2020 coronavirus pandemic in North America
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The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed to have reached North America in January 2020. As of 25 March 2020, all North American countries (including Central America and the Caribbean) have reported at least one case of COVID-19.
|2020 coronavirus pandemic in North America|
|First outbreak||Wuhan, Hubei, China|
|Index case||Snohomish County, Washington, United States|
|Arrival date||21 January 2020|
(2 months, 2 weeks and 3 days ago)
Pandemic by country/regionEdit
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Counting of cases are subject to the number of tested people.
Antigua and BarbudaEdit
As of 18 March there have been two confirmed cases in the country.
British Overseas TerritoriesEdit
The first two cases of the virus were confirmed on 26 March.
Turks and Caicos IslandsEdit
British Virgin IslandsEdit
On 25 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.
The first case of the 2019–20 coronavirus in Canada was confirmed on January 25, 2020, when a man returned to Toronto from travelling in Wuhan, China and two days later, tested positive for coronavirus disease 2019, caused by SARS-CoV-2. As of March 13, 2020[update], there have been 198 cases of coronavirus reported in Canada with 1 death in 7 provinces. 2 cases have been reported of the passengers who travelled on the Grand Princess: Ontario (79 cases), British Columbia (64 cases, 1 death), Alberta (29 cases), Quebec (20 cases), Manitoba (4 cases), Saskatchewan (2 cases), New Brunswick (1 case) and Grand Princess (2 cases). Almost all cases had recent travel history to a country with a substantial number of coronavirus cases. Of these cases, eleven (six in BC, five in Ontario) have recovered.
As of March 11, 2020, the Public Health Agency of Canada has evaluated the public health risk of the pandemic as being "low for the general population", but of a higher risk for those over the age of 65, or with underlying conditions. On March 13, 2020 the Government of Canada issued a formal travel advisory against any non-essential travel outside of the country until further notice.
On 22 March, the first case of COVID-19 was confirmed on the island of Dominica. It was a woman who recently came back from the UK.
Two cases of the coronavirus were confirmed on 1 March in the French collectivity of Saint Martin, having travelled from France through Dutch Sint Maarten and French collectivity of Saint Barthélemy, where they infected their son who is a resident. They then returned to Sint Maarten and were detected at the airport and transferred to French Saint Martin hospital for isolation. According to the French Ministry of Health situation reports, as of 6 March, there have been two confirmed cases in Martinique, two in Saint Martin and one in Saint Barthélemy. As of 5 April, St. Pierre and Miquelon recorded its first verified case.
Region of GuadeloupeEdit
Region of MartiniqueEdit
Collectivity of Saint BarthélemyEdit
Collectivity of Saint MartinEdit
On 22 March, the first case in the country was confirmed.
On 19 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.
The government announced a travel ban between China and Jamaica. All people entering Jamaica from China will be subject to immediate quarantine for at least 14 days, and anyone who was allowed to land and shows symptoms of the virus will be put in immediate isolation. In keeping with the new policy, 19 Chinese nationals who arrived at the Norman Manley International Airport on the evening of 31 January were denied entry, quarantined and put on a flight back to China on 1 February.
On 10 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed the first case in Jamaica, a female patient who arrived from the United Kingdom on 4 March. The health minister reported that she has been in isolation since 9 March after showing respiratory symptoms. Following the update, the travel ban imposed was expanded to include France, Germany and Spain.
On 28 February 2020, Mexico confirmed its first three cases. The country's first coronavirus-related death was reported on 18 March. Almost every state reported at least one case of infection. Mexico entered Phase 2 of 3, indicating community transmission, on 24 March. Mexico had 292 imported cases of infection, 70 cases linked to importation, and five cases that were unlinked to foreign contact.
As a result, the country restricted entry of all individuals coming from Europe via air and seaports – starting on 15 March and in effect until 31 March – with the exception of those who are Aruban citizens. They also suspended public and private school classes for the week of March 16, as well as all large-scale public gatherings.
The two first cases on St Eustatius were confirmed on April 1. Previous tests in late March had come back negative. Schools have been temporarily shut on the island. Most international visitors are also currently banned from entering the territory.
The Panamanian government has enhanced its sanitary control and screening measures at all ports of entry, to prevent the spread of the virus, isolating and testing potential cases.
Saint Kitts and NevisEdit
On 25 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesEdit
Trinidad and TobagoEdit
On 12 March, Trinidad and Tobago confirmed its first case of COVID-19. It was a 52-year-old man who had recently been to Switzerland. He was self-isolated before he began experiencing symptoms of COVID-19.
On 21 January, the United States confirmed its first case, a 35-year-old man living in Snohomish County, Washington, who had travelled from Wuhan to Seattle–Tacoma International Airport on 15 January.
On March 9, the United States remained still limited in its capacity to test people for the illness.
As of 19 March the territory has had five confirmed cases. On 17 March governor Wanda Vázquez Garced announced a 24/7 a lockdown, with people only allowed to leave their homes for food, gas or medicines.
United States Virgin IslandsEdit
As of 18 March two people have tested positive for the virus.
Prevention in other countries and territoriesEdit
As of 3 April there have been no cases in the territory. Schools, bars and 'non essential services' are all currently shut.
- History of smallpox in Mexico
- Cocoliztli epidemics Mexico, 1545-1548 and 1576–1580
- 1633 Massachusetts smallpox epidemic
- 1775–1782 North American smallpox epidemic
- 1793 Philadelphia yellow fever epidemic
- 1837 Great Plains smallpox epidemic
- 1847 North American typhus epidemic
- 1918 Spanish flu pandemic
- 1924 Los Angeles pneumonic plague outbreak
- 1968 flu pandemic
- 1972 London flu
- Mumps outbreaks in the 21st century
- 2009 flu pandemic
- 2010s Haiti cholera outbreak
- 2013–2014 chikungunya outbreak
- 2015–2016 Zika virus epidemic
- 2019–2020 dengue fever epidemic
- 2020 coronavirus pandemic on cruise ships
- 2020 in the Caribbean
- 2020 in Central America
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