2020 Madhya Pradesh political crisis

In March 2020, a political crisis took place in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India, due to the resignation of 22 sitting MLAs of the Indian National Congress party from the state's Legislative Assembly.[1] It eventually led to the fall of the Kamal Nath government and the subsequent formation of the fourth Shivraj Singh Chouhan government in Madhya Pradesh.

2020 Madhya Pradesh political crisis
Date5–20 March 2020
LocationMadhya Pradesh, India
Also known as2020 Madhya Pradesh government formation
TypeParliamentary crisis and government formation
CauseResignation of Indian National Congress MLAs
ParticipantsBharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
Indian National Congress (INC)
Other political parties and Independents
OutcomeFall of the Kamal Nath government and formation of fourth Shivraj Singh Chouhan government.


Later eventsEdit

List of MLAs who resignedEdit

S.No Constituency Member Date of resignation 2020 by-election results[11]
1. Surkhi Govind Singh Rajput
Cabinet Minister
10 March 2020 Won back seat as BJP candidate
2. Dabra Imarti Devi
Cabinet Minister
Lost election to INC candidate Suresh Raje
3. Sanwer Tulsi Ram Silawat
Cabinet Minister
Won back seat as BJP candidate
4. Bamori Mahendra Singh Sisodia
Cabinet Minister
5. Sanchi Prabhuram Choudhary
Cabinet Minister
6. Gwalior Pradhumn Singh Tomar
Cabinet Minister
7. Ashok Nagar Jaipal Singh Jajji
8. Karera Jasmant Jatav Lost election to INC candidate Pragilal Jatav
9. Suwasra Hardeep Singh Dang Won back seat as BJP candidate
10. Gohad Ranvir Jatav Lost election to INC candidate Mevaram Jatav
11. Gwalior East Munnalal Goyal Lost election to INC candidate Satish Sikarwar
12. Anuppur Bisahulal Singh Won back seat as BJP candidate
13. Morena Raghuraj Singh Kansana Lost election to INC candidate Rakesh Mavai
14. Badnawar Rajvardhan Singh Dattigaon Won back seat as BJP candidate
15. Mehgaon O. P. S. Bhadoria
16. Ambah Kamlesh Jatav
17. Mungaoli Brajendra Singh Yadav
18. Pohari Suresh Dhakad
19. Bhander Raksha Santram Saroniya
20. Dimani Girraj Dandotiya Lost election to INC candidate Ravindra Singh Tomar Bhidosa
21. Sumawali Adal Singh Kansana Lost election to INC candidate Ajab Singh Kushwah
22. Hatpipliya Manoj Choudhary Won back seat as BJP candidate
23. Malhara Pradyuman Singh Lodhi[12] 12 July 2020
24. Nepanagar Sumitra Devi Kasdekar[13] 17 July 2020
25. Mandhata Narayan Singh Patel 23 July 2020


A new government was formed by Shivraj Singh Chouhan as Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh of the Bharatiya Janata Party.

Results of the 2020 by-elections

Due to these resignations, by-elections needed to be held for all these constituencies. The 2020 Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly by-elections were carried out in November 2020. 18 of the 25 MLAs involved in the crises, won their seats back as BJP candidates and the BJP government retained their majority in the Legislative Assembly.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Jyotiraditya Scindia resigns from Congress, more than 20 party MLAs quit". The Economic Times. 10 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  2. ^ Jyotiraditya M. Scindia (10 March 2020). "Resignation letter from Indian National Congress". twitter.com. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  3. ^ "Supreme Court orders floor test in Madhya Pradesh by 5pm tomorrow". The Statesman. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  4. ^ "Kamal Nath Resigns Ahead of Floor Test". thewire.in. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  5. ^ "22 rebel Cong MLAs, whose resignation led to fall of Kamal Nath govt, join BJP". Live Mint.
  6. ^ Milind Ghatwai (23 March 2020). "Madhya Pradesh: Shivraj Singh Chouhan takes oath as CM for fourth term". www.msn.com. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  7. ^ "Madhya Pradesh: Another Congress MLA Narayan Patel resigns, joins BJP". The Times of India. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  8. ^ "MP: उपचुनाव को लेकर चुनाव आयोग ने शुरू की तैयारियां, 5 महीने में 13 लाख आए इस तरह के आवेदन". News18 India (in Hindi). Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  9. ^ "Triangular contest expected as BSP to contest in all 24 seats in Madhya Pradesh bypolls". The New Indian Express.
  10. ^ "Madhya Pradesh BJP may give Congress rebels bye-poll tickets, says state party chief". Scroll.in.
  11. ^ "Election Commission of India". Retrieved 27 November 2020.
  12. ^ "Madhya Pradesh MLA Kunwar Pradyumna Singh Lodhi quits Congress, joins BJP". The Hindu. 12 July 2020.
  13. ^ Rahul Noronha (17 July 2020). "MP: Congress MLA Sumitra Devi Kasdekar gives up assembly seat, joins BJP - India News". India Today. Retrieved 5 May 2021.