23rd New York State Legislature
The 23rd New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 28 to April 8, 1800, during the fifth year of John Jay's governorship, in Albany.
|23rd New York State Legislature|
|Legislative body||New York State Legislature|
|Jurisdiction||New York, United States|
|Term||July 1, 1799 – June 30, 1800|
|President||Lt. Gov. Stephen Van Rensselaer (Fed.)|
|Party control||Federalist (32-11)|
|Speaker||Dirck Ten Broeck (Fed.)|
Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1777, amended by the re-apportionment of March 4, 1796, Senators were elected on general tickets in the senatorial districts for four-year terms. They were divided into four classes, and every year about one fourth of the Senate seats came up for election. Assemblymen were elected countywide on general tickets to a one-year term, the whole assembly being renewed annually.
In 1797, Albany was declared the State capital, and all subsequent Legislatures have been meeting there ever since. In 1799, the Legislature enacted that future Legislatures meet on the last Tuesday of January of each year unless called earlier by the governor.
In 1799, Cayuga County was split from Onondaga County, and was apportioned one seat in the Assembly, taken from Onondaga. Essex County was split from Clinton County, but remained in a double-county Assembly district.
The State election was held from April 30 to May 2, 1799. Senators Richard Hatfield (Southern D.), Zina Hitchcock, Ebenezer Russell, Moses Vail (all three Eastern D.) and Vincent Mathews (Western D.) were re-elected. John B. Coles (Southern D.), Isaac Bloom, John Hathorn, John Suffern (all three Middle D.) and Moss Kent (Western D.) were also elected to the Senate.
The Legislature met on January 28, 1800, at the Old City Hall in Albany; and adjourned on April 8.
The Legislature reduced the salary of the New York State Comptroller from $3,000 to $2,500 whereupon Samuel Jones declined to be re-appointed. On March 12, 1800, the Council of Appointment chose Assemblyman John Vernon Henry to succeed Jones.
On March 12, 1800, a bill was proposed to divide the State into districts to elect presidential electors by popular ballot. This was rejected by the Federalist majority [vote 55 to 47], and the electors continued to be chosen by joint ballot of the State Legislature.
On March 19, 1800, U.S. Senator James Watson (Fed.) resigned after his appointment as Naval Officer of the Port of New York. On April 3, 1800, the Legislature elected Gouverneur Morris (Fed.) to fill the vacancy.
- The Southern District (9 seats) consisted of Kings, New York, Queens, Richmond, Suffolk and Westchester counties.
- The Middle District (12 seats) consisted of Dutchess, Orange, Ulster, Columbia, Delaware and Rockland counties.
- The Eastern District (11 seats) consisted of Washington, Clinton, Rensselaer, Albany, Saratoga and Essex counties.
- The Western District (11 seats) consisted of Montgomery, Herkimer, Ontario, Otsego, Tioga, Onondaga, Schoharie, Steuben, Chenango, Oneida and Cayuga counties.
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.
|Southern||Samuel Haight*||1 year||Federalist||elected to the Council of Appointment|
|William Denning*||1 year||Dem.-Rep.|
|Selah Strong*||1 year||Federalist|
|Ezra L'Hommedieu*||2 years||Dem.-Rep.|
|DeWitt Clinton*||3 years||Dem.-Rep.|
|David Gelston*||3 years||Dem.-Rep.||also Surrogate of New York County|
|John Schenck*||3 year||Dem.-Rep.|
|John B. Coles||4 years||Federalist|
|Richard Hatfield*||4 years||Federalist|
|Middle||Robert Sands*||1 year||Federalist||elected to the Council of Appointment|
|James Savage*||1 year||Federalist|
|Peter Silvester*||1 year||Federalist|
|William Thompson*||1 year||Federalist|
|John Addison*||2 years||Dem.-Rep.||died in 1800|
|Peter Cantine Jr.*||2 years||Federalist|
|James G. Graham*||2 years||Dem.-Rep.|
|Ebenezer Foote*||3 years||Federalist||also Delaware County Clerk|
|Ambrose Spencer*||3 years||Dem.-Rep.||also Assistant Attorney General (3rd D.)|
|Isaac Bloom||4 years||Dem.-Rep.|
|John Hathorn||4 years||Dem.-Rep.|
|John Suffern||4 years||Dem.-Rep.|
|Eastern||Leonard Bronck*||1 year||Federalist|
|James Gordon*||1 year||Federalist||elected to the Council of Appointment|
|Ebenezer Clark*||2 years||Federalist|
|Anthony Ten Eyck*||2 years||Federalist|
|Jacobus Van Schoonhoven*||2 years||Federalist|
|Abraham Van Vechten*||2 years||Federalist||also Recorder of the City of Albany|
|Leonard Gansevoort*||3 years||Federalist|
|John Sanders*||3 years||Federalist|
|Zina Hitchcock*||4 years||Federalist|
|Ebenezer Russell*||4 years||Federalist|
|Moses Vail*||4 years||Federalist|
|Western||Jacob Morris*||1 year||Federalist|
|Jedediah Sanger*||1 year||Federalist||also First Judge of the Oneida County Court|
|Thomas Morris*||2 years||Federalist||elected in April 1800 to the 7th United States Congress|
|Michael Myers*||2 years||Federalist|
|Seth Phelps*||2 years||Federalist|
|William Beekman*||3 years||Federalist|
|John Frey*||3 years||Federalist|
|Frederick Gettman*||3 years||Federalist|
|Thomas R. Gold*||3 years||Federalist||also Assistant Attorney General (7th D.); |
elected to the Council of Appointment
|Vincent Mathews*||4 years||Federalist|
|Moss Kent||4 years||Federalist|
- Clerk: Abraham B. Bancker
- Albany County (9 seats)
- Cayuga County (1 seat)
- Chenango County (2 seats)
- Clinton and Essex counties (1 seat)
- Columbia County (6 seats)
- Delaware County (2 seats)
- Dutchess County (10 seats)
- Herkimer County (3 seats)
- Kings County (1 seat)
- Montgomery County) (6 seats)
- The City and County of New York (13 seats)
- Oneida County (3 seats)
- Onondaga County (1 seat)
- Ontario and Steuben counties (2 seats)
- Orange County (5 seats)
- Otsego County (4 seats)
- Queens County (4 seats)
- Rensselaer County (6 seats)
- Richmond County (1 seat)
- Rockland County (1 seat)
- Saratoga County (5 seats)
- Schoharie County (1 seat)
- Suffolk County (4 seats)
- Tioga County (1 seat)
- Ulster County (5 seats)
- Washington County (6 seats)
- Westchester County (5 seats)
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.
- Clerk: James Van Ingen
- Sergeant-at-Arms: Ephraim Hunt
- Doorkeeper: Peter Hansen
- The Anti-Federalists called themselves "Republicans." However, at the same time, the Federalists called them "Democrats" which was meant to be pejorative. After some time both terms got more and more confused, and sometimes used together as "Democratic Republicans" which later historians have adopted (with a hyphen) to describe the party from the beginning, to avoid confusion with both the later established and still existing Democratic and Republican parties.
- The History of Political Parties in the State of New-York, from the Ratification of the Federal Constitution to 1840 by Jabez D. Hammond (4th ed., Vol. 1, H. & E. Phinney, Cooperstown, 1846; page 133)
- The choice of presidential electors by popular ballot in single districts was eventually enacted in 1825, but happened only once, at the 1828 United States presidential election. In 1829, the mode was changed to popular ballot on general ticket.
- Original owner of Robert Sands Estate in Rhinebeck, Dutchess Co.
- The exact date is unclear, but it was early enough to fill the vacancy at the State election in April 1800
- The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough (Weed, Parsons and Co., 1858) [see pg. 108f for Senate districts; pg. 117 for senators; pg. 148f for Assembly districts; pg. 173 for assemblymen]
- Election result Assembly, Columbia Co. at project "A New Nation Votes", compiled by Phil Lampi, hosted by Tufts University Digital Library
- Election result Assembly, Dutchess Co. at project "A New Nation Votes"
- Election result Assembly, Onondaga Co. at project "A New Nation Votes"
- Election result Assembly, Queens Co. at project "A New Nation Votes"
- Election result Assembly, Rensselaer Co. at project "A New Nation Votes"
- Election result Assembly, Schoharie Co. at project "A New Nation Votes"
- Partial election result Senate, Southern D. at project "A New Nation Votes" [gives only votes from New York City]
- Partial election result Senate, Middle D. at project "A New Nation Votes" [gives only votes from Columbia and Dutchess counties]
- Partial election result Senate, Western D. at project "A New Nation Votes" [gives only votes from Onondaga and Schoharie counties]