, it flew worldwide airlift missions, including hauling mail and other high priority cargo, conducting aeromedical evacuation, serving as personnel transport, participating in humanitarian relief, and diplomatic missions.
Wing aircrews were also augmented by attached Reserve aircrews from the 512th Airlift Wing. It airlifted personnel and equipment for operations in Grenada, 24 October 1983 – 18 December 1983; and Panama, 19 December 1989 – 14 January 1990. The 436th deployed an Airlift Control Element at Tocumen International Airport, Panama on 19 December 1989. It also provided airlift of personnel and equipment, and logistical support for operations in Southwest Asia, August 1990-May 1991.
In the years since Desert Storm and Military Airlift Command morphing into Air Mobility Command, the 436th has served as the only combat ready C-5 Galaxy airlift wing capable of airdrop and special operations procedures in support of tactical forces and national objectives.
The wing's 436th Operations Group, is Air Mobility Command's main active-duty heavy-lift organization, flying missions worldwide, and supporting combat operations in Southwest Asia and in Afghanistan.
On 26 April 2015, the wing and its associate 512th Airlift Wing dispatched the first USAF aircraft, a Dover C-17, carrying cargo and personnel for humanitarian aid following the earthquake in Nepal. The plane carried a United States Agency for International Development Disaster Assistance Response Team, the Fairfax County, Virginia Urban Search and Rescue Team and 45 tons of cargo.
- Established as the 436th Troop Carrier Wing, Medium on 10 May 1949
- Activated in the reserve on 27 June 1949
- Ordered to active service on 1 April 1951
- Inactivated on 16 April 1951
- Activated in the reserve on 18 May 1955
- Inactivated on 15 May 1958
- Redesignated 436th Military Airlift Wing and activated on 27 December 1965 (not organized)
- Organized on 8 January 1966
- Redesignated 436th Airlift Wing on 1 December 1991
- Ninth Air Force, 27 June 1949
- First Air Force, 1 August 1950 – 16 April 1951; 18 May 1955
- First Air Force, 18 May 1955
- Fourteenth Air Force, 25 March-15 May 1958
- Twenty-First Air Force, 8 January 1966
- Eighteenth Air Force, 1 October 2003–present
- 436th Troop Carrier Group (later 436th Operations Group: 27 June 1949 – 16 April 1951; 18 May 1955 – 15 May 1958; 1 December 1991–present
- 1st Military Airlift Squadron: 8 January 1966 - 30 June 1971
- 3d Military Airlift Squadron: 1 August 1973 - 1 December 1991
- 9th Military Airlift Squadron: 8 January 1966 - 8 September 1968; 1 April 1971 - 1 December 1991
- 20th Military Airlift Squadron: 8 January 1966 - 1 August 1973
- 31st Military Airlift Squadron: 8 January 1966 - 8 April 1969; 1 October 1989 - 1 December 1991
- 39th Military Airlift Squadron: 8 January 1966 - 31 March 1971
- 52d Military Airlift Squadron: 8 January 1967 - 8 February 1969 (detached)
- 58th Military Airlift Squadron: 1 July 1966 - 15 August 1971
- Godman Air Force Base, Kentucky, 27 June 1949
- Standiford Municipal Airport (later Standiford Field), Kentucky, 20 October 1950 – 16 April 1951
- Floyd Bennett Field (later, NAS New York), New York, 18 May 1955 – 15 May 1958
- Dover Air Force Base, Delaware, 8 January 1966 – present
- Beechcraft C-45 Expeditor, 1949; 1955–1957
- Douglas C-47 Skytrain, 1949–1951
- Curtiss C-46 Commando, 1955–1957
- Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar, 1957
- Douglas C-124 Globemaster II, 1966–1969
- Douglas C-133 Cargomaster, 1966–1971
- Lockheed C-141 Starlifter, 1966–1973
- Lockheed C-5 Galaxy, 1971–present
- Boeing C-17 Globemaster III, 2007–present
- Robertson, Patsy (22 June 2017). "Factsheet 436 Airlift Wing (AMC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 8 July 2019. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- per Robertson and Endicott. However, Ravenstein states that the emblem approved on 14 July was the emblem previously used by the 1607th Air Transport Wing, which is different in having a white border. Ravenstein, pp. 232-233.
- Endicott, p. 276
- "AF sends aircraft to support disaster-assistance operations in Nepal". Air Force News Service. 26 April 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Endicott, Judy G. (1998). Active Air Force Wings as of 1 October 1995 and USAF Active Flying, Space, and Missile Squadrons as of 1 October 1995 (PDF). Air Force History and Museums Program. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ASIN B000113MB2. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
- The history of Dover Air Force Base and the heritage of the 436th Airlift Wing. Washington,DC: Air Mobility Command. 2000. OCLC 44576369.