30th New Zealand Parliament
|30th Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||25 September 1951 – 1 October 1954|
|Election||1951 New Zealand general election|
|Government||First National Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Matthew Oram|
|Prime Minister||Sidney Holland|
|Leader of the Opposition||Walter Nash|
|Monarch||HM Elizabeth II|
––HM George VI until 6 February 1952
|Governor-General||HE Lt. Gen. The Lord Norrie from 2 December 1952|
––HE Lt. Gen. The Lord Freyberg until 15 August 1952
1951 general electionEdit
The 1951 general election was held on Saturday, 1 September. A total of 80 MPs were elected; 49 represented North Island electorates, 27 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was the same distribution used since the 1946 election. 1,205,762 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 89.1%.
The 30th Parliament sat for five sessions (there were two sessions in 1954), and was prorogued on 4 October 1954.
|first||25 September 1951||6 December 1951|
|second||25 June 1952||24 October 1952|
|third||8 April 1953||27 November 1953|
|fourth||12 January 1954||13 January 1954|
|fifth||22 June 1954||1 October 1954|
Overview of seatsEdit
The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1951 election and at dissolution:
|At 1951 election||At dissolution|
|Working Government majority||20||20|
- The Working Government majority is calculated as all Government MPs less all other parties.
Initial composition of the 30th ParliamentEdit
The 1951 election saw the governing National Party re-elected with a twenty-seat margin, a substantial improvement on the twelve-seat margin it previously held. National won fifty seats compared with the Labour Party's thirty. The popular vote was closer, however, with National winning 54% to Labour's 46%. No seats were won by minor party candidates or by independents. This was the last New Zealand general election in which any party has ever captured a majority of the popular vote.
- Joe Hodgens was first on election night, but lost when special votes were included
By-elections during 30th ParliamentEdit
There were a number of changes during the term of the 30th Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Dunedin North||1953||12 December||Robert Walls||Death||Ethel McMillan|
|Onehunga||1953||19 December||Arthur Osborne||Death||Hugh Watt|
|Onslow||1954||7 July||Harry Combs||Death||Henry May|
|Patea||1954||31 July||William Sheat||Resignation||William Sheat|
- "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
- Wilson 1985, p. 173.
- Wilson 1985, p. 142.
- Wilson 1985, pp. 86–87.
- Wilson 1985, pp. 287–288.
- Wilson 1985, p. 290.
- Wilson 1985, p. 288.
- "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
- Gustafson 1986, p. 378.
- Norton 1988, p. 314.
- Gustafson 1986, pp. 360f.
- Gustafson 1986, p. 390.
- Gustafson 1986, p. 247.
- Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6.
- Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.