2020 Democratic Party of Korea leadership election

The Democratic Party of Korea held a leadership election on 29 August 2020.[1][2] It was the second leadership election since the inauguration of President Moon Jae-in. Although elected leader serves for the fixed two-year term, newly elected leader Lee Nak-yon is unlikely to serve for two years due to his presumptive presidential campaign in 2022.[3][4]

2020 Democratic Party of Korea leadership election

← 2018 29 August 2020 2021 →
  South Korean Prime Minister Lee - 2017 (36235112603) (cropped).jpg Kim Boo-kyum - 20170119 k (cropped).jpg Park Ju-Min 벙커1 특강 니가 가라 여의도 03.png
Candidate Lee Nak-yon Kim Boo-kyum Park Joo-min
Delegates 57.20% 29.29% 13.52%
Party members 63.73% 14.76% 21.51%
Opinion poll 64.02% 13.85% 22.14%
Non-voting members poll 62.80% 18.05% 19.15%
Total 60.77% 21.37% 17.85%

Leader before election

Lee Hae-chan

Elected Leader

Lee Nak-yon

BackgroundEdit

Landslide victory of 2020 General ElectionEdit

In 2020 South Korean General Election, The Democrats, led by Lee Hae-chan, won the majority in the National Assembly by landslide. The Democratic Party and its affiliate Party, Platform Party, won 180 seats (60%) in 300-seat Assembly. It was the biggest majority since the democratization of South Korea after the June Struggle in 1987. It was an endorsement of President Moon Jae-in's COVID-19 response that got a good reputation worldwide.[5]

CoronavirusEdit

Due to the continued impact of COVID-19 pandemic, the Democratic Party National Convention Preparatory Committee decided to hold a national convention online to elect its leadership. The Democratic Party originally planned an event in Jamsil Olympic Stadium in which about 600 members of the Central Committee attended, but it changed to online event due to concerns about second wave of COVID-19. Eventually, the party decided to allow only about 50 candidates and staffs at the Democratic Party's headquarter and broadcast the results of the election and the acceptance speech on the Internet on 29 August 2020.[6]

CandidatesEdit

Candidates for leaderEdit

NominatedEdit

# Candidate Born Political Office Campaign Announced
1  
Lee Nak-yon
December 20, 1951 (age 69)
Yeonggwang, South Jeolla
41st Prime Minister of South Korea (2017–2020)
37th Governor of South Jeolla (2014–2017)
Member of the National Assembly (2000–2014, 2020–present)
지금!이낙연
(Now!Lee Nak-yon)
7 July 2020[7]
2
 
Kim Boo-kyum
January 21, 1958 (age 63)
Sangju, North Gyeongsang
Minister of the Interior and Safety (2017–2019)
Member of the National Assembly (2016–2020)
책임지는 당대표
(Responsible Leader)
9 July 2020[8]
3  
Park Joo-min
November 21, 1973 (age 48)
Seongbuk, Seoul
Member of the Democratic Party Supreme Council (2018–2020)
Member of the National Assembly (2016–present)
국민과 함께 두려움 없이
(With the people, fearlessly)
21 July 2020[9]

Candidates for Supreme CouncilEdit

NominatedEdit

# Candidate Born Political Office Campaign Slogan[10] Announced
1 Shin Dong-kun 22 December 1961
Seo, Incheon
Member of the National Assembly (2016–present)
Whip of the Democratic Party (2018–2019)
Vice Chairman of the Policy Planning Committee (2016–2017)
민주당 왼쪽 미드필더
(Left Midfielder of Democrats)
22 July 2020[11]
2 Yeom Tae-yeong 25 July 1960
Hwaseong, Gyeonggi
Mayor of Suwon (2010–present)
Chairman of the National Association of Mayors (2019–2020)
기초가 든든한 100년 민주당
(Well-founded century Democrats)
20 July 2020[12]
3 Yang Hyang-ja 4 April 1967
Hwasun, South Jeolla
Member of the National Assembly (2020–present)
Director of the National Human Resources Development Institute (2018–2019)
Chairwoman of the Democratic National Woman's Committee (2016–2018)
한 표는 경제에
(One vote for the economy)
21 July 2020[13]
4 Han Byung-do 7 December 1967
Iksan, North Jeolla
Member of the National Assembly (2004–2008, 2020–present)
Senior Political Officer of the Office of the President (2017–2019)
대통령을 지킬 한 표
(One vote to protect the president)
21 July 2020[14]
5 So Byeong-hoon 3 June 1954
Gunsan, North Jeolla
Member of the National Assembly (2016–present)
Vice Chairman of the Policy Planning Committee (2015)
소확행
(Small but sure Happiness, SSH)
21 July 2020[15]
6 Noh Woong-rae 3 August 1957
Mapo, Seoul
Member of the National Assembly (2004–2008, 2012–present)
Secretary-Geneal of the Democratic Party (2014)
무한책임 일편黨心
(Infinite commitment,
a sincere heart for the party)
20 July 2020[16]
7 Lee Won-wook 20 March 1962
Boryeong, South Chungchoeng
Member of the National Assembly (2012–present)
Whip of the Democratic Party (2019–2020)
민주당 답게! 흔들림 없이!
(Like a Democrat! Without wavering!)
19 July 2020[17]
8 Kim Jong-min 12 May 1964
Nonsan, South Chungcheong
Member of the National Assembly (2016–present)
Vice Governor of South Chungcheong (2010–2011)
Whip of the Democratic Party (2018–2019)
Vice Chairman of the Policy Planning Committee (2016–2017)
Spokesman of the Cheong Wa Dae (2004–2005)
정권재창출 반드시 해내겠습니다
(Make sure to win again)
21 July 2020[18]

EliminatedEdit

Candidate Born Political Office Campaign Slogan Announced
Lee Jae-jung 2 August 1974
Daegu
Member of the National Assembly (2016–present)
Spokeswoman of the Democratic Party (2018-2020)
Vice Chairman of the Policy Planning Committee (2017–2018)
당신을 빛나게 하는 힘!
(The power that makes you shine!)
17 July 2020[19]
Cheong Kwang-il

In the election of the Supreme Council, 10 people were running, so the party have to eliminate 2 candidates and held the final election with the remaining 8 candidates according to the rules. On 24 July 2020, the Democratic Party held a caucus for the election of the party's Supreme Council by on-site and online voting. About 660 members of the Central Committee participated in the vote. As a result of the vote, Lee Won-wook, Noh Woong-rae, Kim Jong-min, So Byeong-hoon, Shin Dong-kun, Han Byung-do, Yang Hyang-ja, and Yeom Tae-yeong were nominated. However, The ranking and number of votes for each candidate were not released. Of the eight nominated candidates, five are finally elected through elections held at the National Assembly on August 29. In addition, under the party's rule, at least one elected member of the Supreme Council shall be women. Yang Hyang-ja was the only remaining female candidate, so she was virtually elected as the Supreme Council member.[20]

Those who announced that they will not run for this electionEdit

DebatesEdit

Televised debatesEdit

No. Date and time Location Programme Broadcaster Candidates Link
 P  Participant     A  Absent invitee    O  Out of race (eliminated or withdrawn)    N  No debate Lee Nak-yon Kim Boo-kyum Park Joo-min
1 July 29, 2020; 18:00 Daegu 민주당 당대표 후보 TV 토론회 (Democratic Leadership Debate) Daegu MBC P P P YouTube
2 July 31, 2020; 18:20 Busan 더불어민주당 당대표 후보자 초청 토론회 (Democratic Leadership Debate) Busan MBC P P P YouTube
3 August 6, 2020; 22:00 Jeonju 더불어민주당 당대표 후보 토론회 (Democratic Leadership Debate) Jeonju MBC P P P YouTube
4 August 7, 2020 Gwangju 더불어민주당 당대표 후보자 초청 토론회 (Democratic Leadership Debate) KBC Gwangju P P P YouTube
5 August 19, 2020; 17:20 Daejon 더불어민주당 당대표 후보자 초청 토론회 (Democratic Leadership Debate) Daejon MBC P P P
6 August 20, 2020 Seoul 100분토론 - 더불어민주당 당대표 후보자 토론회 (100 Minute Debate - Democratic Leadership Debate) MBC P P P YouTube
7 August 27, 2020 Seoul 더불어민주당 당대표 후보자 초청 방송토론회 (Democratic Leadership Debate) KBS1 P P P YouTube

ResultsEdit

The ratio of the results by sector was 45% for delegates, 40% for party members, 10% for opinion poll and 5% for non-voting members poll.

Full result - Leader[24]
Candidates Delegates (45%) Party members (40%) Opinion poll (10%) Non-voting members poll (5%) Total (100%)
Lee Nak-yon 57.20% 63.73% 64.02% 62.80% 60.77%
Kim Boo-kyum 29.29% 14.76% 13.85% 18.05% 21.37%
Park Joo-min 13.52% 21.51% 22.14% 19.15% 17.85%
Full result - Supreme Council[25]
Candidate Delegates (45%) Party members (40%) Opinion poll (10%) Non-voting members poll (5%) Total (100%) Note
Kim Jong-min 13.54% 25.47% 23.9% 24.08%
19.88%
Senior member
Yeom Tae-yeong 16.88% 9.9% 12.29% 8.95%
13.23%
Noh Woong-rae 12.29% 12.75% 16.48% 17.88%
13.17%
Shin Dong-kun 9.62% 13.79% 16.68% 12.98%
12.16%
Yang Hyang-ja 7.14% 15.56% 13.32% 15.18%
11.53%
Lee Won-wook 17.39% 6.93% 5.69% 5.28%
11.43%
Han Byung-do 13.81% 9.77% 5.69% 8.93%
11.14%
So Byeong-hoon 9.33% 5.84% 5.89% 6.75%
7.47%

ReferencesEdit

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