2020 coronavirus pandemic in Nicaragua

The 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Nicaragua is an ongoing disease outbreak related to the global 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic originating in China. The first reported case of coronavirus in Nicaragua was in March 2020 after a Nicaraguan citizen returned to the country from Panama, which has a large number of cases related to the pandemic.

2020 coronavirus pandemic in Nicaragua
Nicaragua - Location Map (2013) - NIC - UNOCHA.svg
Map of Nicaragua
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationNicaragua
Arrival date18 March 2020
(3 weeks)
Confirmed cases7
Suspected cases12
Recovered2
Deaths
1
Suspected cases have not been confirmed as being due to this strain by laboratory tests, although some other strains may have been ruled out.

Ana Emilia Solís, the World Health Organisation's representative in Nicaragua, has stated that since January, when the Nicaraguan Government declared a sanitary alert due to the threat of COVID-19: “Nicaragua has been working according to [WHO] guidelines. It has been working hard on the enlistment of health services, strengthening epidemiological surveillance and has been working with the Community Health Network to identify possible cases that may occur at the community level”.[1]

A delegation from the Pan American Health Organisation, the regional branch of the WHO visited the country in the second week of March to coordinate measures to protect against the virus. Alexander Florencio, a representative of the delegation, stated that "the best conditions are being prepared". Mr Florencio added that "provisions being made [by the government] have incorporated all PAHO recommendations."[2]

Some critics of Daniel Ortega's government have claimed the government is downplaying the severity of the virus.[3][4] Prior to the arrival of the virus in Nicaragua, a large public rally was organized by government supporters in solidarity with coronavirus victims in other countries; however, the event was criticized for lack of social distancing.[5] The opposition party grouping, the National Coalition, wrote a letter of complaint to the World Health Organisation, arguing that WHO representative Ana Emilia Solis should be promoting more extreme measures to fight the virus, despite Solis's advice being in line with WHO guidelines.[6]

The government has particularly focussed on an education programme, with health professionals and volunteers visiting 1.2 million households in the last week of March, and additional information being distributed via TV and other media. Nicaragua is also one of the few countries in Latin America to have WHO approved laboratory of molecular biology, which will be untilized to produce the drug Interferon alfa-2b, which is believed to have beneficial effects when administered for coronavirus symptoms.[7]

BackgroundEdit

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[8][9]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[10][11] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[12][10]

TimelineEdit

 
Vice President Rosario Murillo
COVID-19 cases in Nicaragua  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
2020-03-18
1(+)
1(=)
2020-03-20
2(+1) (+100%)
2(=)
2020-03-27
4(+2) (+100%)
4(=)
2020-03-30
5(+1) (+25%)
5(=)
2020-04-05
6(+1) (+20%)
Sources: various news sources and state health department websites. See Timeline Table and Timeline narrative for sources.

On 16 March 2020, Rosario Murillo announced that the Nicaraguan Institute of Tourism was visiting the municipalities of the country and meeting with tourism entrepreneurs making preparations for Holy Week (which is an important holiday celebrated through all the country), an approach described by opposition newspaper La Prensa as "betting on tourism" and "keeping tourism alive during a pandemic". The Ministry of Government also stated that the border would operate "normally" but with medical teams operating "pertinent measures" such as checking body temperature.[13]

On 17 March 2020, Vice President Rosario Murillo announced that Cuba was going to send doctors and pharmaceuticals to Nicaragua to help deal with coronavirus, despite there being no confirmed cases in the country at the time. Murillo also claimed that medical supplies were sent by Venezuela as well.[14]

On 18 March, Murillo announced Nicaragua's first confirmed case: a 40-year-old man who recently returned to Nicaragua from Panama.[15] Regarding him Murillo commented stating he was in isolation and in stable condition, and that she hoped he wouldn't need a ventilator.[3]

On 20 March, the second case was confirmed, a Nicaraguan who came from Colombia.[16]

On 26 March, the first death linked to Coronavirus in Nicaragua was reported, the individual who died also suffered from other medical complications and also reportedly had HIV.[17]

On 1 April Taiwan donated medical protective items, for use by medical professionals.[18]

On 2 April, the government was reporting a total of 5 cases, including the one death and a case categorised as recovered.[19] The 3 live cases are:[20]

  • A 52-year-old woman, who arrived from the United States, who is in the process of improvement and undergoing treatment.
  • A 70-year-old man, who also arrived from the United States, who is in poor health, but stable.
  • A 76-year-old man also arrived from the United States, with multiple chronic conditions, who is in treatment and in a stable condition.

Of the 12 original suspected cases, two have been cleared, but two more were added to the last on March 31, so the total is still 12.[20]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Nicaragua COVID-19 Update 24th March – coffeetalkMAGAZINE".
  2. ^ "Nicaragua's coronavirus preparations". Nicaragua Solidarity Campaign. 17 March 2020.
  3. ^ a b Robinson, Circles (19 March 2020). "Nicaragua Has Its First Confirmed Case of Coronavirus".
  4. ^ Nicaragua, Today (22 March 2020). "TODAY NICARAGUANicaragua News and AnalysisWhat could happen in Nicaragua if the Ortega regime declares a state of emergency due to the coronavirus?". TODAY NICARAGUA.
  5. ^ Frank, Allegra (22 March 2020). "Phone booths, parades, and 10-minute test kits: How countries worldwide are fighting Covid-19". Vox.
  6. ^ "Denuncian ante la OMS ineficacia del Gobierno de Nicaragua ante el COVID-19".
  7. ^ "Nicaragua and the COVID-19 Pandemic".
  8. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  9. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  10. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  11. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  12. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  13. ^ "Régimen orteguista apuesta por el turismo en medio de la pandemia y dice estar todo listo para las vacaciones de Semana Santa". 17 March 2020.
  14. ^ "Cuba to send doctors and pharmaceuticals to Nicaragua to face coronavirus". 17 March 2020.
  15. ^ "Nicaragua registers first case of coronavirus infection". Reuters. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  16. ^ Confirman segundo caso de COVD-19 en Nicaragua in laprensa.com (in Spanish)
  17. ^ "Nicaragua Reports First Death from Coronavirus". The New York Times. 27 March 2020.
  18. ^ "Embajada de Taiwán realiza donación de artículos de protección para personal médico".
  19. ^ "INFORME 14: Centroamérica unida contra el Coronavirus (COVID-19)".
  20. ^ a b "Nicaragua reporta 3 casos confirmados de coronavirus hasta este momento".