23rd Chess Olympiad

The 23rd Chess Olympiad (Spanish: La 23a Olimpíada de ajedrez), organized by FIDE and comprising an open[1] and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between October 25 and November 12, 1978, in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Official logo of the Olympiad

After the boycott two years earlier, the Eastern Bloc countries were back, including the Soviet team who, as usual, were huge favourites—but in the end they had to settle for the silver medal. Hungary, led by Lajos Portisch, caused quite an upset by taking the gold medals by a full point. The United States took the bronze.
This tournament also witnessed the debut of China, whom got 20th with 6 untitled players,later became a chess power and won the Chess Olympiad in 2014 and 2018.

Open eventEdit

Sixty-five nations played a 14-round Swiss system tournament. To make for an even number of teams, the Argentine hosts also fielded a "B" team. In the event of a draw, the tie-break was decided first by using the Buchholz system, then by match points.

Open event
# Country Players Average
rating
Points Buchholz
1   Hungary Portisch, Ribli, Sax, Adorján, Csom, Vadász 2570 37
2   Soviet Union Spassky, Petrosian, Polugaevsky, Gulko, Romanishin, Vaganian 2620 36
3   United States Kavalek, Browne, Lein, Byrne, Tarjan, Lombardy 2553 35
4   West Germany Hübner, Unzicker, Pfleger, Darga, Hecht, Borik 2540 33
5   Israel Dzindzichashvili, Liberzon, Kagan, Bleiman, Birnboim, Gruenfeld 2509 32½ 442.5
6   Romania Gheorghiu, Ciocâltea, Ghițescu, Suba, Ghindǎ, Troianescu 2468 32½ 422.5
7   Denmark Hamann, Jakobsen, Kristiansen, Fedder, Høi, Blom 2416 32 440.5
8   Poland Schmidt, Kuligowski, Sznapik, Adamski, Pytel, Filipowicz 2449 32 437.0
9   Spain Díez del Corral, Pomar, Calvo, Bellón López, Sanz Alonso, Rivas Pastor 2429 32 430.5
10    Switzerland Korchnoi, Hug, Lombard, Wirthensohn, Huss, Bhend 2484 32 426.0
11   Canada Hébert, Biyiasas, Day, Piasetski, Nickoloff, Coudari 2388 32 422.5
12   England Miles, Stean, Keene, Hartston, Mestel, Nunn 2508 31½ 452.5
13   Bulgaria Radulov, Ermenkov, Tringov, Padevsky, Spasov, Inkiov 2486 31½ 437.0
14   Netherlands Timman, Sosonko, Donner, Ree, Ligterink, Langeweg 2538 31½ 432.5
15   Yugoslavia Gligorić, Ljubojević, Matanović, Ivkov, Velimirović, Parma 2558 31 438.0
16   Sweden Andersson, Ornstein, Schneider, Kaiszauri, Schüssler, Wedberg 2453 31 437.5
17   Argentina Emma, Bronstein, Hase, Cámpora, Szmetan, Grinberg 2409 31 418.0
18   Cuba García González, Hernández, Rodríguez Céspedes, Vilela de Acuña, García Martínez, Lebredo Zarragoitia 2486 30½ 437.0
19   Austria Robatsch, Hölzl, Stoppel, Wittmann, Janetschek, Dür 2389 30½ 417.0
20   China Qi Jingxuan, Chen De, Liu Wenzhe, Liang Jinrong, Chang Tung Lo, Zhang Weida 2273 30½ 413.5
21   Mexico Sisniega, Campos López, Villarreal, Aldrete, Escondrillas, Navarro 2361 30½ 393.5
22   Finland Westerinen, Rantanen, Hurme, Saren, Raaste, Kivipelto 2389 30 421.0
23   Colombia García, Gutierrez, Rodríguez, Zapata, de Greiff, Agudelo 2359 30 400.5
24   Philippines Torre E., Rodríguez, Mascariñas, Bordonada, Torre V., de Guzman 2405 29½ 407.0
25   New Zealand Sarapu, Chandler, Small, Stuart, Anderson, Weir 2270 29½ 396.0
26   Indonesia Suradiradja, Ardiansyah, Bachtiar, Wotulo, Sampouw, Kileng 2346 29½ 394.0
27   Brazil Trois, van Riemsdijk, Segal, Braga, Másculo, Carvalho 2355 29½ 393.5
28   Iceland Ólafsson F., Sigurjónsson, Ólafsson H., Pétursson, Árnason, Ásmundsson 2480 29 423.0
29   Chile Donoso Velasco, Frias Pablaza, Morovic, Silva Sánchez, Scholz Solis, Cifuentes Parada 2395 29 417.0
30   Australia Jamieson, Fuller, Shaw, Rogers, Woodhams, Viner 2399 29 408.0
31   Norway Wibe, Helmers, Øgaard, Hoen, Johannessen, Heiberg 2409 29 398.0
-   Argentina "B" Giardelli, Seidler, Barbero, Braga, Bernat, Monier 2329 28½ 413.0
32   Paraguay Franco Ocampos, Gamarra Cáceres, Riego Prieto, Bogda, Ferreira, Ingolotti 2278 28½ 411.5
33   Scotland Pritchett, Levy, Jamieson, Upton, Giulian, Reid 2309 28 404.5
34   Venezuela Ostos, Fernández, Diaz, Gamboa, Dounia, González 2253 28 401.5
35   Syria Arafeh, Hakki, Catalan, Khatib, Kassen M., Khattab 2200 28 373.0
36   France Haïk, Giffard, Preissmann, Roos, Sellos, Letzelter 2358 27½ 425.0
37   Uruguay Estrada Degrandi, Dienavorian Lacherian, Silva Nazzari, Bademian Orchanian, Lamas Baliero, Pazdur González 2270 27½ 381.5
38   Dominican Republic Gonzáles, Delgado, Álvarez, Mateo, Pérez Nivar, Liao Yuan Eu 2229 27½ 380.5
39   Sri Lanka Weeramantry, Aturupane D. H. C., Goonetilleke, Parakrama 2200 27½ 373.5
40   Hong Kong Jhunjhnuwala K., Valdellon, Kan Wai Shui, Jhunjhnuwala R., Schepel, Jhunjhnuwala N. 2235 27½ 367.0
41   Wales Cooper, Williams, Hutchings, Jones, Trevelyan, Tyrrell 2324 27 403.5
42   Peru Rodríguez Vargas, González Bernal, Vásquez Horna, Vásquez, Pelaez Contti, Robbiano Taboada 2271 27 399.5
43   Guyana Broomes M., Broomes G., Wharton, Warsali, Brooms 2200 27 369.0
44   Japan Takemoto, Matsumoto, Sakurai, Ozaki, Oda, Tanuma 2200 27 359.0
45   Luxembourg Stull, Schammo, Milbers, Kirsch, Welz, Philippe 2219 27 353.0
46   Faroe Islands Jacobsen, Apol, Petersen, Ziska, Midjord, Durhuus 2200 27 346.0
47   Belgium Schumacher, Wostyn, Mollekens, Van Herck, Larsen, De Hert 2223 26½ 374.5
48   Guatemala De León, Batres, Canda, Grajeda, Garrido, Cruz Lorenzana 2200 26½ 358.0
49   Morocco Chorfi, Al-Hamido, Arbouche, El-Amri, Khatib S., Bakali 2200 26½ 356.0
50   Tunisia Bouaziz, Belkadi, Tabbane, Kchouk, Hmadi, Zargouni 2279 26 390.0
51   Ecuador Verduga, Pazos, Salvador, Freile, Frank, Márquez 2266 26 381.5
52   Bolivia Chávez Chávez, Zarco Castillo, Mendivil, Alborta, Orestes, Palacios Alvarez 2213 26 368.0
53   Trinidad and Tobago Cecil Lee, Payne, Courtney Lee, Duchesne, Lum Tong, Chin Fong 2200 26 356.5
54   Jordan Arafat, Shoumali, Al-Mallah, Bakr, Haddad, Saqqa 2200 26 327.5
55   Jamaica Wong S., Grant, Wong A., Powell 2200 25½
56   Puerto Rico Moraza Choisme, Freyre, Torres, Ochoa, Martínez Buitrago, Ferrao 2214 25 373.0
57   Malaysia Tan Bian Huat, Woo Beng Keong, Hon Kah Seng, Liew Chee Meng, Foo Lum Choon, How 2200 25 365.5
58   Libya Shabsh Abdulatif, El-Ageli, Tawengi, Isgeta, Talha, Aburziza M. 2200 23½ 321.0
59   Mauritania Bouasria, Radhy Sol, El-Mokhtar, Louly, Maouloud 2200 23½ 319.5
60   Andorra Clua Ballague, Pantebre Martínez, Gómez Abad, Pantebre Martínez, Fité Barris, Vañó 2200 22½
61   United States Virgin Islands Van Tilbury, Hoyt, Grumer, Chiu Yum San, Hanno, John Turner 2200 22
62   Bermuda Yerbury, Radford, Harris, Chudleigh, Dill, Lattyak 2200 20½
63   Zaire De Vries, Ciezkowski, Merali, Biringanine 2200 16
64   United Arab Emirates Hassan, Saleh, Abdulghafour, Abdul Rahman, Al-Kaitoob, Zainal 2200 12½ 328.5
65   British Virgin Islands Hook, Georges, Pickering, Campbell, Downing 2213 12½ 327.5



Team standingEdit

The following ratings were used to determine the placement (#).

  • BP (sum of board points)
  • TP (sum of team points)
# Team Code BP TP + = - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
1   Hungary HUN 37 23 10 3 1 SCO
POL
3
NED
3
ESP
USA
2
URS
DEN
2
ENG
3
BUL
GER
2
ISL
3
SWE
ISR
YUG
3
2   Soviet Union URS 36 23 10 3 1 WLS
3
ARG2
ROM
3
CUB
3
ENG
2
HUN
BUL
USA
3
GER
ISR
2
SWE
2
POL
CAN
3
NED
3   United States USA 35 23 10 3 1 PAR
3
AUT
CAN
3
AUS
3
HUN
2
ENG
YUG
URS
1
DEN
4
CUB
GER
ISR
POL
2
SUI
2
4   West Germany GER 33 17 6 5 3 NZL
4
CHI
CUB
1
FIN
3
DEN
SWE
2
WLS
4
ARG
3
URS
HUN
2
USA
YUG
2
ENG
2
ISR
2
5   Israel ISR 32½ 18 7 4 3 ECU
4
BRA
ESP
1
CAN
PHI
2
FRA
ROM
2
FIN
3
POL
URS
2
CUB
USA
HUN
GER
2
6   Romania ROM 32½ 16 6 4 4 PUR
4
CAN
URS
1
INA
CHN
TUN
4
ISR
2
BUL
2
FRA
2
ARG2
3
YUG
ISL
3
ESP
2
ENG
7   Denmark DEN 32 20 8 4 2 JPN
3
MEX
COL
3
YUG
2
GER
CAN
HUN
2
CUB
2
USA
0
SUI
ENG
1
CHI
BUL
2
AUT
8   Poland POL 32 17 7 3 4 MAS
HUN
1
HKG
BRA
4
SWE
PHI
2
ENG
YUG
ISR
FRA
3
ESP
URS
USA
2
CAN
2
9   Spain ESP 32 15 6 3 5 GUA
4
VEN
ISR
3
HUN
BUL
FIN
2
FRA
AUS
SUI
AUT
3
POL
CUB
2
ROM
2
SWE
10    Switzerland SUI 32 19 8 3 3 BEL
3
FRA
MEX
CHN
CHI
YUG
1
BRA
SWE
2
ESP
DEN
PHI
3
ENG
2
AUT
USA
2
11   Canada CAN 32 16 7 2 5 LBA
4
ROM
USA
1
ISR
SCO
DEN
½
DOM
CHI
2
ENG
1
PER
3
PAR
FRA
4
URS
1
POL
2
12   England ENG 31½ 15 6 3 5 DOM
4
COL
ARG
BUL
URS
2
USA
POL
HUN
1
CAN
3
SWE
DEN
3
SUI
2
GER
2
ROM
13   Bulgaria BUL 31½ 16 7 2 5 LUX
4
INA
3
FRA
ENG
ESP
CUB
3
URS
ROM
2
HUN
ISL
1
ARG
3
NED
DEN
2
FIN
14   Netherlands NED 31½ 17 7 3 4 URU
4
FIN
3
HUN
1
ARG
CUB
1
COL
2
SWE
CHN
2
PAR
BRA
3
ARG2
3
BUL
YUG
2
URS
15   Yugoslavia YUG 31 18 7 4 3 TUN
AUS
NOR
DEN
2
FRA
2
SUI
3
USA
POL
CUB
ARG
ROM
GER
2
NED
2
HUN
1
16   Sweden SWE 31 17 7 3 4 HKG
3
NOR
BEL
CHI
POL
GER
2
NED
SUI
2
CHN
ENG
URS
2
HUN
½
FIN
ESP
17   Argentina ARG 31 16 8 0 6 BOL
3
CHN
ENG
NED
COL
INA
3
ISL
GER
1
PER
3
YUG
BUL
1
AUT
1
NOR
VEN
18   Cuba CUB 30½ 17 7 3 4 PER
MAR
4
GER
3
URS
1
NED
3
BUL
1
PHI
3
DEN
2
YUG
USA
ISR
½
ESP
2
ISL
CHN
2
19   Austria AUT 30½ 15 7 1 6 GUY
USA
SCO
NZL
PAR
2
CHN
½
HKG
3
MAS
AUS
4
ESP
1
FIN
ARG
3
SUI
DEN
20   China CHN 30½ 15 6 3 5 ISL
3
ARG
½
DOM
SUI
ROM
AUT
FIN
2
NED
2
SWE
½
VEN
TUN
SYR
ECU
4
CUB
2
21   Mexico MEX 30½ 16 7 2 5 TRI
3
DEN
SUI
URU
3
VEN
PAR
1
PUR
3
PER
1
DOM
NOR
2
BOL
3
ECU
3
COL
2
ISL
22   Finland FIN 30 14 6 2 6 JAM
4
NED
1
ARG2
GER
1
PER
3
ESP
2
CHN
2
ISR
1
NZL
3
COL
3
AUT
VEN
3
SWE
BUL
23   Colombia COL 30 15 5 5 4 UAE
4
ENG
½
DEN
1
HKG
4
ARG
NED
2
SCO
NOR
3
ISL
2
FIN
1
CHI
2
PHI
MEX
2
BRA
2
24   Philippines PHI 29½ 16 6 4 4 AND
2
PER
WLS
ISL
ISR
2
POL
2
CUB
1
INA
ARG2
CHI
SUI
1
COL
SCO
3
NZL
2
25   New Zealand NZL 29½ 15 7 1 6 GER
0
SRI
3
LUX
AUT
INA
BRA
MAS
ARG2
2
FIN
1
TUN
ECU
1
JPN
PER
3
PHI
2
26   Indonesia INA 29½ 14 6 2 6 ZAI
4
BUL
1
CHI
ROM
NZL
ARG
1
VEN
PHI
NOR
1
ECU
2
SCO
GUA
4
AUS
2
PAR
27   Brazil BRA 29½ 14 6 2 6 IVB
4
ISR
VEN
POL
0
TUN
3
NZL
SUI
WLS
CHI
NED
1
AUS
2
BOL
4
PAR
COL
2
28   Iceland ISL 29 13 6 1 7 CHN
1
JPN
4
PAR
3
PHI
AUS
VEN
3
ARG
FRA
COL
2
BUL
3
HUN
1
ROM
1
CUB
MEX
29   Chile CHI 29 14 5 4 5 SRI
4
GER
INA
SWE
SUI
½
SCO
2
JAM
4
CAN
2
BRA
PHI
COL
2
DEN
½
ARG2
AUS
2
30   Australia AUS 29 15 6 3 5 ISV
YUG
FAI
USA
1
ISL
NOR
PAR
ESP
½
AUT
0
SRI
4
BRA
2
ARG2
INA
2
CHI
2
31   Norway NOR 29 14 6 2 6 BER
SWE
YUG
FRA
1
ECU
3
AUS
ARG2
2
COL
1
INA
3
MEX
2
VEN
PAR
ARG
WLS
-   Argentina "B" ARG2 28½ 12 5 2 7 JOR
4
URS
½
FIN
PAR
2
WLS
SYR
4
NOR
2
NZL
3
PHI
ROM
1
NED
1
AUS
CHI
FRA
32   Paraguay PAR 28½ 12 5 2 7 USA
1
AND
4
ISL
1
ARG2
2
AUT
2
MEX
3
AUS
VEN
3
NED
WLS
CAN
NOR
BRA
INA
33   Scotland SCO 28 14 6 2 6 HUN
½
MAS
AUT
GUY
4
CAN
½
CHI
2
COL
DOM
2
ECU
URU
INA
WLS
PHI
1
PER
34   Venezuela VEN 28 13 6 1 7 MAU
4
ESP
BRA
ECU
2
MEX
ISL
1
INA
PAR
1
PUR
CHN
NOR
FIN
1
FRA
3
ARG
½
35   Syria SYR 28 13 6 1 7 FRA
0
URU
BOL
BER
DOM
ARG2
0
LUX
3
SRI
2
TUN
MAR
3
PUR
CHN
WLS
TRI
3
36   France FRA 27½ 12 5 2 7 SYR
4
SUI
BUL
NOR
3
YUG
2
ISR
ESP
ISL
ROM
2
POL
1
PER
CAN
0
VEN
1
ARG2
37   Uruguay URU 27½ 15 5 5 4 NED
0
SYR
MAU
4
MEX
1
BOL
2
MAS
1
SRI
2
GUY
FAI
2
SCO
GUA
DOM
TUN
2
HKG
2
38   Dominican Republic DOM 27½ 14 5 4 5 ENG
0
UAE
CHN
½
MAR
3
SYR
BOL
CAN
½
SCO
2
MEX
TRI
2
WAL
22
URU
GUY
3
SRI
2
39   Sri Lanka SRI 27½ 13 3 7 4 CHI
0
NZL
1
MAS
2
GUA
AND
MAU
2
URU
2
SYR
2
JAM
4
AUS
0
FAI
TUN
2
LUX
2
DOM
2
40   Hong Kong HKG 27½ 12 5 2 7 SWE
1
BER
4
POL
COL
0
TRI
3
JAM
1
AUT
1
JPN
WLS
1
BOL
0
UAE
4
MAS
BEL
2
URU
2
41   Wales WLS 27 13 6 1 7 URS
1
TRI
3
PHI
½
BEL
ARG2
ECU
3
GER
0
BRA
HKG
3
PAR
DOM
2
SCO
SYR
NOR
42   Peru PER 27 11 5 1 8 CUB
PHI
TUN
2
FAI
FIN
1
PUR
GUY
MEX
3
ARG
1
CAN
1
FRA
½
TRI
NZL
1
SCO
43   Guyana GUY 27 12 6 0 8 AUT
FAI
½
AND
4
SCO
0
LUX
MAR
4
PER
½
URU
BEL
GUA
1
JOR
BER
4
DOM
1
TUN
44   Japan JPN 27 16 7 2 5 DEN
1
ISL
0
ISV
TRI
2
MAU
1
JOR
GUA
HKG
½
ZAI
4
LBA
3
LUX
2
NZL
½
JAM
PUR
3
45   Luxembourg LUX 27 15 6 3 5 BUL
0
ZAI
3
NZL
½
JAM
2
GUY
FAI
1
SYR
1
MAR
AND
3
JOR
JPN
2
BEL
SRI
2
IVB
46   Faroe Islands FAI 27 12 5 2 7 MAR
2
GUY
AUS
½
PER
½
MAS
1
LUX
3
BEL
ECU
URU
2
PUR
SRI
½
IVB
4
LBA
ZAI
3
47   Belgium BEL 26½ 12 4 4 6 SUI
1
BOL
3
SWE
½
WLS
½
MAR
BER
FAI
TRI
2
GUY
MAS
2
JAM
3
LUX
HKG
2
GUA
2
48   Guatemala GUA 26½ 14 6 2 6 ESP
0
MAU
1
LBA
SRI
PUR
TRI
JPN
JAM
2
MAS
GUY
3
URU
INA
0
UAE
4
BEL
2
49   Morocco MAR 26½ 14 6 2 6 FAI
2
CUB
0
JAM
DOM
1
BEL
GUY
0
LBA
LUX
BER
SYR
1
ZAI
4
PUR
BOL
ECU
2
50   Tunisia TUN 26 12 4 4 6 YUG
½
ISV
3
PER
2
JOR
4
BRA
1
ROM
0
ECU
2
BOL
SYR
NZL
CHN
SRI
2
URU
2
GUY
51   Ecuador SCU 26 14 5 4 5 ISR
0
IVB
3
PUR
4
VEN
2
NOR
1
WLS
1
TUN
2
FAI
SCO
INA
2
NZL
3
MEX
1
CHN
0
MAR
2
52   Bolivia BOL 26 12 5 2 7 ARG
1
BEL
1
SYR
UAE
4
URU
2
DOM
½
MAU
TUN
TRI
HKG
4
MEX
1
BRA
0
MAR
JAM
2
53   Trinidad and Tobago TRI 26 10 3 4 7 MEX
1
WLS
1
JOR
2
JPN
2
HKG
1
GUA
ISV
BEL
2
BOL
DOM
2
AND
PER
½
IVB
SYR
1
54   Jordan BOL 26 14 5 4 5 ARG2
0
JAM
2
TRI
2
TUN
0
BER
JPN
IVB
AND
2
MAU
LUX
GUY
LBA
ZAI
2
ISV
55   Jamaica JAM 25½ 12 4 4 6 FIN
0
JOR
2
MAR
LUX
2
ZAI
HKG
3
CHI
0
GUA
2
SRI
0
IVB
BEL
1
UAE
JPN
BOL
2
56   Puerto Rico PUR 25 12 6 0 8 ROM
0
LBA
3
ECU
0
ISV
4
GUA
PER
MEX
1
MAU
4
VEN
½
FAI
SYR
½
MAR
MAS
3
JPN
1
57   Malaysia MAS 25 12 5 2 7 POL
½
SCO
½
SRI
2
LBA
FAI
3
URU
3
NZL
½
AUT
½
GUA
BEL
2
ISV
3
HKG
½
PUR
1
UAE
58   Libya LBA 23½ 10 4 2 8 CAN
0
PUR
1
GUA
MAS
½
ISV
2
ZAI
2
MAR
IVB
UAE
JPN
1
BER
JOR
FAI
AND
59   Mauritania MAU 23½ 13 5 3 6 VEN
0
GUA
3
URU
0
AND
JPN
3
SRI
2
BOL
PUR
0
JOR
½
UAE
2
IVB
3
ZAI
3
ISV
1
BER
2
60   Andorra AND 22½ 10 3 4 7 PHI
2
PAR
0
GUY
0
MAU
SRI
½
IVB
3
UAE
JOR
2
LUX
1
ZAI
3
TRI
½
ISV
2
BER
2
LBA
61   United States Virgin Islands ISV 22 09 3 3 8 AUS
½
TUN
1
JPN
PUR
0
LBA
2
UAE
3
TRI
½
ZAI
IVB
2
BER
MAS
1
AND
2
MAU
3
JOR
62   Bermuda BER 20½ 11 4 3 7 NOR
½
HKG
0
IVB
SYR
½
JOR
BEL
½
ZAI
2
UAE
MAR
½
ISV
LBA
GUY
0
AND
2
MAU
2
63   Zaire ZAI 16 05 1 3 10 INA
0
LUX
1
UAE
1
IVB
3
JAM
½
LBA
2
BER
2
ISV
JPN
0
AND
1
MAR
0
MAU
1
JOR
2
FAI
1
64   United Arab Emirates UAE 12½ 05 2 1 11 COL
0
DOM
½
ZAI
3
BOL
0
IVB
ISV
1
AND
½
BER
LBA
½
MAU
2
HKG
0
JAM
½
GUA
0
MAS
½
65   British Virgin Islands IVB 12½ 01 0 1 13 BRA
0
ECU
1
BER
½
ZAI
1
UAE
AND
1
JOR
LBA
ISV
2
JAM
½
MAU
1
FAI
0
TRI
½
LUX
½

Individual medalsEdit

Women's eventEdit

Thirty-two nations took part in the women's Olympiad. From four preliminary groups the teams were split into four finals. In the event of a draw, the tie-break was decided first by match points, then by using the Sonneborn-Berger system.

The Soviet team was back, and led by newly crowned world champion Chiburdanidze they secured the gold medals in a superior display, as well as all four individual board prizes. On the reserve board, Akhmilovskaya won all of her ten games, the only perfect score in Olympiad history. Hungary and West Germany took silver and bronze, respectively.

PreliminariesEdit

  • Group 1:
Final Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 + = Points
«A»   Soviet Union - 3 3 3 3 3 3 7 0 0 20½
«A»   England 0 - 3 3 3 3 5 1 1 16
«B»   Netherlands ½ - 2 3 2 5 1 1 14
«B»   France 0 ½ ½ - ½ 2 3 2 4 1 8
«C»   Mexico 0 0 1 - 0 2 2 3 4 0
«C»   Finland 0 0 0 3 - 1 2 2 4 1
«D»   Venezuela 0 0 1 1 1 2 - 2 5 0
«D»   New Zealand 0 0 ½ 0 1 1 ½ - 0 7 0 3
  • Group 2:
Final Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 + = Points
«A»   Hungary - 3 3 3 3 3 6 0 1 19
«A»   West Germany - 3 2 3 5 0 2 16
«B»   United States 0 0 - 2 3 3 3 5 2 0 13½
«B»   Argentina ½ 1 - 1 3 3 3 1 12
«C»   Denmark 0 1 ½ 2 - 4 3 0 11
«C»   Scotland 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ - 2 2 5 0 6
«D»   Iceland 0 0 0 ½ ½ ½ - 3 1 6 0
«D»   Monaco 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 1 0 - 0 7 0 2
  • Group 3:
Final Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 + = Points
«A»   Yugoslavia - 2 3 5 0 2 15½
«A»   Poland - 2 2 2 3 5 0 2 14½
«B»   India 1 - 2 1 3 3 3 2 2 13
«B»   Sweden 1 1 - 2 3 3 2 2 12½
«C»   Canada ½ ½ 1 - 1 2 4 1 10
«C»   Brazil ½ 2 ½ ½ - 3 2 3 2
«D»   Wales ½ 1 0 1 2 - 1 4 2
«D»   Bolivia 0 0 0 0 0 0 - 0 6 1
  • Group 4:
Final Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 + = Points
«A»   Spain - 2 1 2 3 3 3 6 1 0 16½
«A»   Bulgaria 1 - 3 3 3 5 1 1 16½
«B»   Romania 2 - 2 3 3 5 0 2 15½
«B»   Australia 1 0 - 3 3 2 2 12
«C»   Colombia 0 0 ½ 0 - 2 3 3 4 0 8
«C»   Japan ½ ½ 1 1 - 1 1 0 6 1
«D»   Puerto Rico 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 2 - 1 5 1
«D»   Uruguay 0 0 0 ½ ½ 2 - 1 5 1

FinalsEdit

Final A
# Country Players Average
rating
Points MP S-B
1   Soviet Union Chiburdanidze, Gaprindashvili, Alexandria, Akhmilovskaya 2370 16
2   Hungary Verőci-Petronić, Ivánka, Makai, Kas 2260 11 8 43.00
3   West Germany Laakmann, Fischdick, Hund, Weichert 2143 11 8 37.50
4   Yugoslavia Marković, Maček, Pihajlić, Prokopović 2197 11 7
5   Poland Ereńska-Radzewska, Szmacińska, Jurczyńska, Wiese 2147 10½
6   Spain García Vicente, Ferrer Lucas, García Padrón, Cuevas Rodríguez 2043 6
7   Bulgaria Lemachko, Krumova, Shikova, Asenova 2175 4
8   England Miles, Jackson, Caldwell, Pritchard 2130
Final B
# Country Players Average
rating
Points MP
9   Sweden Borisova, Dahlin, Bengtsson, Cramling 2072 15 13
10   Romania Polihroniade, Baumstark, Mureșan, Nuțu 2183 15 11
11   Netherlands van der Mije, Vreeken, van Parreren, Belle 2140 10
12   Argentina Soppe, Arias, Justo, Cazón 1953 7
13   France Merlini, Tagnon, Ruck-Petit, Warkentin 1935 4
14   United States Savereide, Haring, Herstein, Teasley 2110 9
15   India Khadilkar R., Khadilkar J., Khadilkar V. 1800
16   Australia Pope, Kellner, McGrath, Depasquale 1975
Final C
# Country Players Average
rating
Points MP S-B
17   Denmark Høiberg, Haahr, Larsen 1967 13 9 42.25
18   Canada Shterenberg, Day, Baltgailis 1907 13 9 41.25
19   Colombia Guggenberger, Patiño, Gómez, Zapata 1880 12
20   Brazil Cardoso, Simonsen, Assunção, Snitkowsky 1807 11½ 9
21   Finland Vuorenpää-Landry, Palasto, Pihlajamäki, Ristoja 1893 11½ 8
22   Scotland Houstoun, Hindle, Elder, McGhee 1813 1
23   Japan Watai, Takahashi, Nakagawa, Shibuta 1802
24   Mexico Maurá Denis, Camps de Ocampo, Escondrillas, Salazar 1800
Final D
# Country Players Average
rating
Points MP S-B
25   Wales Garwell, Evans, Brunker, Watkins 1880 17½
26   Iceland Torsteinsdóttir, Tráinsdóttir, Norðdahl, Samúelsdóttir 1800 13½
27   Venezuela García La Rosa, Casique, Arteaga, Niño del Táchira 1800 12
28   Bolivia Arias M., Zubieta S., Zubieta A. M., Arias D. 1800 10½ 7 34.25
29   Uruguay De los Santos, Villar de Armas, Ferrari Frei, Fernández Lares 1800 10½ 7 26.00
30   New Zealand Foster, Stretch, Barrowman, Davies 1800 10½ 7 25.25
31   Monaco Fässler, Santoy, Haumeder, Fleureau 1800
32   Puerto Rico Castellón de Santana, Rodríguez Ramírez, Paniagua Torres, Landrau Laureano 1800 4

Final «A»Edit

Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 + = Points
1   Soviet Union - 2 2 3 3 2 6 0 1 16
2   Hungary - 2 2 1 2 1 4 11
3   West Germany 1 - 2 2 2 1 4 11
4   Yugoslavia 1 1 - 2 2 1 3 3 1 11
5   Poland 0 1 1 1 - 3 2 3 4 0 10½
6   Spain 1 2 ½ 0 - 3 2 3 2
7   Bulgaria ½ 1 1 - 0 3 4
8   England 1 1 2 ½ 0 - 1 4 2

Final «B»Edit

Country 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 + = Points
9   Sweden - 2 2 2 2 3 6 0 1 15
10   Romania - 2 3 2 1 3 5 1 1 15
11   Netherlands 1 1 - 2 2 1 2 3 2 10
12   Argentina 1 0 - 2 2 2 2 3
13   France 1 1 1 1 - 2 1 2 5 0
14   United States ½ 2 1 1 1 - 1 2 5 0 9
15   India 1 ½ 2 ½ 2 - 1 2 4 1
16   Australia 0 0 2 ½ 2 - 2 3 2

Final «C»Edit

Country 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 + = Points
17   Denmark - 2 1 3 3 1 3 13
18   Canada 1 - 3 ½ 2 4 2 1 13
19   Colombia ½ - 3 2 1 4 12
20   Brazil - 2 2 2 0 5 11½
21   Finland 2 0 1 - 3 3 2 2 11½
22   Scotland 0 1 - 2 3 2 2 11
23   Japan 0 1 ½ 0 1 - 1 5 1
24   Mexico ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ - 0 5 2

Final «D»Edit

Country 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 + = Points
25   Wales - 2 3 3 3 6 0 1 17½
26   Iceland 1 - 2 1 2 2 3 5 2 0 13½
27   Venezuela ½ 1 - 2 2 4 2 1 12
28   Bolivia 2 ½ - 1 2 2 3 10½
29   Uruguay 0 1 2 - 1 3 2 3 3 1 10½
30   New Zealand ½ ½ 1 2 - 2 3 3 3 1 10½
31   Monaco 0 1 ½ 0 1 - 0 5 2
32   Puerto Rico 0 0 1 ½ 1 0 - 0 6 1 4

Individual medalsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Although commonly referred to as the men's division, this section is open to both male and female players.