2020 coronavirus pandemic in South Africa

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic spread to South Africa, with the first confirmed case announced on 5 March 2020 by Minister of Health Zweli Mkhize.[4]

2020 coronavirus pandemic in South Africa
CoViD-19 outbreak cases in South Africa.svg
Map with number of confirmed COVID-19 cases per province as of 5 April 2020.
  1–9
  10–99
  100+
CoViD-19 outbreak deaths in South Africa2.svg
Map with number of confirmed COVID-19 deaths per province as of 5 April 2020.
Map of confirmed cases in Western Cape districts
CoViD-19 pandemic cases in South Africa, Western Cape.svg
Map with number of confirmed COVID-19 cases per district of the Western Cape as of 6 April 2020.[1]
  1–9
  10–99
  100+
DiseaseCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Virus strainSevere acute respiratory syndrome
coronavirus 2
(SARS-CoV-2)
LocationSouth Africa
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
30°35′14″N 114°17′17″E / 30.58722°N 114.28806°E / 30.58722; 114.28806
Index caseHilton, KwaZulu-Natal
Arrival date1 March 2020
(1 month and 5 days ago)
Confirmed cases1655 (as of 5 April 2020)[2]
Recovered95 (as of 2 April 2020)[3]
Deaths
11 (as of 5 April 2020)[2]
Official website
sacoronavirus.co.za

On 15 March, President Cyril Ramaphosa declared a national state of disaster with a partial travel ban, travel advisories, discouraging public transport, the closing of schools, and prohibiting gatherings of more than 50 people.[5]

On 23 March 2020, Ramaphosa issued a national lockdown lasting 21 days from 26 March 2020 to 16 April 2020.[6]

As of 5 April 2020, there were 1,655 confirmed cases and 11 confirmed deaths, from 56,873 tests.[2]

PreparationsEdit

After the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared COVID-19 a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on 30 January 2020, an emergency operation centre was activated.[7]

CasesEdit

COVID-19 cases in South Africa  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
deaths
2020-03-05
1(n.a.)
2020-03-06
1
2020-03-07
2(+100%)
2020-03-08
3(+50%)
2020-03-09
7(+133%)
2020-03-10
7
2020-03-11
13(+86%)
2020-03-12
16(+23%)
2020-03-13
24(+50%)
2020-03-14
38(+58%)
2020-03-15
[a]51(+34%)
2020-03-16
62(+22%)
2020-03-17
85(+37%)
2020-03-18
116(+36%)
2020-03-19
150(+29%)
2020-03-20
202(+35%)
2020-03-21
240(+19%)
2020-03-22
274(+14%)
2020-03-23
402(+47%)
2020-03-24
554(+38%)
2020-03-25
709(+28%)
2020-03-26
927(+31%)
2020-03-27
1,170(+26%) 1
2020-03-28
1,187(+1.5%) 1
2020-03-29
1,280(+7.8%) 2(+100%)
2020-03-30
1,326(+3.6%) 3(+50%)
2020-03-31
1,353(+2.0%) 5(+67%)
2020-04-01
1,380(+2.0%) 5
2020-04-02
1,462(+5.9%) 5
2020-04-03
1,505(+2.9%) 7(+40%)
2020-04-04
1,585(+5.0%) 9(+29%)
2020-04-05
1,655(+4.4%) 11(+22%)
Sources: 2020 coronavirus pandemic in South Africa


On 1 March 2020, the first patient later confirmed with COVID-19 in South Africa, returned with his wife and 8 others from the Metropolitan City of Milan in Italy,[8] travelling via Dubai, O. R. Tambo International Airport in Kempton Park, Gauteng[9] and King Shaka International Airport in Durban to Hilton.[10] On 3 March, the patient reported with symptoms to a private general practitioner and isolated himself; the doctor isolated herself as well. On 5 March the Minister of Health, Zweli Mkhize, announced the first confirmed case, epidemiologists and clinicians from the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) were deployed to KwaZulu-Natal in response.[4][11][12] and the patient went to Grey's Hospital in Pietermaritzburg.[13]

On 7 March, it was announced that a woman from the same travel group from Italy, returning to Gauteng, also tested positive.[14]

On 11 March, 6 new cases were reported, with 1 case from the same travel group from Italy, while the other 5 cases appear unrelated having travel histories to other European countries. The first case was confirmed in the Western Cape province.[15] 3 new cases were announced on the 12 March, including the first case in Mpumalanga province. The first local transmission and first case in the Free State province was also announced, but withdrawn later in the day by the NICD who confirmed that the case's test result was in fact negative.[16] This brought the total cases to 16.[17][18][19]

On 15 March, the first local transmissions, not yet confirmed by government labs, were announced by President Cyril Ramaphosa.[5] and the following day, the first confirmed case from Limpopo province was announced.[20] The day there after, on 17 March, the first confirmed cases of local transmission were announced by government labs, 4 in Gauteng, 3 in KwaZulu-Natal, and 1 in the Western Cape.[21] On the next day, 18 March, the first confirmed case of local transmission in Mpumalanga was announced by government labs.[22]

On 19 March, the Health Minister suggested that two thirds of the South African population could contract the virus, a prediction in line with Europe's estimates on population infection.[23]

On 20 March, the Free State province recorded seven cases, becoming the sixth of South Africa's nine provinces to be infected.[24] Of the seven cases, five were from abroad (Israel, France and Texas) who had congregated for a church gathering attended by 200 people.[25] O. R. Tambo International Airport instituted isolation of foreigners on arrival and returning them to their countries of origin.[26]

On 21 March, the confirmed number of cases reached 240 with the Eastern Cape reporting its first case, making it the seventh of the nine provinces to report a case.[27] By 24 March all nine provinces had confirmed cases, with the first cases in the Northern Cape and North West being announced,[citation needed] a national 21 day lockdown as announced by the president to begin on the 27 March.[6]

By the start of April, 67 mobile testing units established and 47,000 people had been tested, some in drive-through facilities.[28]


COVID-19 confirmed cases in South Africa by province ()

2020 EC FS GP KZN LP MP NW NC WC ? Confirmed Deaths Rec Ag
tests
Ref
New Total New Total
03-04 0 0 181 [29]
03-05 1 1 1 [4]
03-06 0 1
03-07 1 1 2 [14]
03-08 1 1 3 [30]
03-09 4 4 7 [31]
03-10 2 1 3 10 239 [32]
03-11 2 1 3 13 645 [15][33]
03-12 [b]0 1 1 1 3 16 848 [35][36]
03-13 4 2 2 8 24 924 [37][38]
03-14 7 1 6 14 38 1017 [39][40]
03-15 7 1 5 13 [c]51 1476 [41][42]
03-16 7 1 1 2 11 62 2405 [20][43]
03-17 14 4 5 23 85 2911 [21][44]
03-18 16 3 2 10 31 116 3070 [45][22][46]
03-19 15 3 1 15 34 150 4832 [47][48][49]
03-20 7 33 1 11 52 202 6438 [50][51][52]
03-21 1 16 3 18 38 240 7425 [53][54][55]
03-22 1 2 7 9 1 14 34 274 9315 [56][57]
03-23 4 75 24 3 3 4 2 12 1 128 402 4 12815 [58][59]
03-24 5 95 21 1 12 18 152 554 4 15529 [60][61]
03-25 12 17 11 -1 70 46 155 709 4 15529 [62][63]
03-26 3 19 90 43 2 1 -1 -1 46 16 218 927 4 20471 [64][65]
03-27 ? 12 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 243 1170 1 1 31 28537 [66][67][68]
03-28 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 17 1187 0 1 31 31963 [69]
03-29 2 4 51 11 1 1 1 39 -17 93 1280 1 2 31 35593 [70][71]
03-30 34 4 -1 2 -3 14 -4 46 1326 1 3 31 38409 [72][73]
03-31 2 22 7 3 3 9 (46) 27[d] 1353 2 5 31 41072 [74][75][76]
04-01 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 27 1380 0 5 31 44292 [77][78]
04-02 2 8 18 20 2 1 27 4 82 1462 0 5 45 47965 [79][80][3]
04-03 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 43 1505 2 7 45 50361 [81][82][83]
04-04 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 80 1585 2 9 45 53937 [84]
04-05 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 70 1655 2 11 45 56873 [2]
Cases[2] 31 87 704 246 19 18 11 8 454 77 New Total New Total Rec Ag
tests
Ref
EC FS GP KZN LP MP NW NC WC ? Confirmed Deaths

National lockdownEdit

Greenmarket Square in Cape Town seven days before (left) and on the first day (right) of the COVID 19 national lockdown. After the lockdown the market stall traders that normally setup on the square everyday are not present and only people exempt from the lockdown (security personnel and municipal employees) can be seen.

On 23 March, President Cyril Ramaphosa addressed the nation and announced a 21-day national lockdown effective from midnight 27 March through to 16 April,[6] with the deployment of the South African National Defence Force to support the government.[6]

Exempt from the lockdown are people deemed necessary to the effective response to the pandemic such as:

  • health workers, pharmacy and laboratory personnel, emergency personnel;[85][86]
  • security services (police officers, military personnel, and private security[87]);[85][86]
  • people regarded as necessary to the basic functioning of the economy (supermarkets, transportation and logistical services, petrol stations, banks, essential financial and payment services); and[85][86]
  • those working in industries that can not be economically shut down (such as mines and steel mills).[87]

Restaurants, taverns, bottle stores and all other stores not selling essential goods are to close during the lockdown period.[87] Schools were closed a week before the lockdown period and will reopen after the lockdown. Non-exempt people are only allowed to leave their homes during this period to access health services, collect social grants, attend small funerals (no more than 50 people) and shop for food.[88] See the South African Government Gazette 25 March 2020 for a complete list of exemptions and non-exemptions during the lockdown period. South Africans have been ordered not to take their dogs for a walk during the lockdown, though they may walk them around their house or apartment building.[89]

TravelEdit

 
A billboard at the end of Long Street, Cape Town encourages people to say at home during the lockdown period.

Movement between provinces, and between metropolitan and district areas are prohibited except for

  • essential workers, to and from work;
  • transportation of sanitised and disinfected cargo from ports of entry;
  • the transportation of mortal remains; and
  • the attendance of funerals (restricted).[90]

All borders of the country are closed during the lockdown, except for designated ports of entry for the transportation of fuel, cargo, and goods.[90]

International and domestic passenger flights are prohibited, except for flights authorised by the Ministry of Transport, for the evacuation of South African nationals in foreign countries, and for certain repatriations.[91]

EnforcementEdit

The use of force by police and army personnel was controversial with multiple reports of excessive force in enforcing the lockdown.[92][93][94][28] This included incidents of beatings and preventing people from filming police abuses leading the public advocacy group Right2Know to release a statement that the police had no right to prevent the public “from exercising their constitutional right to film and record incidents.”[95]

By the fifth day three people had died due to alleged excessive force by security officials enforcing the lockdown, equaling the number of people that had died of the virus in South Africa by that date.[95][96] By 3 April, the eighth day of the lockdown, the Independent Police Investigative Directorate (IPID) reported that they were investigating eight deaths involving the police since the start of the lockdown.[97][98] At the time this exceeded the number of deaths in the country due to the pandemic. This was in-spite of President Ramaphosa's public call for police restraint.[95] By the end of the first seven days of the lockdown a total of 2,289 people had been arrested for violating lockdown orders[99] with over 17,000 total arrests for various crimes.[100]

Minister of Police Bheki Cele announced, on 5 April, a reduction in cash-in-transit thefts thanks to increased road blocks and more visible policing. He also announced a reduced murder rate.[101]

ImpactEdit

 
Shoppers practising social distancing at the Paarl Mall in Paarl, Western Cape

HealthEdit

Anyone showing symptoms who goes to a state hospital will have their COVID-19 test for free.[102]

Pick-up trucks dispensed free hand sanitizer in Alexandra.[28]

RepatriationEdit

On 14 March, 112[103][104] South Africans were repatriated from Wuhan, China, and placed under observation and in quarantine at The Ranch Resort near Polokwane.[105]

Medical screening was performed prior to departure, four South Africans who were showing signs of coronavirus were left behind to mitigate risk. Only South Africans who tested negative were repatriated.[106]

Test results cleared all the South Africans, including the flight crew, pilots, hotel staff, police and soldiers involved in the humanitarian mission who, as a precautionary measure, all remained under observation and in quarantine for a 14-day period [107][108] at The Ranch Resort.[109][106][110]

GatheringsEdit

On 15 March 2020, gatherings of more than 100 people were prohibited.[5]

On 18 March, Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma signed a government gazette limiting the number of patrons at pubs, clubs, and restaurants to 50.[111]

On 2 April, all gatherings except for funerals were prohibited.[90]

School closuresEdit

All schools will be closed from 18 March 2020 until after the Easter season,[5] resuming on 17 April, with the June holidays shortened by a week and the September holidays shortened by 3 days.[112]

University class suspensionsEdit

Early closure
Date closed Date reopened Province City/Town University
2020-03-16 Gauteng Johannesburg University of the Witwatersrand[113] and University of Johannesburg suspended all contact classes.[114]
2020-03-16 Western Cape Cape Town University of Cape Town[113]
2020-03-16 Eastern Cape Alice University of Fort Hare[115]
2020-03-16 Gauteng Pretoria University of Pretoria[116]
2020-03-17 Eastern Cape Grahamstown Rhodes University
2020-03-17 Eastern Cape Port Elizabeth Nelson Mandela University
2020-03-17 Gauteng,
North West,
Mpumalanga
Vaal University of Technology
2020-03-17 Western Cape Stellenbosch Stellenbosch University[117]
2020-03-17 Free State Bloemfontein University of the Free State[118]

Events cancelled or postponedEdit

Government and politics

Sport

Live entertainment

Religious & Spiritual

Expo & Trade shows

  • HuntEx, postponed until unknown future date.[150]
  • DecorEx Cape Town & Durban, postponed until 2021.[151]
  • Tyrexpo, postponed to 4 -6 August 2020.[152]
  • Power & Electricity World expo, postponed until 20-21 August 2020.[153]

Other

Economic impactEdit

At the beginning of the national shutdown on the 27 March South African economists predicted that the pandemic could cause a 2.5% to 10% contraction of South Africa's total GDP in 2020.[165] The national lockdown and resulting economic slowdown reduced demand for electricity by more than 7 500 MW thereby temporarily reducing the impact of the long running South African energy crisis.[166]

Stock market newsEdit

The JSE lost 15% of its value in the week ending 13 March 2020, its worst week in 21 years.[167]

On 19 March, the South African Reserve Bank governor, Lesetja Kganyago announced a reduction of the country's repo rate by 100 basis points or 1 percentage point to 5.25%.[168]

Banking and retailEdit

Retailers like Clicks, Pick n Pay, and Woolworths have some limitations on the number of the same items customers may buy.[169] On 19 March, Minister of Trade and Industry Ebrahim Patel signed a government gazette that enforces price controls on essential items and that could see price gougers punished with measures including a R10 million fine, a fine equivalent to 10% of a firm's turnover, or 12 months in prison.[170] On 22 March, Standard Bank announced a 90-day payment holiday for small and medium-sized business and students to try and shield them from the economic impact of the outbreak, starting from 1 April.[171]

MisinformationEdit

The arrival of the COVID 19 virus in South Africa saw an increase in the dissemination of misinformation about the virus on social media and other platforms. These range from messages minimising the virus's harm in the country[172] to the propagation of conspiracy theories about government actions to control the virus.[173] The spreading of fake news and other misinformation in South Africa about the virus is an offence punishable with either a fine, six months’ imprisonment, or both.[172]

One individual was arrested for posting a video showing himself drinking in public with friends following the national lockdown whilst stating that there was “nothing called corona here”.[172] In another incident a man claimed that 10,000 government officials would be going door-to-door using contaminated test kits to test people for the virus.[173] A conspiracy theory that Bill Gates wished to test a Covid 19 “vaccine” in Africa or South Africa first caused significant controversy on social media[174] following the publication of a now retracted story in News24[175] and The South African, Trevor Noah stated that he received hate mail for conducting the interview with Gates where it was falsely reported that Gates made the claim.[174]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 61 cases announced by president Ramaphosa later in the evening.
  2. ^ Free State case found to be not positive after confirmation test.[34]
  3. ^ 61 cases announced by president Ramaphosa later in the evening.[5]
  4. ^ 46 New cases, less 19 previously positive cases removed due to data cleaning.[69]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Premier Alan Winde gives day 10 update on Coronavirus COVID-19 in Western Cape". Western Cape Office of the Premier. 5 April 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e "COVID-19 statistics in RSA". NICD. 5 April 2020. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  3. ^ a b Raborife, Mpho (2 April 2020). "Number of people testing positive for Covid-19 increased by 82 to 1 462 - Mkhize". 24.com. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  4. ^ a b c "Minister Zweli Mkhize reports first case of Covid-19 Coronavirus". South African Ministry of Health. 5 March 2020. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d e Ramaphosa, Cyril (15 March 2020). "Statement by President Cyril Ramaphosa on measures to combat COVID-19 epidemic". The Presidency. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d "Ramaphosa announces 21 day coronavirus lockdown for South Africa". businesstech.co.za. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Minister Zweli Mkhize: Evacuation of citizens from Wuhan". Department of Health. 1 March 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  8. ^ "Health updates on Coronavirus on 9 March 2020". South African Ministry of Health. 9 March 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  9. ^ Soodyal, Nushera (6 March 2020). "Coronavirus: Hilton school shut fears of COVID-19, officials descend". Kagiso Media. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  10. ^ Bafetane, Vusi (6 March 2020). "SA coronavirus case came via Dubai to Durban: Mkhize". MSN.com. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  11. ^ Shoba, Sandisiwe; Erasmus, Desiree. "Covid-19: As first Coronavirus case confirmed, South Africa told to keep calm". Daily Maverick. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  12. ^ Herman, Paul. "Coronavirus: SA's first positive case of Covid-19 confirmed". News24. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  13. ^ "AS IT HAPPENED There are no other confirmed coronavirus patients in SA, says Mkhize". News24. 6 March 2020. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  14. ^ a b "Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms second case of Covid-19 in South Africa". South African Ministry of Health. 7 March 2020. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  15. ^ a b "Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms six new cases of Coronavirus Covid-19". South African Ministry of Health. 11 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Coronavirus in SA: Mkhize confirms Free State case not positive". eNCA. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Dr Zweli Mkhize on latest confirmed cases of Coronavirus COVID-19 in South Africa". Department of Health. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  18. ^ Karrim, Azarrah (12 March 2020). "Coronavirus in SA: 4 more cases confirmed". 24.com. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  19. ^ "COVID-19 update". NICD. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  20. ^ a b "Minister Zweli Mkhize on confirmed cases of Coronavirus COVID-19 and national state of disaster declaration". Department of Health. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  21. ^ a b "Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms 23 more cases of Coronavirus COVID-19". Department of Health. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  22. ^ a b "Dr Zweli Mkhize confirms 116 more Coronavirus COVID-19 cases in South Africa". Department of Health. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  23. ^ Cilliers, Charles. "Mkhize says two-thirds of SA likely to get Covid-19". The Citizen. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  24. ^ Writer, Staff. "202 confirmed coronavirus cases in South Africa". businesstech.co.za. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  25. ^ "Coronavirus: Patient Zero and one other are home and all clear". www.iol.co.za. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  26. ^ Zimbabwe has 1st COVID-19 case while Africa cancels flights By CARA ANNA and FARAI MUTSAKA, Associated Press, 20 March 2020
  27. ^ "Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms 38 more cases of Coronavirus COVID-19". Department of Health. 21 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  28. ^ a b c Harding, Andrew (3 April 2020). "South Africa's ruthlessly efficient fight against coronavirus". BBC News. Archived from the original on 3 April 2020.
  29. ^ "COVID-19 update". NICD. 4 March 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  30. ^ Mkhize, Zwelini (8 March 2020). "Third confirmed case of COVID-19 in South Africa". NICD. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  31. ^ "Health updates on Coronavirus on 9 March 2020". Department of Health. 9 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  32. ^ "COVID-19 SITUATIONAL REPORT No. 35" (PDF). NICD. 10 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  33. ^ Mkhize, Zwelini (11 March 2020). "Latest confirmed cases of COVID-19 in South Africa". NICD. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  34. ^ "Coronavirus in SA: Mkhize confirms Free State case not positive". eNCA. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  35. ^ "Dr Zweli Mkhize on latest confirmed cases of Coronavirus COVID-19 in South Africa". Department of Health. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  36. ^ "COVID-19 statistics in RSA". NICD. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  37. ^ "Dr Zweli Mkhize confirms eight more cases of Coronavirus COVID-19". Department of Health. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  38. ^ "COVID-19 statistics in RSA". NICD. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  39. ^ "Dr Zweli Mkhize confirms latest Coronavirus COVID-19 cases in South Africa". Department of Health. 14 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  40. ^ "COVID-19 statistics in RSA". NICD. 14 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  41. ^ "Dr Zweli Mkhize confirms 13 more Coronavirus COVID-19 cases in South Africa". Department of Health. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  42. ^ "COVID-19 update". NICD. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  43. ^ "COVID-19 update". NICD. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  44. ^ "COVID-19 update". NICD. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  45. ^ "COVID-19 update". NICD. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  46. ^ "COVID-19 statistics in RSA". NICD. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  47. ^ "COVID-19 update". NICD. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  48. ^ "COVID-19 statistics in RSA". NICD. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  49. ^ "Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms 23 more cases of Coronavirus COVID-19". Department of Health. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  50. ^ "COVID-19 update". NICD. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  51. ^ "COVID-19 statistics in RSA". NICD. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  52. ^ "Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms 52 more cases of Coronavirus Covid-19". Department of Health. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  53. ^ "Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms 38 more cases of Coronavirus COVID-19". Department of Health. 21 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  54. ^ "COVID-19 update". NICD. 21 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  55. ^ "COVID-19 statistics in RSA". NICD. 21 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  56. ^ "COVID-19 update". NICD. 22 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  57. ^ "COVID-19 statistics in RSA". NICD. 22 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  58. ^ "Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms 128 more cases of Coronavirus COVID-19". Department of Health. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  59. ^ "Coronavirus in SA: Some good news – four patients 'fully recovered' in KZN". Blue Sky Publications. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  60. ^ "COVID-19 statistics in RSA". NICD. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  61. ^ "Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 554 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19". Department of Health. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  62. ^ "COVID-19 statistics in RSA". NICD. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  63. ^ NICD (25 March 2020). "NEW CASES: We confirm 155 new cases of #COVID19. Individual behavior is key to containing the spread of the virus, and involves taking personal responsibility for measures, such as regular hygiene practices, early self-isolation and personal social distancing.pic.twitter.com/kiwmr7pqJv". @nicd_sa. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  64. ^ Writer, Staff. "927 confirmed coronavirus cases in South Africa". businesstech.co.za. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  65. ^ NICD (26 March 2020). "Cases of #COVID19 are increasing and transmission is on-going in South Africa. As of 26 March, 218 new cases of #COVID19 are confirmed. As we approach the national lockdown period of 21 days, we remind everyone that human behavior is key to preventing the spread of the virus.pic.twitter.com/6AEs9oV0Rw". @nicd_sa. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  66. ^ "COVID-19 update". NICD. 27 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  67. ^ "Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms first deaths due to Coronavirus COVID-19". Department of Health. 27 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  68. ^ "Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 1170 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19 | South African Government". www.gov.za. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  69. ^ a b "COVID-19 update". NICD. 28 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  70. ^ "COVID-19 statistics in RSA". NICD. 29 March 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  71. ^ "Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms2nd death and total of 1280 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19". Department of Health. 29 March 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  72. ^ "COVID-19 statistics in RSA". NICD. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  73. ^ "Coronavirus in SA: All the confirmed cases". 24.com. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  74. ^ "COVID-19 statistics in RSA". NICD. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  75. ^ "COVID-19 update". NICD. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  76. ^ "Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms 5 deaths and total of 1353 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19". Department of Health. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  77. ^ "Minister of Zweli Mkhize: Launch of mobile laboratories". Department of Health. 1 April 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  78. ^ "COVID-19 statistics in RSA". NICD. 1 April 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  79. ^ "Mkhize announces larger jump in confirmed Covid-19 cases in SA, to 1,462". The Citizen. 2 April 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  80. ^ "COVID-19 statistics in RSA". NICD. 2 April 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  81. ^ "COVID-19 claims two more lives and positive cases now sit at 1,505". 702.co.za. 3 April 2020. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  82. ^ "COVID-19 statistics in RSA". NICD. 3 April 2020. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  83. ^ "Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms 7 deaths and total of 1505 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19". Department of Health. 3 April 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  84. ^ "Minister Zweli Mkhize confirms total of 1 585 cases of Coronavirus COVID-19". Department of Health. 4 April 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  85. ^ a b c "Essential services to remain in place as SA enters lockdown". SAnews. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  86. ^ a b c "This is who is exempt from national lockdown - and what will be closed". TimesLIVE. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  87. ^ a b c "Your 21 day national house imprisonment order - NDZ - DOCUMENTS". www.politicsweb.co.za. GOVERNMENT GAZETTE 25 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020 – via Politicsweb.
  88. ^ Voigt, Elri (26 March 2020). "Covid-19: What you may and may not do during 21-day lockdown in SA". CityPress. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  89. ^ Schrader, Adam (25 March 2020). "South Africa bans walking dogs during coronavirus crisis". Nypost.com. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  90. ^ a b c "Disaster Management Act: Regulations to address, prevent and combat the spread of Coronavirus COVID-19: Amendment". Government of South Africa. 2 April 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  91. ^ "Lockdown: These are the only flights you can take in – or out of – SA". Blue Sky Publications. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  92. ^ Bhengu, Cebelihle (31 March 2020). "Mzansi reacts to police & army 'brutality' during lockdown - 'they must respect the law'". TimesLIVE. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  93. ^ Reddy, Micah; Allison, Simon (30 March 2020). "Police use sjamboks and rubber bullets to enforce Hillbrow lockdown". The Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  94. ^ "Where Cele went wrong with lockdown regulations". www.iol.co.za. Cape Times. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  95. ^ a b c Knoetze, Daneel (1 April 2020). "Police kill three people in three days of lockdown. This is normal for South Africa". GroundUp News. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  96. ^ Seleka, Ntwaagae (31 March 2020). "Cops, metro cop face 3 counts of murder and other serious charges". News24. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  97. ^ Nyathi, Ayanda (3 April 2020). "Ipid investigates after 8 deaths recorded since lockdown". Eye Witness News. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  98. ^ Mokgatlhe, Kenneth; Ngoepe, Karabo (5 April 2020). "Police brutality on the rise during lockdown". www.iol.co.za. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  99. ^ "'Don't give us a reason to arrest you' - Cele, as lockdown arrests rise to 2 289". News24. 3 April 2020. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  100. ^ "Over 17 000 people arrested since lockdown kicked off". News24. 3 April 2020. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  101. ^ Masuabi, Queenin (5 April 2020). "Bheki Cele: 'I wish alcohol ban could be extended beyond lockdown'". CityPress. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  102. ^ Team, Ferial Haffajee, Maverick Citizen and the Maverick Insider. "Coronavirus Explainer: Maverick Insider Covid-19 Questions, Answered". Daily Maverick. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  103. ^ "President Ramaphosa declares Ranch Resort COVID-19 free". sanews.gov.za. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  104. ^ "Repatriated citizens to be reunited with families". SANews.gov.zanews24.com. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  105. ^ "Coronavirus: SAA Airbus carrying 114 SA citizens repatriated from Wuhan lands in Polokwane". News24. 14 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  106. ^ a b "Sick South Africans left behind in Wuhan, confirms Mkhize". www.thesouthafrican.com. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  107. ^ "President Ramaphosa declares Ranch Resort COVID-19 free". sanews.gov.za. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  108. ^ "Repatriated citizens to be reunited with families". SANews.gov.zanews24.com. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  109. ^ "Repatriated South Africans arrive home". www.sanews.gov.za. 14 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  110. ^ "This is why a Limpopo resort was chosen". www.news24.com. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  111. ^ "Coronavirus: Govt clamps down on pubs and clubs, limits patrons to 50 and declares 6pm as closing time". www.iol.co.za. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  112. ^ "Minister Angie Motshekga on Inter-Ministerial media briefing on COVID-19". Department of Basic Education. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  113. ^ a b Ellis, Estelle. "Wits and UCT suspend all contact classes". Daily Maverick. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  114. ^ "Covid-19: Wits and University of Johannesburg cancel all contact classes". The Citizen.
  115. ^ May, Zizonke. "NMU academic activities to continue in wake of coronavirus". Herald Live. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  116. ^ Kupe, Tawana. "UPDATE: Postponement of contact classes and rescheduling of academic calendar". University of Pretoria. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  117. ^ de Villiers, Wil. "COVID-19 Update: SU suspends lectures from 17 March". Stellenbosch University.
  118. ^ Ntsane, Marvin. "#CoronaOutbreak: UFS fourth SA university to close". ofm.co.za. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  119. ^ COVID-19: Parliament closes until further notice - EWN
  120. ^ ANC, DA postpone conferences amid coronavirus fears - IOL
  121. ^ Pitjeng, Refilwe. "Super Rugby suspended over coronavirus concerns". ewn.co.za. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  122. ^ "Coronavirus: Guinness PRO14 season suspended until further notice". skysports.com. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  123. ^ "Statement by FNB Varsity Cup". varsitycup.co.za. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  124. ^ "Two Oceans Marathon cancelled amid coronavirus pandemic". News24. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  125. ^ "Africa's Two Oceans Marathon cancelled amid coronavirus pandemic". iBusiness. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  126. ^ "The Official Statement regarding the cancellation of the 2020 Absa Cape Epic". cape-epic.com. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  127. ^ "Sunshine Tour suspend all golf events in South Africa". www.iol.co.za. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  128. ^ "SAFA hits back with FINAL call on PSL matches". Sport. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  129. ^ "ASA postpone all athletics events in South Africa because of coronavirus". www.iol.co.za. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  130. ^ "We will get through this together". blog.parkrun.com. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  131. ^ "CORONAVIRUS: LOCAL AND INTERNATIONAL EVENTS CANCELLED". EWN. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  132. ^ "Bloem Show on hold for now". News24. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  133. ^ Alex, Alex. "AfrikaBurn 2020 cancelled". News24. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  134. ^ "Coronavirus Fears Prompt Postponement of CT International Jazz Festival". EWN. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  135. ^ "[UPDATE] CT Jazz Fest will definitely happen at later stage, says Billy Domingo". CapeTalk. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  136. ^ "KKNK not going ahead as planned • KKNK". KKNK. 14 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  137. ^ Isaacs, Alex (16 March 2020). "Lighthouse Family SA tour postponed due to coronavirus pandemic". Channel. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  138. ^ Isaacs, Alex (16 March 2020). "Boyz II Men South African tour and the Scorpion Kings Live concerts postponed due to coronavirus pandemic". Channel. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  139. ^ Mvelashe, Phakamani (16 March 2020). "Bebe Winans' SA tour postponed". Channel. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  140. ^ "New dates for 2020 Splashy Fen Music Festival". South Coast Sun. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  141. ^ Isaacs, Alex (17 March 2020). "Rand Show postponed following coronavirus pandemic reaching SA". Channel. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  142. ^ "Stand by for the first-ever virtual NAF". 17 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  143. ^ "Scifest Africa 2020 Postponed". 17 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  144. ^ "WWE Reschedules Upcoming South Africa Tour Due To Coronavirus". ProWrestling.com. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  145. ^ Kaggere, Niranjan. "Coronavirus: Sadhguru Jaggi Vasudev suspends all Isha Yoga Centre programmes". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  146. ^ "Trips to Moria on hold until further notice over coronavirus pandemic, ZCC tells congregants". news24.com. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  147. ^ "Coronavirus: MJC suspends Jumuah prayers, but no call to close mosques". News24. 18 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  148. ^ "South Africa's shuls close to stop spread of coronavirus". South Africa Jewish Report. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  149. ^ Sizani, Mkhuseli. "Coronavirus: Traditional circumcision schools in Eastern Cape suspended". News24.
  150. ^ "HuntEx2020 | Ten Years Inspiring Adventure". www.huntex.net. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  151. ^ "HOME". Decorex Africa. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  152. ^ "Tyrexpo Africa 2020". www.tyrexpoafrica.com. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  153. ^ "Event Postponement | Power & Electricity". Power & Electricity World Africa 2020. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  154. ^ Kassen, Jarita. "STELLENBOSCH, UCT CANCEL UPCOMING GRADUATIONS DUE TO CORONAVIRUS". EWN. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  155. ^ McCain, Nicole (14 March 2020). "Coronavirus in SA: UCT graduations suspended amid Covid-19 concerns". News24. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  156. ^ "Universities cancelling in-person classes due to coronavirus". SowetanLIVE. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  157. ^ "UPDATE: Postponement of contact classes and rescheduling of academic calendar".
  158. ^ "Comic Con Cape Town postponed to 2021". www.iol.co.za. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  159. ^ Ngcakani, Noluthando (16 March 2020). "COVID-19: Farmers urged to protect themselves, workers". Food For Mzansi. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  160. ^ "Wimpy Lifesaving South Africa National Championships cancelled". www.iol.co.za. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  161. ^ "Scouting suspended in response to COVID-19". www.scouts.org.za. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  162. ^ "City of Joburg closes all public facilities, including pools, theatres and the zoo". The Citizen. News24 Wire. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  163. ^ Writer, Staff. "Durban bans swimming at the beach". businesstech.co.za. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  164. ^ Cilliers, Charles. "Zweli Mkhize says '5G causing Covid-19 deaths' is just fake news". The Citizen. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  165. ^ "SA economy could crater up to 10% this year". Moneyweb. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  166. ^ "Eskom will keep the lights on during 21-day lockdown". Independent Media. 28 March 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  167. ^ Mjo, Odwa (13 March 2020). "MARKET WRAP: JSE has worst week since 1998 as pandemic plagues investors". BusinessLIVE. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  168. ^ Mar 2020, Suren Naidoo / 19 (19 March 2020). "Repo rate slashed by 1%". Moneyweb. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  169. ^ Caboz, Jay (19 March 2020). "Woolworths stops food demonstrations, limits items per customer - here's what other retailers are doing". Business Insider. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  170. ^ Writer, Staff. "New regulations bring coronavirus price controls for certain high-demand products – here's what is on the list". businesstech.co.za. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  171. ^ "Coronavirus: Standard Bank gives businesses, students a debt holiday". BusinessInsider. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  172. ^ a b c Davis, Rebecca. "Coronavirus Fact Check#1: Viral outbreak: Fake news spreads in SA in tandem with Covid-19". Daily Maverick. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  173. ^ a b "FAKE NEWS: No, Covid-19 testing kits are not contaminated". News24. 6 April 2020. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  174. ^ a b "Bill Gates, Trevor Noah, death threats & that vaccine: how it all went wrong". TimesLIVE. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  175. ^ "Apology to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation for 'Africa vaccine' story". News24. 5 April 2020. Retrieved 6 April 2020.

External linksEdit