2020 coronavirus pandemic in North America

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed to have reached North America in January 2020. As of 25 March 2020, all North American countries (including Central America and the Caribbean) have reported at least one case of COVID-19.

2020 coronavirus pandemic in North America
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationNorth America
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseSnohomish County, Washington, United States
Arrival date21 January 2020
(2 months, 2 weeks and 3 days ago)
Confirmed cases393,422[1]
Recovered24,348[1]
Deaths
11,637[1]
Territories
42[1]

Pandemic by country/regionEdit

Summary table of confirmed cases in North America (as of 6 April 2020)[2]
Country/Region Confirmed Deaths Recovered Main article Ref
  United States 362,108 10,677 18,940 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the United States [2][3]
  Canada 16,558 322 3,534 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Canada [4][2][5]
  Mexico 2,439 125 634 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Mexico [6][2]
  Panama 1,988 54 13 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Panama [2]
  Dominican Republic 1,745 82 17 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Dominican Republic [7][8]
  Puerto Rico 513 21 2 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Puerto Rico [2]
  Costa Rica 467 2 16 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Costa Rica [2]
  Cuba 350 9 18 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Cuba [2]
  Honduras 298 22 6 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Honduras [2]
  Martinique 149 4 50 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Martinique [2]
  Guadeloupe 135 7 31 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Guadeloupe [2]
  Trinidad and Tobago 105 7 1 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Trinidad and Tobago [2]
  Guatemala 70 3 15 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Guatemala [9][10][2]
  Aruba 64 0 1 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Aruba [2]
  El Salvador 62 3 2 2020 coronavirus pandemic in El Salvador [2]
  Jamaica 58 3 8 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Jamaica [2]
  Barbados 56 1 6 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Barbados [2]
  United States Virgin Islands 42 1 34 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the United States Virgin Islands [2]
  Cayman Islands 39 1 1 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Cayman Islands [2]
  Bermuda 37 0 14 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Bermuda [2]
  Sint Maarten 37 6 1 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Sint Maarten [2]
  Collectivity of Saint Martin 32 2 7 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Collectivity of Saint Martin [2]
  The Bahamas 29 5 4 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Bahamas [2]
  Haiti 21 1 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Haiti [2]
  Antigua and Barbuda 15 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Antigua and Barbuda [2]
  Dominica 14 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Dominica [2]
  Saint Lucia 14 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Saint Lucia [2]
  Curaçao 13 1 5 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Curaçao [2]
  Grenada 12 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Grenada [2]
  Greenland 11 0 4 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Greenland [2]
  Saint Kitts and Nevis 10 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Saint Kitts and Nevis [2]
  Belize 7 1 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Belize [2]
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7 0 1 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines [2]
  Saint Barthélemy 6 0 1 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Saint Barthélemy [2]
  Montserrat 6 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Montserrat [2]
  Nicaragua 6 1 2 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Nicaragua [11][2]
  Turks and Caicos Islands 5 1 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Turks and Caicos Islands [2]
  Anguilla 3 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Anguilla [2]
  British Virgin Islands 3 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the British Virgin Islands [2]
  Sint Eustatius 2 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Sint Eustatius [2]
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1 0 0 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Saint Pierre and Miquelon [2]
Total 387,537 11,362 23,334 [2]

Confirmed casesEdit

Counting of cases are subject to the number of tested people.

Antigua and BarbudaEdit

The BahamasEdit

BarbadosEdit

As of 18 March there have been two confirmed cases in the country.[12]

BelizeEdit

British Overseas TerritoriesEdit

AnguillaEdit

The first two cases of the virus were confirmed on 26 March.[13]

BermudaEdit

Cayman IslandsEdit

MontserratEdit

The territory's first case was confirmed on 17 March. Schools have been closed and public gatherings banned as a precautionary measure.[14][15]

Turks and Caicos IslandsEdit

British Virgin IslandsEdit

On 25 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.[16]

CanadaEdit

The first case of the 2019–20 coronavirus in Canada was confirmed on January 25, 2020, when a man returned to Toronto from travelling in Wuhan, China and two days later, tested positive for coronavirus disease 2019, caused by SARS-CoV-2. As of March 13, 2020, there have been 198 cases of coronavirus reported in Canada with 1 death in 7 provinces. 2 cases have been reported of the passengers who travelled on the Grand Princess: Ontario (79 cases), British Columbia (64 cases, 1 death), Alberta (29 cases), Quebec (20 cases), Manitoba (4 cases), Saskatchewan (2 cases), New Brunswick (1 case) and Grand Princess (2 cases).[17][18][19] Almost all cases had recent travel history to a country with a substantial number of coronavirus cases. Of these cases, eleven (six in BC, five in Ontario) have recovered.[20]

As of March 11, 2020, the Public Health Agency of Canada has evaluated the public health risk of the pandemic as being "low for the general population", but of a higher risk for those over the age of 65, or with underlying conditions.[21] On March 13, 2020 the Government of Canada issued a formal travel advisory against any non-essential travel outside of the country until further notice.[22][23]

Costa RicaEdit

On 6 March, the first case in Costa Rica was confirmed, which was also the first such case in Central America.[24]

CubaEdit

On 11 March, the first cases in Cuba were confirmed.[25]

Greenland (Denmark)Edit

DominicaEdit

On 22 March, the first case of COVID-19 was confirmed on the island of Dominica. It was a woman who recently came back from the UK.[26]

Dominican RepublicEdit

On 1 March, the first case in the Dominican Republic was confirmed, which was also the first case in the Caribbean.[27]

El SalvadorEdit

Overseas FranceEdit

Two cases of the coronavirus were confirmed on 1 March in the French collectivity of Saint Martin, having travelled from France through Dutch Sint Maarten and French collectivity of Saint Barthélemy, where they infected their son who is a resident. They then returned to Sint Maarten and were detected at the airport and transferred to French Saint Martin hospital for isolation.[28] According to the French Ministry of Health situation reports,[29] as of 6 March, there have been two confirmed cases in Martinique, two in Saint Martin and one in Saint Barthélemy.[30] As of 5 April, St. Pierre and Miquelon recorded its first verified case.[31]

Region of GuadeloupeEdit

Region of MartiniqueEdit

Collectivity of Saint BarthélemyEdit

Collectivity of Saint MartinEdit

GrenadaEdit

On 22 March, the first case in the country was confirmed.[32]

GuatemalaEdit

HaitiEdit

On 19 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.[33]

HondurasEdit

On 10 March, the first two cases in Honduras were confirmed.[34]

JamaicaEdit

The government announced a travel ban between China and Jamaica. All people entering Jamaica from China will be subject to immediate quarantine for at least 14 days, and anyone who was allowed to land and shows symptoms of the virus will be put in immediate isolation.[35] In keeping with the new policy, 19 Chinese nationals who arrived at the Norman Manley International Airport on the evening of 31 January were denied entry, quarantined and put on a flight back to China on 1 February.[36]

On 10 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed the first case in Jamaica, a female patient who arrived from the United Kingdom on 4 March. The health minister reported that she has been in isolation since 9 March after showing respiratory symptoms. Following the update, the travel ban imposed was expanded to include France, Germany and Spain.[37]

On 11 March, the country's health minister confirmed the second "imported corona virus [sic]" case.[38]

MexicoEdit

On 28 February 2020, Mexico confirmed its first three cases.[39] The country's first coronavirus-related death was reported on 18 March. Almost every state reported at least one case of infection.[40] Mexico entered Phase 2 of 3, indicating community transmission, on 24 March. Mexico had 292 imported cases of infection, 70 cases linked to importation, and five cases that were unlinked to foreign contact.[41]

NetherlandsEdit

ArubaEdit

On 13 March 2020, Prime Minister Evelyn Wever-Croes announced the first two confirmed cases of coronavirus on the island.[42]

As a result, the country restricted entry of all individuals coming from Europe via air and seaports – starting on 15 March and in effect until 31 March – with the exception of those who are Aruban citizens.[42] They also suspended public and private school classes for the week of March 16, as well as all large-scale public gatherings.[citation needed]

CuraçaoEdit

Sint EustatiusEdit

The two first cases on St Eustatius were confirmed on April 1.[43] Previous tests in late March had come back negative.[44] Schools have been temporarily shut on the island.[44] Most international visitors are also currently banned from entering the territory.[45]

Sint MaartenEdit

As of 18 March there has been one confirmed case in Sint Maarten.[46] Schools have been shut for a period of two weeks.[46]

NicaraguaEdit

PanamaEdit

The Panamanian government has enhanced its sanitary control and screening measures at all ports of entry, to prevent the spread of the virus, isolating and testing potential cases.[47]

On 9 March, the health ministry (MINSA) announced Panama's first coronavirus case, a Panamanian woman in her 40s who had returned from Spain.[48][49]

On the following day, the MINSA announced seven more COVID-19 cases and one coronavirus-related death.[50][51][52]

Saint Kitts and NevisEdit

On 25 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.[53]

Saint LuciaEdit

Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesEdit

On 11 March, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines confirmed its first case.[54]

Trinidad and TobagoEdit

On 12 March, Trinidad and Tobago confirmed its first case of COVID-19. It was a 52-year-old man who had recently been to Switzerland. He was self-isolated before he began experiencing symptoms of COVID-19.[55]

United StatesEdit

On 21 January, the United States confirmed its first case, a 35-year-old man living in Snohomish County, Washington, who had travelled from Wuhan to Seattle–Tacoma International Airport on 15 January.[citation needed]

On 27 February, the CDC reported a case in California which may be the first instance of community transmission in the US.[56]

On 29 February, officials of Washington State confirmed the first reported death from coronavirus in the US.[57]

On March 9, the United States remained still limited in its capacity to test people for the illness.[58]

On 26 March, the United States was reported to have more confirmed coronavirus infection cases than any other country in the world, including China.[59][60]

Puerto RicoEdit

As of 19 March the territory has had five confirmed cases.[61] On 17 March governor Wanda Vázquez Garced announced a 24/7 a lockdown, with people only allowed to leave their homes for food, gas or medicines.[62]

United States Virgin IslandsEdit

As of 18 March two people have tested positive for the virus.[63]

Prevention in other countries and territoriesEdit

Caribbean NetherlandsEdit

BonaireEdit

As of 3 April there have been no cases in the territory.[64] The island is currently closed to international travel.[65]

SabaEdit

As of 3 April there have been no cases in the territory. Schools, bars and 'non essential services' are all currently shut.[66]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit