2020 coronavirus pandemic in Saint Lucia

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed to have reached Saint Lucia in March 2020.

2020 coronavirus pandemic in Saint Lucia
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationSaint Lucia
First outbreakWuhan, China
Arrival date13 March 2020
(3 weeks and 5 days)
Confirmed cases14[1]
Recovered1[2]
Deaths
0

BackgroundEdit

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[3][4]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[5][6] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[7][5]

TimelineEdit

March 2020Edit

On 13 March 2020, the first case in Saint Lucia was confirmed.[8] The patient is a 63-year-old woman with a travel history from the United Kingdom.[9] The Department of Health and Wellness confirmed a second case on 14 March 2020.[10] The patients were repatriated to the United Kingdom on 24 and 25 March.[2]

On 20 March 2020, Prime Minister Allen Chastanet announced that Saint Lucia would implement social distancing measures, including the suspension of nonessential commercial activity from 23 March through 5 April.[11] The government also imposed a 11 p.m. to 5 a.m. curfew. On 29 March, the Prime Minister extended the shutdown to 14 April and extended the curfew to 8 p.m. to 5 a.m.[12][13]

On 23 March 2020, the Government of Saint Lucia declared a state of emergency and announced the closure of the country's airports to incoming passenger flights until 5 April.[14][15]

On 27 March 2020, the Ministry of Health began local testing for COVID-19 and, on 29 March, it reported the first instance of local transmission among six new confirmed cases. The ministry also reported that 300 persons were under supervised quarantine.[16][17]

On 31 March 2020, the Prime Minister announced a 24-hour curfew confining all persons to their place of residence from 5 a.m. 1 April to 5 a.m. 7 April.[18] At the time of the announcement, persons were already under curfew meaning they could not make any arrangements for the new curfew.[19]

April 2020Edit

On 1 April 2020, the Prime Minister announced that mini-marts and bakeries would be open for a limited time to allow people to buy goods.[20] On 2 April, St. Lucians queued up in long lines outside the briefly opened shops, mostly ignoring the prime minister's calls to practise social distancing.[19]

On 5 April 2020, the Prime Minister announced that St. Lucia would revert to a 10-hour 7 p.m. to 5 a.m. curfew from 7 April through 13 April. Essential businesses would be allowed to operate from 7 a.m. to 4 p.m., except during the Good Friday, Easter and Easter Monday holidays.[21]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Merrick Andrews (5 April 2020). "'No COVID-19 deaths in Saint Lucia to date': CMO (video)". St. Lucia News Online. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Saint Lucia's only coronavirus patient "has recovered"; two other patients repatriated" (Press release). Ministry of Health and Wellness. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  3. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  4. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  6. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  7. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  8. ^ "UK National Is Saint Lucia's First Coronavirus Case". St. Lucia Times. 11 March 2020.
  9. ^ "St. Lucia confirms its first COVID-19 case: woman, 63, with UK travel history". St. Lucia News Online. 11 March 2020.
  10. ^ "BREAKING NEWS: Saint Lucia confirms its second COVID-19 case" (Press release). Department of Health and Wellness. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  11. ^ "St Lucia closing non-essential commercial services for 2 weeks". Loop News. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  12. ^ "Prime Minister extends quarantine, increases curfew" (Press release). Government Information Service. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  13. ^ Sharefil Gaillard (29 March 2020). "St Lucia extends curfew due to uncooperative public; COVID-19 spread". Loop News. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  14. ^ "BREAKING NEWS: Saint Lucia declares state of emergency". St. Lucia News Online. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  15. ^ "BREAKING NEWS: St. Lucia airports closed to arriving passengers" (Press release). Office of the Prime Minister. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Saint Lucia's 4th COVID-19 victim 'doing well'; over 300 in quarantine" (Press release). Ministry of Health and Wellness. 28 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Saint Lucia now experiencing local transmission of COVID-19" (Press release). Ministry of Health. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  18. ^ "BREAKING NEWS: Saint Lucia gov't implements 24-hour curfew". St. Lucia News Online. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  19. ^ a b Jonathan Stuart (2 April 2020). "St Lucians again fail at social distancing during curfew shopping". Loop News. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  20. ^ "PM: Mini marts, bakeries open April 2 and 6; minimal farming allowed". Loop News. 1 April 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  21. ^ Jonathan Stuart (5 April 2020). "PM announces no shopping Monday; 10-hour curfew begins Tuesday". Loop News. Retrieved 6 April 2020.