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The 32nd Armor Regiment was an armored regiment of the United States Army until 2000 at which time it was deactivated. It was redesignated and reactivated as the 32nd Cavalry Regiment serving in the 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division in 2005.

32nd Armor Regiment & 32nd Cavalry Regiment
32CavRegtCOA.png
Coat of arms
Active1941 – present
Country United States
BranchUnited States Army
TypeArmor & cavalry
Garrison/HQFort Campbell, KY
Motto(s)Victory or Death
ColorsGold and Scarlet
EngagementsWorld War II
*Operation Overlord
*Battle of the Bulge
Operation Desert Storm
Iraq War
War in Afghanistan
Commanders
Notable
commanders
John Bahnsen (1st Battalion, 32nd Armor Regiment)
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia32 Arm Rgt DUI.svg
1st Squadron Background TrimmingUS Army 1st Sq-32nd Cav Reg.png

HistoryEdit

The 32nd Armor Regiment was activated 15 April 1941 at Camp Beauregard, Louisiana as the 2nd Armored Regiment and assigned to the 3rd Armored Division. This title designation did not last long as the unit was quickly redesignated less than a month later on 8 May 1941 as the 32nd Armor Regiment.[1] The 32nd Armor along with the 33rd Armor were the only two of the six armor regiments (the others belonging to the 1st and 2nd Armored Divisions) to have ever been deployed in full regimental formation (during World War II.) All other armor units were deployed at the battalion level. The 32nd Armor Regiment then moved to Fort Polk, Louisiana on 14 June 1941. When the unit arrived Fort Polk was still not completed but nonetheless it was designated as the training base for the 3rd Armored Division. The Battalion received the bulk of its men who underwent basic training, began field training and learned to operate their tanks.

World War IIEdit

The unit moved to Normandy in mid June 1944.[2] On 29 June 1944, the regiment entered combat as part of Combat Command A at Villiers-Fossard. The regiment fought on until 24 April 1945. During their time in action the unit assisted in the liberation of France and Belgium and breaking through the Siegfried Line. The unit earned two Distinguished Unit Citations and twice received the Meritorious Service Unit Plaque for their service.

Cold WarEdit

 
An M60A3 of 3rd Battalion, 32nd Armor, 3rd Brigade, 3rd Armored Division, moving through Langgöns during Central Guardian '85. Central Guardian '85 was part of the larger Exercise REFORGER '85.

Following the end of the Second World War, the 32nd Armor Regiment stood down along with the rest of the 3rd Armored Division on 10 November 1945. As Cold War tensions grew, the regiment was reactivated on 15 July 1947. Battalions of the regiment were stationed with United States Army Europe in West Germany and was tasked with deterring any Soviet advance through the Fulda Gap.[1] The 1st Battalion was in Germany after the Korean War ended, and was joined by 3rd Battalion after being dispatched from Fort Stewart, Georgia in the early 1960s.

Locations varied with divisional attachments. Examples in the 1960s: 1st Battalion and 3rd Battalion with the 3rd Brigade, 3rd Armored Division, in Friedberg; 5th Battalion with the 24th Infantry Division in Munich.

Meanwhile, the 2nd Battalion was in Hawaii during the 1950s.

U.S. Armored Divisions
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31st Armor Regiment 33rd Armor Regiment


U.S. Cavalry Regiments
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31st Cavalry Regiment 38th Cavalry Regiment

Gulf WarEdit

The 32nd Armor Regiment also played an important role in Operation Desert Storm as part of the 3rd Armored Division.[3] Following the end of hostilities in the Persian Gulf, the 32nd Armor Regiment stood down along with the rest of the 3rd Armored Division at Fort Knox, KY, on 17 October 1992 with personnel and equipment being transferred to the 2d Battalion, 12th Cavalry Regiment. 1/32 Armor was part of the 1st Cavalry Division out of Fort Hood, TX during Desert Shield/Desert Storm.

Reactivation as 32nd Cavalry RegimentEdit

The 1st Battalion was reactivated 16 April 1995 at Fort Lewis, Washington using personnel and equipment from the 5th Battalion, 77th Armor Regiment, 1st Armored Division, recently transferred from Mannheim, Germany in 1994. The battalion then became a subordinate unit of the 2nd Infantry Division.

The 1st Battalion (the last active unit of the 32d Armor Regiment) was deactivated on 15 September 2000 at Fort Lewis, Washington with personnel and equipment being transferred to the 1st Squadron, 14th Cavalry Regiment.

On 10 August 2005 the 1st Squadron, 32nd Cavalry Regiment was activated as part of the 1st Brigade Combat Team (Bastogne), 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) at Fort Campbell, Kentucky. This new cavalry regiment inherited and continued the lineage and honors (including distinctive unit insignia) of the 32nd Armor Regiment.[4]

Global War on TerrorEdit

On 23 September 2005, the 1st Squadron, 32d Cavalry (Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Target Acquisition (RSTA)) deployed to Iraq for a tour in support of Operation Iraq Freedom. The unit conducted a relief in place with four battalions of the 278th Armored Cavalry Regiment and assumed responsibility for over 18,000 square kilometers of eastern Diyala Province along the Iranian border. There, the Bandits partnered with and validated two Iraqi Brigades, fought Al-Qaeda in Iraq operatives and conducted counter-insurgency operations against insurgent networks attempting to destabilize the new Iraqi government. Between 20 May 2006 and 20 July 2006, Task Force Bandit, consisting of 1–32 Cavalry, elements of C/1-68 Armor and A/3-29 Field Artillery and with aviation support from 3rd, 4th and 7th Battalions, 101st Aviation, conducted a series of operations against Al-Qaeda and Ansar Al-Sunna safe areas within the isolated terrain along the Diyala River of the Muqdadiyah Qa'da. These operations denied the enemy sanctuary, rescued over twenty kidnapped civilians, eliminated strategic caches, destroyed vehicle-borne improvised explosive factories and disrupted senior Al-Qaeda and Ansar Al-Sunna leadership and planning. During this deployment, troopers of the 1st Squadron, 32d Cavalry Regiment (RSTA) earned four Bronze Star Medals for Valor and 29 Army Commendation Medals for Valor. On 24 August 2006, 1st Squadron, 32d Cavalry transitioned authority to 2nd Squadron, 9th Cavalry and returned to Fort Campbell, Kentucky to prepare for their next deployment.

On 21 September 2007, the 1st Squadron, 32d Cavalry once again departed Fort Campbell, again bound for eastern Diyala Province, Iraq for a 15-month tour as a part of the Iraqi Surge. Once in Iraq, the squadron relieved 5th Squadron, 73rd Cavalry and continued operations in Diyala, while planning for a move to FOB Paliwoda, located in southern Salah ad Din Province. While the majority of the squadron conducted their move to FOB Paliwoda and relieved 3rd Squadron, 8th Cavalry, C Troop remained in Diyala to turn over the area of operations to the 2nd Squadron, 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment. During the next twelve months in Salah ad Din Province, 1–32 Cavalry set up numerous Sons of Iraq groups to assist in securing the local population, trained members of the Iraqi Army and National Police and conducted numerous targeted air assault raids against high-value targets throughout their area of operations. In November 2008, the squadron returned to Fort Campbell to once again train and prepare for another deployment, this time to Afghanistan.

April 2010, Task Force (TF) Bandit, deployed to eastern Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom and executed counterinsurgency operations in the remote provinces of Nuristan and Kunar. TF Bandit established security through offensive operations and the judicious application of joint direct and indirect fires, and improved governance and security by enabling local leaders and Afghan National Security Forces. By mid-July, TF Bandit had made clear improvements in security, governance and development in Naray and Ghaziabad Districts by expanding local government and shifting from contractor-centric to community-focused development. In July 2010, insurgent forces occupied the village of Barg-e Matal, an isolated but politically significant village in the northern region of TF Bandit's operational environment (OE) accessible only by air.

On 26 July 2010, TF Bandit conducted Operation AZMARAY FURY, a combined air assault, augmented with Soldiers from 1st and 2nd Battalion, 327th Infantry Regiments, Afghan National Security Forces elements and other enablers in order to secure the population of Barg-e Matal. ANSF and TF Bandit seized the objective and conducted follow-on missions in the Mandigal Valley including the clearance of the villages of Badmuk and Bachancha. On 18 September 2010, TF Bandit enabled the safe completion of parliamentary elections by defending polling sites, securing a main supply route (MSR) and pursuing insurgents attempting to disrupt the electoral process.

On 8 February 2011, TF Bandit conducted a major offensive operation code named Northern Avalanche. Augmented with Coalition and Afghan National Security Forces elements air assaulted and cleared to disrupt anti-Afghan forces within major valleys located in the southern portion in TF Bandit OE and allow ANSF to secure MSR south of Ghaziabad District Center. ANSF and TF Bandit decisively disrupted a major insurgent network, defeated defending enemy forces, and secured their objectives. During OEF 10-11 TF Bandit took part in 327 enemy engagements, completed 661 indirect fire missions involving 5,024 projectiles and was awarded 32 Purple Hearts, 13 valor awards and 205 combat badges. The TF Bandit also devoted 50 projects and $3 million toward development, and treated over 3,000 local national patients

In November 2012, the 1st Squadron, 32nd Cavalry Regiment deployed in support of Operation Enduring Freedom as Security Force Advise and Assist Teams, SFAAT, under the command of 1st Brigade Combat Team, Bastogne and 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault).

Popular cultureEdit

 
Elvis Presley in the Army, serving with the 32nd Armored Regiment.

Axl Rose, the lead singer of Guns N' Roses, has a tattoo of the 32nd Armor regimental crest on his left arm, though Rose has never served in any military unit. Similarly, in the movie Ferris Bueller's Day Off, Ferris sometimes wears the crest on a black beret. Black berets were once worn by 3rd Armored Division tank crewmen. The 32nd Armor Regiment was part of the 3rd Armored Division.

The 32nd Armor Regiment is popularly known as the unit in which Elvis Presley served, and most relevant photographs, whether in actual uniforms or in movie costumes, show that regiment's insignia. More precisely, Presley trained until September 1958 with Company A, 2d Medium Tank Battalion, 37th Armor at Fort Hood TX. He then served in Germany from October 1958 until March 1960, with HQ Company, 1st Medium Tank Battalion, 32nd Armor, 3rd Armored Division in Friedberg, reaching rank E-4. Only towards the end of his tour did he qualify as an MOS 19D cavalry scout, promoted to rank E-5, in Company D, 1st Battalion, 32nd Armor.

One of Presley's Army uniforms is on display at the Patton Museum of Cavalry and Armor at Ft. Knox, Kentucky, in a special exhibit called "Sgt. Presley, Citizen Soldier."

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b [1]
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ [3]
  4. ^ "1st Squadron, 32d Cavalry Regiment". Center of Military History. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2017.

External linksEdit