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The United States federal budget for fiscal year 2019 runs from October 1, 2018 to September 30, 2019. Five appropriations bills were passed in September 2018, the first time five bills had been enacted on time in 22 years, with the rest of the government being funded through a series of three continuing resolutions. A gap between the second and third of these led to the 2018–19 federal government shutdown. The remainder of government funding was enacted as an omnibus spending bill in February 2019.

2019 (2019) Budget of the United States federal government
Submitted byDonald Trump
Submitted to115th Congress
‹ 2018
2020 ›


Related fiscal legislationEdit

Initial appropriations legislationEdit

The 115th United States Congress initially proposed three "minibus" appropriations bills prior to the beginning of the fiscal year.[1][2][3] Two of these were enacted prior to the beginning of the fiscal year, accounting for five bills totaling 77% of federal discretionary funding, and including a continuing resolution until December 7 for the remaining agencies. It was the first time five bills had been enacted on time in 22 years, since the 1997 fiscal year. The two bills are:[4]

On December 6, Congress passed a second continuing resolution (H.J.Res. 143) lasting through December 21, to give more time for negotiations on Trump's proposed border wall, which had been delayed due to the death and funeral of George H. W. Bush.[7]

Government shutdownEdit

On December 19, the Senate passed a second continuing resolution, the Further Additional Continuing Appropriations Act, 2019 (H.R. 695), lasting until February 8, 2019. However, after Trump declared the following day that he would not sign any funding bill that did not include border wall funding, the House passed a version of the continuing resolution on December 20 that added $5 billion for the wall and $8 billion in disaster aid.[8] Negotiations in the Senate did not lead to passage of a continuing resolution that day, causing a government shutdown to begin on December 22.[9]

On January 3, 2019, the first day of the 116th Congress, the House passed a continuing resolution for the Department of Homeland Security (H.J.Res. 1) on a vote of 239–192, as well as a separate bill funding the remainder of government agencies, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2019 (H.R. 21), on a vote of 241–190. The bills were not immediately expected to be considered in the Senate.[10]

Beginning on January 9, the House was expected to vote on four of the appropriations bills individually: Treasury and the General Services Administration; Agriculture and the Food and Drug Administration; Interior and the Environmental Protection Agency; and Transportation and Housing and Urban Development. This strategy has been compared to one used by Republicans during the 2013 shutdown in the form of a series of fourteen mini-continuing resolutions.[11][12]

The government shutdown was ended by the passage of the Further Additional Continuing Appropriations Act, 2019 (H.J.Res. 28) on January 25.

Final appropriations legislationEdit

The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2019 (H.J.Res. 31) incorporated the remaining appropriations bills and was passed on February 15.


  1. ^ Brust, Amelia (September 13, 2018). "Conference report for DoD, Labor and Education spending approved; Stopgap funding deal on the table". Federal News Radio. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  2. ^ Werner, Erica (September 13, 2018). "Congress planning to avert government shutdown". Washington Post. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  3. ^ Garcia, Eric (September 11, 2018). "House and Senate plan conference meet for two 'minibus' spending bills". The Hill. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  4. ^ Conradis, Brandon (September 26, 2018). "House passes $854B spending bill to avert shutdown". The Hill. Retrieved September 28, 2018.
  5. ^ Cahlink, George; Lunney, Kellie (September 24, 2018). "Hill poised to OK disaster money, but shutdown threat looms". E&E News. Retrieved September 28, 2018.
  6. ^ Katz, Eric (September 28, 2018). "Trump Signs Spending Bill to Stave Off Shutdown Until December". Government Executive. Retrieved September 28, 2018.
  7. ^ Bade, Rachael; Everett, Burgess (December 6, 2018). "Congress averts shutdown, postponing fight over Trump's wall". Politico. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  8. ^ Ferris, Sarah; Bresnahan, John. "House and Senate on collision course as shutdown nears". POLITICO. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
  9. ^ Werner, Erica; Paletta, Damian; Wagner, John (December 21, 2018). "Partial government shutdown assured after lawmakers leave Capitol without budget deal". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
  10. ^ Swanson, Ian (January 3, 2019). "House passes legislation to re-open government despite opposition from Trump". TheHill. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  11. ^ Bresnahan, John; Ferris, Sarah (January 7, 2019). "House GOP leaders fear support eroding for Trump's shutdown fight". Politico. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
  12. ^ Balluck, Kyle (January 6, 2019). "House Democrats release bills to end shutdown". TheHill. Retrieved January 8, 2019.

External linksEdit