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First World WarEdit

The 31st Brigade was originally raised in World War I in 1914 by volunteers from Kitchener's Army. During the First World War, it was assigned to the 10th (Irish) Division and served in the Middle Eastern theatre at Gallipoli, Salonika and Palestine.

Order of battleEdit

Second World WarEdit

Mule teams from the 31st Independent Infantry Brigade training in the Black Mountains in Wales, 26 June 1941.

The 31st Infantry Brigade was reformed in World War II as an independent brigade group in the United Kingdom on 17 July 1940, composed entirely of Regular Army troops who had previously been stationed in British India.[2] On 26–27 September 1940 it was assigned to defend the Royal Military Canal, a few miles from Hythe and Dover on the south coast. There is a detailed description of this defence area in British archival survey sources.[3] At this time it appears to have been part of IV Corps, in South East Command.[4]

Order of battleEdit

and supporting units.[5] In late 1941, it had just returned to the United Kingdom after training for mountain warfare in British India.[6]

Under the command of Brigadier George Hopkinson, the brigade was redesignated the 1st Airlanding Brigade Group on 10 October 1941 (on 10 December 1941- IWM) and came under command of the 1st Airborne Division. 'It probably lost its unique badge at about this time although it did not lose its Group status until 10 March 1943.'[2]

On 15 April 1946, almost a year after the end of the war in Europe, the 6th Airlanding Brigade was renamed the 31st Independent Brigade.[7] This brigade wore a black desert rat on a red oval.[2]


  • Joslen, Lt-Col H.F. (2003) [1960]. Orders of Battle: Second World War, 1939–1945. Uckfield: Naval and Military Press. ISBN 978-1-84342-474-1.


  1. ^ "42nd (East Lancashire) Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Imperial War Museum,[1]
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2013-12-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-24. Retrieved 2013-12-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "31 Independent Brigade subordinates". Order of Battle. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
  6. ^ Ferguson, p.6
  7. ^ "31st Independent Brigade". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 14 December 2013.