2 Timothy 3
2 Timothy 3 is the third chapter of the Second Epistle to Timothy in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The letter is traditionally attributed to Paul the Apostle, the last one written in Rome before his death (c. 64 or 67), addressed to Timothy. There are charges that it is the work of an anonymous follower, after Paul's death in the first century AD. This chapter contains the charge to Timothy to keep out of heterodoxy, and use Paul's steadfast faith under persecution as an example to contrast the opponents' characters, while continue to follow the teachings of the Scriptures.
|2 Timothy 3|
|Book||Second Epistle to Timothy|
|Christian Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Christian part||16|
Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:
The Heresy in Ephesus in Prophetic Perspective (3:1–9)Edit
Paul paints a picture of the false teachers as 'actual deviants from the norm established by his gospel' and, as a result, endanger the faith of themselves and their followers.
The Way of Following Paul (3:10–17)Edit
In this section Paul instructs Timothy to commit to Paul's teaching, as Timothy already shared many experiences with Paul, and urge him to 'accept the mantle of the Pauline mission'.
- All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness,
- "God-breathed" (Greek: θεόπνευστος, ): can be rendered as "given by inspiration of God". The Syriac version renders it "written by the Spirit", the Ethiopian version: "by the Spirit of God". All Scripture (πᾶσα γραφὴ, ; Towner renders it: "every [text of] Scripture"
- so that the servant of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.
The thoroughness in preparation for the work of God is significantly stressed and applicable for every Christian workers although the term the man of God narrowly can be interpreted for Christian teachers.
- May, Herbert G.; Metzger, Bruce M. (1977), The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocrypha, pp. 1440, 1446–49.
- Jerome Murphy-O'Connor, Paul: A Critical Life, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996, pp. 356–59.
- Just, Felix, "New Testament Letter Structure", Catholic Resources.
- Drury 2007, p. 1220.
- Drury 2007, pp. 1229–1230.
- Towner 2006, p. 553.
- Towner 2006, p. 570.
- 2 Timothy 3:16 NKJV
- Ellicott, C. J. (Ed.) Ellicott's Bible Commentary for English Readers. 2 Timothy 3. London : Cassell and Company, Limited, [1905-1906] Online version: (OCoLC) 929526708. Accessed on 28 April 2019.
- "2 Timothy 3:16 - Meaning and Commentary on Bible Verse". biblestudytools.com.
- 2 Timothy 3:17 NKJV
- Guthrie 1994, p. 1309.
- Guthrie, Donald (1994). "The Pastoral Letters". In Carson, D. A.; France, R. T.; Motyer, J. A.; Wenham, G. J. (eds.). New Bible Commentary: 21st Century Edition (4, illustrated, reprint, revised ed.). Inter-Varsity Press. pp. 1292–1315. ISBN 9780851106489.
- Drury, Clare (2007). "73. The Pastoral Epistles". In Barton, John; Muddiman, John (eds.). The Oxford Bible Commentary (first (paperback) ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 1220–1233. ISBN 978-0199277186. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
- Towner, Philip H. (2006). Bruce, Frederick Fyvie (ed.). The Letters to Timothy and Titus. The New International Commentary on the New Testament. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. ISBN 9780802825131.