The 2B9 Vasilek (Cornflower) is an automatic 82 mm gun-mortar developed in the Soviet Union in 1967 and fielded with the Soviet Army in 1970. It was based on the F-82 automatic mortar. Unlike conventional mortars, the 2B9 can fire in single and automatic mode using four-round clips. Rounds can be loaded from either the muzzle or the breech. Because of its wheeled carriage, the 2B9 resembles a light artillery piece more than a conventional mortar.
82 mm 2B9 Vasilek Gun-mortar
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
Syrian Civil War
War in Donbass
|Manufacturer||Bolshevik Plant, Norinco, Diósgyőri Gépgyár|
|Mass||combat: 632 kg (1,393 lb)|
|Shell||3.23 kg (7 lb 2 oz) bomb|
|Caliber||82 mm (3.2 in)|
|Breech||muzzle or breech loaded|
|Elevation||−1° to 85°|
|Rate of fire||100–120 rpm|
|Muzzle velocity||270 m/s (890 ft/s)|
|Maximum firing range||4,270 meters|
|Sights||PAM-1 2.5× or 3×|
The 2B9 was used in Afghanistan by Soviet units and is still found in Russian airmobile infantry units. In the fighting in Afghanistan, Soviet units found the 2B9 to be a versatile and useful weapon. The 2B9 can fire high-explosive, armor-piercing and smoke shells, as well as flares. The armor-piercing projectile, which weighs 3.1 kg, has a 75 g warhead that can penetrate 100mm of armor. Upon blast, the shell[which?] produces 400 to 600 fragments.
The 2B9 can be towed but is usually carried on a modified GAZ-66. By 1988, the 2B9 was also deployed as a self-propelled weapon by mounting the gun-mortar in the rear of an MT-LB armored personnel carrier.
During the Syrian Civil War, the 2B9M Vasilek was used by the Syrian Armed Forces, Kurdish People's Protection Units, and the Islamist group Ansar al-Sham. The latter used a 2B9M automatic mortar near Mount Chalma, Kesab district.
- Armenia
- Georgia
- Iraq – As for Saddam's era, often used mounted on MT-LB.
- Syria – Used by both government and rebel forces in the Syrian Civil War.
- Ukraine – Used by both government and rebel forces in the War in Donbass
- Soviet Union – Passed down to successor states.
- Campbell, David (30 November 2017). Soviet Paratrooper vs Mujahideen Fighter: Afghanistan 1979–89. Combat 29. Osprey Publishing. p. 19. ISBN 9781472817648.
- Leland Ness (ed.), Jane's Infantry Weapons 2007–2008, pp. 556–557, Surrey: Jane's Information Group, 2007
- Lovass, Ernő; Jenzen-Jones, N.R. (3 September 2018). "Soviet 2B9M Vasilek self-loading mortar". armamentresearch.com.
- Jenzen-Jones, N.R.; Lyamin, Yuri (18 June 2014). "2B9M Vasilek automatic mortar in service with Ansar al-Sham in Syria". armamentresearch.com.
- Blasko, Dennis J. (2013). The Chinese Army Today: Tradition and Transformation for the 21st Century. Routledge. p. 140. ISBN 9781136519970.
- How the "Cornflower" fires 13/11/14. Novorossia TV. 13 November 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- Vídeo of DPR militia using 2B9 Vasilek