Open main menu

3563 Canterbury, provisional designation 1985 FE, is a dark Dorian asteroid from the middle regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 16 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 23 March 1985, by astronomer couple Alan Gilmore and Pamela Kilmartin at Mount John University Observatory near Lake Tekapo, New Zealand.[11] The asteroid was named after New Zealand's Canterbury Province.[2]

3563 Canterbury
Discovery [1]
Discovered byA. Gilmore
P. Kilmartin
Discovery siteMount John University Obs.
Discovery date23 March 1985
MPC designation(3563) Canterbury
Named after
Canterbury Province
(province of New Zealand )[2]
1985 FE · 1978 VL6
main-belt · (middle)[3]
Dora [4]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc38.40 yr (14,024 days)
Aphelion3.2954 AU
Perihelion2.2853 AU
2.7904 AU
4.66 yr (1,703 days)
0° 12m 41.4s / day
Physical characteristics
Dimensions13.72 km (calculated)[3]
15.26±3.43 km[5]
16.924±0.125 km[6][7]
21.08±8.45 km[8]
15.553±0.0118 h[9]
0.057 (assumed)[3]
SMASS = Ch [1] · C[3][10]
12.4[6] · 12.50[8] · 12.591±0.002 (R)[9] · 12.60[5] · 12.7[1] · 12.79±0.36[10]

Classification and orbitEdit

Dora familyEdit

Canterbury is a member of the Dora family, a large asteroid family of more than 1,200 carbonaceous asteroids, named after 668 Dora. It is also known as the "Zhongolovich family", named after its presumably largest member 1734 Zhongolovich. The Dora family may also contain a subfamily.[4][12]:13,23

Orbit and observation arcEdit

Canterbury orbits the Sun in the central main-belt at a distance of 2.3–3.3 AU once every 4 years and 8 months (1,703 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.18 and an inclination of 7° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] The asteroid was first identified as 1978 VL6 at Palomar Observatory, extending the body's observation arc by 7 years prior to its official discovery observation.[11]

Physical characteristicsEdit

Canterbury has been characterized as a dark C-type asteroid by Pan-STARRS photometric survey.[10] It is also classified as a hydrated Ch-subtype in the SMASS taxonomy.[1]

Rotation periodEdit

In October 2010, a rotational lightcurve of Canterbury was obtained from photometric observations by astronomers at the Palomar Transient Factory in California. Lightcurve analysis gave a rotation period of 15.553 hours with a brightness variation of 0.61 magnitude (U=2).[9]

Diameter and albedoEdit

According to the survey carried out by the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, Canterbury measures between 15.26 and 21.08 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.040 and 0.060.[5][6][7][8] The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a standard albedo for carbonaceous asteroids of 0.057 and calculates a diameter of 13.72 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 13.04.[3]


This minor planet was named after New Zealand's Canterbury Province, on the eastern side of the South Island. It is also named for the University of Canterbury in Christchurch, New Zealand.[2] The approved naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 28 May 1991 (M.P.C. 18306).[13]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 3563 Canterbury (1985 FE)" (2017-03-29 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(3563) Canterbury". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (3563) Canterbury. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 299. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_3562. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "LCDB Data for (3563) Canterbury". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  4. ^ a b Broz, M.; Morbidelli, A.; Bottke, W. F.; Rozehnal, J.; Vokrouhlický, D.; Nesvorný, D. (March 2013). "Constraining the cometary flux through the asteroid belt during the late heavy bombardment". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 551: 16. arXiv:1301.6221. Bibcode:2013A&A...551A.117B. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219296.
  5. ^ a b c d Nugent, C. R.; Mainzer, A.; Masiero, J.; Bauer, J.; Cutri, R. M.; Grav, T.; et al. (December 2015). "NEOWISE Reactivation Mission Year One: Preliminary Asteroid Diameters and Albedos". The Astrophysical Journal. 814 (2): 13. arXiv:1509.02522. Bibcode:2015ApJ...814..117N. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/814/2/117. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90.
  7. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. arXiv:1109.4096. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  8. ^ a b c d Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Nugent, C.; et al. (November 2012). "Preliminary Analysis of WISE/NEOWISE 3-Band Cryogenic and Post-cryogenic Observations of Main Belt Asteroids". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 759 (1): 5. arXiv:1209.5794. Bibcode:2012ApJ...759L...8M. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/759/1/L8. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  9. ^ a b c Waszczak, Adam; Chang, Chan-Kao; Ofek, Eran O.; Laher, Russ; Masci, Frank; Levitan, David; et al. (September 2015). "Asteroid Light Curves from the Palomar Transient Factory Survey: Rotation Periods and Phase Functions from Sparse Photometry". The Astronomical Journal. 150 (3): 35. arXiv:1504.04041. Bibcode:2015AJ....150...75W. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/150/3/75. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  10. ^ a b c Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  11. ^ a b "3563 Canterbury (1985 FE)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  12. ^ Nesvorný, D.; Broz, M.; Carruba, V. (December 2014). Identification and Dynamical Properties of Asteroid Families. Asteroids IV. pp. 297–321. arXiv:1502.01628. doi:10.2458/azu_uapress_9780816532131-ch016. ISBN 9780816532131.
  13. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 7 July 2017.

External linksEdit