2019 United States elections
The 2019 United States elections will be held, in large part, on Tuesday, November 5, 2019. This off-year election includes the regular gubernatorial elections in Kentucky, Louisiana, and Mississippi. State legislative elections will also be held in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Virginia, as well as for the New Jersey General Assembly (the lower house of the New Jersey legislature). Numerous citizen initiatives, mayoral races, and a variety of other local elections will also occur. Special elections to the United States Congress will take place for the (thus far) three vacancies that arose.
|Election day||November 5|
|Seats contested||3 mid-term vacancies|
|Net seat change||0|
|Map of the 2019 House special elections Democratic hold Republican hold|
Democratic gain Republican gain
Not yet held
|Net seat change||0|
|Map of the 2019 gubernatorial races|
Light blue: Democratic incumbent
Light red: Republican incumbent
Dark red: Term-limited Republican
Gray: no election
Federal special electionsEdit
The following special elections will be held to replace members who resigned or died in the 116th U.S. Congress:
- Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district: Republican Tom Marino resigned on January 23, 2019, to take a private sector job. The district has a partisan index of R+17. Republican state Rep. Fred Keller defeated Democrat Marc Friedenberg in the May 21 election, keeping the seat in Republican hands.
- North Carolina's 3rd congressional district: Republican Walter B. Jones Jr. died on February 10, 2019. The district has a partisan index of R+12. On April 30, primary elections were held and Democrat Allen M. Thomas and Libertarian Tim Harris advanced to the general election on September 10. In the July 9 Republican runoff, state Rep. Greg Murphy defeated Dr. Joan Perry.
- North Carolina's 9th congressional district: Due to allegations of election fraud, the results for the 9th congressional district were not certified for the 2018 election, leaving the seat vacant once the 116th Congress began (the seat was previously held by Republican Robert Pittenger, who lost his party's nomination in 2018). On February 21, 2019, the North Carolina State Board of Elections voted unanimously to hold a new election. The district has a partisan index of R+8. Republican state Sen. Dan Bishop won the Republican primary to face Democrat Dan McCready, Libertarian Jeff Scott, and Green Loran Allen Smith in the September 10 general election.
The 2019 state elections will impact the redistricting that will follow the 2020 United States Census, as many states task governors and state legislators with drawing new boundaries for state legislative and Congressional districts. Republicans will defend their "trifecta" (unified control of the governorship and the state legislature) in Kentucky and Mississippi, while Democrats will defend their trifecta in New Jersey. The other two states holding elections, Louisiana and Virginia, both have a divided government, meaning that each major party controls the governorship or at least one legislative chamber.
Three states will hold gubernatorial elections in 2019:
- Kentucky: One-term Republican Matt Bevin is seeking re-election. In the May 21 primaries, Bevin held off three opponents to win the Republican primary. He will face Attorney General Andy Beshear, who defeated two challengers in the Democratic primary.
- Louisiana: One-term Democrat John Bel Edwards is seeking re-election. On the Republican side, U.S. Rep. Ralph Abraham and businessman Eddie Rispone have declared candidacy, while U.S. Sen. John Neely Kennedy and U.S. Rep. Steve Scalise, widely expected to challenge Edwards, have declined to run.
- Mississippi: Two-term Republican Phil Bryant is term-limited in 2019 and therefore ineligible to seek re-election. Potential Republican candidates include Mississippi House of Representatives Speaker Philip Gunn, former U.S. Senator Trent Lott, State Senator Chris McDaniel, Lieutenant Governor Tate Reeves, and Mississippi Supreme Court Chief Justice Bill Waller. Democratic candidates include Attorney General Jim Hood.
Legislative elections will be held for both houses of the Louisiana Legislature, the Mississippi Legislature, and the Virginia General Assembly, as well as the lower house of the New Jersey Legislature.
- In the U.S. Virgin Islands, a ballot initiative to change how seats in the Legislature of the Virgin Islands are apportioned was defeated due to low voter turnout. A majority of voters approved of the reapportionment plan during the March 30, 2019, special election; however, only about 9 percent of registered voters participated in the election, and a majority of all registered voters was required for the initiative to pass.
Incumbent mayors won re-election in major cities during 2019, including Arlington, Texas (Jeff Williams); Colorado Springs, Colorado (John Suthers); Denver (Michael Hancock); Fort Collins, Colorado (Wade Troxell); Fort Worth, Texas (Betsy Price); Gainesville, Florida (Lauren Poe); Jacksonville, Florida (Lenny Curry); Las Vegas (Carolyn Goodman); and San Antonio, Texas (Ron Nirenberg). Incumbent Ken McClure in Springfield, Missouri was unopposed in seeking re-election.
Several large cities elected their first out LGBT+ mayors in 2019. In Chicago, Lori Lightfoot was elected as the city's first African-American female mayor and first lesbian mayor in what was only the second-ever mayoral runoff election in the city's history. In Tampa, Florida, Jane Castor also won a run-off election to become the first gay woman to lead a major Florida city.
In Madison, Wisconsin, Satya Rhodes-Conway defeated longtime incumbent mayor Paul Soglin. In Brownsville, Texas, Trey Mendez won a run-off election to replace incumbent mayor Tony Martinez, who came in third in the primary election. Open mayoral seats were won in Dallas, Texas (Eric Johnson); Green Bay, Wisconsin (Eric Genrich); Kansas City, Missouri (Quinton Lucas); Lincoln, Nebraska (Leirion Gaylor Baird); Newark, Delaware (Jerry Clifton); and West Palm Beach, Florida (Keith James). In Garland, Texas, Scott LeMay was unopposed in seeking an open mayoral seat.
Other major cities holding mayoral elections in 2019 include:
- Aurora, Colorado: Incumbent Bob LeGare, who was elevated to mayor after the death of Mayor Steve Hogan in 2018, is not seeking re-election.
- Boise, Idaho: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Dave Bieter is running for his fifth term against Adriel Martinez.
- Charlotte: Incumbent Democrat Vi Lyles is eligible to run for a second term.
- Columbus, Ohio: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Andrew Ginther is unopposed in seeking a second term.
- Duluth, Minnesota: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Mayor Emily Larson is seeking re-election to a second term.
- Durham, North Carolina: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Mayor Steve Schewel is seeking a second term.
- Evansville, Indiana: Incumbent Republican mayor Lloyd Winnecke is running for a third term. Winnecke faces Libertarian Bart Gadau and self-described constitutional conservative Steve Ary in the November election; the Democratic party did not field a candidate for the race.
- Fairbanks, Alaska: Incumbent Mayor Jim Matherly is running for re-election.
- Fort Wayne, Indiana: Incumbent Democratic Mayor Tom Henry is running for a fourth term against Republican businessman Tim Smith.
- Houston: Incumbent Democrat Sylvester Turner is running for a second term. Challengers include Texas A&M University Regent Tony Buzbee and former Kemah, Texas, Mayor Bill King.
- Indianapolis: Incumbent Democrat Joe Hogsett, running for a second term, will face Republican state Sen. Jim Merritt.
- Knoxville, Tennessee: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Mayor Madeline Rogero is ineligible to run due to term limits.
- Lafayette, Louisiana: Incumbent Republican Mayor-President Joel Robideaux declined to seek election to a second term.
- Memphis: Incumbent Democrat Jim Strickland is running for a second term. Challengers include former mayor Willie Herenton, Shelby County Commissioner Tami Sawyer, businessman Lemichael Wilson, and local activists Terrence Boyce and Pamela Moses.
- Miami Beach, Florida: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Mayor Dan Gelber is running for a second term.
- Montgomery, Alabama: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Todd Strange declined to seek re-election. Announced candidates include retired Air Force officer Edward Crowell, Montgomery County Commission Chairman Elton Dean, former Congressman Artur Davis, Montgomery County Probate Judge Steven Reed, attorneys JC Love and Michael Fitz, media executive David Woods, and Marcus McNeal.
- Nashville: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent David Briley, after serving the remainder of the term of Megan Barry and then winning a 2018 special election, is running for a first full term in office. Challengers include city councilman John Cooper, conservative activist Carol Swain, and State Rep. John Ray Clemmons
- Orlando: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Buddy Dyer is running for a fifth term.
- Philadelphia: Incumbent Democrat Jim Kenney won the Democratic primary and faces Republican Billy Ciancaglini in November.
- Portland, Maine: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Mayor Ethan Strimling has filed for re-election, but not announced. City council members Justin Costa, Spencer Thibodeau, and Belinda Ray, along with former School Board member Kate Snyder, are running.
- Raleigh, North Carolina: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Mayor Nancy McFarlane declined to run for a fifth term.
- Salt Lake City: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Jackie Biskupski declined to run for a second term.
- San Francisco: Incumbent Democrat London Breed, serving the remainder of the term of Democrat Ed Lee, is eligible to run for a first full term in office.
- South Bend, Indiana: Incumbent Democrat Pete Buttigieg declined to run for a third term in favor of a presidential campaign. Democrat James Mueller and Republican Sean Haas are running to replace Buttigieg.
- Tucson, Arizona: Incumbent Democratic Mayor Jonathan Rothschild is declining to seek a third term. Former state Sen. Steve Farley, City Council member Regina Romero, and real estate developer Randi Dorman will meet in the Democratic primary in August. No Republican candidates qualified for the ballot. Advertising firm co-owner Ed Ackerley is running as an independent candidate.
- Wichita, Kansas: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Mayor Jeff Longwell is running for a second term in office.
- Yonkers, New York: The Yonkers City Council extended mayoral term limits from two terms to three, allowing mayor Mike Spano to seek a third term. Spano defeated two opponents in the Democratic primary, and will face Republican Mario De Giorgio in November.
- Special Election Runoff in Phoenix, Arizona, following the resignation of Mayor Greg Stanton and no candidate winning a majority in the November 2018 special election, held on March 12, 2019; won by Kate Gallego
- Special mayoral election in Port Richey, Florida, attorney Scott Tremblay was elected mayor to replace former Vice Mayor Terrence Rowe who was arrested on conspiracy charges 20 days after being elevated to mayor following the arrest of former mayor Dale Massad for practicing medicine without a license.
- Special mayoral election in Allentown, Pennsylvania, interim mayor Ray O'Connell won the Democratic primary to finish the remaining two years of former Mayor Ed Pawlowski, who resigned in 2018 after being convicted for corruption. O'Connell faces Republican Tim Ramos, who was unopposed in the May primary, in the November general election.
- Special mayoral election in Scranton, Pennsylvania, will be held in November to replace Mayor Bill Courtright, who resigned after pleading guilty to federal corruption charges.
During 2019, voters in several cities initiated recall elections against incumbent mayors. Mayors were successfully recalled in Bovill, Idaho; Dalton Gardens, Idaho; Wickenburg, Arizona; and York, Nebraska. Mayors in Arnegard, North Dakota; Elk River, Idaho; Kooskia, Idaho; and Sugar City, Idaho, were retained in office.
In Fall River, Massachusetts, voters successfully recalled Mayor Jasiel Correia and re-elected him in the same election. Correia faced recall after being charged with wire fraud and filing false tax returns in 2018. Five candidates, including Correia, qualified to run in the event of a successful recall, and a plurality of voters voted for Correia.
Other local elections and referendaEdit
- In a non-binding referendum, two-thirds of Georgetown University students voted to establish a semesterly fee to fund reparations for descendents of 272 enslaved people sold to pay the school's debts in 1838.
- In Denver, voters narrowly approved a citizen-initiated ordinance to effectively decriminalize psilocybin mushrooms for personal use and possession by adults. The city's voters also defeated an initiative to overturn the Denver's ban on urban camping. In the June runoff election, voters passed an ordinance barring city officials from spending tax money on future Olympic bids without first seeking voter approval.
- In Parma, Ohio, voters upheld the city's ban on pit bull-type dogs by 14 votes.
- Voters in Oklahoma City approved a charter amendment allowing city council members to work for the state or federal government. The bill allows state or federal employees, such as school teachers or park rangers, to serve on the city council.
- Phoenix, Arizona, voters will consider in August ballot initiatives to halt expansion of the Valley Metro Rail light rail system and to cap city spending to help pay down the city's pension debt.
- Voters in Tucson, Arizona, will consider becoming a sanctuary city, limiting municipal cooperation with federal immigration law enforcement.
Several notable Native American tribal governments held elections for tribal leadership in 2019.
Incumbent Tribal Chairman Don Gentry of the Klamath Tribes and incumbent Tribal Council Chief Beverly Kiohawiton Cook of the St. Regis Mohawk Tribe were both re-elected to a third term. Seminole Tribe of Florida incumbent Tribal Council Chairman Marcellus Osceola Jr. was re-elected to a second term. Incumbent Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Tribal Chair Richard Peterson and incumbent Comanche Nation Tribal Chairman William Nelson Sr. were also re-elected. Choctaw Nation incumbent Chief Gary Batton was unopposed in seeking a second term, and Chickasaw Nation Gov. Bill Anoatubby was unopposed in seeking a ninth consecutive four-year term.
Former Cherokee Nation Secretary of State Chuck Hoskin Jr. was elected principal chief in a contentious election. Ned Norris Jr. was elected chairman of the Tohono O'odham Nation, a position he previously held for two terms, defeating incumbent Chairman Edward Manuel. Cyrus Ben defeated incumbent Tribal Chief Phyliss J. Anderson to lead the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians. Byron Nelson Jr. was elected tribal chairman of the Hoopa Valley Tribe, defeating incumbent Ryan Jackson.
A special election triggered by the resignation of Jicarilla Apache Nation President Levi Pesata in February was won by Legislative Council member Darrell Paiz in a runoff, and Rynalea Whiteman Pena was elected president of the Northern Cheyenne Tribal Council in a special election following the resignation of prior president L. Jace Killsback. Beth Drost was elected as the first female Tribal Chair of the Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa in a special election following the death of long-time Tribal Chair Norman Deschampe. The White Earth Nation in Minnesota is holding a special election to fill the remaining term of Chairman Terry Tibbetts, who passed away in March 2019. Brent Gish and Michael Fairbanks advanced from the June primary to the August general election.
- Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians: Incumbent Principal Chief Richard Sneed is seeking his first full-term, having been elevated from Vice Chief in 2017 following the impeachment of then Principal Chief Patrick Lambert. Sneed and former Tribal Council Member Teresa McCoy, who was originally denied certification to run, advanced from the June primary to face off in the September general election.
- Muscogee (Creek) Nation: Incumbent Principal Chief James R. Floyd declined to run for a second term.
Mashpee Wampanoag Tribal Council Chair Cedric Cromwell faces a recall election over questions about his management of tribal funds. The recall effort was certified in May with the election date to be set later.
Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone voters rejected a ballot petition to replace a blood quantum requirement for tribal membership with a direct lineal descent system. The Hoopa Valley Tribe in California narrowly rejected an effort to open tribal land to cannabis cultivation.
Tables of partisan control resultsEdit
These tables show the partisan results of the congressional, gubernatorial, and state legislative races in 2019. Only the affected congressional districts and states in 2019 are shown. Governorships/legislatures in these affected states that are not up for election in 2019 are already filled in for the "after 2019 elections" section. Bold indicates a change in control.
|Before 2019 elections||After 2019 elections|
|Seat||Incumbent||State delegation||Winner||State delegation|
|North Carolina 3rd||Rep||Rep 9–3[a]|
|North Carolina 9th||Vacant[a]|
|Pennsylvania 12th||Rep||Split 9–9||Rep||Split 9–9|
|Change from||Change to|
|Seat||Previous||State delegation||Current||State delegation|
|Michigan 3rd[b]||Rep||Split 7–7||Ind||7–6–1|
|Before 2019 elections||After 2019 elections|
|State||Governor||State leg.||Governor||State leg.|
- The seat for North Carolina's 9th congressional district is counted as vacant due to the voided 2018 election. It was previously held by a Republican.
- On July 4, 2019, Rep. Justin Amash declared he would leave the Republican Party and continue to serve as an independent.
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