2nd Canadian Parliament

The 2nd Canadian Parliament was in session from March 5, 1873, until January 2, 1874. The membership was set by the 1872 federal election from July 20 to October 12, 1872, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 1874 election. Among the by-elections were the first election of PEI MPs, PEI joining Confederation in 1873.

2nd Parliament of Canada
Majority parliament
March 5, 1873 – January 2, 1874
Arms of Canada 1873.svg
Parliament leaders

Rt Hon. Sir John A. Macdonald
(2nd Canadian Ministry)
July 1, 1867 – November 5, 1873
Rt Hon. Alexander Mackenzie
November 7, 1873 – October 8, 1878
Leader of the
Alexander Mackenzie
March 6, 1873 – November 5, 1873
Sir John A. Macdonald
November 6, 1873 – October 16, 1878
Party caucuses
GovernmentConservative Party
RecognizedLiberal Party
Independent Conservative
House of Commons
Chambre des Communes 1872.png
Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
Speaker of the
Hon. James Cockburn
November 6, 1867 – March 5, 1874
Members200 seats MP seats
List of members
Speaker of the
The Hon. Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau
February 21, 1872 – January 8, 1874
Senate Leader
Alexander Campbell
July 1, 1867 – November 5, 1873
Luc Letellier de St-Just
November 5, 1873 – December 14, 1876
Senate Leader
Alexander Campbell
November 7, 1873 – October 8, 1878
Senators79 seats senator seats
List of senators
1st Session
March 5, 1873 – August 13, 1873
2nd Session
October 23, 1873 – November 7, 1873
<1st 3rd>
Sir John A. Macdonald was Prime Minister during most of the 2nd Canadian Parliament.
Alexander Mackenzie and his Liberal Party briefly took power at the end of the 2nd Parliament.

It was first controlled by a Conservative/Liberal-Conservative majority under Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald and the 1st Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the Liberal Party, led by Alexander Mackenzie. After a scandal in the Conservative Party, the Liberals took power, forming the 2nd Canadian Ministry. Alexander Mackenzie, now Prime Minister, immediately called an election.

The Speaker was James Cockburn. See also List of Canadian electoral districts 1872-1873 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

The unusual case of a new party taking control of the government between elections has only happened in the federal government twice; the other occasion was in the 15th Canadian parliament.

There were 2 sessions of the 2nd Parliament:

Session Start End
1st March 5, 1873 August 13, 1873
2nd October 23, 1873 November 7, 1873

List of membersEdit

Following is a full list of members of the second parliament listed first by province, then by electoral district.

Electoral districts denoted by an asterisk (*) indicates that district was represented by two members.

British ColumbiaEdit

Electoral district Name Party
Cariboo Joshua Spencer Thompson Liberal-Conservative
New Westminster Hugh Nelson Liberal-Conservative
Vancouver Francis Hincks Liberal-Conservative
Victoria* Henry Nathan Jr. Liberal
Amor De Cosmos Liberal
Yale Edgar Dewdney Conservative


Electoral district Name Party
Lisgar John Christian Schultz Conservative
Marquette Robert Cunningham Liberal
Provencher The Honourable Sir George-Étienne Cartier to May 20, 1873 (death) Liberal-Conservative
Louis Riel from October 13, 1873 Independent
Selkirk Donald A. Smith Independent Conservative

New BrunswickEdit

Electoral district Name Party
Albert John Wallace Liberal
Carleton The Honourable Charles Connell Liberal
Charlotte John McAdam Liberal-Conservative
City and County of St. John* Isaac Burpee Liberal
Acalus Lockwood Palmer Liberal
City of St. John The Honourable Samuel Leonard Tilley to November 15, 1873
(named Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick)
Jeremiah Smith Boies De Veber from December 1, 1873 Liberal
Gloucester Timothy Warren Anglin Liberal
Kent Robert Barry Cutler Liberal
King's James Domville Conservative
Northumberland The Honourable Peter Mitchell Independent
Queen's John Ferris Liberal
Restigouche George Moffat Conservative
Sunbury Charles Burpee Liberal
Victoria John Costigan Liberal-Conservative
Westmorland The Honourable Albert James Smith Liberal
York John Pickard Independent Liberal

Two MPs recontested their seats in byelections, and were reelected.

  • Albert James Smith was reelected in Westmorland on November 28, 1873.
  • Isaac Burpee was reelected in the City and County of St. John on December 1, 1873.

Nova ScotiaEdit

Electoral district Name Party
Annapolis William Hallett Ray Liberal
Antigonish Hugh McDonald to May 11, 1873 (appointed to Supreme Court of Nova Scotia) Liberal-Conservative
Angus McIsaac from December 20, 1873 Liberal
Cape Breton* Newton LeGayet Mackay Conservative
William McDonald Conservative
Colchester Frederick M. Pearson Liberal
Cumberland Charles Tupper Conservative
Digby Alfred William Savary Conservative
Guysborough Stewart Campbell Liberal-Conservative
Halifax* William Johnston Almon Liberal-Conservative
Stephen Tobin Liberal
Hants Joseph Howe to July 5, 1873 Liberal-Conservative
Monson Henry Goudge from July 5, 1873 Liberal
Inverness Samuel McDonnell Conservative
Kings Leverett de Veber Chipman Liberal
Lunenburg Charles Edward Church Liberal
Pictou* Robert Doull Liberal-Conservative
James McDonald Conservative
Queens James Fraser Forbes Liberal
Richmond Isaac Le Vesconte Conservative
Shelburne Thomas Coffin Liberal-Conservative
Victoria William Ross to July 11, 1873 (appointment to cabinet) Liberal
William Ross from December 20, 1873 Liberal
Yarmouth Frank Killam Liberal

Two MPs recontested their seats in byelections, and were reelected.

  • Hugh McDonald was reelected in Antigonish on July 7, 1873, on being named Minister of Militia and Defence.
  • Thomas Coffin was reelected in Shelburne on July 11, 1873, on being named Receiver-General of Canada.


Electoral district Name Party
Addington Schuyler Shibley Liberal-Conservative
Algoma John Beverley Robinson Conservative
Bothwell David Mills Liberal
Brant North Gavin Fleming Liberal
Brant South William Paterson Liberal
Brockville Jacob Dockstader Buell Liberal
Bruce North John Gillies Liberal
Bruce South Edward Blake Liberal
Cardwell John Hillyard Cameron Conservative
Carleton John Rochester Conservative
Cornwall Darby Bergin Liberal-Conservative
Dundas William Gibson Independent Liberal
Durham East Lewis Ross Liberal Reformer
Durham West Edward Blake to April 10, 1873 (dual election in Durham West and Bruce South) Liberal
Edmund Burke Wood from April 10, 1873 Liberal
Elgin East William Harvey Liberal
Elgin West George Elliott Casey Liberal
Essex John O'Connor Conservative
Frontenac George Airey Kirkpatrick Conservative
Glengarry Donald Alexander MacDonald Liberal
Grenville South William Henry Brouse Liberal
Grey East William Kingston Flesher Conservative
Grey North George Snider Liberal
Grey South George Landerkin Liberal
Haldimand David Thompson Liberal
Halton John White Liberal
Hamilton* Daniel Black Chisholm Liberal-Conservative
Henry Buckingham Witton Conservative Labour
Hastings East John White Conservative
Hastings North Mackenzie Bowell Conservative
Hastings West James Brown Conservative
Huron Centre Horace Horton Liberal
Huron North Thomas Farrow Liberal-Conservative
Huron South Malcolm Colin Cameron Liberal
Kent Rufus Stephenson Conservative
Kingston The Right Honourable Sir John A. Macdonald Liberal-Conservative
Lambton Alexander Mackenzie Liberal
Lanark North Daniel Galbraith Liberal
Lanark South John Graham Haggart Conservative
Leeds North and Grenville North Francis Jones Conservative
Leeds South Albert Norton Richards Liberal
Lennox Richard John Cartwright Liberal
Lincoln Thomas Rodman Merritt Liberal
London John Carling Liberal-Conservative
Middlesex East David Glass Conservative
Middlesex North Thomas Scatcherd Liberal
Middlesex West George William Ross Liberal
Monck James David Edgar Liberal
Muskoka Alexander Peter Cockburn Liberal
Niagara Angus Morrison Conservative
Norfolk North John Charlton Liberal
Norfolk South William Wallace Conservative
Northumberland East Joseph Keeler Liberal-Conservative
Northumberland West James Cockburn Conservative
Ontario North William Henry Gibbs Conservative
Ontario South Thomas Nicholson Gibbs Liberal-Conservative
Ottawa (City of)* John Bower Lewis Conservative
Joseph Merrill Currier Liberal-Conservative
Oxford North Thomas Oliver Liberal
Oxford South Ebenezer Vining Bodwell Liberal
Peel Robert Smith Liberal
Perth North Thomas Mayne Daly Liberal-Conservative
Perth South James Trow Liberal
Peterborough East Peregrine Maitland Grover Conservative
Peterborough West John Bertram Liberal
William Cluxton (not elected candidate but designated by return)[1] Conservative
Prescott Albert Hagar Liberal
Prince Edward Walter Ross Liberal
Renfrew North James Findlay Liberal
Renfrew South James O'Reilly Liberal-Conservative
Russell James Alexander Grant Conservative
Simcoe North Herman Henry Cook Liberal
Simcoe South William Carruthers Little Liberal-Conservative
Stormont Cyril Archibald Liberal
Toronto Centre Robert Wilkes Liberal
Toronto East James Beaty Conservative
Victoria North Joseph Staples Conservative
Victoria South George Dormer Conservative
Waterloo North Isaac Erb Bowman Liberal
Waterloo South James Young Liberal
Welland Thomas Clark Street (died September 20, 1872, 22 days before the election) Conservative
William Alexander Thomson from November 23, 1872 Liberal
Wellington Centre James Ross Liberal
Wellington North Nathaniel Higinbotham Liberal
Wellington South David Stirton Liberal
Wentworth North Thomas Bain Liberal
Wentworth South Joseph Rymal Liberal
West Toronto John Willoughby Crawford to November 4, 1873 (resigned) Conservative
Thomas Moss from December 18, 1873 Liberal
York East James Metcalfe Liberal
York North Anson Dodge Conservative
York West David Blain Liberal

Five MPs recontested their seats in byelections, and were reelected.

  • Thomas Nicholson Gibbs was reelected in Ontario South on July 7, 1873.
  • Alexander Mackenzie was reelected in Lambton on November 25, 1873.
  • Donald Alexander MacDonald was reelected in Glengarry on November 26, 1873.
  • Richard John Cartwright was reelected in Lennox on December 3, 1873.
  • Edward Blake was reelected in Bruce South on December 4, 1873.


Electoral district Name Party
Argenteuil John Abbott Liberal-Conservative
Bagot Pierre-Samuel Gendron Conservative
Beauce Christian Pozer Liberal
Beauharnois Ulysse-Janvier Robillard Independent Conservative
Bellechasse Télesphore Fournier Liberal
Berthier Anselme Homère Pâquet Liberal
Bonaventure Théodore Robitaille Conservative
Brome Edward Carter Conservative
Chambly Pierre Benoit Conservative
Champlain John Jones Ross Conservative
Charlevoix Pierre-Alexis Tremblay Liberal
Châteauguay Luther Hamilton Holton Liberal
Chicoutimi—Saguenay William Evan Price Liberal
Compton John Henry Pope Liberal-Conservative
Dorchester Hector-Louis Langevin Conservative
Drummond—Arthabaska Pierre-Nérée Dorion Liberal
Gaspé Pierre Fortin Conservative
Hochelaga Louis Beaubien Conservative
Huntingdon Julius Scriver Liberal
Iberville François Béchard Liberal
Jacques Cartier Rodolphe Laflamme Liberal
Joliette Louis François Georges Baby Conservative
Kamouraska Charles Pelletier Liberal
Laprairie Alfred Pinsonneault Conservative
L'Assomption Louis Archambeault Liberal-Conservative
Laval Joseph Bellerose to July 10, 1873 (called to the Senate) Conservative
Joseph-Aldéric Ouimet from October 28, 1873 Liberal-Conservative
Lévis Joseph Blanchet Liberal-Conservative
L'Islet Philippe Baby Casgrain Liberal
Lotbinière Henri Joly De Lotbinière Liberal
Maskinongé Louis-Alphonse Boyer Liberal
Mégantic Édouard-Émery Richard Liberal
Missisquoi George Baker Liberal-Conservative
Montcalm Firmin Dugas Conservative
Montmagny Henri-Thomas Taschereau Liberal
Montmorency Jean Langlois Conservative
Montreal Centre Michael Patrick Ryan Liberal-Conservative
Montreal East Louis-Amable Jetté Liberal
Montreal West John Young Liberal
Napierville Antoine Aimé Dorion Liberal
Nicolet Joseph Gaudet Conservative
Ottawa (County of) Alonzo Wright Liberal-Conservative
Pontiac William McKay Wright Liberal-Conservative
Portneuf Esdras Alfred de St-Georges Liberal
Quebec-Centre Joseph Édouard Cauchon Conservative
Quebec County Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau to February 20, 1873 (called to the Senate) Conservative
Joseph-Philippe-René-Adolphe Caron from March 28, 1873 Conservative
Quebec East Adolphe Guillet dit Tourangeau Conservative
Quebec West Thomas McGreevy Liberal-Conservative
Richelieu Michel Mathieu Conservative
Richmond—Wolfe William Hoste Webb Conservative
Rimouski Jean-Baptiste Romuald Fiset Liberal
Rouville Honoré Mercier Liberal
Saint Maurice Élie Lacerte Conservative
Shefford Lucius Huntington Liberal
Sherbrooke (Town of) Edward Towle Brooks Conservative
Soulanges Jacques-Philippe Lanthier Conservative
St. Hyacinthe Louis Delorme Liberal
St. John's François Bourassa Liberal
Stanstead Charles Colby Liberal-Conservative
Témiscouata Élie Mailloux Conservative
Terrebonne Louis Masson Conservative
Three Rivers William McDougall Conservative
Two Mountains Wilfrid Prévost Liberal
Vaudreuil Robert Harwood Liberal-Conservative
Verchères Félix Geoffrion Liberal
Yamaska Joseph Duguay Conservative

Three MPs recontested their seats in byelections, and were reelected.

  • Télesphore Fournier was reelected in Bellechasse on November 27, 1873, after being named Minister of Inland Revenue.
  • Théodore Robitaille was reelected in Bonaventure on February 15, 1873, after being named Receiver-General.
  • Antoine Aimé Dorion was reelected in Napierville on November 27, 1873, after being named Minister of Justice and Attorney General.

Prince Edward IslandEdit

Prince Edward Island joined Canada on July 1, 1873. By-elections for the House of Commons were held on September 29, 1873.

Electoral district Name Party
King's County* Daniel Davies Conservative
Augustine Colin Macdonald Liberal-Conservative
Prince County* James Colledge Pope Conservative
James Yeo Liberal
Queen's County* David Laird Liberal
Peter Sinclair Liberal


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  1. ^ "ParlInfo Has Moved". lop.parl.ca.