3000 metres steeplechase

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The 3000 metres steeplechase or 3000-meter steeplechase is the most common distance for the steeplechase in track and field. It is an obstacle race over the distance of the 3000 metres, which derives its name from the horse racing steeplechase.

Athletics
3000 metres steeplechase
Sgt. Hillary Bor runs 3,000-meter steeplechase at Rio Olympic Games photos by Tim Hipps, U.S. Army IMCOM Public Affairs (28945469872).jpg
3000 m steeplechase at Rio 2016
World records
MenQatar Saif Saaeed Shaheen 7:53.63 (2004)
WomenKenya Beatrice Chepkoech 8:44.32 (2018)
Olympic records
MenKenya Conseslus Kipruto 8:03.28 (2016)
WomenRussia Gulnara Galkina 8:58.81 (2008)
World Championship records
MenKenya Ezekiel Kemboi 8:00.43 (2009)
WomenKenya Beatrice Chepkoech 8:57.84 (2019)

RulesEdit

It is one of the track events in the Olympic Games and the World Athletics Championships; it is also an event recognized by World Athletics.[1] The obstacles for the men are 914 millimetres (36.0 in) high, and for the women 762 millimetres (30.0 in).

The water jump consists of a barrier followed by a pit of water with a landing area defined as follows: The pit is 3.66m (12 feet) square. The pit's forward-direction measurement starts from the approach edge of the barrier and ends at the point where the water jump slope reaches the flat surface of the steeple pathway. Rulebook language simply but clearly says "The water jump, including the hurdle, shall be 3.66m in length." Pits have an upward slope; the water is deeper near the barrier and is within 2 cm of ground level at the departure end. That slope begins approximately 30 cm (12 in) forward of the barrier at which point the water is 70 cm (28 in) deep.

The length of the race is usually 3,000 metres (9,843 ft); junior and some masters events are 2,000 metres (6,562 ft), as women's events used to be. The circuit has four ordinary barriers and one water jump. During the course of the race, each runner must clear a total of 28 ordinary barriers and seven water jumps. This entails seven complete laps after starting with a fraction of a lap run without barriers. The water jump is located on the back turn, either inside the inner lane or outside the outer lane. If it is on the outside, then each of the seven laps is longer than the standard 400 m, and the starting point is on the home straight. If the water jump is on the inside, each lap is shorter than 400 m, the starting point is on the back straight, so the water jump and barrier in the home straight are bypassed in the first half lap at the start.

 
The dimension of an obstacle

Unlike those used in hurdling, steeplechase barriers do not fall over if hit, and the rules allow an athlete to negotiate the barrier by any means, so many runners step on top of them. Four barriers are spaced around the track on level ground, and a fifth barrier at the top of the second turn (fourth barrier in a complete lap from the finish line) is the water jump. The slope of the water jump rewards runners with more jumping ability, because a longer jump results in a shallower landing in the water.

All-time top 25 steeplechase runnersEdit

Olympic medalistsEdit

MenEdit

 
The water jump in the men's steeplechase at the 1908 Summer Olympics
Games Gold Silver Bronze
1920 Antwerp
details
Percy Hodge
  Great Britain
Patrick Flynn
  United States
Ernesto Ambrosini
  Italy
1924 Paris
details
Ville Ritola
  Finland
Elias Katz
  Finland
Paul Bontemps
  France
1928 Amsterdam
details
Toivo Loukola
  Finland
Paavo Nurmi
  Finland
Ove Andersen
  Finland
1932 Los Angeles
details
Volmari Iso-Hollo
  Finland
Thomas Evenson
  Great Britain
Joe McCluskey
  United States
1936 Berlin
details
Volmari Iso-Hollo
  Finland
Kalle Tuominen
  Finland
Alfred Dompert
  Germany
1948 London
details
Tore Sjöstrand
  Sweden
Erik Elmsäter
  Sweden
Göte Hagström
  Sweden
1952 Helsinki
details
Horace Ashenfelter
  United States
Vladimir Kazantsev
  Soviet Union
John Disley
  Great Britain
1956 Melbourne
details
Chris Brasher
  Great Britain
Sándor Rozsnyói
  Hungary
Ernst Larsen
  Norway
1960 Rome
details
Zdzisław Krzyszkowiak
  Poland
Nikolay Sokolov
  Soviet Union
Semyon Rzhishchin
  Soviet Union
1964 Tokyo
details
Gaston Roelants
  Belgium
Maurice Herriott
  Great Britain
Ivan Belyayev
  Soviet Union
1968 Mexico City
details
Amos Biwott
  Kenya
Benjamin Kogo
  Kenya
George Young
  United States
1972 Munich
details
Kipchoge Keino
  Kenya
Ben Jipcho
  Kenya
Tapio Kantanen
  Finland
1976 Montreal
details
Anders Gärderud
  Sweden
Bronisław Malinowski
  Poland
Frank Baumgartl
  East Germany
1980 Moscow
details
Bronisław Malinowski
  Poland
Filbert Bayi
  Tanzania
Eshetu Tura
  Ethiopia
1984 Los Angeles
details
Julius Korir
  Kenya
Joseph Mahmoud
  France
Brian Diemer
  United States
1988 Seoul
details
Julius Kariuki
  Kenya
Peter Koech
  Kenya
Mark Rowland
  Great Britain
1992 Barcelona
details
Matthew Birir
  Kenya
Patrick Sang
  Kenya
William Mutwol
  Kenya
1996 Atlanta
details
Joseph Keter
  Kenya
Moses Kiptanui
  Kenya
Alessandro Lambruschini
  Italy
2000 Sydney
details
Reuben Kosgei
  Kenya
Wilson Boit Kipketer
  Kenya
Ali Ezzine
  Morocco
2004 Athens
details
Ezekiel Kemboi
  Kenya
Brimin Kipruto
  Kenya
Paul Kipsiele Koech
  Kenya
2008 Beijing
details
Brimin Kipruto
  Kenya
Mahiedine Mekhissi-Benabbad
  France
Richard Kipkemboi Mateelong
  Kenya
2012 London
details
Ezekiel Kemboi
  Kenya
Mahiedine Mekhissi-Benabbad
  France
Abel Mutai
  Kenya
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Conseslus Kipruto
  Kenya
Evan Jager
  United States
Mahiedine Mekhissi-Benabbad
  France

WomenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
2008 Beijing[nb]
details
Gulnara Samitova-Galkina
  Russia
Eunice Jepkorir
  Kenya
Tatyana Petrova Arkhipova
  Russia
2012 London[nb2]
details
Habiba Ghribi
  Tunisia
Sofia Assefa
  Ethiopia
Milcah Chemos Cheywa
  Kenya
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Ruth Jebet
  Bahrain
Hyvin Kiyeng Jepkemoi
  Kenya
Emma Coburn
  United States
  • nb Yekaterina Volkova of Russia was originally the 2008 women's steeplechase bronze medalist, but she was subsequently disqualified for doping and her teammate Arkhipova was allocated the medal.[33]
  • nb2 Yuliya Zaripova of Russia was originally the 2012 women's steeplechase champion, but she was subsequently disqualified for doping. Ghribi, Sofia Assefa and Chemos were all elevated one place as a result.[34]

World Championships medalistsEdit

MenEdit

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
  Patriz Ilg (FRG)   Bogusław Mamiński (POL)   Colin Reitz (GBR)
1987 Rome
details
  Francesco Panetta (ITA)   Hagen Melzer (GDR)   William Van Dijck (BEL)
1991 Tokyo
details
  Moses Kiptanui (KEN)   Patrick Sang (KEN)   Azzedine Brahmi (ALG)
1993 Stuttgart
details
  Moses Kiptanui (KEN)   Patrick Sang (KEN)   Alessandro Lambruschini (ITA)
1995 Gothenburg
details
  Moses Kiptanui (KEN)   Christopher Kosgei (KEN)   Saad Al-Asmari (KSA)
1997 Athens
details
  Wilson Boit Kipketer (KEN)   Moses Kiptanui (KEN)   Bernard Barmasai (KEN)
1999 Seville
details
  Christopher Kosgei (KEN)   Wilson Boit Kipketer (KEN)   Ali Ezzine (MAR)
2001 Edmonton
details
  Reuben Kosgei (KEN)   Ali Ezzine (MAR)   Bernard Barmasai (KEN)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
  Saif Saaeed Shaheen (QAT)   Ezekiel Kemboi (KEN)   Eliseo Martín (ESP)
2005 Helsinki
details
  Saif Saaeed Shaheen (QAT)   Ezekiel Kemboi (KEN)   Brimin Kipruto (KEN)
2007 Osaka
details
  Brimin Kipruto (KEN)   Ezekiel Kemboi (KEN)   Richard Mateelong (KEN)
2009 Berlin
details
  Ezekiel Kemboi (KEN)   Richard Mateelong (KEN)   Bouabdellah Tahri (FRA)
2011 Daegu
details
  Ezekiel Kemboi (KEN)   Brimin Kipruto (KEN)   Mahiedine Mekhissi-Benabbad (FRA)
2013 Moscow
details
  Ezekiel Kemboi (KEN)   Conseslus Kipruto (KEN)   Mahiedine Mekhissi-Benabbad (FRA)
2015 Beijing
details
  Ezekiel Kemboi (KEN)   Conseslus Kipruto (KEN)   Brimin Kipruto (KEN)
2017 London
details
  Conseslus Kipruto (KEN)   Soufiane El Bakkali (MAR)   Evan Jager (USA)
2019 Doha
details
  Conseslus Kipruto (KEN)   Lamecha Girma (ETH)   Soufiane El Bakkali (MAR)

WomenEdit

 
Women's race at the 2007 World Championships
Championships Gold Silver Bronze
2005 Helsinki
details
  Dorcus Inzikuru (UGA)   Yekaterina Volkova (RUS)   Jeruto Kiptum (KEN)
2007 Osaka
details
  Yekaterina Volkova (RUS)   Tatyana Petrova (RUS)   Eunice Jepkorir (KEN)
2009 Berlin
details
Vacant [35][36]   Yuliya Zarudneva (RUS)   Milcah Chemos Cheywa (KEN)
2011 Daegu
details
  Habiba Ghribi (TUN)   Milcah Chemos Cheywa (KEN)   Mercy Wanjiku (KEN)
2013 Moscow
details
  Milcah Chemos Cheywa (KEN)   Lydiah Chepkurui (KEN)   Sofia Assefa (ETH)
2015 Beijing
details
  Hyvin Jepkemoi (KEN)   Habiba Ghribi (TUN)   Gesa Felicitas Krause (GER)
2017 London
details
  Emma Coburn (USA)   Courtney Frerichs (USA)   Hyvin Jepkemoi (KEN)
2019 Doha
details
  Beatrice Chepkoech (KEN)   Emma Coburn (USA)   Gesa Felicitas Krause (GER)

Season's bestsEdit

National recordsEdit

MenEdit

NR's inside 8:30.00 min:

Nation Time Athlete Date Place
  Qatar 7:53.63 Saif Saaeed Shaheen 3 September 2004 Brussels
  Kenya 7:53.64 Brimin Kipruto 22 July 2011 Monaco
  Morocco 7:55.28 Brahim Boulami 24 August 2001 Brussels
  France 8:00.09 Mahiedine Mekhissi-Benabbad 6 July 2013 Saint-Denis
  United States 8:00.45 Evan Jager 4 July 2015 Saint-Denis
  Ethiopia 8:01.36 Lamecha Girma 4 October 2019 Doha
  Uganda 8:03.81 Benjamin Kiplagat 8 July 2010 Lausanne
  Netherlands 8:04.95 Simon Vroemen 26 August 2005 Brussels
  Spain 8:05.69 Fernando Carro 12 July 2019 Monaco
  Sweden 8:05.75 Mustafa Mohamed 28 July 2007 Heusden
  Bahrain 8:06.13 Tareq Mubarak Taher 13 July 2009 Athens
  United Kingdom 8:07.96 Mark Rowland 30 September 1988 Seoul
  Saudi Arabia 8:08.14 Sa'ad Shaddad Al-Asmari 16 July 2002 Stockholm
  Italy 8:08.57 Francesco Panetta 5 September 1989 Rome
  Poland 8:09.11 Bronisław Malinowski 28 July 1976 Montreal
  Germany 8:09.48 Damian Kallabis 11 August 1999 Zürich
  Belgium 8:10.01 William Van Dijck 15 September 1986 Brussels
  Algeria 8:10.23 Laid Bessou 18 August 2000 Monaco
  China 8:10.46 Sun Ripeng 19 October 1997 Shanghai
  Finland 8:10.67 Jukka Keskisalo 28 August 2009 Zürich
  Austria 8:10.83 Günther Weidlinger 21 August 1999 Seville
  Eritrea 8:11.22 Yemane Haileselassie 8 June 2017 Rome
  South Africa 8:11.50 Ruben Ramolefi 29 August 2011 Deagu
  Canada 8:11.64 Matthew Hughes 15 August 2013 Moscow
  Norway 8:12.05 Jim Svenøy 22 August 1997 Brussels
  Tanzania 8:12.48 Filbert Bayi 31 July 1980 Moscow
  Romania 8:13.26 Florin Ionescu 21 August 1999 Seville
  New Zealand 8:14.05 Peter Renner 29 August 1984 Koblenz
  Tunisia 8:14.05 Amor Ben Yahia 29 June 2013 Mersin
  Brazil 8:14.41 Wander Moura 22 March 1995 Mar del Plata
  Russia 8:15.54 Pavel Potapovich 4 July 2003 Saint-Denis
  Australia 8:16.22 Shaun Creighton 2 July 1993 Villeneuve d'Ascq
  Slovenia 8:16.96 Boštjan Buč 12 June 2003 Ostrava
  Turkey 8:17.85 Tarik Langat Akdag 3 August 2012 London
  Hungary 8:17.97 Gábor Markó 21 July 1984 Potsdam
  Japan 8:18.93 Yoshitaka Iwamizu 23 August 2003 Saint-Denis
  Moldova 8:18.97 Ion Luchianov 16 August 2008 Beijing
  Uzbekistan 8:19.75 Anatoliy Dimov 31 July 1980 Moscow
  Portugal 8:19.82 Manuel Silva 27 July 2004 Stockholm
  Venezuela 8:20.87 José Peña 1 September 2013 Berlin
  Bulgaria 8:20.87 Mitko Tsenov 12 June 2014 Huelva
  India 8:21.37 Avinash Sable 4 October 2019 Doha
  Ukraine 8:21.75 Andriy Popelyayev 19 July 1984 Moscow
  Lithuania 8:22.2 Vladimiras Dudinas 19 August 1969 Kyiv
   Switzerland 8:22.24 Christian Belz 4 June 2001 Hengelo
  Iran 8:22.79 Hosein Keyhani 27 August 2018 Jakarta
  Denmark 8:22.9 Flemming Jensen 30 April 1983 Eugene
  Uruguay 8:23.02 Ricardo Vera 28 June 1992 Hengelo
  Djibouti 8:23.65 Mohamed Ismail Ibrahim 27 June 2018 Nancy
  Czech Republic 8:23.8 Dusan Moravcik 17 September 1972 Prague
  Greece 8:24.01 Filippos Filippou 15 September 1983 Casablanca
  Cyprus
  Ireland 8:24.09 Brendan Quinn 30 August 1985 Brussels
  Kazakhstan 8:24.13 Artyom Kosinov 11 June 2012 Moscow
  Israel 8:24.14 Itai Maggidi 4 July 2008 Longeville-lès-Metz
  Belarus 8:25.2 Aleksandr Vorobey 6 July 1980 Moscow
  Zambia 8:25.49 Godfrey Siamusiye 16 July 1995 Birmingham
  Argentina 8:25.63 Marcelo Cascabelo 4 June 1989 Belgrade
  Mexico 8:25.69 Salvador Miranda 8 July 2000 Barakaldo
  Cuba 8:26.16 José Sanchez 19 June 2009 Havana
  Puerto Rico 8:27.91 Alexander Greaux 10 July 2004 Barakaldo
  Georgia 8:28.0 Sergey Skripka 11 June 1977 Moscow
  Estonia 8:28.55 Kaur Kivistik 3 September 2019 Zagreb
  Colombia 8:28.6 Gerald Giraldo 29 November 2013 Trujillo
  Peru 8:28.67 Mario Bazán 16 August 2009 Berlin
  Serbia 8:28.80 Vule Maksimović 4 September 1989 Budapest
  Egypt 8:28.87 Salem Mohamed Attiaallah 17 July 2019 Barcelona
  Chile 8:28.99 Emilio Ulloa 8 August 1984 Los Angeles

WomenEdit

NR's inside 9:30.00 min:

Nation Time Athlete Date Place
  Kenya 8:44.32 Beatrice Chepkoech 20 July 2018 Monaco
  Bahrain 8:52.78 Ruth Jebet 27 August 2016 Saint-Denis
  Russia 8:58.81 Gulnara Galkina 17 August 2008 Beijing
  United States 9:00.85 Courtney Frerichs 20 July 2018 Monaco
  Germany 9:03.30 Gesa-Felicitas Krause 28 September 2019 Doha
  Tunisia 9:05.36 Habiba Ghribi 11 September 2015 Brussels
  Ethiopia 9:07.06 Sofia Assefa 11 June 2017 Hengelo
  Uganda 9:07.94 Peruth Chemutai 20 July 2018 Monaco
  Spain 9:09.39 Marta Domínguez 25 July 2009 Barcelona
  Norway 9:13.35 Karoline Bjerkeli Grøvdal 26 August 2017 Sandnes
  Denmark 9:13.46 Anna Emilie Møller 30 September 2019 Doha
  Turkey 9:13.53 Gülcan Mıngır 9 June 2012 Sofia
  Jamaica 9:14.09 Aisha Praught-Leer 31 August 2018 Brussels
  Australia 9:14.28 Genevieve LaCaze 27 August 2016 Saint-Denis
  Belarus 9:16.51 Alesya Turova 27 July 2002 Gdańsk
  Romania 9:16.85 Cristina Casandra 17 August 2008 Beijing
  Poland 9:17.15 Wioletta Janowska 3 July 2006 Athens
  Portugal 9:18.54 Jessica Augusto 9 June 2010 Huelva
  India 9:19.76 Lalita Babar 13 August 2016 Rio de Janeiro
  Albania 9:19.93 Luiza Gega 30 September 2019 Doha
  Morocco 9:20.64 Salima El Ouali Alami 17 July 2015 Monaco
  Slovenia 9:20.68 Maruša Mišmaš 13 September 2020 Berlin
   Switzerland 9:21.65 Fabienne Schlumpf 15 June 2017 Oslo
  Sweden 9:23.96 Charlotta Fougberg 12 July 2014 Glasgow
  United Kingdom 9:24.24 Barbara Parker 2 June 2012 Eugene
  Finland 9:24.70 Sandra Eriksson 12 July 2014 Glasgow
  France 9:25.62 Sophie Duarte 10 July 2009 Rome
  Algeria 9:25.90 Amina Betiche 17 May 2017 Baku
  Argentina 9:25.99 Belén Casetta 11 August 2017 London
  China 9:26.25 Liu Nian 2 November 2007 Wuhan
  Hungary 9:26.59 Zita Kácser 31 August 2019 Budapest
  Latvia 9:27.21 Poļina Jeļizarova 4 August 2012 London
  Ukraine 9:27.26 Valentyna Horpynych 7 June 2008 Yalta
  Italy 9:27.48 Elena Romagnolo 15 August 2008 Beijing
  Ireland 9:28.29 Roisin McGettigan 28 July 2007 Heusden-Zolder
  Belgium 9:28.47 Veerle Dejaeghere 2 June 2007 Neerpelt
  Israel 9:29.74 Adva Cohen 12 August 2018 Berlin
  Canada 9:29.82 Geneviève Lalonde 18 May 2019 Shanghai

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "3000 metres steeplechase". International Association of Athletics Federations. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b "All-time men's best 3000m steeplechase". IAAF. 5 May 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  3. ^ David Martin (22 July 2011). "With near World record run, Kipruto steals the show in Monaco - Samsung Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 23 July 2011.
  4. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  5. ^ http://www.iaaf.org/results/diamond-league-meetings/2014/memorial-van-damme-5379/men/3000-metres-steeplechase/final/result
  6. ^ "3000 Metres Steeplechase Results" (PDF). Diamond League. Omega Timing. 6 July 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  7. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 5 June 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-12-21. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  8. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). static.sportresult.com. 4 July 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  9. ^ "3000 Metres Steeplechase Results" (PDF). IAAF. 18 August 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-08-24. Retrieved 18 August 2009.
  10. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). IAAF. 4 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  11. ^ "3000 Metres Steeplechase Results". www.diamondleague-lausanne.com. 8 July 2010. Archived from the original on 10 July 2010. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
  12. ^ a b "All-time women's best 3000m steeplechase". IAAF. 5 May 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  13. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  14. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 27 August 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 October 2016. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
  15. ^ Cathal Dennehy (27 May 2017). "Chespol stuns with world U20 record in Eugene – IAAF Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  16. ^ World record obliterates memories of Osaka for Galkina-Samitova
  17. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 31 August 2018. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  18. ^ "Prefontaine Classic 2016 Results". tilastopaja.org. 28 May 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  19. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  20. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). IAAF. 30 September 2019. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  21. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). IAAF. 30 September 2019. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  22. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 11 September 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2015.
  23. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). IAAF. 30 September 2019. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  24. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 29 August 2019. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  25. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results". IAAF. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  26. ^ a b "3000 Metres Steeplechase Results". IAAF. 7 June 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2012.
  27. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  28. ^ "3000m Steeplechase Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  29. ^ World champion steeplechaser Marta Dominguez banned for doping
  30. ^ Jörg Wenig (2 September 2018). "Semenya clocks 2:30.70 in ISTAF 1000m as Harting takes his final bow". IAAF. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  31. ^ "3000 Metres Steeplechase Results" (PDF). IAAF. 17 August 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 20 September 2009.
  32. ^ Bob Ramsak (17 August 2012). "Zaripova world lead the best of new Olympic champions in Stockholm - REPORT - Samsung Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 17 August 2012.
  33. ^ IOC sanctions nine athletes for failing anti-doping test at Beijing 2008. IOC (2016-10-26). Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  34. ^ "The decisions of the Lausanne (Switzerland) Court of Arbitration for Sport regarding the Russian medalists". rusada.ru. 24 March 2016. Archived from the original on 9 February 2017.
  35. ^ World champion steeplechaser Marta Dominguez banned for doping
  36. ^ Spanish runner Marta Dominguez banned 3 years by CAS

External linksEdit