2019 Parapan American Games

The 2019 Parapan American Games, officially the VI Pan American Games and commonly known as the Lima 2019 ParaPan-Am Games, was an international multi-sport event for athletes with disabilities, celebrated in the tradition of the Parapan American Games as governed by the Americas Paralympic Committee was held from August 23 to September 1, 2019 in Lima, Peru.[3]

VI Parapan American Games
2019 Parapan American Games logo.svg
Host cityLima, Peru
MottoLet's All Play
Spanish: Jugamos Todos
Nations30
Athletes1,878
Events370 in 17 sports
OpeningAugust 23
ClosingSeptember 1
Opened by
Cauldron
StadiumEstadio Nacional de Lima (Opening)
VIDENA Athletics Stadium (Closing)
2015 Toronto 2023 Santiago

Bidding processEdit

 
Lima was selected as the host city of the 2019 Parapan American Games

Four bids were submitted for the 2019 Pan and Parapan American Games, and they were officially announced on February 1, 2013. These were Lima in Peru, Santiago in Chile, Ciudad Bolívar in Venezuela and La Punta in Argentina.[4] Lima bid for the games for the second consecutive time after losing to Toronto for the 2015 edition of the games. The other three cities bid for the Parapan American games for the first time. Lima was elected as the host city on October 11, 2013 where PASO members gathered in Toronto, Canada, to elect the host city.[5] The city was considered the favourite to win the rights to host throughout the process.[3]

2019 Pan American Games bidding results
City NOC Round 1
Lima   Peru 31
La Punta   Argentina 9
Santiago   Chile 9
Ciudad Bolívar   Venezuela 8

Development and preparationEdit

VenuesEdit

The events was held in various Lima districts and neighboring cities, with most of them concentrated in the clusters of VIDENA (a complex in the San Luis District), Pan American Park (Villa María del Triunfo), the Sports Village of Callao, and a sports complex in Costa Verde.

 
The Estadio Nacional hosted the opening ceremony

FinancingEdit

The total budget is estimated at US$1.2 billion, with $470 million in sports infrastructure, $180 million building the Pan American Village, $430 million spent in organization, and $106 million for other expenses.[6]

Athlete's VillageEdit

2000 athletes and team officials was accommodated in a complex with 1,700 units in Villa El Salvador.

Torch relayEdit

The torch was lit on August 20, in the Lima district of Pachacamac and took a 3-day tour within the city center from August 21 to 23, 2019.[7]

The GamesEdit

CeremoniesEdit

The opening ceremony of the Games took place on August 23, 2019 at the Estadio Nacional de Lima while the closing ceremony took place on September 1, 2019 at the VIDENA Athletics Stadium.[8][9] The opening ceremony was entitled Elevation and featured a stage designed as a totem, made by three obelisks. It was produced by Italian company Balich Worldwide Shows and directed by creative director Hansel Cereza. The closing ceremony was entitled Human Spirit and featured a stage with a backdrop of a mosaic of the faces of volunteers. It was produced by Italian company Balich Worldwide Shows and directed by creative director Juan Carlos Fisher.[10][11]

Opening ceremonyEdit

The Ceremony began with a countdown from 10 to 0 and the announcement of President of Peru Martin Vizcarra and the President of Americas Paralympic Committee, Julio César Ávila. The Flag of Peru is raised by Peruvian Armed Forces as the National Anthem is played.

This was followed by an introductory performance titled "The Birth" symbolising Peru's biodiversity and life.[12] The performance was followed immediately by the Parade of Nations in which each teams marched into the stadium, preceded by a person dressed as Ekeko carrying a chicha-style banner with the name of the country, similar to Pan American Games. As per tradition, Peru as host entered last, while the other countries entered under Spanish Alphabetical order.

Soon afterwards was the creative segments, divided into six segments: Symbiosis, The Maze, Chaos, Hope, The Horizon and Victory. All six segments told the story of two boys who grow up helping each other in the spirit of friendship and showing people their ability to overcome their disabilities. The boys as children were played by Jheremy Alejos Perez and Piero Guidiche Montes while the adult boys were played by Marco Antonio Moran and Jose Jesus Diaz Quispe.

In the protocol segment, the President of the Lima 2019 Organizing Committee Carlos Neuhaus and the President of APC, Julio Dussliere deliver their speeches before President of Peru, Martin Vizcarra declare the Games open. The APC flag was carried into the stadium by former Peruvian sportsmen: Efraín Sotacuro, Alicia Flores, Yeni Vargas, Juana Hurtado, María Trujillo, Israel Hilario, Óscar Neyra and Augusto Vásquez and raised to the Paralympic Anthem by the Armed Forces.

During the torch relay segment, the Parapan American flame is carried into the stadium by Peruvian Paralympian Pompilio Falconi, who competed in athletics at Athens 2004, Beijing 2008 and London 2012. He passed the flame to table tennis player Teresa Chiappo, who then handed it to swimmer José González. Jose Gonzalez handed the flame to last torch bearer, Jimmy Eulert a gold medallist at the Atlanta 1996 and Sydney 2000 Summer Paralympics who lights the Incan Sun cauldron with the help of the acrobats on the totem. The ceremony ended with a concert by Peruvian band "Bareto" who performed four songs: Quiero amanacer, Se ha muerto mi abuelo, No juegues con el diablo and Cariñito.[13]

Parade of NationsEdit

Order Nation Spanish Flag bearer Sport
1   Argentina (ARG) Argentina Gustavo Fernandez[14] Wheelchair tennis
2   Aruba (ARU) Aruba Elliott Loonstra Taekwondo
3   Barbados (BAR) Barbados Sean Cooke[15] Athletics
4   Bermuda (BER) Bermuda Steve Wilson[16] Boccia
5   Brazil (BRA) Brasil Leomon Moreno da Silva Goalball
6   Canada (CAN) Canadá Stephanie Chan[17] Table tennis
7   Chile (CHI) Chile Alberto Abarza Swimming
8   Colombia (COL) Colombia Alejandro Perea Cycling
9   Costa Rica (CRC) Costa Rica Camila Haase Swimming
10   Cuba (CUB) Cuba Omara Durand Athletics
11   Ecuador (ECU) Ecuador Darwin Castro Athletics
12   El Salvador (ESA) El Salvador Herbert Aceituno Powerlifting
13   United States (USA) Estados Unidos de América Kathryn Holloway[18] Sitting volleyball
14   Guatemala (GUA) Guatemala Raúl Anguiano Badminton
15   Guyana (GUY) Guyana Gibran Sarfaraz Table tennis
16   Haiti (HAI) Haití Lounevie Pierre Athletics
17   Honduras (HON) Honduras Carlos Velásquez Athletics
18   Jamaica (JAM) Jamaica Chadwick Campbell[19] Athletics
19   Mexico (MEX) México Eduardo Ávila Judo
20   Nicaragua (NCA) Nicaragua Akira López Athletics
21   Panama (PAN) Panamá Getrudis Ortega Athletics
22   Paraguay (PAR) Paraguay Melissa Nair Tillner Galeano Athletics
23   Puerto Rico (PUR) Puerto Rico Javier Hernández Swimming
24   Dominican Republic (DOM) República Dominicana José Manuel Abud Powerlifting
25   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (VIN) San Vicente y las Granadinas John Jaldini Swimming
26   Suriname (SUR) Surinam Chivaro Belfort Athletics
27   Trinidad and Tobago (TTO) Trinidad y Tobago Nyoshia Cain[20] Athletics
28   Uruguay (URU) Uruguay Carmelo Milán Shooting
29   Venezuela (VEN) Venezuela Belkys Mota Swimming
30   Peru (PER) Perú Angelica Espinoza[21] Taekwondo

Closing ceremonyEdit

Katia Condos and Gonzalo Torres were the hosts of the ceremony. The segments of the ceremony were inspired by the core values of the International Paralympic Movement which are: Inspiration, Determination, Courage and Equality and featured mostly concert and dance performances by local artists. During the ceremony, Laguna Pai performed three songs: Libertad, Vamos con fe and Resiliencia; We The Lion performed four songs: Found Love, All My Demons, So Fine and When Life Began; and Desiree Nunez Del Prado and Javier Morales performed a Marinera duet.

After delivery of speech by President of the Organizing Committee Carlos Neuhaus and of the Americas Paralympic Committee (APC) Julio César Ávila, the Games were declared closed by APC president himself. Through President of the Americas Paralympic Committee, Julio César Ávila, Deputy Mayor of the city of Lima Miguel Eugenio Romero Sotelo handed the APC flag over to the Undersecretary of Sports of Chile, Andres Otero Klein for the next Parapan American Games in 2023. When the flag of Chile is raised by armed forces personnel, the National Anthem of Chile is performed by 14-year-old Cerebral Palsy female singer Isidora Guzmán, accompanied by images slideshow of the country's scenery. Chilean band Los Jaivas performed songs on stage to represent Chile as next host of the event. When Peruvian singer Eva Ayllón performed “Canción con todos” on stage, the Flame beside the stage was extinguished. The Ceremony ended with a concert by a cumbia group Hermanos Yaipén who performed five songs: Mix de Luis Miguel, El Tiki Taka, Al llorar a otra parte, Mix de Juan Gabriel and Que levante la mano.[22]

Participating National Paralympic CommitteesEdit

30 National Paralympic Committees have participated at the games including Guyana and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines as debuting teams. Paraguay returned to participate after last competed in the 2007 edition, while Virgin Islands which last participated at the 2015 edition was absent.[23]

Participating National Paralympic Committees

Number of athletes by National Paralympic CommitteeEdit

SportsEdit

Events in 17 sports were held during the 2019 Parapan American Games. Cycling events was split into road and track disciplines. Team events goalball, sitting volleyball and wheelchair basketball continued as men's and women's events, wheelchair rugby continued to be a mixed event and football 5-a-side and football 7-a-side opened for male competitors. Badminton, taekwondo and para shooting made their debuts. Seven of the sports count as qualifying events for 2020 Summer Paralympics.

CalendarEdit

OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Gold medal events CC Closing ceremony
August/September 22nd
Thu
23rd
Fri
24th
Sat
25th
Sun
26th
Mon
27th
Tue
28th
Wed
29th
Thu
30th
Fri
31st
Sat
1st
Sun
Events
Ceremonies OC CC N/A
  Athletics 22 27 25 21 24 119
  Badminton 5 3 8
  Boccia 4 3 7
Cycling   Road cycling 5 8 13
  Track cycling 4 6 10
  Football 5-a-side 1 1
  Football 7-a-side 1 1
  Goalball 2 2
  Judo 5 5 10
  Powerlifting 5 5 5 15
  Shooting 2 2 2 2 8
  Sitting volleyball 2 2
  Swimming 19 22 19 19 19 19 23 140
  Table tennis 1 14 5 20
  Taekwondo 3 3 6
  Wheelchair basketball 1 1 2
  Wheelchair rugby 1 1
  Wheelchair tennis 2 3 5
Daily medal events 1 43 53 53 54 45 26 38 43 14 370
Cumulative total 1 44 97 150 204 249 275 313 356 370
August/September 22nd
Thu
23rd
Fri
24th
Sat
25th
Sun
26th
Mon
27th
Tue
28th
Wed
29th
Thu
30th
Fri
31st
Sat
1st
Sun
Events

Medal tableEdit

[24]

  *   Host nation (Peru)

RankNPCGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Brazil (BRA)1239985307
2  United States (USA)586265185
3  Mexico (MEX)555845158
4  Colombia (COL)473650133
5  Argentina (ARG)273743107
6  Canada (CAN)17212260
7  Cuba (CUB)13101639
8  Chile (CHI)10121133
9  Ecuador (ECU)56516
10  Peru (PER)*53715
11  Venezuela (VEN)2102133
12  Trinidad and Tobago (TTO)2114
13  Bermuda (BER)2103
14  Uruguay (URU)1012
15  El Salvador (ESA)1001
  Guatemala (GUA)1001
17  Dominican Republic (DOM)0415
18  Costa Rica (CRC)0314
19  Puerto Rico (PUR)0303
20  Jamaica (JAM)0224
21  Panama (PAN)0112
Totals (21 NPCs)3693693771115

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Lima 2019: Spectacular ceremony opens Parapans".
  2. ^ "Jimmy Eulert lights Parapan American Cauldron".
  3. ^ a b McKay, Duncan (October 11, 2013). "Lima awarded 2019 Pan American and Parapan Games". Insidethegames.biz. Dunsar Media. Retrieved April 23, 2016.
  4. ^ "Four Cities Vying to Host 2019 Pan American Games". www.swimmingworldmagazine.com/. Sports Publications, Inc. February 1, 2013. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  5. ^ Bauer, Aaron (October 11, 2013). "Lima Wins the 2019 Pan American Games". Around the Rings. Atlanta, Georgia, United States. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  6. ^ "El presupuesto para Lima 2019 está casi listo". La Republica (in Spanish). July 21, 2016.
  7. ^ "Torch".
  8. ^ "Opening ceremony".
  9. ^ "Opening ceremony guide".
  10. ^ "Closing ceremony".
  11. ^ "Closing ceremony guide".
  12. ^ Tears, excitement and songs in the spectacular opening ceremony
  13. ^ Dan Palmer (August 23, 2019). "Neuhaus welcomes golden era for Peruvian sport as Parapan American Games begin". Insidethegames.biz.
  14. ^ "Gustavo Fernandez to Carry Argentina's Flag at Lima 2019". lima2019.pe. August 15, 2019.
  15. ^ These are the delegations that led the delegations' parade
  16. ^ Bermuda Flag Raised At Parapan Games In Peru
  17. ^ Table tennis player Chan named Canada's flag-bearer for Parapan Am opening ceremony
  18. ^ "Katie" Holloway named US Flag bearer for Parapan American Games Lima 2019 Opening Ceremony
  19. ^ Jamaica's Parapan Am Games flag-bearer Chadwick Campbell 'honoured'
  20. ^ Cain-Claxton, Greene start T&T’s Parapan hunt
  21. ^ Angelica Espinoza to be Lima 2019 Flag bearer
  22. ^ Nancy Gillen (September 1, 2019). "Parapan American Games come to an end as Brazil top medal table". Insidethegames.biz.
  23. ^ "NOC Schedule".
  24. ^ Medal Standings

External linksEdit

Preceded by
VI Parapan American Games
Lima

(2019)
Succeeded by