2 Timothy 3

  (Redirected from 2 Timothy 3:16)

2 Timothy 3 is the third chapter of the Second Epistle to Timothy in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The letter is traditionally attributed to Paul the Apostle, the last one written in Rome before his death (c. 64 or 67), addressed to Timothy.[1][2] There are charges that it is the work of an anonymous follower, after Paul's death in the first century AD.[3][4] This chapter contains the charge to Timothy to keep out of heterodoxy, and use Paul's steadfast faith under persecution as an example to contrast the opponents' characters, while continue to follow the teachings of the Scriptures.[5]

2 Timothy 3
Uncial 015 (1 Tm 2.2-6).jpg
Fragments showing 1 Timothy 2:2–6 on Codex Coislinianus, from ca. AD 550.
BookSecond Epistle to Timothy
CategoryPauline epistles
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part16


The original text was written in Koine Greek. This chapter is divided into 17 verses.

Textual witnessesEdit

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:

The Heresy in Ephesus in Prophetic Perspective (3:1–9)Edit

Paul paints a picture of the false teachers as 'actual deviants from the norm established by his gospel' and, as a result, endanger the faith of themselves and their followers.[6]

The Way of Following Paul (3:10–17)Edit

In this section Paul instructs Timothy to commit to Paul's teaching, as Timothy already shared many experiences with Paul, and urge him to 'accept the mantle of the Pauline mission'.[7]

Verse 16Edit

All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness,[8]
  • "God-breathed" (Greek: θεόπνευστος, theopneustos): can be rendered as "given by inspiration of God".[9] The Syriac version renders it "written by the Spirit", the Ethiopian version: "by the Spirit of God".[10] All Scripture (πᾶσα γραφὴ, pasa graphē; Towner renders it: "every [text of] Scripture"

Verse 17Edit

so that the servant of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.[11]

The thoroughness in preparation for the work of God is significantly stressed and applicable for every Christian workers although the term the man of God narrowly can be interpreted for Christian teachers.[12]

See alsoEdit



  1. ^ May, Herbert G.; Metzger, Bruce M. (1977), The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocrypha, pp. 1440, 1446–49.
  2. ^ Jerome Murphy-O'Connor, Paul: A Critical Life, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996, pp. 356–59.
  3. ^ Just, Felix, "New Testament Letter Structure", Catholic Resources.
  4. ^ Drury 2007, p. 1220.
  5. ^ Drury 2007, pp. 1229–1230.
  6. ^ Towner 2006, p. 553.
  7. ^ Towner 2006, p. 570.
  8. ^ 2 Timothy 3:16 NKJV
  9. ^ Ellicott, C. J. (Ed.) Ellicott's Bible Commentary for English Readers. 2 Timothy 3. London : Cassell and Company, Limited, [1905-1906] Online version: (OCoLC) 929526708. Accessed on 28 April 2019.
  10. ^ "2 Timothy 3:16 - Meaning and Commentary on Bible Verse". biblestudytools.com.
  11. ^ 2 Timothy 3:17 NKJV
  12. ^ Guthrie 1994, p. 1309.


External linksEdit