28th New Zealand Parliament

The 28th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1946 general election in November of that year.

28th Parliament of New Zealand
27th Parliament 29th Parliament
Parliament House, Wellington, New Zealand (50).JPG
Overview
Term24 June 1947 – 21 October 1949
Election1946 New Zealand general election
GovernmentFirst Labour Government
House of Representatives
New Zealand 28th Parliament.png
Members80
Speaker of the HouseRobert McKeen
Prime MinisterPeter Fraser
Leader of the OppositionSidney Holland
Legislative Council
Members36 (at start)
33 (at end)
Speaker of the CouncilBernard Martin from 29 June 1948
––Mark Fagan until 31 December 1947 †
Leader of the CouncilDavid Wilson
Sovereign
MonarchHM George VI
Governor-GeneralHE Lt. Gen. The Lord Freyberg

1946 general electionEdit

The 1946 general election was held on Tuesday, 26 November in the Māori electorates and on Wednesday, 27 November in the general electorates, respectively.[1] A total of 80 MPs were elected; 49 represented North Island electorates, 27 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates.[2] 1,081,898 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 93.5%.[1]

SessionsEdit

The 28th Parliament sat for five sessions, and was prorogued on 3 November 1949:[3]

Session Opened Adjouned
first 24 June 1947 27 November 1947
second 22 June 1948 3 December 1948
third 28 June 1949 21 October 1949

MinistriesEdit

Peter Fraser of the Labour Party had been Prime Minister since 27 March 1940. He had formed the first Fraser Ministry on 1 April 1940 and the second Fraser Ministry on 30 April 1940.[4] The second Fraser Ministry remained in power until its defeat by the National Party at the 1949 election.[5][6]

Party StandingsEdit

Party Leader(s) Seats at start
Labour Party Peter Fraser 44
National Party Sidney Holland 38

MembersEdit

Initial MPsEdit

The table below shows the results of the 1946 general election:

Key

 Labour    National    Independent  

Electorate results for the 1946 New Zealand general election[7][8]

Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Arch Hill New electorate Bill Parry[9] 6,585 Edward James Clark
Ashburton New electorate Geoff Gerard 1,453 Mabel Newlands
Auckland Central Bill Parry[9] Bill Anderton[10] 3,478 Leon Götz[11]
Avon Dan Sullivan 5,180 Robert Alexander McDowell
Awarua George Richard Herron 2,588 Gilbert Gregory Mitchell
Bay of Plenty Bill Sullivan[12] 1,634 Ray Boord[13][7]
Brooklyn New electorate Peter Fraser[14] 3,935 Stewart Hardy
Buller Paddy Webb Jerry Skinner 2,912 Phil McDonald
Central Otago William Bodkin 2,909 Claude Charles Capell
Christchurch Central New electorate Robert Macfarlane 4,420 Alan J. Wills
Clutha James Roy 2,140 John Patrick Thompson
Dunedin Central Peter Neilson Phil Connolly 2,000 Stuart Sidey[15][7]
Dunedin North Robert Walls 1,630 Norman Jones[16]
Eden Bill Anderton[10] Wilfred Fortune[17] 1,281 Warren Freer[18][7]
Egmont Ernest Corbett[19] 3,398 Clarence Robert Parker
Fendalton New electorate Sidney Holland 3,004 Alan Williams
Franklin Jack Massey 4,023 Alex Gunn
Gisborne David Coleman 2,015 Harry Barker[20]
Grey Lynn Fred Hackett 5,910 Harold Stapleton Barry
Hamilton Hilda Ross 327 John Granville
Hastings New electorate Ted Cullen 483 Eric Pryor[21]
Hauraki Andrew Sutherland 2,891 John William Neate
Hawke's Bay Ted Cullen Cyril Harker 2,014 Henry Edward Beattie
Hobson New electorate Sidney Walter Smith 3,580 Hubert Knox Hatrick
Hurunui William Gillespie 1,440 John Mathison
Hutt Walter Nash 2,587 Jim Vogel
Invercargill William Denham Ralph Hanan 224 William Denham
Island Bay New electorate Robert McKeen 3,958 Herbert Edward Childs
Karori New electorate Charles Bowden 2,042 Patrick Connolly McGavin
Lyttelton Terry McCombs 1,543 Ted Taylor[22]
Manawatu Matthew Oram 2,467 Phil Holloway
Marlborough Ted Meachen Tom Shand 179 Ted Meachen
Marsden Alfred Murdoch 2,149 John Stewart
Miramar New electorate Bob Semple 2,482 Leonard Theodor Jacobsen[23]
Mornington New electorate Wally Hudson 4,681 Lewis Donald McIver
Mount Albert New electorate Arthur Shapton Richards 1,857 Frederick Ashley Hosking
Mount Victoria New electorate Jack Marshall 911 Eugene Casey
Napier Tommy Armstrong 1,845 Alan John Price
Nelson vacant[nb 1] Edgar Neale 585 Cyril Harold Goodman
New Plymouth Ernest Aderman 405 George Nimmo
North Shore New electorate Martyn Finlay 249 Henry Thorne Morton[24]
Oamaru Arnold Nordmeyer 232 Thomas Ross Beatty
Onehunga Arthur Osborne 3,424 William Kenneth King
Onslow New electorate Harry Combs 1,578 Philip Patrick Lynch
Otahuhu Charles Robert Petrie 220 Albert Murdoch
Otaki Leonard Lowry Jimmy Maher 44 Jim Thorn
Pahiatua Keith Holyoake 3,697 Otto Ernest Niederer
Palmerston North Joe Hodgens Ormond Wilson 928 Gus Mansford
Parnell New electorate Duncan Rae 206 Bill Schramm
Patea William Sheat 870 Richard John O'Dea
Petone New electorate Mick Moohan 4,019 George London
Piako New electorate Stan Goosman 5,101 Ben Waters
Ponsonby New electorate Ritchie Macdonald 3,431 Peter E Dempsey[25]
Raglan Hallyburton Johnstone Alan Baxter 13 Hallyburton Johnstone
Rangitikei Edward Gordon 2,307 John Capstick
Remuera Ronald Algie 4,410 James Freeman
Riccarton Jack Watts Angus McLagan 3,875 Vic Wilson
Rodney New electorate Clifton Webb 2,850 Alexander Boyd Dixon
Roskill Arthur Shapton Richards Frank Langstone 155 Roy McElroy[26]
St Albans New electorate Jack Watts 86 Morgan Williams[27]
St Kilda New electorate Fred Jones 1,248 Leonard James Tobin Ireland
Selwyn New electorate John McAlpine 472 Alan Sharp
Sydenham New electorate Mabel Howard 6,746 Ruric Hunter
Tamaki New electorate Tom Skinner 231 John George Concanon Wales
Tauranga Frederick Doidge 2,704 Dudley Alexander Hill
Timaru Clyde Carr 520 Jack Acland[28]
Waikato Stan Goosman Geoffrey Sim 4,385 John Dwyer
Waimarino Frank Langstone Paddy Kearins 681 Norman Robert Hill
Waimate New electorate David Campbell Kidd 789 William Roy Davison
Wairarapa Ben Roberts Garnet Hercules Mackley 235 George Anders Hansen
Waitakere New electorate Rex Mason 2,797 Archibald Morrison Laing
Waitomo Walter Broadfoot 3,951 Alan George Goldsmith
Wallace Adam Hamilton Tom Macdonald 3,716 David Johnston Munro
Wanganui Joe Cotterill 1,934 Eric Merewether
Wellington Central Peter Fraser Charles Henry Chapman 1,680 Agnes Louisa Weston[nb 2]
Westland James O'Brien 4,716 E Frank Chivers[31][32]
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Tiaki Omana 1,517 Āpirana Ngata
Northern Maori Tapihana Paraire Paikea 2,555 James Henare[33]
Southern Maori Eruera Tirikatene 581 Vernon Ohaia Mason Thomas
Western Maori Matiu Ratana 6,491 Hoeroa Marumaru[34]

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Harry Atmore, the previous holder of the Nelson electorate, died on 20 August 1946
  2. ^ Claude Weston died suddenly on 10 November 1946 and was replaced by his wife[29][30]

By-elections during 28th ParliamentEdit

There were a number of changes during the term of the 28th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Avon 1947 28 May Dan Sullivan Death Jock Mathison
Mount Albert 1947 24 September Arthur Richards Death Warren Freer
Westland 1947 3 December James O'Brien Death Jim Kent

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  2. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 90.
  3. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 70.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 50.
  5. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 50–51.
  6. ^ Beaglehole, Tim. "Fraser, Peter". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
  7. ^ a b c d "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  8. ^ "The Lists Close" (25951). Evening Star. 16 November 1946. p. 9.
  9. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 225.
  10. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 180.
  11. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 315.
  12. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 237.
  13. ^ Norton 1988, p. 200.
  14. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 198.
  15. ^ Norton 1988, p. 212.
  16. ^ Gustafson 1986, pp. 323f.
  17. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 197.
  18. ^ Norton 1988, p. 220.
  19. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 190.
  20. ^ Milton-Tee, Ann. "Harry Heaton Barker". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  21. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 382.
  22. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 387.
  23. ^ "Public Notices". The Evening Post. CXXXVI (136). 6 December 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  24. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 334.
  25. ^ Gustafson 1986, pp. 360f.
  26. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 375.
  27. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 245.
  28. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 179.
  29. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 389.
  30. ^ "Claude Horace Weston". Auckland War Memorial Museum. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  31. ^ "General Election". Auckland Star. LXXIV (203). 27 August 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  32. ^ "Chivers, E Frank, DSM, MID". Torpedo Bay Navy Museum. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  33. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 367.
  34. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 377.

ReferencesEdit

  • Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6.
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.