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3,4-Dihydropyran (DHP) is a heterocyclic compound with the formula C5H8O. The six-membered C5O ring with the unsaturation adjacent to oxygen. The isomeric 3,6-dihydropyran has a methylene separating the double bond and oxygen. DHP is used for protecting group for alcohols. It is a colorless liquid.[1]

3,4-dihydropyran skelet
IUPAC names
Other names
2,3-Dihydro-4H-pyran, DHP
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.465
EC Number 203-810-4
UN number 2376
Molar mass 84.118 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Density 0.922 g/mL
Melting point −70 °C (−94 °F; 203 K)
Boiling point 86 °C (187 °F; 359 K)
GHS pictograms GHS02: FlammableGHS07: Harmful
GHS signal word Danger
H225, H315, H317, H319
P210, P233, P240, P241, P242, P243, P261, P264, P272, P280, P302+352, P303+361+353, P305+351+338, P321, P332+313, P333+313, P337+313, P362, P363, P370+378, P403+235, P501
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references



Dihydropyran is prepared by the dehydration of tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol over alumina at 300–400 °C.[2] THFA is itself prepared from tetrahydro-2-furoic acid.



In organic synthesis, the 2-tetrahydropyranyl (THP) group is used as a protecting group for alcohols.[3][4] Reaction of the alcohol with DHP forms a THP ether, protecting the alcohol from a variety of reactions. The alcohol can later be restored by acidic hydrolysis, concomitant with formation of 5-hydroxypentanal.[5]

Protection of alcohol as THP ether followed by deprotection. Both steps require acid catalysts.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Paul Ch. Kierkus (2001). "3,4‐Dihydro‐2H‐pyran". eEROS. doi:10.1002/047084289X.rd230.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ R. L. Sawyer and D. W. Andrus (1955). "2,3-Dihydropyran". Organic Syntheses.; Collective Volume, 3, p. 276
  3. ^ R. A. Earl L. B. Townsend (1990). "Methyl 4-Hydroxy-2-butynoate". Organic Syntheses.; Collective Volume, 7, p. 334
  4. ^ Arthur F. Kluge (1990). "Diethyl [(2-Tetrahydropyranyloxy)methyl]phosphonate". Organic Syntheses.; Collective Volume, 7, p. 160
  5. ^ Wuts, Peter G. M.; Greene, Theodora W. (2006). "Protection for the Hydroxyl Group, Including 1,2‐ and 1,3‐Diols". Greene's Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis (4th ed.). pp. 16–366. doi:10.1002/9780470053485.ch2. ISBN 9780470053485.