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The 2019 Pan American Games (Spanish: Juegos Panamericanos de 2019), officially the XVIII Pan American Games and commonly known as the Lima 2019 Pan-Am Games or Lima 2019, were a multi-sport event governed by the Panam Sports Organization, was held in Lima, Peru from July 26 to August 11, 2019, with preliminary rounds in certain events having begun on July 24, 2019.

XVIII Pan American Games
2019 Pan American Games logo.svg
Host cityLima, Peru
MottoLet's All Play
Spanish: Jugamos Todos
Nations41
Athletes6,680
Events419 in 39 sports
OpeningJuly 26
ClosingAugust 11
Opened by
Cauldron
StadiumEstadio Nacional del Perú
2015 Toronto 2023 Santiago

The opening ceremony took place on July 26 at the National Stadium, and the Games were declared open by Peruvian President Martín Vizcarra.

These Pan American Games were held at venues in and around Lima, and are the largest sporting event ever hosted by the country.[1]

Bidding processEdit

 
Lima was selected as the host city of the 2019 Pan American Games

A total of four bids were submitted for the 2019 Pan American Games, and they were officially announced on February 1, 2013. These were Lima in Peru, Santiago in Chile, Ciudad Bolívar in Venezuela and La Punta in Argentina.[2] Lima bid for the games for the second consecutive time after losing to Toronto for the 2015 edition of the games. Santiago had won the rights to stage the 1975 and 1987 Pan American Games but withdrew both times before hosting. The other two cities bid for the games for the first time. Lima was elected as the host city on October 11, 2013 where PASO members gathered in Toronto, Ontario, Canada to elect the host city.[3][4] The city was considered the favourite to win the rights to host throughout the contest.[4]

2019 Pan American Games bidding results
City NOC Round 1
Lima   Peru 31
La Punta   Argentina 9
Santiago   Chile 9
Ciudad Bolívar   Venezuela 8

Development and preparationEdit

VenuesEdit

The events were held in various Lima districts and neighboring cities, with most of them concentrated in the clusters of VIDENA (a complex in the San Luis District), Pan American Park (Villa María del Triunfo), the Sports Village of Callao, and a sports complex in Costa Verde.

 
The Estadio Nacional hosted the opening and closing ceremonies

FinancingEdit

The total budget is estimated at US$1.2 billion, with $470 million in sports infrastructure, $180 million building the Pan American Village, $430 million spent in organization, and $106 million for other expenses.[5]

Athletes' VillageEdit

9,500 athletes and team officials were accommodated in a complex with 1,700 units in Villa El Salvador.

Torch relayEdit

The torch was sent from Mexico to Lima by sailboat, and the torch relay started in Machu Picchu.[6] The torch had toured through 23 cities over 23 days and covered 5,500 kilometers en route to the Peru National Stadium in Lima on July 26, 2019 for the opening ceremony. The cities include Machu Picchu, Ollantaytambo, Cusco, Puno, Lake Titicaca, Arequipa, Camaná, Nazca, Ica, Ayacucho, Huancavelica, Cerro de Pasco, Huánuco, Tocache, Tarapoto, Bagua Grande, Piura, Cajamarca, Trujillo and Huaraz.[7]

The GamesEdit

CeremoniesEdit

The opening ceremony of the games took place on July 26, 2019 and the closing ceremony took place on August 11, 2019.[8]

Participating nationsEdit

All 41 nations who are members of the Pan American Sports Organization are expected to compete.[9][10] The numbers in parenthesis represents the number of athletes a country qualified.

Number of athletes by National Olympic CommitteeEdit

SportsEdit

419 events in 39 sports are scheduled to be contested in Lima, which is the largest number of medal events ever held at a single edition of the Pan American Games. Bodybuilding and surfing will be contested at the Pan-Am Games for the first time in 2019, while basque pelota will be reinstated after being absent from the 2015 Games.

Almost all of the new events being contested at the 2020 Summer Olympics were already on the Pan-Am Games' programme. Sport climbing was excluded because it did not have the required number of national federations in the Americas to be eligible for inclusion. Skateboarding was pulled from the programme in May 2019, with Panam Sports citing that World Skate had diminished the quality of the event by having not made the Games be a qualifier for the Olympics, and its partner Street League Skateboarding (SLS) having scheduled a World Tour event in Los Angeles that directly conflicted with the Games.[50][51][52][53]

The new event disciplines introduced for the 2020 Summer Olympics are also being added, including the 4 × 100m mixed medley relay, men's 800m and women's 1,500m in swimming, 3-on-3 basketball, BMX freestyle park, two new women's boxing events, madison track cycling, the transfer of three men's events to mixed team events in shooting, table tennis mixed doubles, archery mixed team, and triathlon mixed relay. There has also been a reduction of one men's weightlifting event,[54][55] and all canoe events being gender-neutral (removing a men's event from each discipline).[56] In addition, a 1m springboard discipline was added to diving,[56] as well as compound archery,[57] modern pentathlon relays (with mixed, men's, and women's events),[56] 49er, Nacra 17 and kiteboarding (the latter two replacing the Hobie 16 and J/24) events in sailing,[58] extreme canoe slalom, mixed doubles squash, women's wakeboard, poomsae events in taekwondo,[59] women's 50 km race walking, and doubles table tennis.[56][60][61]

The only event dropped from the prior games is women's baseball, which was only added for the first time four years prior.[56]

Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of medal events to be contested in each sport/discipline.

CalendarEdit

The calendar was unveiled on April 18, 2019, 100 days ahead to the start of the competition.[62][63]

OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Event finals CC Closing ceremony
July/August 24
Wed
25
Thu
26
Fri
27
Sat
28
Sun
29
Mon
30
Tue
31
Wed
1
Thu
2
Fri
3
Sat
4
Sun
5
Mon
6
Tue
7
Wed
8
Thu
9
Fri
10
Sat
11
Sun
Events
Ceremonies (opening / closing) OC CC N/A
Aquatics   Artistic swimming 2 2
  Diving 2 2 2 2 2 10
  Open water swimming 2 2
  Swimming 8 7 9 6 6 36
  Water polo 2 2
  Archery 3 5 8
  Athletics 2 2 5 6 10 11 10 2 48
  Badminton 5 5
  Baseball 1 1
  Basketball 2 1 1 4
  Basque pelota 10 10
  Bodybuilding 2 2
  Boxing 7 8 15
  Bowling 2 2 4
Canoeing   Slalom 6 6
  Sprint 1 2 5 4 12
Cycling   BMX 2 2 4
  Mountain biking 2 2
  Road 2 2 4
  Track 3 2 3 4 12
Equestrian   Dressage 1 1 2
  Eventing 2 2
  Jumping 1 1 2
  Fencing 2 2 2 2 2 2 12
  Field hockey 1 1 2
  Football 1 1 2
  Golf 3 3
Gymnastics   Artistic 1 1 2 5 5 14
  Rhythmic 2 3 3 8
  Trampoline 2 2
  Handball 1 1 2
  Judo 3 3 4 4 14
  Karate 4 5 5 14
  Modern pentathlon 1 1 2 1 5
  Racquetball 4 2 6
Roller sports   Figure 2 2
  Speed 2 4 6
  Rowing 4 5 5 14
  Rugby sevens 2 2
  Sailing 6 5 11
  Shooting 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 3 15
  Softball 1 1 2
  Squash 2 3 2 7
  Surfing 2 6 8
  Table tennis 1 2 2 2 7
  Taekwondo 4 4 4 12
  Tennis 3 2 5
  Triathlon 2 1 3
Volleyball   Beach 2 2
  Indoor 1 1 2
  Water skiing 7 3 10
  Weightlifting 3 4 4 3 14
  Wrestling 5 4 5 4 18
Total events 21 21 30 23 11 15 21 13 32 11 17 29 32 49 72 22 419
Cumulative total 21 42 72 95 106 121 142 155 187 198 215 244 276 325 397 419 N/A
24
Wed
25
Thu
26
Fri
27
Sat
28
Sun
29
Mon
30
Tue
31
Wed
1
Thu
2
Fri
3
Sat
4
Sun
5
Mon
6
Tue
7
Wed
8
Thu
9
Fri
10
Sat
11
Sun
Events

Medal tableEdit

Key

  *   Host nation (Peru)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States (USA)1208885293
2  Brazil (BRA)544571170
3  Mexico (MEX)373663136
4  Canada (CAN)356453152
5  Cuba (CUB)33273898
6  Argentina (ARG)323534101
7  Colombia (COL)28233384
8  Chile (CHI)13191850
9  Peru (PER)*1172139
10  Dominican Republic (DOM)10131740
11–31Remaining NOCs456290197
Totals (31 nations)4184195231360

MediaEdit

BroadcastingEdit

Mediapro served as host broadcaster. The Lima Convention Centre hosted the International Broadcast Centre (IBC).[64] Panam Sports also launched the Panam Sports Channel on its website, which featured supplemental video content from the Games hosted by local personality Alexandra Hörler.[65]

MarketingEdit

 
Milco, the mascot of the 2019 Pan American Games

Edit

The official logo of the 2019 Pan American Games is inspired by the amancay, an indigenous flower that flourishes from June 24 through September 30. The flower and its pistils represent three athletes with open arms and the three Americas, with the identity of Lima. It was designed by Peruvian graphic designers Juan Diego Sanz and Jorge Luis Zárate.[66]

MascotEdit

In June 2017, after over a thousand submissions, the organising committee revealed the final three in the running to be the mascot of the games.[67] The final three designs were: Milco, which was influenced by Cuchimilco sculptures (pre-Hispanic figures of Chancay culture developed in Lima around 1200–1470 A.D.); a flower named Amantis; and Wayqi, a leaf-toed gecko. In July 2017, it was announced Milco was the winner of the contest, receiving 45% of the vote. There was approximately 44,154 votes cast in the contest, the most ever for a mascot competition for the Pan American Games.[68] The winning designer of the competition was awarded 15,000 Peruvian sol (or approximately US$4,600).[69] Milco's body is orange and the colour of his shorts is red, while his T-shirt is white, representing the colors of the Peruvian flag. Milco was designed by 24-year-old Andrea Norka Medrano Moy.[68]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit

Preceded by
Toronto
XVIII Pan American Games
Lima

(2019)
Succeeded by
Santiago