2019 United States elections
The 2019 United States elections will be held, in large part, on Tuesday, November 5, 2019. This off-year election includes the regular gubernatorial elections in Kentucky, Louisiana, and Mississippi. State legislative elections will also be held in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Virginia, as well as for the New Jersey General Assembly (the lower house of the New Jersey legislature). Numerous citizen initiatives, mayoral races, and a variety of other local elections will also occur. Special elections to the United States Congress will take place because so far 3 vacancies arose.
|Election day||November 5|
|Seats contested||3 mid-term vacancies|
|Net seat change||0|
|Map of the 2019 House special elections|
Not yet held
|Net seat change||0|
|Map of the 2019 gubernatorial races|
Light blue: Democratic incumbent
Light red: Republican incumbent
Dark red: Term-limited Republican
Gray: no election
Federal special electionsEdit
The following special elections will be held to replace members who resigned or died in the 116th U.S. Congress:
- Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district: Republican Tom Marino resigned on January 23, 2019, to take a private sector job. The district has a partisan index of R+17. Republican state Rep. Fred Keller faces Democrat Marc Friedenberg in the May 21 election.
- North Carolina's 3rd congressional district: Republican Walter B. Jones Jr. died on February 10, 2019. The district has a partisan index of R+12. On April 30, primary elections were held and Democrat Allen Thomas and Libertarian Tim Harris advanced to the general election on September 10. In the Republican primary, no candidate won a majority, so a runoff will be held on July 9 between Greg Murphy and Joan Perry.
- North Carolina's 9th congressional district: Due to allegations of election fraud, the results for the 9th congressional district were not certified for the 2018 election, leaving the seat vacant once the 116th Congress began (the seat was previously held by Republican Robert Pittenger, who lost his party's nomination in 2018). On February 21, 2019, the North Carolina State Board of Elections voted unanimously to hold a new election. The district has a partisan index of R+8. Republican state Rep. Dan Bishop won the Republican primary to face Democrat Dan McCready, Libertarian Jeff Scott, and Green Loran Allen Smith in the September 10 general election.
The 2019 state elections will impact the redistricting that will follow the 2020 United States Census, as many states task governors and state legislators with drawing new boundaries for state legislative and Congressional districts. Republicans will defend their "trifecta" (unified control of the governorship and the state legislature) in Kentucky and Mississippi, while Democrats will defend their trifecta in New Jersey. The other two states holding elections, Louisiana and Virginia, both have a divided government, meaning that each major party controls the governorship or at least one legislative chamber.
Three states will hold gubernatorial elections in 2019:
- Kentucky: One-term Republican Matt Bevin is seeking re-election. Declared Republicans running against Bevin in the primary include State Representative Robert Goforth, Ike Lawrence and William Woods. Declared Democratic candidates include Attorney General Andy Beshear, former state auditor Adam Edelen, House Minority Leader Rocky Adkins and Geoff Young. Secretary of State Alison Lundergan Grimes declined to run.
- Louisiana: One-term Democrat John Bel Edwards is seeking re-election. Republican U.S. Rep. Ralph Abraham has declared his candidacy, while Republican U.S. Sen. John Neely Kennedy, widely expected to challenge Edwards, has declined to run.
- Mississippi: Two-term Republican Phil Bryant is term-limited in 2019 and therefore ineligible to seek re-election. Potential Republican candidates include Mississippi House of Representatives Speaker Philip Gunn, former U.S. Senator Trent Lott, State Senator Chris McDaniel, Lieutenant Governor Tate Reeves, and Mississippi Supreme Court Chief Justice Bill Waller. Democratic candidates include Attorney General Jim Hood.
Legislative elections will be held for both houses of the Louisiana Legislature, the Mississippi Legislature, and the Virginia General Assembly, as well as for the lower house of the New Jersey Legislature.
- In the U.S. Virgin Islands, a ballot initiative to change how seats in the Legislature of the Virgin Islands are apportioned was defeated due to low voter turnout. A majority of voters approved of the reapportionment plan during the March 30, 2019, special election; however, only about 9 percent of registered voters participated in the election, and a majority of all registered voters was required for the initiative to pass.
Incumbent mayors won re-election in major cities during 2019, including Arlington, Texas (Jeff Williams); Colorado Springs, Colorado (John Suthers); Fort Collins, Colorado (Wade Troxell); Fort Worth, Texas (Betsy Price); Gainesville, Florida (Lauren Poe); Jacksonville, Florida (Lenny Curry); Las Vegas, Nevada (Carolyn Goodman); and Springfield, Missouri (Ken McClure).
Several large cities elected their first out LGBT+ mayors in 2019. In Chicago, Lori Lightfoot was elected as the city's first African-American female mayor and first lesbian mayor in what was only the second-ever mayoral runoff election in the city's history. In Tampa, Florida, Jane Castor also won a run-off election to become the first gay woman to lead a major Florida city.
In Madison, Wisconsin, Satya Rhodes-Conway defeated longtime incumbent mayor Paul Soglin. Open mayoral seats were won in Garland, Texas (Scott LeMay); Green Bay, Wisconsin (Eric Genrich); Lincoln, Nebraska (Leirion Gaylor Baird); Newark, Delaware (Jerry Clifton); and West Palm Beach, Florida (Keith James).
Other major cities holding mayoral elections in 2019 include:
- Boise, Idaho: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Dave Bieter is running for his fifth term against Adriel Martinez.
- Charlotte: Incumbent Democrat Vi Lyles is eligible to run for a second term.
- Columbus, Ohio: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Andrew Ginther is unopposed in seeking a second term.
- Dallas: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Mike Rawlings is ineligible to run for a third term due to term limits. No candidate won a majority in the May 4 election, so a runoff will be held between state Rep. Eric Johnson and city councilman Scott Griggs on June 8.
- Denver: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Michael Hancock, seeking a third term, was forced into a June 4 runoff against Jamie Giellis.
- Duluth, Minnesota: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Mayor Emily Larson is seeking re-election to a second term.
- Durham, North Carolina: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Mayor Steve Schewel is seeking a second term.
- Fort Wayne, Indiana: Incumbent Democratic Mayor Tom Henry is running for a fourth term against Republican businessman Tim Smith.
- Houston: Incumbent Democrat Sylvester Turner is running for a second term. Challengers include Texas A&M University Regent Tony Buzbee and former Kemah, Texas, Mayor Bill King.
- Indianapolis: Incumbent Democrat Joe Hogsett, running for a second term, will face Republican state Sen. Jim Merritt.
- Kansas City, Missouri: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Sly James was ineligible to run for a third term due to term limits. In the non-partisan primary held on April 2, 2019, city council members Jolie Justus and Quinton Lucas were the top-two vote winners and will face off in the general election on June 25, 2019.
- Knoxville, Tennessee: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Mayor Madeline Rogero is ineligible to run due to term limits.
- Memphis: Incumbent Democrat Jim Strickland is running for a second term. Challengers include former mayor Willie Herenton, Shelby County Commissioner Tami Sawyer, businessman Lemichael Wilson, and local activists Terrence Boyce and Pamela Moses.
- Miami Beach, Florida: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Mayor Dan Gelber is running for a second term.
- Montgomery, Alabama: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Todd Strange declined to seek re-election. Announced candidates include retired Air Force officer Edward Crowell, Montgomery County Commission Chairman Elton Dean, former Congressman Artur Davis, Montgomery County Probate Judge Steven Reed, attorneys JC Love and Michael Fitz, media executive David Woods, and Marcus McNeal.
- Nashville: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent David Briley, after serving the remainder of the term of Megan Barry and then winning a 2018 special election, is running for a first full term in office. Challengers include city councilman John Cooper, conservative activist Carol Swain, and State Rep. John Ray Clemmons
- Orlando: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Buddy Dyer is running for a fifth term.
- Philadelphia: Incumbent Democrat Jim Kenney is running for a second term.
- Portland, Maine: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Mayor Ethan Strimling has filed for re-election, but not announced. City council members Justin Costa, Spencer Thibodeau, and Belinda Ray, along with former School Board member Kate Snyder, are running.
- Raleigh, North Carolina: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Mayor Nancy McFarlane declined to run for a fifth term.
- Salt Lake City: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Jackie Biskupski declined to run for a second term.
- San Antonio: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Ron Nirenberg failed to win re-election outright in the May 4 election and faces city councilman Greg Brockhouse in a June 8 runoff.
- San Francisco: Incumbent Democrat London Breed, serving the remainder of the term of Democrat Ed Lee, is eligible to run for a first full term in office.
- South Bend, Indiana: Incumbent Democrat Pete Buttigieg declined to run for a third term in favor of a presidential campaign. Democrat James Mueller and Republican Sean Haas are running to replace Buttigieg.
- Tucson, Arizona: Incumbent Democratic Mayor Jonathan Rothschild is declining to seek a third term.
- Wichita, Kansas: This is a non-partisan office. Incumbent Mayor Jeff Longwell is eligible for re-election.
- Special Election Runoff in Phoenix, Arizona, following the resignation of Mayor Greg Stanton and no candidate winning a majority in the November 2018 special election, held on March 12, 2019; won by Kate Gallego
During 2019, voters in several cities initiated recall elections against incumbent mayors. Mayors were successfully recalled in Dalton Gardens, Idaho and York, Nebraska. Mayors in Arnegard, North Dakota, Elk River, Idaho, and Sugar City, Idaho were retained in office.
In Fall River, Massachusetts, voters successfully recalled Mayor Jasiel Correia and re-elected him in the same election. Correia faced recall after being charged with wire fraud and filing false tax returns in 2018. Five candidates, including Correia, qualified to run in the event of a successful recall, and a plurality of voters voted for Correia.
Other local elections and referendaEdit
- In a non-binding referendum, two-thirds of Georgetown University students voted to establish a semesterly fee to fund reparations for descendents of 272 enslaved people sold to pay the school's debts in 1838.
- In Denver, voters narrowly approved a citizen-initiated ordinance to effectively decriminalize psilocybin mushrooms for personal use and possession by adults. The city's voters also defeated an initiative to overturn the Denver's ban on urban camping.
- In Parma, Ohio, voters upheld the city's ban on pit bull-type dogs by 21 votes in the May 7 election, according to unofficial results. Additional provisional and mail-in ballots to be counted May 20, 2019, may change the official certified tally scheduled for release on May 28.
Several notable Native American tribal governments held elections for tribal chief executive in 2019.
- Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma: Incumbent Principal Chief Bill John Baker is ineligible to run due to term limits. David Walkingstick, Dick Lay, and Chuck Hoskin Jr. filed to succeed Baker, but Walkingstick was disqualified shortly before the June 1 election due to alleged campaign finance violations.
- Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians: Incumbent Principal Chief Richard Sneed is seeking his first full-term, having been elevated from Vice Chief in 2017 following the impeachment of then Principal Chief Patrick Lambert.
- Choctaw Nation: Incumbent Chief Gary Batton was unopposed in seeking a second term.
- Jicarilla Apache Nation: President Levi Pesata resigned in February, triggering a special election, which was won by Legislative Council member Darrell Paiz in a runoff.
- Muscogee (Creek) Nation: Incumbent Principal Chief James R. Floyd is eligible to run for a second term.
- Seminole Tribe: Incumbent Tribal Council Chairman Marcellus Osceola Jr. was re-elected to a second term.
- Tohono O'odham Nation: Incumbent Chairman Edward Manuel, seeking a fourth term, faces former Chairman Ned Norris Jr. in a May 25 runoff.
Tables of partisan control resultsEdit
These tables show the partisan results of the congressional, gubernatorial, and state legislative races in 2019. Only the affected congressional districts and states in 2019 are shown. Governorships/legislatures in these affected states that are not up for election in 2019 are already filled in for the "after 2019 elections" section. Bold indicates a change in control.
|Before 2019 elections||After 2019 elections|
|Seat||Incumbent||State delegation||Winner||State delegation|
|North Carolina 3rd||Rep||Rep 9–3[a]|
|North Carolina 9th||Vacant[a]|
|Pennsylvania 12th||Rep||Split 9–9|
|Before 2019 elections||After 2019 elections|
|State||Governor||State leg.||Governor||State leg.|
- The seat for North Carolina's 9th congressional district is counted as vacant due to the voided 2018 election. It was previously held by a Republican.
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