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The 2019 United States elections will be held, in large part, on Tuesday, November 5, 2019. This off-year election includes the regular gubernatorial elections in Kentucky, Louisiana, and Mississippi. State legislative elections will also be held in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Virginia, as well as for the New Jersey General Assembly (the lower house of the New Jersey legislature). Numerous citizen initiatives, mayoral races, and a variety of other local elections will also occur. Special elections to the United States Congress will take place because so far 3 vacancies arose.

2019 United States elections
Off-year elections
Election dayNovember 5
House elections
Seats contested3 mid-term vacancies
Net seat change0
US House special elections 2019.png
Map of the 2019 House special elections
     Not yet held
Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested3
Net seat change0
Color coded map of the 2015 gubernatorial races
Map of the 2019 gubernatorial races
Light blue: Democratic incumbent
Light red: Republican incumbent
Dark red: Term-limited Republican
Gray: no election

Contents

Federal special electionsEdit

The following special elections will be held to replace members who resigned or died in the 116th U.S. Congress:

State electionsEdit

 
Partisan control of states prior to the 2019 elections.
  Democratic trifecta
  Republican trifecta
  Divided government
  Officially non-partisan legislature

The 2019 state elections will impact the redistricting that will follow the 2020 United States Census, as many states task governors and state legislators with drawing new boundaries for state legislative and Congressional districts. Republicans will defend their "trifecta" (unified control of the governorship and the state legislature) in Kentucky and Mississippi, while Democrats will defend their trifecta in New Jersey. The other two states holding elections, Louisiana and Virginia, both have a divided government, meaning that each major party controls the governorship or at least one legislative chamber.

GubernatorialEdit

Three states will hold gubernatorial elections in 2019:

LegislativeEdit

Legislative elections will be held for both houses of the Louisiana Legislature, the Mississippi Legislature, and the Virginia General Assembly, as well as for the lower house of the New Jersey Legislature.

Ballot measuresEdit

  • In the U.S. Virgin Islands, a ballot initiative to change how seats in the Legislature of the Virgin Islands are apportioned was defeated due to low voter turnout. A majority of voters approved of the reapportionment plan during the March 30, 2019, special election; however, only about 9 percent of registered voters participated in the election, and a majority of all registered voters was required for the initiative to pass.[15]

Local electionsEdit

Mayoral electionsEdit

Incumbent mayors won re-election in major cities during 2019, including Arlington, Texas (Jeff Williams[16]); Colorado Springs, Colorado (John Suthers[17]); Fort Collins, Colorado (Wade Troxell[18]); Fort Worth, Texas (Betsy Price[19]); Gainesville, Florida (Lauren Poe[20]); Jacksonville, Florida (Lenny Curry[21]); Las Vegas, Nevada (Carolyn Goodman[22]); and Springfield, Missouri (Ken McClure[23]).

Several large cities elected their first out LGBT+ mayors in 2019. In Chicago, Lori Lightfoot was elected as the city's first African-American female mayor and first lesbian mayor[24] in what was only the second-ever mayoral runoff election in the city's history.[25] In Tampa, Florida, Jane Castor also won a run-off election to become the first gay woman to lead a major Florida city.[26]

In Madison, Wisconsin, Satya Rhodes-Conway defeated longtime incumbent mayor Paul Soglin.[27] Open mayoral seats were won in Garland, Texas (Scott LeMay[28]); Green Bay, Wisconsin (Eric Genrich[29]); Lincoln, Nebraska (Leirion Gaylor Baird[30]); Newark, Delaware (Jerry Clifton[31]); and West Palm Beach, Florida (Keith James[32]).

Other major cities holding mayoral elections in 2019 include:

Special electionsEdit

Recall electionsEdit

During 2019, voters in several cities initiated recall elections against incumbent mayors. Mayors were successfully recalled in Dalton Gardens, Idaho and York, Nebraska. Mayors in Arnegard, North Dakota, Elk River, Idaho, and Sugar City, Idaho were retained in office.[60]

In Fall River, Massachusetts, voters successfully recalled Mayor Jasiel Correia and re-elected him in the same election. Correia faced recall after being charged with wire fraud and filing false tax returns in 2018. Five candidates, including Correia, qualified to run in the event of a successful recall, and a plurality of voters voted for Correia.[61]

Other local elections and referendaEdit

Tribal electionsEdit

Several notable Native American tribal governments held elections for tribal chief executive in 2019.

Tables of partisan control resultsEdit

These tables show the partisan results of the congressional, gubernatorial, and state legislative races in 2019. Only the affected congressional districts and states in 2019 are shown. Governorships/legislatures in these affected states that are not up for election in 2019 are already filled in for the "after 2019 elections" section. Bold indicates a change in control.

House Congressional seats
  Before 2019 elections After 2019 elections
Seat Incumbent State delegation[74] Winner State delegation
North Carolina 3rd Rep Rep 9–3[a]    
North Carolina 9th Vacant[a]  
Pennsylvania 12th Rep Split 9–9    
State control results
  Before 2019 elections[74] After 2019 elections
State Governor State leg. Governor State leg.
Kentucky Rep Rep   Rep
Louisiana Dem Rep    
Mississippi Rep Rep    
New Jersey Dem Dem Dem  
Virginia Dem Rep Dem  
  1. ^ a b The seat for North Carolina's 9th congressional district is counted as vacant due to the voided 2018 election. It was previously held by a Republican.

ReferencesEdit

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