2nd National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party

The 2nd National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party was held in the Shanghai International Settlement at the apartment of Li Da of 625 Pude Lane, South Chengdu Road, between July 16 and July 23, 1922. The congress was attended by 12 representatives, representing 195 members of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). The congress succeeded the 1st National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party and preceded the 3rd National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party.[1]

2nd National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party
中国共产党第二次全国代表大会
Zhongguogongchandang Di'erci Quanguodaibiaodahui Huizhi.JPG
Present site of 625 Pude Lane, where the 2nd Congress took place.
BeginsJuly 16, 1922 (1922-07-16)
EndsJuly 23, 1922 (1922-07-23)
Location(s)Li Da's apartment, 625 Pude Lane, South Chengdu Road, Shanghai International Settlement
Previous event1st National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (1921)
Next event3rd National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (1923)
Participants12 representatives
ActivityElection held to form the 2nd Central Executive Committee of the Chinese Communist Party
LeaderChen Duxiu (Leader of the Chinese Communist Party)
2nd National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party
Traditional Chinese中國共產黨第二次全國代表大會
Simplified Chinese中国共产党第二次全国代表大会
Abbreviated name
Chinese二大

AttendanceEdit

No credible attendance records of the event remain. When the 6th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party was held in Moscow in 1928, the attendance list was reconstructed and noted 12 names: Chen Duxiu, Zhang Guotao, Li Da, Yang Mingzhai, Luo Zhanglong, Wang Jinmei, Xu Baihao, Mao Zedong, Tan Pingshan, Lin Zhenying, and Shi Cuntong.[2] However, this list, according to historians, only denoted the representatives of the congress and does not include the actual members that attended the congress in person. Mao, for instance, claimed to have received news to attend the congress, but failed to attend.[2] In an interview by American journalist Edgar Snow published in his book Red Star Over China, Mao admitted that his absence was due to miscommunication.

AgendaEdit

Congress affirmed the adoption of the Constitution of the Chinese Communist Party among several other resolutions that were passed during the congress. This included:

  1. the Manifesto of the 2nd National Congress, which announced the CCP is a "branch of the Comintern", and clarified the responsibilities and executive powers held by each leadership position, for the creation of a "unified China" and the formation of a "Chinese democratic republic".[3]
  2. Resolution of the CCP on Imperialism and World Events;
  3. Resolution On Participation in the Comintern, where the CCP formally accepted the Twenty-one Conditions and became the Chinese branch within the Comintern, contrasting the declarations made in the 1st National Congress which proclaimed the CCP was an "ally" of the Comintern;
  4. Resolution on the United Front of Democracy;
  5. Resolution on the Affairs of "Trade Union Movements and the CCP";
  6. the Youths' Movement Resolution;
  7. the Women's Movement Resolution;
  8. the Resolution on the Constitution of the CCP, which adopted the Constitution of the CCP, formally accepting Leninist ideologies,[1] and 9 other resolutions.[4]

ElectionsEdit

Congress elected Chen, Zhang, Cai, Deng Zhongxia, and Gao Junyu to form the 2nd Central Executive Committee of the Chinese Communist Party. Another three backup members were selected. Chen was selected as the general secretary, while Cai and Zhang were given propaganda work. Congress decided to publish the weekly The Guide Weekly (Xiangdao), where Cai was nominated as the head editor.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "革命纲领——中国共产党第二次全国代表大会" [Party platform for revolution - The 2nd National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party]. People's Daily (人民日报) (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  2. ^ a b Shuanghai, Zhou (周霜梅); Minggang. "中共二大代表"尚有一人无法确定"之谜--理论--人民网" [The mystery of the "Unconfirmed attendee" in the 2nd National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party - Theories - People's Daily]. theory.people.com.cn (in Chinese). People's Daily. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b "革命纲领——中国共产党第二次全国代表大会,人民网" [Party platform for revolutions - The 2nd National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, People's Daily]. People's Daily (in Chinese). 14 September 2002. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2005.
  4. ^ "共产党新闻网—资料中心—历次党代会" [News Website of the Chinese Communist Party - Information Center - Historic National Congresses]. cpc.people.com.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 November 2016.