3352 McAuliffe (//), provisional designation 1981 CW, is a rare-type asteroid and suspected binary system, classified as near-Earth object of the Amor group, approximately 2 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 6 February 1981, by American astronomer Norman Thomas at Lowell's Anderson Mesa Station near Flagstaff, Arizona, United States.
|Discovered by||N. G. Thomas|
|Discovery site||Anderson Mesa Stn.|
|Discovery date||6 February 1981|
|MPC designation||(3352) McAuliffe|
(Challenger crew member)
|NEO · Amor |
|Orbital characteristics |
|Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 0|
|Observation arc||36.34 yr (13,275 days)|
|2.58 yr (941 days)|
|0° 22m 57.72s / day|
|Earth MOID||0.2041 AU · 79.5 LD|
|Dimensions||1.99 km (derived)|
6 h (dated)[c]
|SMASS = A |
SQ  · A 
|15.54±0.1 (R)[c] · 15.8 · 16.00±0.18 · 16.068±0.112|
Originally, this asteroid was the target of the 1998 Deep Space 1 mission, but that mission was eventually rerouted to 9969 Braille. It was named in memory of Challenger crew member Christa McAuliffe.
It has an Earth minimum orbital intersection distance of 0.2041 AU (30,500,000 km), which translates into 79.5 lunar distances. Due to its eccentric orbit, McAuliffe is also a Mars-crosser. As no precoveries were taken, and no prior identifications were made, the body's observation arc begins with its official discovery observation at Anderson Mesa in 1981.
In the SMASS taxonomy, McAuliffe is a rare A-type asteroid, meaning that it is rich in olivine. In addition, the large-scale survey conducted by PanSTARRS also classified as a SQ-type, a transitional type between the common stony and Q-type asteroids, indicating the presence of pyroxene minerals.
Diameter and albedoEdit
The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes an albedo of 0.18 and derives a diameter of 1.99 kilometers, based on an absolute magnitude of 16.068, a figure previously obtained by the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, and later revised by Czech astronomer Petr Pravec.
Between 1998 and 2016, a several rotational lightcurves of McAuliffe have been obtained from photometric observations taken by astronomers Petr Pravec at Ondřejov Observatory, Czech Republic, by Andreas Howell at Willowcroft Observatory, Florida, as well as by Brian Warner at his Palmer Divide Observatory, Colorado, and at the Center for Solar System Studies, California. The best-rated lightcurve gave a rotation period of 2.206 to 2.212 hours with a brightness variation between 0.08 and 0.12 magnitude (U=3/3/2+/3-).[c][b][a]
During the photometric observations in March 2012, Brian Warner found evidence of the existence of a minor-planet moon orbiting McAuliffe every 20.86 hours. However, it is only a "possible" synchronous binary system, as no mutual eclipsing/occultation events were observed. Follow-up observations in September and October 2016, did not confirm the binary nature of McAuliffe.[b][a]
DS 1 missionEdit
McAuliffe together with comet 76P/West–Kohoutek–Ikemura had been the original fly-by targets for the Deep Space 1 (DS1) mission. Launched was scheduled for 1 July 1998. A delay in the delivery of the spacecraft's power electronics system as well as insufficient time to test the flight software, caused the launch to be postponed to 24 October 1998. Due to this delay, new targets had to be selected.
In July 1999, DS1 passed the alternative target 9969 Braille a distance of 15 kilometers, in January 2001, comet 107P/Wilson–Harrington was encountered, and in September 2001, short-period comet 19P/Borrelly was passed at distance of only 2,200 kilometers.
This minor planet was named in memory of Christa McAuliffe (1948–1986), teacher, civilian astronaut and one of the seven crew members who died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster on 28 January 1986. The minor planets 3350 Scobee, 3351 Smith, 3353 Jarvis, 3354 McNair, 3355 Onizuka, and 3356 Resnik were named for the other crew members of the ill-fated STS-51-L mission. The approved naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 26 March 1986 (M.P.C. 10550).
- Warner (2017g): lightcurve plot of (3352) McAuliffe with a period of 2.2062 hours obtained at the Center for Solar System Studies (CS3). Quality code of 3. Publication not yet available at the "Astronomy Abstract Service". Find summary figures for (3352) McAuliffe at Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link
- Warner (2017c): lightcurve plot of (3352) McAuliffe with a period of 2.212 hours obtained at the Center for Solar System Studies (CS3). Quality code of 3-. Publication not yet available at the Astronomy Abstract Service. Find summary figures at Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link
- Pravec (1998) web: rotation period of 6 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.2 mag. Dated results. Summary figures for (3352) McAuliffe at Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link
- "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 3352 McAuliffe (1981 CW)" (2017-06-12 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved June 17, 2017.
- Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(3352) McAuliffe". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (3352) McAuliffe. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 279. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_3353. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
- "3352 McAuliffe (1981 CW)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
- "LCDB Data for (3352) McAuliffe". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved March 18, 2017.
- Warner, Brian D. (July 2012). "Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at the Palmer Divide Observatory: 2011 December - 2012 March". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 39 (3): 158–167. Bibcode:2012MPBu...39..158W. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
- Howell, J. Andreas (July 2012). "Lightcurve Analysis of Near-Earth Asteroid 3352 McAuliffe". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 39 (3): 157. Bibcode:2012MPBu...39..157H. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
- Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
- Pravec, Petr; Harris, Alan W.; Kusnirák, Peter; Galád, Adrián; Hornoch, Kamil (September 2012). "Absolute magnitudes of asteroids and a revision of asteroid albedo estimates from WISE thermal observations". Icarus. 221 (1): 365–387. Bibcode:2012Icar..221..365P. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2012.07.026. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
- "Historic Comet Space Missions". SEDS.org. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
- "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
- Lightcurve plot of 3352 McAuliffe, Palmer Divide Observatory, B. D. Warner (2012)
- Lightcurve plot of 3352 McAuliffe, Center for Solar System Studies, B. D. Warner (2016)
- Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB), query form (info)
- Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Google books
- Asteroids and comets rotation curves, CdR – Observatoire de Genève, Raoul Behrend
- Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets (1)-(5000) – Minor Planet Center
- 3352 McAuliffe at the JPL Small-Body Database