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The 15th President and Vice President election of the Republic of China (Chinese: 中華民國第十五屆總統、副總統選舉) is scheduled to be held in Taiwan on 11 January 2020.[1] Voters will either elect a new President and Vice President or re-elect the incumbents. The process of presidential primary elections and nominations are likely to be held during the last six months of 2019.

2020 Taiwan presidential election

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  蔡英文官方元首肖像照 (cropped).png Han Kuo-yu(cropped).jpg Blanksvg.svg
Nominee Tsai Ing-wen Han Kuo-yu Yang Shih-kuang
Party DPP Kuomintang New

ROC-county-division-blank.svg
Taiwan by administrative divisions

Incumbent President

Tsai Ing-wen
DPP



Incumbent President Tsai Ing-wen of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), who was elected in 2016, is eligible to seek for a second term. The winner of the 2020 presidential election is scheduled to be inaugurated on 20 May 2020. The 10th Legislative Yuan election will also be held concurrently.

Contents

BackgroundEdit

Presidential candidates and Vice Presidential running mates are elected on the same ticket, using first-past-the-post voting. This will be the seventh direct election of the president and vice president, the posts having previously been indirectly elected by the National Assembly until 1996.

Under the Article 22 of the Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and Recall Act, the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), Kuomintang (KMT), New Power Party (NPP) and People First Party (PFP), which received more than five per cent of the total vote share in the latest election in any level, are eligible to contest the election, registering with the Central Election Commission as the candidates for President and Vice President is filed by the way of political party recommendation, a letter of recommendation stamped with the political party’s seal issued by the Ministry of the Interior shall be submitted together with the application. Under Article 23, independent candidates and smaller parties are also eligible to contest, registering as the candidates for President and Vice President by the way of joint signature shall, within five days after the public notice for election is issued, apply to the Central Election Commission for being the presenter recommended by way of joint signature, receive a list of joint signers and to receive 1.5 per cent of the total electors in the latest election of the members of the Legislative Yuan, and pay the deposit of NT$1,000,000.[2]

According to the constitution, the incumbent President Tsai Ing-wen and Vice President Chen Chien-jen, who will finish their first full term, are eligible for re-election.

NominationsEdit

Democratic Progressive PartyEdit

Incumbent President Tsai Ing-wen's re-election chances were dealt a blow after the Democratic Progressive Party's devastating defeat in the 2018 local elections, where the DPP lost seven of the 13 cities and counties it previously held. The DPP’s share of the vote also fell from 56 to 39 per cent since the 2016 presidential election.[3] Tsai resigned as the party chairwoman after the defeat. However, Tsai kept trailing behind in the polls as the surveys found most Taiwanese would not support Tsai in the 2020 election but would support Premier William Lai, who also resigned from the premiership for the electoral defeat in January 2019.

On 19 February 2019, Tsai Ing-wen told CNN in an interview she will run for re-election, despite facing calls from senior members of her own party to not seek re-election. Before her announcement, Tsai had received a bump in the polls after she gave a robust speech saying that her people would never relinquish their democratic freedoms, as a response to the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China Xi Jinping's speech in January describing Taiwan's unification with the mainland as "inevitable".[4]

On 18 March, William Lai registered to run in the party's presidential primary, saying that he could shoulder the responsibility of leading Taiwan in defending itself from being annexed by China.[5] This is the first time in history where a serious primary challenge has been mounted against a sitting president.[6]

Tsai was duly nominated by the DPP on 13 June 2019.

NomineesEdit

2020 Democratic Progressive ticket
Tsai Ing-wen TBA
for President for Vice President
President of the Republic of China
(2016–present)
TBA

CandidatesEdit

William Lai
President of the Executive Yuan
(2017–2019)
LN: June 13, 2019

KuomintangEdit

Former Kuomintang chairman and 2016 presidential candidate Eric Chu announced that he would run in the 2020 presidential race when he stepped down on 25 December 2018 as Mayor of New Taipei City, becoming the first big-name politician to throw his hat in the ring.[7] Former President of the Legislative Yuan Wang Jin-pyng also announced his presidential bid on 7 March.[8] Other candidates include former Deputy Secretary-General of the Presidential Office and incumbent Taipei City Councillor Lo Chih-chiang and National Taiwan University professor Chang Ya-chung who have also announced their candidacies.

The party has decided to hold its primary based on a 70-30 weighing of public polls and party member votes, although it has not ruled out the possibility of drafting the strongest candidate in an all-out effort to win back power, which was seen to be reserved for the party's best performing candidate in the polls, Mayor of Kaohsiung Han Kuo-yu.[8] Several KMT heavyweights such as party chairman Wu Den-yih and even former President Ma Ying-jeou were believed to also be interested in running for the party's presidential nomination.[9] Wu Den-yih’s withdrew his proposal to only allow KMT members to decide the party’s presidential candidate which drew criticism, with some questioning whether he aimed to rig the game for himself, before he declined to run on 11 April.[10]

On 17 April, founder and chairman of Foxconn Terry Gou announced his presidential bid by joining the KMT presidential primary.[11] He also stated that he would not accept to be drafted to run. Han, Gou's potential rival, announced on 23 April that he was "willing to take responsibility" for the development of Taiwan but was "unable" to participate in the party's primary in its current form. He expressed his disapproval of the "closed-door negotiations" within the party and called for reform.[12] In order to settle the demand from Han's supporters, the party adopted a resolution to put in place special guidelines to include all its presidential hopefuls, including Han, in its primary on the next day, and also switch the primary method from 70-30 weighing of public polls and party member votes to fully being determined by public polls.[13]

On 15 July, Han Kuo-yu was announced to have won the party's poll in a press conference by KMT Vice Chairman Tseng Yung-chuan.[14]

NomineesEdit

2020 Kuomintang ticket
Han Kuo-yu TBA
for President for Vice President
Mayor of Kaohsiung
(2018–present)
TBA

CandidatesEdit

Terry Gou Eric Chu Chou Hsi-wei Chang Ya-chung Wang Jin-pyng Lo Chih-chiang
Founder and Chairman of Foxconn Mayor of New Taipei
(2010–2018)
Magistrate of Taipei County
(2005–2010)
National Taiwan University Professor Member of the Legislative Yuan
(1976–present)
Taipei City Councillor
(2018–present)
LN: July 15, 2019 LN: July 15, 2019 LN: July 15, 2019 LN: July 15, 2019 W: June 6, 2019 W: April 7, 2019
[15] [16] [17] [18] [8][19] [20][21]

People First PartyEdit

Four-time presidential candidate James Soong is speculated to run again in 2020 on a joint ticket with nonpartisan Mayor of Taipei Ko Wen-je.[22]

Potential candidatesEdit

Other parties and independentsEdit

Declared candidatesEdit

Name Born Current or previous positions Announced Ref
 
Yang Shih-kuang
24 October 1976 (age 42)
Taipei City, Taiwan
Television presenter and New Party Youth Corps leader 2 July 2019 [23]

Potential candidatesEdit

Withdrawn candidatesEdit

Name Born Current or previous positions Campaign Ref
 
Chang San-cheng
24 June 1954 (age 65)
Taipei City, Taiwan
President of the Executive Yuan (2016) Announced: 17 February 2019
Withdrawn: 2 August 2019
[25][26]

Opinion pollingEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wang, Cheng-chung; Ko, Lin (19 March 2019). "Presidential, legislative elections to be held Jan. 11, 2020". Central News Agency. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and Recall Act".
  3. ^ "Taiwan's ruling party faces serious challenges in 2020". Asia Times. 11 December 2018.
  4. ^ "Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen says she will run for re-election in 2020". The Straits Times. 19 February 2019.
  5. ^ Yang, Chun-hui; Hsiao, Sherry (19 March 2019). "Lai seeks DPP's backing for 2020 race". Taipei Times. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Tsai Ing-wen, Taiwan's president, is challenged by a former underling". The Economist. 21 March 2019.
  7. ^ "KMT veteran Eric Chu announces bid for Taiwan presidency in 2020". The Straits Times. 25 December 2018.
  8. ^ a b c Liu, Kuan-ting; Wang, Flor (6 June 2019). "Wang Jin-pyng drops bid for Taiwan President, bows out of KMT primary". Taiwan News. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  9. ^ "Eric Chu announces bid for 2020 presidential election". Focus Taiwan. 25 December 2018.
  10. ^ "Wu Den-yih rules out presidential run". Taipei Times. 11 April 2019.
  11. ^ Everington, Keoni (17 April 2019). "Breaking News: Foxconn tycoon Terry Gou announces bid for Taiwan presidency". Taiwan News. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  12. ^ "Kaohsiung Mayor Han Kuo-yu passes on KMT primary, hints at presidential bid". Taiwan News. 23 April 2019.
  13. ^ "KMT decides to include Han Kuo-yu in presidential primary". Focus Taiwan. 24 April 2019.
  14. ^ News, Taiwan. "Breaking News: Han wins KMT primary poll for ..." Taiwan News. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  15. ^ Shih, Hsiao-kuang; Hetherington, William (18 April 2019). "Hon Hai's Gou officially enters presidential race". Taipei Times.
  16. ^ 朱立倫卸新北市長 宣布投入2020總統選舉,中央社,2018-12-25
  17. ^ Hsu, Stacy (2 March 2019). "KMT brass might select candidate: Wu". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  18. ^ Maxon, Ann (8 January 2019). "Ex-Hung Hsiu-chu aide eyes presidential run". Taipei Times. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  19. ^ "Former legislative speaker announces presidential bid". Central News Agency. 7 March 2019. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  20. ^ 拋震撼彈!羅智強宣布4階段參選總統! China Times, 26 November 2018
  21. ^ "羅智強宣布不選總統了!要吳敦義「快徵召韓國瑜」". tw.news.yahoo.com.
  22. ^ a b c "宋楚瑜自喻與柯文哲「可頌」2020選總統留伏筆". 世界日報. 21 August 2018.
  23. ^ Chen, Yu-fu (3 July 2019). "New Party candidate vows to target 'woman' Tsai". Taipei Times. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  24. ^ News, Taiwan. "Taiwan Foxconn founder to consider independen..." Taiwan News. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  25. ^ Lee, Hsin-fang (17 February 2019). "Former premier Simon Chang seeks 2020 presidential run as independent". Taipei Times. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  26. ^ "2019-08-02【POP撞新聞】黃暐瀚專訪張善政:「挺韓、不選2020」!". POP Radio. 2 August 2019. Retrieved 2 August 2019.