2020 coronavirus pandemic in Sweden

The ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was confirmed to have reached Sweden on 31 January 2020, when a woman returning from Wuhan tested positive. On 26 February, following outbreaks in Italy and in Iran, multiple travel-related clusters appeared in Sweden. Community transmission was confirmed on 9 March in the Stockholm region. Since then, individuals in every län (county) have tested positive for COVID-19. The first death was reported on 11 March in Stockholm, a case of community transmission.

2020 coronavirus pandemic in Sweden
COVID-19 Outbreak Cases in Sweden by Number with Legend.svg
Map of confirmed cases in Sweden

(absolute numbers)[1]

DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationSweden
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseJönköping
Arrival date24 January 2020
(2 months, 2 weeks and 1 day)
Confirmed cases8,419[1] as of 8 April
Severe casesNo official data. Number of ICU cases is 640[1] as of 7 April
Deaths
687[1] as of 8 April
Official website
Swedish Public Health Agency Covid-19 (in Swedish)

Sweden has, unlike many other countries, not applied any lockdown, with most measures being voluntary. The Swedish constitution prohibits ministerial rule and mandates that the relevant government body, here an expert agency — the Public Health Agency — must initiate all actions to prevent the virus. On agency recommendation, the government can follow, as it has with legislation limiting freedom of assembly, temporarily banning gatherings of over 50 individuals; as well as physically closing secondary schools and universities. Primary schools have remained open, in part to avoid healthcare workers from needing to stay home with their children.

The Public Health Agency and government issued recommendations to work from home, if possible; for people above 70 to stay at home; and issued general recommendations to avoid unnecessary travel within the country and to keep a social distance between people. Those with even minimal symptoms which could be COVID-19 are recommended to stay home. The 'karensdag' or initial day without paid sick-leave has been removed by the government and the length of time one can stay home without a doctor's note has been raised from 7 to 21 days.

As of 8 April 2020, there were 8,419 confirmed cases, of which 640 received intensive care, and 687 deaths related to the newly found virus in Sweden, with Stockholm County being the most affected.[1]

HistoryEdit

On 12 January, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus (nCov) was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan, in Hubei province, China, who had initially come to the attention of the WHO on 31 December 2019. This cluster was initially linked to the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market in Wuhan City.[2][3] A few days later, on 16 January, the Swedish Public Health Agency issued a press release highlighting the discovery of the novel coronavirus, and the agency monitoring the situation. The risk of spread to Sweden was described as "very low" as there was yet no evidence that the virus could spread between humans, but they recommended that individuals developing cough or fever after visiting Wuhan should seek medical care, and asked for healthcare professionals to be observant.[4]

After the World Health Organization classified the novel Coronavirus as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on 30 January and demanded that all member states should cooperate to prevent further spread of the virus, the Agency requested for the Swedish government to classify the novel disease as a notifiable infectious disease in the Swedish Communicable Diseases Act as both dangerous to public health (allmänfarlig) and dangerous to society (samhällsfarlig), where contact tracing is required.[5][6][7]

On 31 January, the first Swedish case was confirmed in a woman Jönköping who had travelled to Sweden from Wuhan on 24 January directly from Wuhan. The case was fully isolated and there are no reports of further spread.[8][9] The second case was diagnosed at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg on 26 February, after a man who had recently returned from northern Italy following the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy had developed symptoms.[10][8] With five additional cases confirmed on the 27th[11], the Swedish Public Health Agency ('Folkhälsomyndigheten') put out a statement that these cases were all related to travel to high-risk zones and that there was no evidence of community transmission.[12] Disease control measures, including extensive contact tracing turned up over 200 travel-related cases in the following weeks, all with connection to confirmed cases or travel to high risk regions.[13] The Public Health Agency expanded testing for Covid-19 on 4 March beyond only those who have been in risk areas abroad, to also test cases of pneumonia without known cause.[14]

On 27 February, Uppsala County confirmed its first case in a woman with a travel history to Germany, where she had met with an Italian colleague, and had been admitted to Uppsala University Hospital[15] after seeking medical attention with flu-like symptoms. Halland, Norrbotten, Södermanland,Västerbotten and Östergötland all confirmed their first cases on 9 March.[16] [17],[18][19][20][18] This came as the first cases of community transmission was confirmed among two patients who had sought care at S:t Göran Hospital, Stockholm, on 6 March.[21] They were assumed to have been infected through community transmission approximately 7 days before seeking care.[citation needed] The following day, Jämtland and Västernorrland also confirmed initial cases.[22][23]

Responding to indications of local transmission in the Stockholm area and Västra Götaland, the Public Health Agency on 10 March raised the risk assessment of community spread from moderate to very high, which is the highest level.[24][24][25][26] The agency also advised everyone with respiratory infection, even mild ones, to refrain from social contacts where there is a risk of spreading the virus, in private as well as working life. They also ask health care staff working with risk groups, including nursing homes, not work if they have any symptoms of respiratory infection. Relatives of elderly should also avoid unnecessary visits at hospitals and in facilities for elderly, and never visit if there are any respiratory symptoms.[27][28]

The first death was reported on 11 March, when a person in their 70s from the Stockholm region died in the intensive care unit of Karolinska University Hospital. The person was reported to have acquired the virus through community transmission, believed to have occurred about one week before death. The person also belonged to a risk group.[29]

The COVID-19 outbreak, which the World Health Organization (WHO) declared a pandemic on 11 March,[30] has had a disparate impact on different areas of Sweden.

The Public Health Agency of Sweden declared on 13 March that stopping the spread of Covid-19 has entered a "new phase" which requires "other efforts". The continued focus is now to delay spread among the population and to protect the elderly and most vulnerable against the disease.[31]

Response from the governmentEdit

PolicyEdit

The Swedish government has tried to focus efforts on encouraging the right behaviour and creating social norms rather than mandatory restrictions. Government officials including Swedish prime minister Stefan Löfven, as well as the Public Health Agency of Sweden have encouraged each individual to take responsibility for their own health and the health of others.[32] Löfven has stated that stricter measures will be taken as appropriate, and as guided by the expert agencies.[33]

The Swedish constitution mandates that the relevant expert agency, the Public Health Agency, must issue advice prior to any government actions aiming to prevent the spread of the virus with a strong mandate that the expert agencies should initiate actions, avoiding rule by ministers.[34]

ResponseEdit

The government has issued progressively stricter advisories against travel. Beginning on the 17th February, the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs advised against all trips to the Hubei province in China, as well as non-essential travel to the rest of China apart from Hong Kong and Macao.[35][36] On 2 March the Ministry for Foreign Affairs advised against trips to Iran, due to the uncontrolled spread of the Covid-19 in the country.[37] The Swedish Transport Agency also revoked Iran Air's permit for Iranian flights to land in Sweden from the same date.[38][39] On 6 March, the Ministry for Foreign Affairs advised against all non-necessary trips to northern Italy, specifically the regions of Piemonte, Liguria, Lombardia, Emilia-Romagna, Trentino-Alto Adige, Valle d'Aosta, Veneto, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Marche and Toscana.[40] Turin, Milan, Venice, Verona, Trieste and Florence are large cities in these regions. The Public Health Agency of Sweden, who initiated the recommendation for the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, states that the decision is based solely on the strain of the Italian health care system.[41] On similar grounds, the foreign affairs ministry also advised against all non-necessary travel to the city of Daegu and the province of Gyeongbuk in South Korea.[42] The advice regarding travels to Italy was extended 10 March to include all of its regions.[43] Finally, all international travel was recommended against the 14th of March. The advice were to be in place for one month, after which it would be up for review.[44] Travel from non-EU/EEA member states was stopped the 17th of March[45] and unnecessary travel within Sweden was advised against the 19th of March.[46][47] On 7 April, the foreign ministry extended the advice against all non-essential travel abroad until 15 June, when it would again be reconsidered.[48]

The Public Health Agency of Sweden recommended on 16 March that people over 70 should limit close contact with other people, and employers should recommend their employees work from home.[49]

The following day, the agency recommended that secondary schools and universities use distance learning,[50] with schools following suit all over the country.[51]

Rules and legislationEdit

On 11 March, the same day as the first Swedish death to COVID-19, the Swedish government passed a new law, limiting freedom of assembly by temporarily banning all gatherings larger than 500 people, with threat of fine and prison.[52] The ban will apply until further notice.[53] On 27 March the government announced that gatherings of more than 50 people were banned.[54][55]

Again, on the 11th of March, the karensdag, the unpaid first day of sick leave, was temporarily discontinued in an effort to encourage people to stay home if they were experiencing symptoms that are consistent with COVID-19.[56] On 13 March, the government decided to temporarily abolish the demand of a doctor's certificate for 14 days for people staying home from work due to illness (i.e. sick pay period). Previously a doctor's certificate was needed after seven days.[57]

On 24 March 2020, the government introduced new restrictions to bars and restaurants requiring all service to be table service only. Restaurants were also recommended increase the space between the tables. Venues that do not adhere to the new restrictions could be shut down.[58][59]

EconomicsEdit

In mid-March, the government proposed a 300 billion SEK (€27bn) emergency package to reduce the economic impact of the crisis. The proposal included a system with a reduction in work hours where the government will pay half to salary, aiming to help businesses stay afloat without having to do layoffs. Further, the government would pay the employer's expenses for any sick leaves, which is normally shared between the employer and the state.[60] The normal costs of employer contributions have also been temporarily discontinued for small business owners. This will save small businesses approximately 5000 SEK per employee each month but will result in a loss of tax revenue of 33 billion SEK.[61]

Local governments, such as the municipal government in Gävle, have applied measures to businesses delaying the payment of invoices until September 1, 2020 at the earliest and deferring rent payments.[62] On 2 April, the Financial Supervisory Authority ('Finansinspektionen') decided that Swedish banks temporarily can allow exemptions for housing mortgage lenders regarding amortizing of loans.[63]

Response from the public healthcare systemEdit

 
An army-constructed field hospital outside Östra Sjukhuset in Gothenburg on 23 March 2020. The tents contain temporary intensive care units for COVID-19 patients.
 
Medical tent set up outside Visby Hospital, 14 March 2020.
 
Streetsigns outside Sahlgrenska hospital from late February telling those with potential symptoms of COVID-19 to wait outside the hospital.

The increasing number of cases in large areas such as Stockholm and Uppsala has resulted in the cancellation or postponement of up to 90% of planned surgeries, including cancer related surgeries.[64]

StaffingEdit

On 25 March 2020, Björn Eriksson, the Director of Healthcare in Stockholm, appealed to anyone in the Stockholm region who had experience in healthcare to volunteer. As of the 26 March 2020, 5100 people with healthcare experience had registered as volunteers.[65]

EquipmentEdit

On 13 March, media reported that there is a shortage in personal protective equipment (PPE) for health care staff, and hospitals in Stockholm have been forced to reuse disposable PPEs after sanitation. The regional Health Care Director warned about this scenario in early March and government agencies have temporarily waived the public procurement law in order to hastily procure more supplies.[66] The National Board of Health and Welfare ('Socialstyrelsen') confirmed that there is no preparedness storage and nothing to distribute to the health care sector.[67][68]

BedsEdit

The Stockholm International Fairs, Stockholmsmässan, are being converted into a field hospital with the help of the Swedish Defence Forces. The field hospital will be able to house 600 seriously and critically sick patients.[69] The Swedish Defence Forces will provide equipment for 30 of the 600 beds and the Stockholm Regional Council will provide the remaining 570.[69]

Impact on societyEdit

TransportEdit

AviationEdit

On 15 March, SAS announced that they would temporarily reduce their workforce by 10 000 people which constitutes roughly 90% of their workforce.[70]

EducationEdit

On March 13, 2020 the April Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test ('Högskoleprovet'), was cancelled affecting approximately 70 000 prospective students who had registered themselves. This was the first time the Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test has been cancelled since it was established in 1977.[71]

On March 23, 2020 the Swedish National Agency for Education ('Skolverket'), cancelled the national tests to give teachers in Sweden more time to prepare for the possibility of distance education.[72]

DefenceEdit

The Swedish Armed Forces cancelled the international military exercise Aurora 20 which was scheduled to be held between May and June. Austria and Canada had previously announced their cancellation of their planned participation.[73]

PoliticsEdit

On 25 March, The Swedish Social Democratic Party together with the Swedish Trade Union Confederation decided to cancel their traditional May Day demonstrations. They will instead hold an event on a digital platform, which will include speeches by the Swedish prime minister and leader of the Social Democrats, Stefan Löfven, as well as union confederation leader Karl-Petter Thorwaldsson.[74] The Left Party (Sweden) also cancelled their nationwide demonstrations, and announced the there would instead be a digital celebration, including a speech by party leader Jonas Sjöstedt.[75]

 
Stefan Löfvén speaking at Almedalsveckan in 2016

The Almedalen Week, considered to be the biggest and most important forum in Sweden for seminars, debates and political speeches on current social issues, held in Visby every summer,[76] was cancelled as a result of the ban on large gatherings. The decision was taken on 1 April by the organiser after consultation with the major political parties.[77] Prime Minister Stefan Löfvén had already announced that he had cancelled his planned participation in the upcoming event.[78]

CultureEdit

On 6 March, Swedish National Broadcaster SVT held a crisis meeting to consider broadcasting the live finals of Melodifestivalen 2020 on 7 March without an audience, as a response to the growing outbreak. The Danish equivalent had recently decided to broadcast their version of the finals without an audience. Ultimately, SVT decided to allow the audience to enter the arena, although they advised people who felt sick to stay at home.[79]

Starting 30 March 2020 the public library in Gävle will start with a book delivery service for people aged 70 or older. The library will also start a take-away service where you can pre-loan books and pick them in a take-away bag.[80]

SportsEdit

In athletics, all 2020 Diamond League events scheduled to be held in May were postponed, which included the meet in Stockholm.[81] The world's largest half marathon in Gothenburg, Göteborgsvarvet, was postponed until later in 2020 and then cancelled completely on 27 March.[82]

The annual recreational bicycle race Vätternrundan, scheduled to be held in June, was also cancelled as a result of the pandemic. The organisers made the decision public on 2 April.[83][84]

On 19 March, the governing body for association football in Sweden formally announced that the premiere of the 2020 season for the first and second division leagues, men's Allsvenskan and Superettan as well as women's Damallsvenskan and Elitettan, will be postponed to late May or early June. The decision will not affect the leagues below the second level.[85] Two days later it was announced that the 2020 edition of the association football award ceremony Fotbollsgalan was cancelled.[86]

In Speedway, the start of Elitserien, the highest league in the Swedish league system, was rescheduled to 2 June. In order to manage a tighter schedule, the sport's governing body Swedish Motorcycle and Snowmobile Federation also decided to cancel the quarterfinals.[87]

DebateEdit

The budget emergency package proposed by the government in mid-March to lessen the economic impact of the crisis was supported across the political spectrum, including all parties in opposition in the Riksdag. It was also welcomed by trade unions as well as the private and business sectors. However, some union representatives stressed that 'it won't be enough', a view shared by the biggest employer's organisation, the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise.[88]

With Sweden having taken some of the least strict measures of any European country or of countries with a similar number of cases, the response has been both criticized and praised by international media.[89][90][91]

StatisticsEdit

New COVID-19 cases in Sweden by county ()

Source: FOHM[92] County Cases[a] Deaths[b] ICU-care Analysed samples[94]
Date New Total Diff. New Total Diff. New Total Diff. New Total Week
                                         
2020-02-04 1 1 1 180 180 4-8
2020-02-26 1 1 2 100% 752 932 9
2020-02-27 1 1 3 50%
2020-02-28 1 2 2 3 8 11 267%
2020-02-29 1 2 3 14 27%
2020-03-01 14
2020-03-02 1 1 3 5 19 36% 4,302 5,234 10
2020-03-03 1 10 2 13 32 68%
2020-03-04 7 21 1 29 61 91%
2020-03-05 22 2 1 25 86 41%
2020-03-06[c] 2 8 36 1 11 1 1 60 146 70% 1 1
2020-03-07 5 21 1 5 1 33 179 23% 1 2 100%
2020-03-08 1 2 29 1 11 2 46 225 26% 2 4 100%
2020-03-09 4 6 1 3 64 1 7 15 101 326 45% 4 8,990 14,224 11
2020-03-10 1 1 1 1 34 26 4 3 8 6 13 98 424 30% 2 6 50%
2020-03-11[d] 6 1 2 1 16 3 16 2 7 4 37 32 6 4 2 57 196 620 46% 1 1 6
2020-03-12[e] 2 3 2 9 5 7 2 2 32 42 3 11 4 1 3 19 3 1 151 771 24% 1 1 7 17%
2020-03-13 1 1 9 3 4 3 1 42 31 6 10 3 2 5 19 2 10 152 923 20% 1 2 100% 2 9 29%
2020-03-14 1 3 2 1 25 18 1 4 1 3 5 7 71 994 7.7% 1 3 50% 5 14 56%
2020-03-15 1 2 7 4 1 4 17 4 1 1 18 9 69 1063 6.9% 2 5 67% 6 20 43%
2020-03-16 2 1 1 2 3 34 12 2 2 2 1 7 6 8 83 1146 7.8% 2 7 40% 5 25 25% 10,322 24,546 12
2020-03-17 1 3 1 4 3 1 1 1 6 35 5 5 1 4 1 6 13 16 13 120 1266 10% 1 8 14% 4 29 16%
2020-03-18 1 2 1 2 2 4 2 1 1 8 58 17 1 3 1 10 3 28 145 1411 11% 6 14 75% 15 44 52%
2020-03-19 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 66 5 5 2 1 14 9 28 143 1554 10% 7 21 50% 8 52 18%
2020-03-20 5 5 5 3 3 1 5 5 84 4 1 2 5 2 23 5 22 180 1734 12% 9 30 43% 19 71 37%
2020-03-21 4 3 14 4 1 3 5 71 6 2 1 8 12 134 1868 7.7% 8 38 27% 12 83 17%
2020-03-22 5 1 9 1 1 3 3 59 11 5 1 1 4 13 117 1985 6.3% 11 49 29% 21 104 25%
2020-03-23 9 3 4 2 3 5 7 99 2 8 2 2 3 9 6 18 182 2167 9.2% 11 60 22% 38 142 37% 12,356 36,902 13
2020-03-24 9 5 4 5 1 2 6 5 105 14 11 3 3 2 4 10 11 30 230 2397 11% 17 77 28% 34 176 24%
2020-03-25 3 13 1 7 7 2 7 2 1 5 13 154 37 15 4 2 3 19 8 11 314 2711 13% 24 101 31% 31 207 18%
2020-03-26 8 4 5 8 7 9 6 2 3 7 132 16 12 3 3 5 20 6 29 285 2996 11% 30 131 30% 40 247 19%
2020-03-27 2 15 1 9 3 3 15 5 4 4 10 176 26 20 1 2 2 11 18 6 33 366 3362 12% 33 164 25% 27 274 11%
2020-03-28 6 12 6 8 9 1 2 4 2 147 9 7 3 5 2 3 25 8 42 301 3663 9% 31 195 19% 28 302 10%
2020-03-29 4 10 11 2 2 8 1 4 2 3 150 4 11 1 1 9 15 3 40 281 3944 7.7% 32 227 16% 40 342 13%
2020-03-30 9 10 5 2 15 3 1 5 5 169 60 22 1 7 6 23 27 17 27 414 4358 10% 38 265 17% 31 373 9.1% 17,700 54,602 14
2020-03-31 1 22 1 14 7 1 17 2 5 6 7 209 49 15 8 13 10 29 11 47 474 4832 11% 37 302 14% 32 405 8.6%
2020-04-01 5 19 30 4 13 5 1 5 8 206 49 24 2 5 2 11 28 5 63 485 5317 10% 40 342 13% 42 447 10%
2020-04-02 3 6 17 9 3 32 5 7 8 8 215 34 28 12 1 18 48 28 70 552 5869 10% 55 397 16% 43 490 9.6%
2020-04-03 1 20 1 16 12 2 29 2 2 6 24 247 59 38 1 17 3 27 46 21 27 601 6470 10% 49 446 12% 43 533 8.8%
2020-04-04 4 18 12 2 2 15 1 2 3 12 130 17 11 1 17 6 14 30 1 58 356 6826 5.5% 40 486 9.0% 27 560 5.1%
2020-04-05 1 7 7 3 12 3 2 2 6 172 27 9 1 9 2 7 30 41 341 7167 5.0% 49 535 10% 40 600 7.1%
2020-04-06 16 12 10 4 10 5 3 10 7 130 18 31 2 5 4 18 54 12 39 390 7503 4.7% 37 572 6.9% 33 633 5.5% 15
2020-04-07[b] 1 28 15 13 2 16 4 5 14 23 229 40 37 7 14 10 46 63 42 49 190 7693 114 591 7 640
2020-04-08 3 126 14 2 12 6 1 36 200 8419 96 687 38 678
County                                           Total cases Total deaths Total ICU-care cases Total analysed samples
Total cases[a] 37 215 13 202 141 92 254 57 54 95 366 3279 478 332 58 128 78 222 674 185 733 7,693

(76 per 100k pop)

591

(5.8 per 100k pop)

640

(5.8 per 100k pop)

54,602

(540 per 100k pop)

Cases per 100k 23 75 22 70 42 70 70 23 27 38 27 138 161 87 21 47 32 80 39 61 157
Total deaths 1 22 5 14 15 3 1 4 16 381 64 10 1 1 2 7 26 1 17
Deaths per 100k 0.63 7.6 1.7 4.2 4.1 1.2 0.50 1.6 1.2 16 22 2.6 0.35 0.37 0.82 2.5 1.5 0.33 3.7 Currently in ICU-care:

≈438[97] (68%)

Total ICU-care 2 12 1 16 12 3 21 7 1 14 26 270 57 34 6 12 7 15 66 17 41
Notes
  1. ^ a b Reported, confirmed cases. Actual case numbers may be higher.
  2. ^ a b From the daily report released by Folkhälsomyndigheten at 14:00 (UTC+02:00). Note that the data is compiled by Folkhälsomyndigheten at 11:30 (UTC+02:00) each day, which will lead to some delay in reporting. The reports of new cases to Folkhälsomyndigheten might sometimes be delayed by up to several days, especially around weekends, possibly introducing further delays in reported number of cases for the last few days.[93]
  3. ^ From 6 March 2020 onwards, Stockholm County reported its cases after 24 hours.[citation needed]
  4. ^ Stockholm County decided to only test hospitalized patients from risk groups and healthcare personnel with symptoms from 11 March 2020 onwards.[95]
  5. ^ The Public Health Agency of Sweden decided to only test hospitalized patients from risk groups and healthcare personnel with symptoms from 12 March 2020 onwards.[96]


Additional dataEdit

As of 27 March, nearly 3 out of 4 patients in intensive care in Sweden are men. The majority of them have underlying symptoms such as high blood pressure. The number of deaths in Sweden is also disproportionately men.[98]

At a point, it was reported that a disproportionate number of those that had died by then were Swedish Somali (6)[99] out of 89[100] deaths being members of the Swedish Somali community in the Stockholm region.[99]

TablesEdit

Case list of confirmed infected patients in Sweden (Outbreak - 11 March 2020)
Case no. No. of Date announced Origin type Origin Location Treatment facility Sex Age
cases City Region
1[101] 1 31 January 2020 T Wuhan, China Jönköping Jönköping Ryhov County Hospital F 20s[102]
2[8] 1 26 February 2020 T N. Italy Gothenburg[103] VGR Sahlgrenska University Hospital M[104] 30s[104]
3-4[105] 2 27 February 2020 PTP Case 2 Gothenburg[106] VGR - F[107] 30s[107]
5[105] 1 27 February 2020 T N. Italy Gothenburg[106] VGR Sahlgrenska University Hospital[citation needed] M[107] 30s[107]
6[105][108] 1 27 February 2020 T Iran Stockholm[109] Stockholm Karolinska University Hospital F Middle-aged[110]
7[105] 1 27 February 2020 T Germany Uppsala Uppsala Uppsala University Hospital F[111] -
8[112] 1 28 February 2020 T N. Italy Jönköping Jönköping Ryhov Region Hospital[113] M 50s[114][115]
9[112] 1 28 February 2020 PTP Case 6[108] Stockholm Stockholm Karolinska University Hospital[116] M[117] -
10[112] 1 28 February 2020 PTP Case 6[108] Stockholm Stockholm Karolinska University Hospital[116] - -
11[112][118] 1 28 February 2020 T Iran Tierp[119] Uppsala In-home isolation F Middle-aged
12[120] 1 29 February 2020 T[106] Iran[106] Gothenburg[106] VGR - - -
13[120] 1 29 February 2020 PTP[106] Case 6[106] Stockholm[citation needed] Stockholm Karolinska University Hospital - 20s[106]
14[121] 1 1 March 2020 T N. Italy, travelled with case 5[failed verification][106] Gothenburg[106] VGR In-home isolation[106] M 30s[106]
15[122] 1 2 March 2020 T N. Italy Stockholm[citation needed] Stockholm Karolinska University Hospital - -
16[123][108] 1 3 March 2020 T N. Italy, travelled with case 8 Jönköping[citation needed] Jönköping In-home isolation F 50s[124]
17-19[123] 3 3 March 2020 T N. Italy, travelled together Gothenburg VGR - - -
20[123] 1 3 March 2020 T N. Italy Lund[125] Scania Skåne University Hospital M 25[126]
21-23[123][127] 3 3 March 2020 T N. Italy, travelled together Stockholm[citation needed] Stockholm Karolinska University Hospital - -
24[123][127] 1 3 March 2020 T N. Italy Stockholm[citation needed] Stockholm Karolinska University Hospital - -
25-28[128] 4 3 March 2020 T N. Italy Stockholm[citation needed] Stockholm - - -
29[128] 1 3 March 2020 PTP Case 28 Stockholm[citation needed] Stockholm - - -
30[128] 1 3 March 2020 T Iran Stockholm[citation needed] Stockholm - - -
31[129] 1 4 March 2020 T Iran Gothenburg VGR - - -
32[129] 1 4 March 2020 T N. Italy Gothenburg VGR - - -
33[130] 1 4 March 2020 T N. Italy Malmö[citation needed] Scania Skåne University Hospital F Around 45[131]
34-35[132] 2 4 March 2020 T N. Italy, travelled together on bus tour Karlstad area Värmland In-home isolation[133] - 50s[131]
36[134] 1 4 March 2020 T N. Italy Örebro Örebro Örebro University Hospital - Teen-aged[135]
37-51[136] 15 4 March 2020 T[137] N. Italy[137] - Stockholm - - -
52[136] 1 4 March 2020 T Iran[131] - Stockholm - - -
53[138] 1 5 March 2020 T N. Italy Borås VGR South Älvsborg Hospital[139] - -
54-60[140] 7 5 March 2020 T N. Italy - Scania In-home isolation - -
61-62[141] 2 5 March 2020 PTP Case 34/35 Karlstad area Värmland In-home isolation[142] - -
63[141] 1 5 March 2020 T[142] N. Italy[143] Karlstad area Värmland In-home isolation[142] - -
64[144] 1 5 March 2020 T N. Italy - Gävleborg Gävle Hospital - -
65-78[145] 14 5 March 2020 T/TPTP N. Italy[146] - Stockholm - - -
79-92[145] 14 5 March 2020 T/TPTP[146] No case specific information[disputed ][146] - Stockholm - - -
93-94[147] 2 5 March 2020 T N. Italy - Uppsala In-home isolation - Middle-aged
95[148] 1 6 March 2020 T N. Italy - VGR - - -
96[148] 1 6 March 2020 T Iran - VGR - - -
97-101[149] 5 6 March 2020 T N. Italy - Scania In-home isolation - -
102-108[150] 7 6 March 2020 T/TPTP[142] N. Italy and case 34-35[142] Karlstad area Värmland In-home isolation[142] - -
109[150] 1 6 March 2020 T[142] Netherlands[151] Karlstad area Värmland In-home isolation[142] - -
110[152] 1 6 March 2020 PTP Related to case 93-94 - Uppsala In-home isolation - -
111[153] 1 6 March 2020 T N. Italy - Jönköping In-home isolation F 63-74 yrs
112-113[153] 2 6 March 2020 T N. Italy - Jönköping In-home isolation M 63-74 yrs
114[153] 1 6 March 2020 PTP Another region in Sweden - Jönköping In-home isolation M 75-78 yrs
115[153] 1 6 March 2020 PTP Another region in Sweden. Related to case 114. - Jönköping In-home isolation F 75-78 yrs
116-136[154] 21 6 March 2020 T/TPTP[146] No case specific information[disputed ][146] - Stockholm - - -
137[155] 1 6 March 2020 T N. Italy (same region as case 64) - Gävleborg Gävle Hospital - -
138-140[156] 3 7 March 2020 - - - Scania In-home isolation[157] - -
141[158] 1 7 March 2020
Detected on the 6th[158]
T[159] Europe but not Italy[159][160] - Stockholm Initially handled at Danderyd Hospital, later moved - -
142-161[158] 21 7 March 2020
Detected on the 6th[158]
- - - Stockholm - - -
162[161] 1 8 March 2020 T N. Italy Uppsala Uppsala In-home isolation - Senior high school student[162]
163-167[163] 5 8 March 2020 T/TPTP - - Scania - - -
168-179[164] 12 8 March 2020 T/TPTP - Gothenburg area[165] VGR - - -
180-186[166] 7 8 March 2020 T/TPTP N. Italy and case 34-35[167] Karlstad area Värmland In-home isolation - -
187[168] 1 8 March 2020 T United States - Örebro In-home isolation - 50s
188[168] 1 8 March 2020 PTP Related to case 187 - Örebro In-home isolation - 50s
189[168] 1 8 March 2020 PTP Related to case 187 - Örebro In-home isolation - 20s
190-203[160] 14 8 March 2020
Detected on the 7th[160]
- - - Stockholm - - -
204[16] 1 9 March 2020 T N. Italy Särö, Kungsbacka municipality[169] Halland In-home isolation - Elementary school-aged[170]
205[167] 1 9 March 2020 PTP An earlier Värmland case from bus tour to N. Italy[167] Karlstad area Värmland - - -
206-209[171] 4 9 March 2020 PTP - Gothenburg area[171] VGR - - -
210-211[171] 2 9 March 2020 T Abroad Skövde area[171] VGR - - -
212-243[160] 32 9 March 2020
Detected on the 8th[172]
- - - Stockholm - - -
244-245[173] 2 9 March 2020 T N. Italy, travelled together - Jönköping In-home isolation F 40s[173]
246[174][175] 1 9 March 2020 T N. Italy - Uppsala - - University student[176]
247[174][175] 1 9 March 2020 T N. Italy - Uppsala - Adult[176]
248[177] 1 9 March 2020 PTP Case 204 Särö, Kungsbacka municipality[169] Halland[177] In-home isolation[178] - Elementary school-aged[169]
249-250[177] 2 9 March 2020 T Italy Laholm[178] Halland[177] In-home isolation - -
251[177] 1 9 March 2020 T Italy Varberg Halland In-home isolation - University student[169]
252[179] 1 9 March 2020 T N. Italy - Sörmland - F Adult[180]
253[18] 1 9 March 2020 T N. Italy - Norrbotten - F[18] -
254[181] 1 9 March 2020 - Kungälv[181] VGR - - -
255-257[19] 3 9 March 2020 T N. Italy, related to each other - Västerbotten In-home isolation - Adults
258-259[182] 2 9 March 2020 T N. Italy - Västerbotten In-home isolation - Adults[19]
260[20] 1 9 March 2020 T N. Italy Eastern parts of county Östergötaland In-home isolation - Adult, working-age
261-263[183] 3 10 March 2020 T N. Italy - Scania - - -
264[184] 1 10 March 2020 T Italy, travelled with case 251 Varberg Halland In-home isolation - University student[169]
265[185] 1 10 March 2020 T N. Italy, related to three Stockholm cases - Örebro In-home isolation - 20s
266-325[186] 60 10 March 2020
Detected on the 9th
- - - Stockholm - - -
326[187] 1 10 March 2020 PTP An earlier Värmland case from bus tour to N. Italy[187] - Värmland - - -
327-341[188] 15 10 March 2020 T Abroad 4 from Norra Älvsborg area,

6 from Gothenburg area,

2 from Skaraborg area, 3 from Södra Älvsborg area[189]

VGR - - -
342[190] 1 10 March 2020 T N. Italy - Sörmland In-home isolation F Adult[190]
343[191] 1 10 March 2020 T N. Italy, connected to 4 cases in other regions in Sweden[192] - Jämtland In-home isolation - -
344-346[193] 3 10 March 2020 T Italy, related to each other - Västernorrland In-home isolation - -
347-349[194] 1 10 March 2020 T Austria[195] Varberg[196] Halland In-home isolation - Adult[196]
348-349[194] 2 10 March 2020 T N. Italy or Austria[197] Kungsbacka, Varberg or Laholm[178] Halland In-home isolation - -
350[198] 1 10 March 2020 T N. Italy, related to case 253 - Norrbotten - M[198] -
351[199] 1 10 March 2020 T Austria - Calmar - M 50s[200]
352-354[193] 3 10 March 2020 T Italy, related to and travelled with case 344-346 - Västernorrland In-home isolation[201] - -
355[202] 1 10 March 2020 PTP A case in another region Another county, visiting Cronoberg Cronoberg In-home isolation[203] - -
356[204] 1 10 March 2020 T Austria - Calmar - M 20s
357-391[205] 35 11 March 2020 T Italy and Austria[205] - Scania - - -
392-417[206] 26 11 March 2020 - - - Stockholm - - -
418-454[207] 37 11 March 2020 - - 8 from Norra Älvsborg area,

20 from Gothenburg area,

4 from Skaraborg area, 5 from Södra Älvsborg area[207]

VGR - - -
455[208] 1 11 March 2020 PTP Another region, another infected case[209] - Blekinge In-home isolation[208] F -
456[210] 1 11 March 2020 T Italy - Dalarna In-home isolation[210] M 60s
457[211] 1 11 March 2020 T N. Italy - Gävleborg In-home isolation[211] - -
464[195] 7 11 March 2020 - - Kungsbacka, Varberg, Laholm and Falkenberg municipality[195] Halland In-home isolation[195] - -
465[212] 1 11 March 2020 T N. Italy, travelled with four other infected people from other regions - Jämtland In-home isolation[212] - -
466[213] 1 11 March 2020 T N. Italy - Jönköping In-home isolation M 20s[213]
467[213] 1 11 March 2020 PTP - - Jönköping In-home isolation M 50s[213]
468[213] 1 11 March 2020 PTP - - Jönköping In-home isolation - Primary school student[213]
469-475[214] 7 11 March 2020 T N. Italy and Tyrol, Austria - Cronoberg In-home isolation - -
476-480[215] 5 11 March 2020 T Risk areas abroad Sörmland In-home isolation - Adults[215]
481-484[216] 4 11 March 2020 - - - Uppsala - - -
485-486[217] 2 11 March 2020 PTP - - Värmland - - -
487-489[218] 3 11 March 2020 - - - Norrbotten - - -
490-492[219] 3 11 March 2020 T N. Italy, related to each other. Visited same region as previous 5 Västerbotten cases - Västerbotten In-home isolation - -
493-494[220] 2 11 March 2020 T Tyrol, Austria - Västmanland In-home isolation - -
495[220] 1 11 March 2020 T N. Italy - Västmanland In-home isolation - -
496[220] 1 11 March 2020 T Switzerland - Västmanland In-home isolation - -
497[221] 1 11 March 2020 T Austria - Örebro In-home isolation - 30s[221]
498[221] 1 11 March 2020 T Austria - Örebro In-home isolation - 70s[221]
Note: On 11 March Stockholm region has decided to only test hospitalised patients from risk groups and health care staff with symptoms. Other regions will follow suit within the coming week. This means the numbers on the Public Health Agency of Swedens website is not reflecting the actual infected persons in the country, since local transmission has been ongoing since at least early March.[222][223][224] Due to this, and the large increase in infected persons, the case list will not be updated as above on a daily basis.


ChartsEdit

Datasource of some of the following charts are Public Health Agency of Sweden official data compiled every day at noon,[1] also presented by ECDC and WHO. Others are from databases that compile region reports later every day,[225][unreliable source?][226][unreliable source?] showing slightly different numbers.[clarification needed]

 
 
 
COVID-19 cases in Sweden  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-01-31
1(n.a.)
1(=)
2020-02-26
2(+100%)
2020-02-27
7(+250%)
2020-02-28
11(+57%)
2020-02-29
13(+18%)
2020-03-01
14(+7.7%)
2020-03-02
15(+7.1%)
2020-03-03
30(+100%)
2020-03-04
52(+73%)
2020-03-05
94(+81%)
2020-03-06
137(+46%)
2020-03-07
161(+18%)
2020-03-08
203(+26%)
2020-03-09
260(+28%)
2020-03-10
356(+37%)
2020-03-11
500(+40%) 1(n.a.)
2020-03-12
687(+37%) 1(=)
2020-03-13
814(+18%) 1(=)
2020-03-14
941(+16%) 2(+100%)
2020-03-15
1,032(+9.7%) 3(+50%)
2020-03-16
1,121(+8.6%) 6(+100%)
2020-03-17
1,196(+6.7%) 6(=)
2020-03-18
1,292(+8.0%) 10(+67%)
2020-03-19
1,439(+11%) 11(+10%)
2020-03-20
1,639(+14%) 16(+45%)
2020-03-21
1,770(+8.0%) 20(+25%)
2020-03-22
1,934(+9.3%) 21(+5.0%)
2020-03-23
2,046(+5.8%) 27(+29%)
2020-03-24
2,286(+12%) 36(+33%)
2020-03-25
2,526(+10%) 62(+72%)
2020-03-26
2,840(+12%) 77(+24%)
2020-03-27
3,069(+8.1%) 105(+36%)
2020-03-28
3,447(+12%) 105(=)
2020-03-29
3,700(+7.3%) 110(+4.8%)
2020-03-30
4,028(+8.9%) 146(+33%)
2020-03-31
4,435(+10%) 180(+23%)
2020-04-01
4,947(+12%) 239(+33%)
2020-04-02
5,466(+10%) 282(+18%)
2020-04-03
6,131(+12%) 358(+27%)
2020-04-04
6,443(+5.1%) 373(+4.2%)
2020-04-05
6,830(+6.0%) 401(+7.5%)
2020-04-06
7,206(+5.5%) 477(+19%)
2020-04-07
7,693(+6.8%) 591(+24%)
2020-04-08
8,419(+9.4%) 687(+16%)
Sources: "Coronavirus Update (Live) - Worldometer (2020-01-31 to 2020-04-03)"[227], "Public Health Agency of Sweden (2020-04-04 and onwards)"[228]

Notes:

National shift in testing strategy to cover elderly, hospitalized patients and health care personnel
 

[229]

[230]

 
Cumulative number of confirmed cases per million inhabitants in counties of Sweden over time. The list of counties is sorted in descending order by the most recent value of the curves. Östergötland County and Stockholm County showed the highest number of cases in relation to their population on April 2, while Blekinge showed the lowest level, and was 3 weeks after Stockholm Country in development. Logarithmic vertical axis. Data sources: Public Health Agency of Sweden,[1] SCB[231].
 
Number of cases (blue) and number of deaths (red) on a logarithmic scale.

TimelineEdit

Year Month Day Cases and deaths Responses
2019 November 17 The first known case was retrodated in a Chinese government report to 17 November, but was not recognized at the time.[232]
December 31 China contacts the WHO and informs them of "cases of pneumonia of unknown etiology (unknown cause) detected in Wuhan"[233]
2020 January 16
31 Sweden confirmed the first case of COVID-19. A woman in her 20s, returning from Wuhan on 24 January, tested positive for the SARS-CoV-2 virus and was admitted at Ryhov Region Hospital in Jönköping.[234][8] Having isolated herself voluntarily at home upon arriving in Sweden she was deemed not to have posed any transmission risk during travel or during her initial days in Sweden.[8] The local university college of Jönköping, stated at the time that it had around 200 Chinese exchange students, responding that the woman may have been a student.[235][236] The woman was declared asymptomatic, but not fully discharged from healthcare services after over one month of care on 3 March.[9] However, viral fragments continued to be detectable with transmission of live viral particles being deemed unlikely.[9]
February 9 A Chinese Lantern Festival in Jönköping was cancelled in response to the first case imported from Wuhan roughly a week previously.[237]
17
26
27 Five new cases were confirmed.[105] Västra Götaland Region confirmed that three people in their 30s had tested positive in Gothenburg. Two of them had been in contact with the 30-year-old patient hospitalized the previous day, and one was deemed to have contracted the virus in Italy.[238][239]

Stockholm Region confirmed that one individual who had tested positive for the virus after returning from Iran was admitted to Karolinska University Hospital for isolation.[240] Uppsala Region confirmed that a woman who had traveled to Germany on a business trip, and met with an Italian colleague, had sought medical attention after showing flu-like symptoms. She tested positive and was admitted to Uppsala University Hospital.[241]

The employer's organisation Almega advised its members to stay at home from work for two weeks if they had visited corona risk areas. According to the Swedish Social Insurance Agency ('Försäkringskassan') the employee can receive quarantine allowance ('smittbärarpenning') if the person has a medical certificate.[242]
28 Four new cases were confirmed.[112][243] Jönköping Region confirmed that a man in his 50's had tested positive, and been admitted to Ryhov Region Hospital. He had returned to Sweden from Northern Italy on 24 February, and begun feeling ill 25 February.[115]

Stockholm Region confirmed two positive cases related to the previous individual who had returned from Iran. They were also admitted to Karolinska University Hospital for isolation.[244] Uppsala Region confirmed that an individual who had returned from Iran tested positive for the virus, and was in home quarantine.[245]

29
March 1
2
3 The Scandinavian airline SAS stopped all flights to northern Italy, in an attempt to curb the spread of the virus.[246]
4
5
6 Deputy Sveriges Riksbank governor Martin Flodén tested positive on 6 March following a trip to Italy.[247] and one of the Värmland cases is a staff at Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap (MSB).[248]
7

In the morning it was reported that all previous cases in Stockholm Region were travel-related or travel-related person-to-person spread.[146] Screening for coronavirus is included in a statistical sample of patients where routine testing for seasonal influenza is performed.[249]

It was reported that one of the cases confirmed on 6 March in Stockholm had sought care at Danderyd Hospital in the Stockholm region on 5 March, and was initially not adequately isolated. The person had caught the virus abroad, but outside known risk areas (at the time South Korea, China, Iran and Northern Italy).[250][251] Contact tracing has begun, with the case marking the second instance of transmission to Sweden from a non-risk area.[251]

The Gothenburg hotel Clarion Hotel Post chose to let 25 of its 200 employees go, as a response to falling demand due to the virus.[252]
8

To date, Stockholm region states that of the 115 confirmed cases in the region, 101 people have been infected in Italy or through contact with a person who has visited Italy, 8 cases have been infected in Iran or through contact with a person who has visited Iran, one person has been infected in another European country, and five cases are still under investigation.[160] One of the Örebro cases confirmed this day is believed to have caught the virus on a trip back from the US, which he/ she arrived back from approximately a week ago. The other two persons are related to this person. Contact tracing has begun around this case,[168] which is the third case of transmission to Sweden from a non-risk area. The

[162] The Stockholm region press office did not report cases detected on the afternoon of the 8th, instead reporting an additional 32 cases on the 9th.[253]

On the same date, approx. 15 health care staff at Danderyd Hospital were quarantined after having been in contact with a patient on 5 March who arrived by ambulance to the emergency unit. The patient had not been to a high-risk area and was not initially suspected to have COVID-19, but when the patients health deteriorated hospital staff decided to test the patient for the virus, which showed the person was infected.[254]

Vietnam suspends its visa waiver program to Sweden and seven other European countries in response to the number of cases.[255]

9 Five cases were confirmed in Halland (the first in the region),[16] a first case of Covid-19 was also reported in Sörmland,[256] a first case in Norrbotten,[18] five first cases in Västerbotten[19] and one first case in Östergötaland.[20]

On the same date, Värmland had a total of 21 cases, of which 20 had visited northern Italy, and 19 of these were connected to the same bus tour. One case has been infected in the Netherlands.[151] One of the 21 cases is admitted to Karlstad hospital. The majority of the cases are from the Karlstad area.[167] Further, six new cases were confirmed in Västra Götaland, of which two are in the Skaraborg area.[171]

On the same date, the first community transmissions were detected in Sweden. Two persons in the Stockholm area who had no known connection to any of the risk areas or an infected person, were found to be infected, both patients at St. Göran Hospital since Friday 6 March in two different wards.[257] Both cases have been transferred to Huddinge Hospital for further investigation.[258]

One of the cases in Västra Götaland was a patient at Kungälv Hospital with signs of respiratory symptoms since approx. a week who was tested for Covid-19 after the decision of the Public Health Agency of Sweden on 4 March. This patient was tested on Sunday 8 March and confirmed positive a day later. The patient was immediately transferred to Sahlgrenska University Hospital and the affected ward at the Kungälv Hospital has been closed for patient admission. Highly exposed staff at Kungälv Hospital have been told to stay home for a while, and contact tracing has begun.[181]

The Health Care Management ('Hälso- och sjukvårdsledningen') in Värmland decided that all health care staff that have visited northern Italy or other high-risk areas (current and future as announced by the Public Health Agency of Sweden) are to self-quarantine for 14 days due to vulnerable patients they may meet in their line of work. The decision is also based on incidents of transmission from health care staff to patients in China, Norway and the United States. An estimate of the number of affected health care staff was not publicly available by this date. Where possible, affected staff are encouraged to work from home and in cases where this is not possible the staff are suspended from work on medical grounds but will maintain salary benefits.[259]

On the same date, approx. 30-40 health care staff at St. Göran Hospital in Stockholm were quarantined after having cared for a Covid-19 infected patient. Another patient at the same hospital has been tested and is awaiting results. The hospital immediately went into a state of readiness to handle the situation.[258]

10 Three cases were reported in Scania,[260] 60 in the Stockholm region,[261] 15 in Västra Götaland,[188] two first cases in Sörmland region,[190] one first case in Jämtland[262] and first three cases in Västernorrland region.[263] Stockholm region announced this day that two of the 207 infected cases in the region were in intensive care.[261] One of these patients is a patient from the intensive care unit at Södersjukhuset Hospital whom was confirmed infected on Monday 9 March, and immediately moved to Karolinska University Hospital for further isolated intensive care. The patient has relatives whom have recently travelled in Europe, but the hospital announces it is too early to determine whether the patient has been infected by this person. Contact tracing has begun and Södersjukhuset Hospital has gone into a state of readiness to handle the situation and are trying to identify people who may have been exposed to the virus.[264] In the Stockholm region, a total of ten patients have been hospitalised.[265] One of the Stockholm cases is a judge at the Svea Court of Appeal who was infected on a trip abroad, although not a risk area. Due to this, the court has told 25 staff to self-quarantine and some hearings have been postponed.[266]

In Västra Götaland region, one patient is considered critically ill but stable.[265]

The Södersjukhuset Hospital in Stockholm went into a state of readiness after an ICU patient was confirmed to have Covid-19. The patient was transferred to Karolinska University Hospital for further isolated intensive care. It is not known whether the patient got the virus from a relative traveling in Europe and whether the patient has infected staff or patients. Approx. 70 staff have been in contact with the patient but the hospital administration has decided to allow them to continue working until they show symptoms of infection.[267] This decision has received internal criticism from staff of not being forceful enough.[268]

After this announcement, Blekinge Health Care Region enforced a total ban on visits by family members and friends at health care and elderly establishments and hospitals in the region.[269] Region Värmland enforced a similar ban on all visits to hospitals and health care establishments in the region.[270]

After the announcement of the Public Health Agency of Sweden to protect the elderly and the frail, Stockholm Region decided to change their strategy for testing for COVID-19 to mainly focus on the very ill and not just people who had visited risk areas.[271] Danderyd Hospital also went into a state of readiness due to the situation of the Covid-19 spread in Stockholm.[272]

11 Blekinge, Dalarna, and Västmanland reported their first cases; one, one and four respectively. The first death was reported, in Stockholm, a person in the 70s, believed to have been infected through community approx. spread a week earlier.[29] The government also determined that testing should be limited to people who are perceived to be at greatest risk.[273]

On 11 March Stockholm region decided to only test hospitalised patients from risk groups and health care staff with symptoms. Other regions will follow suit within the coming week. This means the data on the Public Health Agency of Swedens website is not reflecting the actual infected persons in the country since local transmission has been ongoing since at least early March.[222][223][224]'

The Stockholm region decided to only test hospitalised patients from risk groups and health care staff with symptoms. Other regions will follow suit within the coming week. This means the data on the Public Health Agency of Swedens website is not reflecting the actual infected persons in the country, since local transmission has been ongoing since at least early March.[222][223][224]

The same date, Södertälje Hospital went into a state of readiness due to the situation in Stockholm region.[271]

The government has banned all gatherings larger than 500 people, under threat of fines and a six-month prison sentence.[52]

The same date, the government announced that the qualifying day of sickness ('karensdag') will be temporarily abolished in order to ensure that people feeling slightly ill will stay at home from work. This means that the state will pay sick pay allowance from the first day the employee is absent from work. The decision is effective as of 11 March 2020 and is believed to reduce the virus spreading as well as the burden on the health care system.[274]

12 Gotland identified the first two infected persons on the island; two non-related men who had returned from travel to risk-areas abroad.[275]
13
14 The second death in Sweden was reported on 14 March, an 85-year-old woman in the Västra Götaland area belonging to a risk group,[276] and the third the same day, an elderly person in the Stockholm region.[277]

On the same date, 814 persons in Sweden had been confirmed sick with Covid-19. Stockholm region has since 11 March only tested persons from risk groups and health care staff with symptoms.[222] On 12 March, Scania region decided to do the same, and the other regions in Sweden will follow suit within a week.[223][224]

15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23 The country exceeded more than 2,000 cases which was the second milestone in only one week since the country reached 1,000 cases on 15 March 2020. Death toll hit the record of 10 deaths in one day.[citation needed]
24
25 Death toll hit more than 20 new deaths in one day.[citation needed]
26
27 The country exceeded more than 3,000 cases, four days after the milestone of 2,000 cases was reached (on 23 March 2020).[citation needed]
April 1 Death toll hit more than 50 new deaths in one day.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

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