42nd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)
The 42nd Infantry Brigade, also known as 42 (North West) Brigade, was a brigade of the British Army.
42 Infantry Brigade
|Type||Regular and Territorial Army|
|Part of||1st (United Kingdom) Division|
|Garrison/HQ||Fulwood Barracks, Preston|
|Engagements||Second Boer War|
First World War
Second World War
First World WarEdit
The brigade was reformed in August 1914 during the First World War as the 42nd Brigade, raised from the first wave of men volunteering for Kitchener's Army. The 42nd Brigade was a component formation of the 14th (Light) Division and originally consisted of light infantry regiments but, as the war progressed and casualties mounted, the brigades' original battalions were replaced by non-light infantry regiments.
Order of battleEdit
- 5th (Service) Battalion, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry
- 5th (Service) Battalion, King's Shropshire Light Infantry
- 9th (Service) Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps
- 9th (Service) Battalion, Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)
- 42nd Machine Gun Company, Machine Gun Corps
- 42nd Trench Mortar Battery
- 6th (Service) Battalion, Wiltshire Regiment
- 16th (Service) Battalion, Manchester Regiment
- 14th (Service) Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Second World WarEdit
The brigade HQ was re-formed in Britain during the Second World War on 26 July 1943, and on landing in North Africa on 25 August, was formed as a security force to protect lines of communication in North Africa. In November 1943, the brigade HQ was redesignated as the HQ of the 57th Infantry Division for deception purposes, with its battalions playing the role of brigades.
Order of battleEdit
- 30th Battalion, Royal Northumberland Fusiliers – 25 August 1943 to 30 April 1944, '170 Brigade' from 9 November 1943
- 30th Battalion, Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment – 25 August 1943 to 27 July 1944, '172 Brigade' from 26 December 1943 to 27 July 1944
- 30th Battalion, Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry – 25 August 1943 to 5 May 1944
- 30th Battalion, Royal Norfolk Regiment– 10 October 1943 to 20 October 1943
- 30th Battalion, Green Howards – 5 November 1943 to 26 December 1943, '172 Brigade from 9 November 1943 to 26 December 1943
- 31st Battalion, Suffolk Regiment – 5 November 1943 to 18 June 1944, '171 Brigade' from 9 November 1943 to 19 June 1944
The Brigade headquarters was disbanded in North Africa on 29 July 1944.
Headquarters 42 (North West) Brigade was reformed at Fulwood Barracks in 1982, so perpetuating the memory of the 42nd (East Lancashire) Infantry Division, and became the regional military headquarters for North West England.
Structure in 1989
The structure in 1989 was as follows:
- 1st Battalion, The Cheshire Regiment
- 3rd Battalion, The Light Infantry
- Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry (V) - Chorley
- 3rd Battalion, The Cheshire Regiment (V) - Runcorn
- 4th Battalion, The Queen's Lancashire Regiment (V) - Preston
- 4th Battalion, The King's Own Royal Border Regiment - Lancaster
- 5th/8th Battalion, The King's Regiment - Warrington
- 103rd (Lancashire) Air Defence Regiment, Royal Artillery - Liverpool
- 75th Engineer Regiment, Royal Engineers (V) - Manchester
- 33rd (Lancashire and Cheshire) Signal Regiment, Royal Corps of Signals
- 156th (Merseyside & Greater Manchester) Transport Regiment, Royal Corps of Transport (V), Birkenhead
- 207th (Manchester) General Hospital, Royal Army Medical Corps (V), Blackburn
- 208th (Merseyside) General Hospital, Royal Army Medical Corps (V), Ellesmere Port
Under Army 2020, it was renamed 42nd Infantry Brigade and became the Regional Point of Command for the British Army in the region of North West England and the Isle of Man. Its headquarters were situated at Fulwood Barracks in Preston. Units included:
- 2nd Battalion, Duke of Lancaster's Regiment in Weeton (rotates to British Forces Cyprus)
- 2nd Battalion, Mercian Regiment in Chester
- 4th Battalion, Duke of Lancaster's Regiment in Preston (Army Reserve - paired with 2nd Battalion, Duke of Lancaster's Regiment)
- 4th Battalion, Mercian Regiment in Wolverhampton (Army Reserve - paired with 2nd Battalion, Mercian Regiment)
- "42nd (North West) Brigade : history". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- Baker, Chris. "The Long Long Trail". Retrieved 28 February 2015.
- Joslen, pp. 92, 287, 354.
- Jolsen p.287
- "Fulwood Barracks". Lancashire Infantry Museum. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
- "BOAR 1989" (PDF).
- "Army 2020 Report" (PDF). Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- "1st United Kingdom Division". British Army. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
- "Army Commands" (PDF). Retrieved 31 March 2018.
- 42 (North West) Brigade - on British Army official website