33rd Division (United Kingdom)

The 33rd Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was raised in 1914, during the First World War. The division was raised from volunteers for Lord Kitchener's New Armies, that was originally made up of infantry battalions raised by public subscription or private patronage. The division was taken over by the War Office in September 1915. It served in France and Belgium in the trenches of the Western Front for the duration of the war. The division's insignia was the "double-three" from a set of dominoes.

33rd Division
British 33rd Division insignia.png
ActiveJuly 1915 – 30 June 1919
Country United Kingdom
Branch British Army
TypeInfantry
Part ofK4 Army Group
EngagementsFirst World War
Battle of the Somme (1916)
Battle of Bazentin Ridge
Battle of High Wood
Battle of Arras (1917)
Third Battle of Ypres
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Herman Landon
Reginald Pinney

Formation historyEdit

The Division was one of the six created for the Fourth New Army on 10 December 1914.[1] It landed in France in November 1915.[1] Major-General Herman Landon took command of the division on its arrival.[2] It saw action at the Battle of the Somme in autumn 1916 and, after Major General Reginald Pinney had taken command,[3] it also saw action at the Battle of Arras in April / May 1917 and the Battle of Passchendaele in autumn 1917.[1] It was disbanded in June 1919.[1]

Order of battleEdit

The following units served with the Division:[1]

19th Brigade

(The brigade joined from the 2nd Division in November 1915, swapping with the 99th Brigade.)

98th Brigade
99th Brigade

(The brigade transferred to the 2nd Division in November 1915, swapping with the 19th Brigade.)

100th Brigade
  • 13th (Service) Battalion, (West Ham), Essex Regiment (left 22 December 1915)
  • 16th (Service) Battalion (Public Schools), Middlesex Regiment (left 25 February 1916)
  • 17th (Service) Battalion, (1st Football) Middlesex Regiment (Left 8 December 1915)
  • 16th (Service) Battalion (Church Lads' Brigade), King's Royal Rifle Corps
  • 1st Battalion, Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment) (joined 15 December 1915 transferred to 19th Brigade 14 February 1918)
  • 2nd Battalion, Worcestershire Regiment (joined 20 December 1915)
  • 1/6th (T.F.) Battalion Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) (joined and left February 1918)
  • 1/9th (T.F.) Battalion (Glasgow Highlanders), Highland Light Infantry (joined 29 May 1916)
  • 100th Machine Gun Company (joined 28 April 1916, moved to 33rd Battalion M.G.C. 19 February 1918)
  • 100th Trench Mortar Battery (formed by 13 June 1916)

Divisional Troops

  • 18th (Service) Battalion, (1st Public Works Pioneers), Middlesex Regiment (joined as Divisional Pioneer Battalion July 1915)
  • 19th Motor Machine Gun Battery (joined November 1915 but left 6 February 1916)
  • 248th Machine Gun Company (joined 21 July 1917, moved to 33rd Battalion M.G.C. 19 Feb 1918)
  • 33rd Battalion M.G.C. (formed 19 February 1918 absorbing the brigade MG companies)
  • Divisional Mounted Troops
    • F Squadron, North Irish Horse (joined January 1915, redesignated B Sqn on 25 May 1916, left 19 April 1916)
    • 33rd Divisional Cyclist Company, Army Cyclist Corps (left 19 April 1916)
  • 33rd Divisional Train Army Service Corps
    • 225th, 226th, 227th and 228th Companies (transferred to 29th Division in March 1916)
    • 170th, 171st, 172nd and 173rd Companies, (transferred from 28th Divisional Train on 13 November 1915. 172nd Company swapped with the 8th Company from 2nd Divisional Train in late November 1915)
  • 43rd Mobile Veterinary Section Army Veterinary Corps
  • 230th Divisional Employment Company (joined 1 June 1917)

33rd (Camberwell) Divisional Artillery

33rd Divisional Engineers

Royal Army Medical Corps

  • 99th Field Ambulance
  • 100th Field Ambulance (left for 2nd Division late November 1915)
  • 101st Field Ambulance
  • 73rd Sanitary Section (left 31 March 1917)
  • 19th Field Ambulance (joined from 2nd Division late November 1915)

CommandersEdit

  • Major-General P. R. Wood
  • Major-General Herman Landon November 1915 – September 1916
  • Major-General Reginald John Pinney September 1916 – February 1919 (disbandment)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Baker, Chris. "33rd Division". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  2. ^ Quarterly Army List for the quarter ending 30th June 1919. London: HMSO. 1919. pp. 32.
  3. ^ Dunn, Captain J. C. (1994). The War the Infantry Knew 1914–1919: A Chronicle of Service in France and Belgium. London: Abacus. pp. xl–xli. ISBN 0-349-10635-5.

BibliographyEdit

  • Seton Hutchinson, G. (2004) [1921]. The Thirty-Third Division in France and Flanders 1915–1919 (facs. repr. Naval & Military Press, Uckfield ed.). London: Waterlow & Sons. ISBN 1-84342-995-0.

External linksEdit