|Ab urbe condita||1038|
|Balinese saka calendar||206–207|
|Chinese calendar||甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)|
2981 or 2921
— to —
乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
2982 or 2922
|- Vikram Samvat||341–342|
|- Shaka Samvat||206–207|
|- Kali Yuga||3385–3386|
|Iranian calendar||337 BP – 336 BP|
|Islamic calendar||347 BH – 346 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1627 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||596/597 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||827–828|
411 or 30 or −742
— to —
412 or 31 or −741
Year 285 (CCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. In the Roman Empire, it was known as the "Year of the Consulship of Carinus and Aurelius" (or, less frequently, "year 1038 Ab urbe condita"). The denomination 285 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Spring – Emperor Carinus marches from Britain to northern Italy, and defeats the army of usurper Sabinus Julianus at Verona.
- Summer – Battle of the Margus: Emperor Diocletian defeats the forces of Carinus in the valley of the Margus (Serbia). Numerous soldiers desert Carinus during the battle. Carinus then flees to the Pannonian fort of Cornacum, but he is soon slain by his officers.
- July 21 or July 25 – Diocletian appoints his fellow-officer Maximian to the office of caesar, or junior co-emperor.
- Carausius, naval commander at Bononia (modern-day Boulogne), is given the task of clearing the English Channel of Frankish and Saxon pirates.
- Maximian is sent to pacify Gaul, where the Bagaudae, a band of peasants, are revolting against the Roman Empire.