2021 in Afghanistan

2021 (MMXXI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2021st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 21st year of the 3rd millennium and the 21st century, and the 2nd year of the 2020s decade.

Flag of Afghanistan (2013–2021).svg
Flag of the Taliban.svg
2021
in
Afghanistan

Decades:
See also:Other events of 2021
List of years in Afghanistan

The year 2021 in Afghanistan was marked by a major offensive from the Taliban beginning in May and the Taliban capturing Kabul in August.

IncumbentsEdit

Photo Post State Name Dates
 
Leader Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan Hibatullah Akhundzada 15 August 2021 – present (2021-08-15 – present)
Acting Prime Minister Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan Hasan Akhund 7 September 2021 – present (2021-09-07 – present)
Chief Justice Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan Abdul Hakim Ishaqzai 15 August 2021 – present (2021-08-15 – present)
Haqqani
Yaqoob
Baradar
Deputy Leader Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan 15 August 2021 – present (2021-08-15 – present)
Baradar
Hanafi
Acting Deputy Prime Minister Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
  • 7 September 2021 – present (2021-09-07 – present) (Baradar and Hanafi)
  • 4 October 2021 – present (2021-10-04 – present) (Kabir)
President Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani 29 September 2014 – 15 August 2021 (2014-09-29 – 2021-08-15)
Saleh
Danish
Vice President Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
  • 19 February 2020 – 15 August 2021 (2020-02-19 – 2021-08-15) (Saleh)
  • 29 September 2014 – 15 August 2021 (2014-09-29 – 2021-08-15) (Danish)
 
Speaker of the House of the People Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Mir Rahman Rahmani 29 June 2019 – 15 August 2021 (2019-06-29 – 2021-08-15)
 
Speaker of the House of Elders Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Fazel Hadi Muslimyar 29 January 2011 – 15 August 2021 (2011-01-29 – 2021-08-15)
 
Chief Justice Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Sayed Yousuf Halim October 2014 (2014-10) – 15 August 2021 (2021-08-15)

EventsEdit

JanuaryEdit

FebruaryEdit

MarchEdit

AprilEdit

MayEdit

JuneEdit

  • 1 June – Multiple explosions targeting ethnic Hazaras killed at least 12.[11]
  • 8 June – The government announces that the COVID-19 pandemic situation in the country is under control.[12]
  • 17 June – The Taliban capture Dawlat Abad District, killing at least 24 Afghan commandos and five police officers in the process.[13]
  • 30 June – The Taliban capture 700 trucks and Humvees from the Afghan National Army as more districts fall under the group's control during their offensive in the north.[14]

JulyEdit

AugustEdit

  • 3 August – A suspected Taliban suicide car bomber and gunmen attack the house of Afghan Defence Minister Bismillah Khan Mohammadi, killing 13 people, including five attackers. Mohammadi was unharmed in the attack.[18]
  • 6 August – Zaranj, the capital of Nimruz, is captured by Taliban insurgents after fierce fighting in the region.[19]
  • 7 August – The Taliban seizes Sheberghan, the capital of Jowzjan Province.[20]
  • 8 August – Taliban capture provincial capital of Sar-e-Pol, Kunduz and Taloqan as fighting rages across the country.[21]
  • 9 August – Taliban fighters seize provincial capital of Aybak.[22]
  • 10 August – Taliban fighters capture provincial capitals of Farah and Puli Khumri.[23]
  • 11 August
  • 12 August – Taliban capture provincial capital of Ghazni. Afghanistan's third largest city, Herat, also fell to the insurgents. The country's second-largest city, Kandahar, was later seized by the group.[26]
  • 13 August
  • 14 August
    • President Ashraf Ghani addresses the nation as Taliban makes rapid gain.[29]
    • United States announces that it will deploy 3,000 troops to Afghanistan to help evacuation process from the country. Additional 5,000 troops will also be deployed.[30][31]
    • Mazar-i-Sharif, last anti-Taliban stronghold in Northern Afghanistan, is captured by Taliban, signifying near collapse of Afghan government control in the north. Taliban also capture the provincial capital of Asadabad, Gardez, Maymana, Mihtarlam, Nili and Sharana. More than half of the country's provinces have been seized by the insurgents. [32]
  • 15 August
    • As Taliban advances to Kabul, incumbent Afghan President Ashraf Ghani decided to flee from the country.[33]
    • Taliban captures Kabul with little resistance, marking the beginning of Taliban rule over Afghanistan.
  • 16 August - At least 7 people are killed after thousands flocked to Kabul's Hamid Karzai International Airport in an attempt to flee from Taliban rule of Afghanistan.[34]
  • 17 August - Incumbent Afghan Vice President Amrullah Saleh declares himself as caretaker president of Afghanistan and set up a resistance in Panjshir Province, the last government-controlled Afghan province.[35]
  • 26 August
  • 29 August - U.S army launches drone strike at a residential area in Kabul following reports of a possible terrorist attack in Kabul Airport, killing 10 people, including 7 children.[38]
  • 30 August

SeptemberEdit

  • 4 September
    • Taliban announces victory over Panjshir Valley, claims full control of Afghanistan.[39]
    • At least 17 deaths and 40 injuries are reported due to Taliban's celebratory gunfire following the announcement of Taliban's victory over Panjshir.[40]
    • Panjshir rebels deny Taliban claim over the rebel-held region.[41]
  • 7 September
    • Chief spokesman of Taliban announces list of cabinet members for the new caretaker government of Afghanistan. Prominent Talib figure Mohammad Hasan Akhund is appointed as the head of the government.[42][43]
  • 11 September - Flag of Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan is raised for the first time since 2001.[44]
  • 12 September - Taliban announces gender segregation and new dress code in schools and educational institutions.[44]

OctoberEdit

TimelinesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Akhgar, Tameen (1 January 2021). "Gunmen kill prominent journalist in western Afghanistan". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 1 January 2021. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  2. ^ Constable, Pamela; Hassan, Sharif (5 January 2021). "Troubled Afghan-Taliban peace talks resume amid violence, accusations". Washington Post. Retrieved 5 January 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ Tanzeem, Ayesha (5 January 2021). "Afghan Peace Talks Resume in Doha Amid Calls to Reduce Violence". VOA News. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  4. ^ Reuters (March 30, 2021). "Female polio vaccination workers shot dead in Afghanistan: Report". Al Jazeera English. Gunmen have killed three female polio vaccination health workers in the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad, two government sources have told the Reuters news agency.
  5. ^ "Biden to announce withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan by September 11". CNN. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Taliban issues attack warning as May 1 deadline for US troop removal passes". Fox News. May 2021. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  7. ^ "Afghan journalist shot dead a day after Taliban warning". Dawn. 6 May 2021. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  8. ^ "Taliban Capture Key Afghan Dam, Army Bases As U.S. Forces Exit". Radio Free Afghanistan. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  9. ^ "Kabul attack: Blasts near school leave at least 30 dead". BBC News. 9 May 2021. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  10. ^ "Islamic State claims responsibility for Kabul mosque attack". Reuters. 2021-05-15. Retrieved 2021-08-21.
  11. ^ "Bombers aim for buses in new tactic to spread death and fear in Afghanistan". euronews. 2021-06-03. Retrieved 2021-08-21.
  12. ^ O’Donnell, Lynne. "Afghanistan Swamped by COVID-19's Third Wave". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 2021-08-23.
  13. ^ Gibbons-Neff, Thomas; Rahim, Najim; Faizi, Fatima; Shah, Taimoor (June 17, 2021). "Elite Afghan Forces Suffer Horrific Casualties as Taliban Advance". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 17, 2021. Retrieved July 1, 2021.
  14. ^ "Afghanistan: Taliban captured 700 military vehicles as fight". Times of India. 2 July 2021.
  15. ^ "Germany, Italy Complete Troop Exit From Afghanistan". Voice of America. 2 July 2021.
  16. ^ "Afghan security personnel flee into Tajikistan as Taliban advance". Reuters. 5 July 2021.
  17. ^ "Over 300 Afghan border guards leave for Tajikistan after fighting Taliban". The Frontier Post. 3 July 2021.
  18. ^ "Taliban attack in Kabul kills 13 and shows deadly switch in tactics". The Independent. 2021-08-04. Archived from the original on 2021-08-04. Retrieved 2021-08-21.
  19. ^ "Taliban Seize Capital of Afghanistan's Nimroz Province and Kill Official in Kabul". Wall Street Journal. 6 August 2021. Retrieved 8 August 2021.
  20. ^ "Afghanistan war: Sheberghan falls to Taliban, militants say". BBC News. 7 August 2021. Retrieved 8 August 2021.
  21. ^ "Afghanistan war: Taliban capture three regional capitals". BBC News. 9 August 2021. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  22. ^ "US sends Afghanistan envoy to Doha for talks as Taliban take more cities". France24. Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  23. ^ "Taliban fighters capture Afghan city at strategic junction north of Kabul". The Guardian. 11 August 2021. Retrieved 15 August 2021.
  24. ^ a b "Afghanistan: Taliban take 10th provincial capital as Ghazni falls". BBC News. 12 August 2021. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  25. ^ "Taliban Capture Another Provincial Capital, Faizabad in Afghan North: lawmaker". CNN-News18. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  26. ^ "Taliban take Kandahar, Herat in major Afghanistan offensive". Associated Press. 12 August 2021. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  27. ^ "Afghan official says Taliban have captured Lashkar Gah, capital of the southern Helmand province". ABC News. Retrieved 14 August 2021.
  28. ^ a b c "Afghanistan 'spinning out of control' amid Taliban offensive: UN". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 14 August 2021.
  29. ^ "'Won't allow imposed war on Afghans': President Ashraf Ghani's address amid Taliban offensive". Hindustan Times. 14 August 2021. Retrieved 15 August 2021.
  30. ^ "US to deploy over 3,000 troops to Afghanistan to help in evacuation of diplomats, special visa applicants". Hindustan Times. 13 August 2021. Retrieved 15 August 2021.
  31. ^ "Biden will deploy 5,000 more US troops to Afghanistan for 'an orderly and safe drawdown' as the Taliban close in". Business Insider. Retrieved 15 August 2021.
  32. ^ "Afghan conflict: Taliban take Mazar-i-Sharif, government's last northern stronghold". BBC News. 14 August 2021. Retrieved 15 August 2021.
  33. ^ "Afghan President Ashraf Ghani flees the country as Taliban forces enter the capital". CNN. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  34. ^ "7 dead in chaos at Kabul airport as Afghans desperately try to flee the country". CBC. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  35. ^ "Afghan vice president says he is "caretaker" president". Reuters. 17 August 2021. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  36. ^ "Taliban, Northern Alliance agree not to attack each other: sources". www.geo.tv. Retrieved 26 August 2021.
  37. ^ "Taliban and Northern Alliance in Panjshir strike a peace deal". Global Village Space. 26 August 2021. Retrieved 26 August 2021.
  38. ^ "US drone strike kills 10 civilians, including 7 children, in Kabul: reports". Business Insider. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  39. ^ "Taliban sources say their forces take Panjshir, in full control of Afghanistan". Reuters. 3 September 2021. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  40. ^ "Taliban kill 17 by firing into air in celebrations over Panjshir battle". Al Arabiya. 4 September 2021. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  41. ^ "Afghanistan: Rebels deny Panjshir has fallen as Taliban celebrate 'victory' in province". The Independent. 4 September 2021. Archived from the original on 2021-09-04. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  42. ^ "Taliban announces new government in Afghanistan". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  43. ^ "Afghanistan: A new order begins under the Taliban's governance". BBC News. 8 September 2021. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  44. ^ a b "Afghanistan: Taliban announce new rules for female students". BBC News. 12 September 2021. Retrieved 13 September 2021.