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2019 Venezuelan protests

The 2019 Venezuelan protests are a collection of protests that have been organised, since 11 January, as a coordinated effort to remove Nicolás Maduro from the presidency. Demonstrations began following Maduro's controversial second inauguration, developing into a presidential crisis between Maduro and National Assembly president Juan Guaidó. The protests also include counter-demonstrations organised by those who support Maduro and have taken to the street to support him.

2019 Venezuelan protests
Part of 2014–present Venezuelan protests and the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis
Venezuelan protests - 23 January 2019.jpg
Juan Guaidó open cabildo 11 January 2019.jpg
Anti-Maduro protestors at inauguration 10 January 2019.png
Top to bottom, left to right:
Protesters gathered in Caracas on 23 January. Juan Guaidó beside supporters during the first open cabildo. Protesters in Caracas during the second inauguration of Nicolás Maduro.
Date10 January 2019 (2019-01-10)ongoing (42 days)
Parties to the civil conflict
Transitional government

Opposition protesters

Incumbent government

(Pro-Maduro paramilitaries)

Maduro supporters
Lead figures
Arrested956[3] (at least 77 children)[4]



Protests occurred in Venezuela from the first days of the new year, with protestors calling for new government and counter protesters opposing a change in government.

Nicolás Maduro's inaugurationEdit

Many Venezuelans did not support the inauguration of Maduro, and held protests across the nation and in the capital city, Caracas.[5] Several cacerolazos were reported across Caracas, including near to where Maduro was being sworn-in. Maduro supporters demonstrated separately.[6][7] Before the inauguration, the opposition had called on the people to protest during the inauguration, with one protest co-hosted by students led by Rafaela Requesens and Guaidó's Popular Will party, blocking off a road near UCV.[8]

Open cabildosEdit

Treated as a form of peaceful protest, several open cabildos were held in January 2019. The first of these was on 11 January, held by Guaidó.[9] In the streets of Caracas people gathered to support him.[10]

21–22 JanuaryEdit

In anticipation of the protests on 23 January, other violent protests occurred. On 21 January there was a small-scale attempted military mutiny seen as a failed coup.[11] There were 27 soldiers who kidnapped security and stole weapons, trying to march on Miraflores, who fought with and were apprehended by authorities in the early hours. People in the local area continued the fight, protesting and burning things in the street even as tear gas was deployed.[12][13] Colectivos killed a non-protesting woman in her own doorway,[14] and five others were injured.[15]

On 22 January protests broke out in working-class Caracas neighborhoods, which until then had supported Maduro.[16] These resulted in the death of a 16-year-old boy by gunshot.[15][17] Other protests happened in the large Bolívar state, where three people were killed[18] and a statue of Hugo Chávez set alight and broken in half before the head and torso were hung like a trophy from a public bridge.[19][20]

23 JanuaryEdit

23 January 2019 protestors

Announced at the 11 January open cabildo, a series of protest marches drawing crowds which were reported by The Economist, The Wall Street Journal editorial board, and Yeshiva World News from hundreds of thousands to millions of Venezuelans,[21][22] [23] the 23 January protests – on the anniversary of the 1958 Venezuelan coup d'état – were the flagship event hoping to force Maduro to step down. United States Vice President Mike Pence sent a video of support to the nation on this day.[20][24] Similarly, Juan Guaidó and his wife Fabiana Rosales sent separate videos to the military of Venezuela, asking for them to "not shoot at us".[24][25]

During the evening hours, President of the Constituent Assembly Diosdado Cabello called on Maduro supporters to hold a vigil surrounding Miraflores Palace, though no one attended the event.[26][27]

The Redes Foundation denounced in the Colombian Public Ministry that armed groups made up of National Liberation Army members and FARC dissidents, supported by the Bolivarian National Police and FAES officials, killed two Venezuelans, Eduardo José Marrero and Luigi Ángel Guerrero, during a protest in the frontier city of San Cristóbal, on Táchira state. Other protesters were injured during the shooting.[1]

A few days later, Michelle Bachelet of the United Nations expressed concern that the violence during the protests could spiral out of control, and requested a UN investigation into the security forces' use of violence.[28]

2 FebruaryEdit

External images
  Satellite images of a Guaidó rally on 2 February 2019, 11:05 AM VET
  Satellite images of a Maduro rally on 2 February 2019, 11:05 AM VET

On 2 February opposition demonstrations filled the Las Mercedes Avenue [es] in Caracas.[29][30] The theme of the protests was to demand the entry of humanitarian aid into Venezuela,[31] with hundreds of thousands of Venezuelans participating to show support for Guaidó.[32] According to La Patilla, which provided satellite images, Maduro supporters participated in smaller counter-demonstrations on the same day at the same time.[31]

Pro-Maduro demonstrationsEdit

In Venezuela, there were demonstrations in support of the Bolivarian Revolution, Maduro's government and against foreign intervention in Caracas,[33][34] Carabobo,[35] and Apure states.[36][37][38]


At the end of January, a rally in support of Maduro, called by Venezuelan oil workers, marched through the streets of Caracas.[39] Additionally, according to Venezuelanalysis, thousands attended a pro-Maduro government rally in Falcón state in the northern part of the country.[40][better source needed]


On 2 February, a counter-protest was held in the Bolivar Avenue, Caracas, in support of the Venezuelan government. The rally was held on the 20-year anniversary of Hugo Chávez’s first inauguration.[30][41][42]

On 9 February, Venezuelan artists marched to commemorate popular singer and songwriter Alí Primera, as well as to reject what Venezuelanalysis described as an "ongoing US-backed attempted coup". The son of the singer explained that there is an artistic sector that is "fully conscious of its role in pursuing a cultural revolution" as well as the need to mobilize in "current circumstances".[better source needed][43]

On 10 February, thousands of Venezuelans queued to sign[unbalanced opinion?] an open letter denouncing "US-led foreign intervention".[44] Journalist Javier Mayorca reported that the government prepared a campaign to "force police and military officers to sign the open letter".[45] According to PROVEA, a group of police officers of the Mariño municipality of the Nueva Esparta state that refused to sign the document were arrested.[46] Journalist Nitu Pérez Osuna [es] reported complaints that "hundreds" of employees of the public television channel TVes were fired for refusing to sign the letter.[47][better source needed] On 17 February, two National Guardsmen were detained for refusing to sign the book "Hands Off Venezuela" and expressing their agreement with the entrance of humanitarian aid.[48]

On 20 February, Venezuela's state-funded Telesur reported that tens of thousands of Venezuelans have marched through the Angostura Bridge and gathered around the border with Brazil to defend peace and to "reject the interventionist intentions in which the United States and its allies are backing a coup d'etat".[dubious ][better source needed][49]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Denuncian que guerrillas colombianas causaron muerte a venezolanos durante manifestaciones contra Maduro". Infobae (in Spanish). 25 January 2019. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  2. ^ Croucher, Shane (24 January 2019). "Venezuela latest: Clashes claim lives as Russia backs Maduro and U.S. "stands ready to support" opposition leader". Newsweek. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Brutal represión del régimen de Maduro ha dejado 43 asesinados y 956 detenciones arbitrarias desde el #21Ene". La Patilla (in Spanish). 29 January 2019. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  4. ^ "Venezuelan attorney general orders Guaidó investigation as crisis deepens". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  5. ^ Ariza, Alma (10 January 2019). "VIDEO | Venezolanos repudiaron la juramentación de Nicolás Maduro" (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  6. ^ "acerolas sonaron en las inmediaciones del TSJ tras juramentación de Maduro [+Video]" (in Spanish). Versión Final. 10 January 2019. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  7. ^ "Reportan cacerolazos en Caracas mientras Nicolás Maduro es juramentado" (in Spanish). Informe21. 10 January 2019. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  8. ^ "Movimiento estudiantil protestó contra la juramentación de Maduro". El Nacional (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  9. ^ "El Tiempo | Venezuela | Asamblea Nacional se declaró en emergencia y convocó a cabildo abierto | El Periódico del Pueblo Oriental". (in Spanish). Global Host. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  10. ^ "Juan Guaidó: Me apego a los artículos 333, 350 y 233 para lograr el cese de la usurpación y convocar elecciones libres con la unión del pueblo, FAN y comunidad internacional". Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  11. ^ Phillips, Tom (2019-01-22). "Venezuela claims it has foiled attempted military uprising". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  12. ^ "Venezuela Puts down Mutiny by National Guard Unit". Voice of America. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  13. ^ "Venezuela 'foils national guard rebellion' against Maduro". BBC News. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  14. ^ "Mujer fue asesinada en la puerta de su casa por un colectivo en Cotiza". El Nacional (in Spanish). 2019-01-21. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
  15. ^ a b "Dos muertos y cinco heridos dejan nuevas protestas contra gobierno de Maduro". El Caracol (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  16. ^ "Venezuelans take to the streets again. Could democracy be won this time?". Washington Post. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  17. ^ "Venezuela: la oposición informa sobre un joven muerto en las protestas contra Maduro". La Voz de Interior Argentina (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  18. ^ "Four dead in clashes ahead of Venezuela protests: Police, NGO". Business Standard. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  19. ^ "Opposition launches protests to oust Maduro as U.S.-Venezuela tensions rise". The Washington Post. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  20. ^ a b "Venezuelans Heed Call to Hit the Streets With Maduro Under Pressure". Retrieved 2019-01-23.
  21. ^ "Revolt in Venezuela". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 24 January 2019. Will this be the moment that Venezuelans finally reclaim their democracy? Millions dared to hope on Wednesday as they poured into the streets of Caracas and other cities to demand the resignation of dictator Nicolás Maduro in favor of the president of the National Assembly, 35-year-old Juan Guaidó.
  22. ^ "The battle for Venezuela's future". The Economist. 2 February 2019. Retrieved 2 February 2019. On January 23rd at least 1m Venezuelans from across the country took to the streets demanding Mr Maduro step down
  23. ^ "Trump Recognizes Opposition Leader as Venezuela's President as Millions Protest". Yeshiva World News. 2019-01-23. Retrieved 2019-02-19.
  24. ^ a b "Deaths as Venezuela protesters gather". 2019-01-23. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
  25. ^ Herrero, Ana Vanessa (2019-01-23). "Opposition Leader Declares Himself Venezuela’s President in Direct Challenge to Maduro". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
  26. ^ "Militantes del PSUV dejaron solos a Maduro y a Cabello en la vigilia del Palacio de Miraflores". El Cooperante (in Spanish). 2019-01-24. Retrieved 2019-01-24.
  27. ^ Nadie asistió a la vigilia de Miraflores (+video). YouTube (in Spanish). Noticiero Digital. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  28. ^ "Bachelet pide investigar muertes en protestas y plantea diálogo inmediato en Venezuela". Efecto Cocuyo (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  29. ^ "Guaidó exhibe músculo en la calle con una multitudinaria manifestación en Caracas". Europapress (in Spanish). 2 February 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  30. ^ a b León, Ibis (2 February 2019). "Chavismo empieza a concentrarse en avenida Bolívar de Caracas este #2Feb" (in Spanish). Efecto Cocuyo. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  31. ^ a b "Estas contundentes FOTOS satelitales demuestran que la "marcha" de Maduro fue microscópica". La Patilla (in Spanish). 2019-02-04. Retrieved 2019-02-19.
  32. ^ Herrero, Ana Vanessa; Casey, Nicholas (2019-02-02). "Venezuelans Opposed to Maduro Pour Into Streets for Day of Protests". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-02-19. Hundreds of thousands of Venezuelan opposition supporters poured into the streets on Saturday, heeding a call from their leaders to stage another day of peaceful protests against President Nicolás Maduro’s authoritarian rule in hopes of capitalizing on international pressure to force him from power
  33. ^ "Decenas de miles de venezolanos salen a la calle en apoyo a Nicolás Maduro" (in Spanish). EiTB. 23 January 2019. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  34. ^ "Multitudinaria marcha en Caracas en apoyo de Maduro y en defensa de la petrolera estatal". RT. 31 January 2019. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  35. ^ "Lacava: "¡Carabobo está con Nicolás!"" (in Spanish). El Carabobeño. 1 February 2019. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  36. ^ "Diosdado Cabello: La Revolución no traicionará a Venezuela". teleSUR. 29 January 2019. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  37. ^ "Diosdado Cabello: "La FANB se encuentra más unida a nuestro pueblo"". Globovision. 29 January 2019. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  38. ^ "Las manifestaciones en apoyo a Nicolás Maduro en imágenes". Milenio. 1 February 2019. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  39. ^ "Supporters of Venezuelan President Maduro March on Streets of Caracas (VIDEO)". Sputniknews. 31 January 2019.
  40. ^
  41. ^ Jorge Martin (5 February 2019). "Chavistas march against imperialism: what is the next step in Trump's coup?".
  42. ^ "How Venezuela Arrived At Its Political Crisis". NPR. 4 February 2019.
  43. ^ "Venezuelan Artists March to Commemorate Ali Primera, Reject Coup". Venezuelanalysis. 9 February 2019.
  44. ^ Elmaazi, Mohamed (11 February 2019). "Thousands of Venezuelans queue to sign open letter 'denouncing' Western-backed coup". The Canary.
  45. ^ "Obligarán a funcionarios militares a firmar en contra de la "intervención"". El Nacional (in Spanish). 10 January 2019. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  46. ^ "Detienen a funcionarios de PoliMariño por negarse a firmar documento en rechazo a la ayuda humanitaria". La Patilla. 13 February 2019. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  47. ^ "Denuncian despidos masivos en TVes por negarse a apoyar a Maduro (+Video)". Tenemos Noticias (in Spanish). 11 February 2019. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  48. ^ "Dos GNB fueron detenidos por respaldar el ingreso de la ayuda humanitaria" (in Spanish). El Nacional. 18 February 2019. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  49. ^ "Venezuela: Massive Bolivarian March For Peace And Sovereignty". TeleSUR. 20 February 2019.

External linksEdit