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2030 (MMXXX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2030th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 30th year of the 3rd millennium, the 30th year of the 21st century, and the 1st year of the 2030s decade.

Millennium: 3rd millennium
2030 by topic:
ArchitectureComicsFilmHome videoLiterature (Poetry) – Music (Country, Metal, UK) – RadioPhotoTelevisionVideo gaming
ElectionsInternational leadersSovereign states
Sovereign state leadersTerritorial governors
Science and technology
ArchaeologyAviationBirding/OrnithologyPalaeontologyRail transportSpaceflight
By place
AfghanistanAlbaniaAlgeriaAngolaAntarcticaArgentinaArmeniaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBangladeshThe BahamasBarbadosBelgiumBeninBhutanBosnia and HerzegovinaBrazilBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaColombiaCosta RicaCroatiaCubaCyprusCzechiaDenmarkEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEstoniaEthiopiaEuropean UnionFinlandFranceGabonGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGreeceGuatemalaHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIraqIranIrelandIsraelItalyIvory CoastJapanKazakhstanKenyaKuwaitLaosLatviaLibyaLithuaniaLuxembourgMacauMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaliMexicoMoldovaMontenegroMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNepalNetherlandsNew ZealandNigerNigeriaNorth KoreaNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinePeruPhilippinesPolandPortugalRomaniaRussiaRwandaSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSingaporeSlovakiaSloveniaSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth KoreaSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSwedenSwitzerlandSyriaTaiwanTanzaniaThailandTurkeyUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVenezuelaVietnamYemenZambiaZimbabwe
Other topics
Religious leaders
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Works and introductions categories
Works entering the public domain
2030 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar2030
Ab urbe condita2783
Armenian calendar1479
Assyrian calendar6780
Bahá'í calendar186–187
Balinese saka calendar1951–1952
Bengali calendar1437
Berber calendar2980
British Regnal yearN/A
Buddhist calendar2574
Burmese calendar1392
Byzantine calendar7538–7539
Chinese calendar己酉(Earth Rooster)
4726 or 4666
    — to —
庚戌年 (Metal Dog)
4727 or 4667
Coptic calendar1746–1747
Discordian calendar3196
Ethiopian calendar2022–2023
Hebrew calendar5790–5791
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2086–2087
 - Shaka Samvat1951–1952
 - Kali Yuga5130–5131
Holocene calendar12030
Igbo calendar1030–1031
Iranian calendar1408–1409
Islamic calendar1451–1452
Japanese calendarReiwa 12
Javanese calendar1963–1964
Juche calendar119
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4363
Minguo calendarROC 119
Nanakshahi calendar562
Thai solar calendar2573
Tibetan calendar阴土鸡年
(female Earth-Rooster)
2156 or 1775 or 1003
    — to —
(male Iron-Dog)
2157 or 1776 or 1004
Unix time1893456000 – 1924991999


Scheduled eventsEdit

  • Masdar City is expected to be completed by 2030.[1]
  • A Japanese construction firm, the Shimizu Corporation, in concert with many research firms and government agencies, has plans for an underwater city of 5,000 people called the "ocean spiral" 4.5 km (2.8 mi) off the Japanese coast, which will consist of a giant sphere containing homes and businesses situated just below the surface, held up by a 14 km (9 mi) spiral descending to the seabed, where there will be a submarine port and a factory powering the city by using microorganisms that turn carbon dioxide into methane. The Shimizu Corporation plans to start construction in 2025.[2][3]

Set goalsEdit

  • The international community, including the United Nations, World Bank, and United States, have set the goal of completely eradicating extreme poverty by 2030.[4] Noting a significant decline in extreme poverty since 1990, the World Bank has noted that the end of extreme poverty is in sight and pledged to cut it down to at most 3% of the world's population by this time.[5]
  • The World Health Organization and UNICEF have set a goal for universal access to basic sanitation by 2030.[6]
  • The United Nations has made it a goal that Internet access and literacy will be universal by 2030.[7][8] French demographist Emmanuel Todd forecasted that the global literacy rates will be almost 100% by this year.[9]
  • The World Bank has called for all countries to implement universal health care by this time.[10]

Predicted astronomical eventsEdit


  • The world will need at least 50 percent more food, 45 percent more energy and 30 percent more water than it did in 2012, according to United Nations High Level Panel on Global Sustainability estimates.[11]
  • India will surpass China as the most populous country this year or earlier.[12]
  • According to projections by the United Nations, the world population of humans is estimated to be between approximately 7,800,000,000 (7.8 billion) and 8,500,000,000 (8.5 billion) people.
  • A study estimated that due to continued economic growth in Africa, most impoverished Sub-Saharan African countries will graduate from low to middle-income status by 2030.[13]
  • It is estimated that the global middle class will number about 4.9 billion people, about 66% of whom will live in Asia,[14] and 80% living in what in 2015 is considered the developing world.[15] Overall, middle classes will be the most important economic and social sector, and a majority of the world's population will be out of poverty.[16]
  • Of the world's population, 60% will live in urban areas due to rapid urbanization.[17] It is also estimated that there will be 41 megacities that will collectively contain 9% of the world's population.[18] All but one will be in Asia or Africa due to rapid urbanization on those continents.[19]
  • According to a report by all 16 US intelligence agencies done in cooperation with academics, research institutes, corporations, and politicians from the European Union and 14 individual countries, the unipolar world order in which the United States dominates will have declined, as China will have surpassed the United States economically and regional powers will have grown in strength, although the United States will probably remain a "first among equals".[20]
  • Desalination will have greatly increased in use.[21]
  • Tidal power may provide 15% of the United States' electricity.[22]

Technology and medicineEdit

  • 3D printing will have grown dramatically in usage, and even buildings and human organs will be printed.[23][24]
  • Healthcare will become largely automated, with machines replacing 80% of doctors.[25] In addition, new advances in medical technology will greatly improve human health, particularly nanobots, which will be implanted in the human body to augment the immune system. Ray Kurzweil argues that most diseases will have been wiped out by this time.[26]
  • Some researchers are aiming for the ability to regenerate human limbs to be achieved by this time.[27]
  • Self-driving vehicles will dominate the roads, and Elon Musk has projected that operating a non-self-driving vehicle on public roads may even be illegal by this time.[28][29]
  • Cars being built during this time, which will be smaller than the vehicles of previous decades, will all be plug-in electrics or hybrids.[21]
  • Hypersonic passenger airliners may be in use.[30]
  • Ships may be fully capable of running themselves and running on different types of fuel, will require less maintenance due to sensors and robots locating and repairing problems, while construction using advanced materials will make them lighter.[31]
  • Commercial delivery drones will be in widespread use, and the Federal Aviation Administration has estimated that there may be as many as 30,000 of them regularly operating in American airspace by 2030.[32]
  • Advances in robotics will replace many jobs done by humans, and the growing capabilities of artificial intelligence will mean that white-collar jobs will also be increasingly automated.[33] In particular, Ray Kurzweil estimates that artificial intelligence will match human intelligence by this time, and that furthermore, humans will become hybrids with technology by 2030, due to human brains being able to connect with computers and being fed information.[34][35]
  • According to US Army General Robert W. Cone, robots may replace one quarter of US soldiers by 2030.[36]
  • A quantum computer trillions of times faster than a supercomputer may have been developed.[37]
  • DNA profiling technology will have advanced to the point where the equivalent of the entire Human Genome Project can be performed in seconds using special touch-sensitive gloves.[38]
  • Architectural advances will see taller and taller skyscrapers appear, including new "megatall" buildings, with the possibility of a kilometer-tall tower by this time.[39]
  • Integrated smart grids, or grids which will use sensors and monitoring devices to determine how much energy to direct to any particular building, based on its individual need, will be in widespread use throughout the developed world. Furthermore, energy production will become more decentralized due to widespread use of solar panels and fuel cells by individual businesses and residences, and these grids will be able redirect surplus electricity to other buildings in their area through power lines.[40]
  • Smart cities will be increasingly common, with over a trillion sensors installed worldwide.[41]

In fictionEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Lessons From a City Built Without Light Switches and Water Taps". TakePart. September 19, 2016. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
  2. ^ "Underwater Cities Could Be A Reality By 2030 | HUH". Archived from the original on April 25, 2016. Retrieved April 16, 2016.
  3. ^ "Insane Ocean Spiral proposed as giant underwater city". January 3, 2015. Retrieved April 16, 2016.
  4. ^ Mark Tran. "New UN goals call for end to extreme poverty by 2030 | Global development". The Guardian. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  5. ^ "World Bank chief tells Stanford audience that ending extreme poverty is possible". Stanford University. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
  6. ^ "How and Why Countries are Changing to Reach Universal Access in Rural Sanitation by 2030 | The Water Blog". Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  7. ^ "IFLA Welcomes the UN 2030 Agenda". August 4, 2015. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  8. ^ "United Nations pledges to get everyone online… by 2030". Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  9. ^ Todd, Emmanuel (2003). After the Empire: The Breakdown of the American Order. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-13102-X.
  10. ^ "UN Sustainable Development Goals for 2030 « International Literacy and Reading Blog". August 10, 2015. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  11. ^ Chestney, Nina (January 30, 2012). "World lacks enough food, fuel as population soars: U.N." Reuters. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
  12. ^ Pflanz, Mike (September 12, 2013). "Africa's population to double to 2.4 billion by 2050". The Telegraph.
  13. ^ "Most African countries achieve middle income status by 2030: Report". Retrieved November 12, 2015.[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "By 2030 two-thirds of global middle class will be in Asia-Pacific - EY - Global". EY. April 25, 2013. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  15. ^ "UN predicts huge expansion of wealth in developing world that will shift power". mcclatchydc. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
  16. ^ Tom Gjelten (December 10, 2012). "The World In 2030: Asia Rises, The West Declines". NPR. Retrieved April 16, 2016.
  17. ^ "Megacities Of The Future". Forbes. November 6, 2007. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  18. ^ "Bright lights, big cities". The Economist. February 4, 2015. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  19. ^ "Almost all of the world's biggest cities will be in Asia and Africa by 2030 - Quartz". July 11, 2014. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  20. ^ "U.S. Intelligence Agencies See a Different World in 2030". December 10, 2012. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
  21. ^ a b Will Fox. "2030 Future Technology | 2030 Urban Population | 2030 Timeline | 2030 Desalination | Jupiter 2030 Mission | Future Timeline | Humanity | Technology | Singularity | 2030 | 2030s | World Tin Reserves | 21st century | Bangkok 2030 | Kidney Cancer Five Year Survival Rate | Leukemia Five Year Survival Rate". Future Timeline. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  22. ^ "Tapping into Wave and Tidal Ocean Power: 15% Water Power by 2030".
  23. ^ Kuang, Cliff (August 18, 2009). "Food in 2030: Printed on Demand, Crafted to Your Diet". Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  24. ^ "Printable Houses and the Massive Wave of Opportunity it will bring to Our Future | Futurist Thomas Frey". Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  25. ^ "Technology will replace 80% of doctors: Vinod Khosla". Impact Lab. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  26. ^ Robbins, Gary (November 8, 2015). "Will scientists wipe out disease by 2030?". Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  27. ^ "Researchers Aim to Regenerate Human Limbs by 2030 | UConn Today". Retrieved November 14, 2015.
  28. ^ Stein, Scott. "Self-driving cars will rule the roads in 2030, says Internet of Things visionary". CNET. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  29. ^ "Driving Your Car Will Soon Be Illegal". TechCrunch. August 11, 2015. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  30. ^ Giordani, Adrian (September 15, 2015). "Future - The challenges of building a hypersonic airliner". BBC. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  31. ^ "Ships by 2030 could run by themselves, study finds". Marasi News. January 11, 2011. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  32. ^ "Commercial drone invasion may not be far off". NY Daily News. December 8, 2013. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  33. ^ "Experts predict that one third of jobs will be replaced by robots". Business Insider. May 1, 2015. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  34. ^ Eugenios, Jillian (June 4, 2015). "Ray Kurzweil: Humans will be hybrids by 2030 - Jun. 3, 2015". Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  35. ^ Connor, Steve. "Computers 'to match human brains by 2030' | News | Lifestyle". The Independent. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  36. ^ Atherton, Kelsey D. (January 22, 2014). "Robots May Replace One-Fourth Of U.S. Combat Soldiers By 2030, Says General | Popular Science". Retrieved April 16, 2016.
  37. ^ "CAS, Alibaba team up on ...|Culture|WCT". August 1, 2015. Retrieved November 12, 2015.[permanent dead link]
  38. ^ Will Fox. "2030 Future Technology | 2030 Urban Population | 2030 Timeline | 2030 Desalination | Jupiter 2030 Mission | Future Timeline | Humanity | Technology | Singularity | 2030 | 2030s | World Tin Reserves | 21st century | Bangkok 2030 | Kidney Cancer Five Year Survival Rate | Leukemia Five Year Survival Rate". Future Timeline. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  39. ^ Life (December 1, 2014). "Tallest Buildings Of The Future". Business Insider. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  40. ^ Will Fox. "2030 Future Technology | 2030 Urban Population | 2030 Timeline | 2030 Desalination | Jupiter 2030 Mission | Future Timeline | Humanity | Technology | Singularity | 2030 | 2030s | World Tin Reserves | 21st century | Bangkok 2030 | Kidney Cancer Five Year Survival Rate | Leukemia Five Year Survival Rate". Future Timeline. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
  41. ^ McClelland, Jim (June 28, 2015). "All you need to know about the future of smart cities". Retrieved November 16, 2015.