20th arrondissement of Paris

The 20th arrondissement of Paris (known in French as the XXe arrondissement de Paris or simply as "le vingtième") is the last of the consecutively numbered arrondissements of the capital city of France. Also known as Ménilmontant (pronounced [menilmɔ̃tɑ̃]) after the Ménilmontant neighbourhood it encompasses in its northwest, it is on the right bank of the River Seine and contains some of the city's most cosmopolitan districts. It covers four quarters: Belleville, Saint-Fargeau, Père-Lachaise and Charonne. In 2019, it had a population of 194,994.

20th arrondissement of Paris
Mairie du XXe arrondissement
Mairie du XXe arrondissement
Location within Paris
Location within Paris
Coordinates: 48°51′54″N 2°23′57″E / 48.86500°N 2.39917°E / 48.86500; 2.39917
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Éric Pliez (DVG)
5.98 km2 (2.31 sq mi)
 (Jan. 2020)[1]
 • Density32,127/km2 (83,210/sq mi)
INSEE code75120

The 20th arrondissement is internationally best known for its Père Lachaise Cemetery, the world's most-visited cemetery where one can find the tombs of a number of famous artists.[2]

Geography Edit

The land area of this arrondissement is 5.984 km2 (2.31 sq. miles, or 1,479 acres).

Demographics Edit

The population of Paris's 20th arrondissement peaked in 1936, when it had 208,115 inhabitants. Today it remains very dense in population and business activity with 197,067 inhabitants in 2009 and 54,786 jobs as of the last census in 1999.

Historical population Edit

(of French censuses)
Population Density
(inh. per km2)
1872 92,772 15,503
1936 (peak of population) 208,115 34,779
1954 200,208 33,457
1962 199,310 33,307
1968 188,921 31,571
1975 175,795 29,378
1982 171,971 28,738
1990 184,478 30,829
1999 182,952 30,574
2009 197,067 32,954

Immigration Edit

Place of birth of residents of the 20th arrondissement in 1999
Born in metropolitan France Born outside metropolitan France
74.7% 25.3%
Born in
overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.9% 4.0% 3.1% 16.3%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as Pieds-Noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), as well as to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. A foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. An immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Cityscape Edit

Places of interest Edit

Important districts Edit

Quarters of the 20th arrondissement

Government and infrastructure Edit

The Directorate-General for External Security (DGSE) has its head office in the arrondissement.[3]

Media Edit

The humour publication Charlie Hebdo had its head office in the arrondissement.[4]

Education Edit

Lycée Hélène Boucher

Senior high schools include:

Other institutions:

References Edit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2020". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2022.
  2. ^ "The most-visited cemetery in the world", CBC, 10 June 2021.
  3. ^ "Direction générale de la sécurité extérieure (DGSE) Archived 2014-02-01 at archive.today". Service-public.fr (French government). Retrieved on 31 January 2014. "141, boulevard Mortier 75020 Paris"
  4. ^ "Contact Archived 2012-09-18 at the Wayback Machine." Charlie Hebdo. Retrieved on 21 September 2012. "Charlie Hebdo 26, rue Serpollet 75020 PARIS"

External links Edit