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28th Division (United Kingdom)

The 28th Division was an infantry division of the British Army raised for service in World War I.

28th Division
28th Division sign WW1.svg
Formation sign of the 28th Division, a strip of red cloth on the shoulder strap.[1]
Active 1914–1923
Country  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Infantry
Size Division
Engagements

World War I

Western Front
Battle of Gravenstafel
Battle of St Julien
Battle of Frezenberg
Battle of Bellewaarde
Battle of Loos
Balkans Campaign
Battle of Doiran
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Edward Bulfin

Contents

HistoryEdit

Formed in England in December 1914 - January 1915 from regular army battalions returning from India, Singapore and Egypt . In January 1915 the division moved to France and on to the Western Front.

The division took part in the 2nd Battle of Ypres where they suffered massive casualties and in the Battle of Loos . In October 1915 the 28th Division embarked from Marseilles to Egypt and in November 1915 on to Salonika where the division would remain for the rest of the war.

After the Armistice with Bulgaria came into effect on 30 September 1918, 28th Division advanced across the country towards Turkey. The Ottoman Empire also signed an Armistice on 30 October, after which 28th Division was sent to occupy the Dardanelles Forts. It remained inTurkey until 1923 on peacekeeping duties until October 1923.[2][3]

Order of BattleEdit

The division was composed of the following units during World War I:[4]

83rd BrigadeEdit

This Brigade was temporarily under the command of 5th Division between 3 March and 7 April 1915, when it was replaced by 15th Brigade from that Division.

84th BrigadeEdit

This Brigade was temporarily under the command of 5th Division between 23 February and 7 April 1915, when it was replaced by 13th Brigade from that Division.

85th BrigadeEdit

Brigade transferred temporarily to 3rd Division between 19 February 1915 and 6 April 1915. It was replaced by the 9th Brigade from that Division.

228th BrigadeEdit

This Brigade was formed on 26 February 1917, as Army Troops, although it was always associated with this Division. It came under the command of the Greek Crete Division from 30 September 1918, and was broken up on 4 October 1918.

PioneersEdit

  • 23rd (Service) Battalion (Welsh Pioneers), Welsh Regiment (joined August 1916)

Divisional Mounted TroopsEdit

  • B Squadron, 1/1st Surrey Yeomanry (joined 22 December 1914, left to join XVI Corps on 27 December 1916)
  • 28th Cyclist Company (joined 29 December 1914, left to join XVI Corps on 8 December 1916)

ArtilleryEdit

On formation:

EngineersEdit

CommandersEdit

  • Maj-Gen. E. Bulfin (17/12/1914) Sick
  • Maj-Gen. C. Briggs (12/10/1915)
  • Maj-Gen. H. Croker (21/5/1916)
  • Brig-Gen. E. Morris (Acting, 27/1/1917)
  • Maj-Gen. H. Croker (8/3/1917)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Chappell p. 17
  2. ^ Becke, pp. 112–6.
  3. ^ Wakefield & Moody, pp. 225–32.
  4. ^ Becke, pp. 106–111.

ReferencesEdit

  • Maj A.F. Becke,History of the Great War: Order of Battle of Divisions, Part 1: The Regular British Divisions, London: HM Stationery Office, 1934/Uckfield: Naval & Military Press, 2007, ISBN 1-847347-38-X.
  • Chappell, Mike (1986). British Battle Insignia (1). 1914-18. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9780850457278. 
  • Alan Wakefield and Simon Moody, Under the Devil's Eye: Britain's Forgotten Army at Salonika 1915–1918, Stroud: Sutton, 2004, ISBN 0-7509-3537-5.

External linksEdit