2685 Masursky, provisional designation 1981 JN, is a stony Eunomian asteroid from the central regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 11 kilometers (6.8 miles) in diameter. It was discovered on 3 May 1981, by American astronomer Edward Bowell at the Anderson Mesa Station near Flagstaff, Arizona, and named after American planetary geologist Harold Masursky. In January 2000, the Cassini space probe observed the S-type asteroid from afar during its coast to Saturn.
Masursky imaged by Cassini–Huygens in January 2000
|Discovered by||E. Bowell|
|Discovery site||Anderson Mesa Stn.|
|Discovery date||3 May 1981|
|MPC designation||(2685) Masursky|
|Harold Masursky 
(American planetary geologist)
|1981 JN · 1950 VO
1973 QF · 1975 XJ5
|main-belt  · (middle)
|Orbital characteristics |
|Epoch 23 March 2018 (JD 2458200.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 0|
|Observation arc||44.58 yr (16,282 d)|
|4.12 yr (1,505 d)|
|0° 14m 21.48s / day|
Orbit and classificationEdit
It orbits the Sun in the central main-belt at a distance of 2.3–2.9 AU once every 4 years and 1 month (1,505 days; semi-major axis of 2.57 AU). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.11 and an inclination of 12° with respect to the ecliptic. The asteroid was first observed as 1950 VO at McDonald Observatory in November 1950. The body's observation arc begins with its observation as 1973 QF at Cerro El Roble Observatory in August 1973, nearly 8 years prior to its official discovery observation at Anderson Mesa.
Little was known about Masursky until the Cassini–Huygens space probe, en route to Jupiter and Saturn, flew past it on 23 January 2000. Because Cassini passed the asteroid at a distance of 1.6 million kilometers (approximately 4 lunar distances), the images it returned showed nothing more than a dot.
Cassini's observations had cast some doubt on its composition, but later ground-based spectroscopy has confirmed its stony S-type spectrum, which is also the Eunomia family's overall spectral type.:23
Diameter and albedoEdit
During its flyby in January 2000, Cassini–Huygens estimated a mean-diameter of approximately 15–20 kilometers, based on an angular diameter of 0.81–1.08 arcseconds just hours before its closest approach. According to the survey carried out by the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, Masursky measures 10.744 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo of 0.114.
This minor planet was named after Harold Masursky (1923–1990), a planetary geologist at the USGS Astrogeology Science Center of the U.S. Geological Survey, in Flagstaff, Arizona. Masursky worked on numerous space missions and programs including Ranger, Surveyor, Lunar Orbiter, Apollo, Mariner 9, Viking, Pioneer Venus, Voyager, as well as on the Galileo and Magellan spacecrafts. The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 4 August 1982 (M.P.C. 7158).
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- "Small Bodies Data Ferret". Nesvorny HCM Asteroid Families V3.0. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
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- Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Nugent, C.; et al. (November 2012). "Preliminary Analysis of WISE/NEOWISE 3-Band Cryogenic and Post-cryogenic Observations of Main Belt Asteroids" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 759 (1): 5. arXiv: . Bibcode:2012ApJ...759L...8M. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/759/1/L8. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- Lazzaro, Daniela; Mothé-Diniz, Thaís.; Carvano, Jorge M.; Angeli, Cláudia A.; Betzler, Alberto S.; Florczak, Marcos; et al. (December 1999). "The Eunomia Family: A Visible Spectroscopic Survey". Icarus. 142 (2): 445–453. Bibcode:1999Icar..142..445L. doi:10.1006/icar.1999.6213. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- "PIA02449: Masursky". NASA/JPL – Photojournal. 11 February 2000. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- Nesvorný, D.; Broz, M.; Carruba, V. (December 2014). "Identification and Dynamical Properties of Asteroid Families" (PDF). Asteroids IV: 297–321. arXiv: . Bibcode:2015aste.book..297N. doi:10.2458/azu_uapress_9780816532131-ch016. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- New Cassini Images of Asteroid Available, 11 Feb 2000
- Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB), query form (info)
- Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Google books
- Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets (1)-(5000) – Minor Planet Center
- 2685 Masursky at AstDyS-2, Asteroids—Dynamic Site
- 2685 Masursky at the JPL Small-Body Database