2019 Kosovan parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Kosovo on 6 October 2019. The main opposition parties received the most votes, led by Vetëvendosje and the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK). Vetëvendosje leader Albin Kurti became Prime Minister, forming a governing coalition with the LDK on an anti-corruption platform. He is the second Prime Minister not to have been a fighter of the Kosovo Liberation Army during the 1990s.

2019 Kosovan parliamentary election
Kosovo
← 2017 6 October 2019 2023 →

All 120 seats in the Assembly
61 seats needed for a majority
Turnout44.59% (Increase3.43%)
Party Leader % Seats ±
Vetëvendosje Albin Kurti 26.27% 29 -5
LDK Vjosa Osmani 24.55% 28 +5
PDK Kadri Veseli 21.23% 24 +1
AAKPSD Ramush Haradinaj 11.51% 13 +3
Serb List Goran Rakić 6.40% 10 +1
NISMAAKRPD Fatmir Limaj 5.00% 6 -4
Vakat Rasim Demiri 0.84% 2 0
KDTP Mahir Yağcılar 0.81% 2 0
PLE Veton Beriša 0.58% 1 0
NDS Emilija Redžepi 0.47% 1 0
PAI Etem Arifi 0.37% 1 0
PDAK Danush Ademi 0.23% 1 0
JGP Adem Hodža 0.14% 1 0
PREBK Albert Kinolli 0.13% 1 0
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister before Appointed Prime Minister
Ramush Haradinaj
AAK
Albin Kurti
Vetëvendosje

BackgroundEdit

On 19 July 2019 Prime Minister Ramush Haradinaj resigned after being summoned for questioning by the KSC in The Hague, Netherlands.[1] The constitution requires the President to designate a new candidate to either form a government, or hold new elections in between 30 and 45 days after consultation with political parties or coalitions who hold a majority in the Assembly,

On 2 August 2019, President Hashim Thaçi asked the PANA Coalition to propose a new candidate to form a coalition government. However, other political parties opposed the move.[2]

On 5 August 2019, the Assembly of Kosovo agreed to hold an extraordinary session on 22 August, planning to disband itself so that elections could be scheduled.[3] Subsequently, on 22 August 2019, MPs voted to dissolve parliament, with 89 of the 120 voting in favour, necessitating elections within 30–45 days.[4]

Electoral systemEdit

The 120 members of the Assembly are elected by open list proportional representation, with 20 seats reserved for national minorities.[5] An electoral threshold of 5% was in place for non-minority parties.

Parties and coalitionsEdit

On 7 September the Election Commission published the official list of the 25 participating parties and coalitions.[6]

Party Candidate for Prime Minister
Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK)

PSHDK (Candidates run inside LDK list)[7]

Vjosa Osmani (LDK)
Vetëvendosje (VV)

Alternativa (Candidates run inside VV list)[8]

Albin Kurti (VV)
Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK)

Movement for Unification (Candidates run inside PDK list)

Kadri Veseli (PDK)
100% Kosovo (AAK - PSD Coalition)[9] Ramush Haradinaj (AAK)
NISMA - AKR - PD Coalition[10] Fatmir Limaj (NISMA)
The Word (Fjala)[6] Gëzim Kelmendi
Euroatlantic Party of Kosovo (PEK)[6] Milaim Zeka
Independent (Esmir Rasi)[6] Esmir Rasi
Serbian parties (10 seats reserved)
Serb List
Independent Liberal Party (SLS)
Serb Coalition (Sloboda)[12]
Party of Kosovo Serbs (PKS)[6]
Other minority parties (10 seats reserved)
Romani, Ashkali and Egyptians 4 seats reserved
United Roma Party of Kosovo (PREBK)
Kosovar New Romani Party (KNRP)
Ashkali Party for Integration (PAI)
Democratic Ashkali Party of Kosovo (PDAK)
Egyptian Liberal Party (PLE)
New Democratic Initiative of Kosovo (IRDK)
Bosniaks 3 seats reserved
Vakat Coalition
Bosniak Party of Democratic Action of Kosovo (SDA)
New Democratic Party (NDS)
Turks 2 seats reserved
Turkish Democratic Party of Kosovo (KDTP)
Gorans 1 seat reserved
Civic Initiative of Gora (GIG)
Unique Gorani Party (JGP)
Movement for Gora (PG)

Opinion pollsEdit

Coalitions

Pollster Date PDK AAK
PSD
NISMA
AKR
PD
LDK LV Other Lead Abstention
PIPOS Exit Poll- 6 Oct 25.8 12.3 5.8 27.9 28.1 0.2 -
Klan Kosova Exit Poll- 6 Oct 22.28 10.58 4.41 30 30 Tie -
SS 4 Oct 19 11 4 32 28 4 -

Parties

Pollster Date PDK AAK NISMA LDK AKR A LV PSD SL Other Lead Abstention
NDI 25 Apr 16 17 25 20 5 -
IPSP 2 Apr 16.1 12.1 5.3 21.2 1.6 0.2 19.7 2.2 1.1 1.5 -
PIPOS 1–2 Feb 26 14 5 24 3 1 19 3 - 1 2 -
2019
UBO Consulting 11–18 Dec 20.5 12.6 6.3 27.1 - - 22.6 - - 10.9 4.5 -
IFIMES 19–28 Sep 22.9 10.1 5.2 28.3 1.6 0.6 23.1 2.2 - 6 5.2 -
KDI 25 Aug–5 Sep 18.4 8.8 4.9 23.8 1.7 0.6 17.6 2 4.1 2.6 5.4 15.6
KDI 10–5 Jun 23 10.4 6.3 30.8 - - 21.2 2.4 2 4.1 7.8 -
2018
2017 election 11 Jun 2017 33.74 25.53 27.49 6.12 7.12 6.25 -

ResultsEdit

The initial results showed that the pro-government NISMAAKRPD alliance fell only a few hundred votes short of meeting the 5% electoral threshold and lost all 10 of their seats. However, the Kosovo Election Complaints and Appeals Panel subsequently ordered around 3,782 votes originating in Serbia to be removed from the vote count as they had been delivered by Serbian officials rather than by post.[13] The removed votes allowed the NISMA-led alliance to cross the threshold and win six seats, a reduction of four from the prior election. Vetëvendosje and the Independent Liberal Party (which lost its parliamentary representation) were the only other parties to see a reduction in their seat totals. The Democratic League of Kosovo, Democratic Party of Kosovo, AAKPSD alliance and the Serb List all gained seats. Voter turnout was around 45%.

 
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Vetëvendosje 221,001 26.27 29 –5
Democratic League of Kosovo 206,516 24.55 28 +5
Democratic Party of Kosovo 178,637 21.23 24 +1
100% Kosovo (AAKPSD) 96,872 11.51 13 +3
Serb List 53,861 6.40 10 +1
NISMAAKRPD 42,083 5.00 6 –4
Vakat Coalition 7,075 0.84 2 0
Turkish Democratic Party of Kosovo 6,788 0.81 2 0
Egyptian Liberal Party 4,887 0.58 1 0
New Democratic Party 3,935 0.47 1 0
Ashkali Party for Integration 3,113 0.37 1 0
Fjala 2,852 0.34 0 0
Democratic Ashkali Party of Kosovo 1,963 0.23 0 0
Independent Liberal Party 1,859 0.22 0 –1
New Democratic Initiative of Kosovo 1,755 0.21 1 0
Euroatlantic Party of Kosovo 1,173 0.14 0 New
Unique Gorani Party 1,159 0.14 1 0
United Roma Party of Kosovo 1,078 0.13 1 0
Bosniak Party of Democratic Action of Kosovo 834 0.10 0 0
Party of Kosovo Serbs 816 0.10 0 0
Civic Initiative of Gora 785 0.09 0 0
Movement for Gora 695 0.08 0 0
Serb Coalition (Sloboda) 672 0.08 0 New
Kosovar New Romani Party 289 0.03 0 0
Independents 577 0.07 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 33,271
Total 874,546 100 120 0
Registered voters/turnout 1,961,213 44.59
Source: KQZ, KQZ, KQZ

AftermathEdit

After the election, Vetëvendosje leader Albin Kurti formed a coalition with the LDK, which went down on 25 March following a motion of no confidence.[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Shehu, Bekim (2019-07-19). "Kosovë: Ramush Haradinaj jep dorëheqje të parevokueshme". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 2019-07-22.
  2. ^ Zyrtare: Thaçi i kërkon koalicionit PAN propozim-mandatarin e ri për kryeministër Bota Sot, 2 August 2019
  3. ^ "Kosovo parliament to disband so early election can be held". Associated Press. 5 August 2019. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  4. ^ "Nga seanca plenare e Kuvendit". Kuvendi i Kosovës. 22 August 2019. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  5. ^ Kosovo IFES
  6. ^ a b c d e "Këto janë subjektet politike që mund t'i votoni më 6 tetor". GazetaExpress. 2019-07-09. Retrieved 2019-09-08.
  7. ^ "Kjo parti i bashkohet listës zgjedhore të LDK'së". GazetaExpress. 2019-02-09. Retrieved 2019-09-08.
  8. ^ "Kusari: Me VV-në kemi dallime, por jemi të fokusuar në atë se çfarë na bashkon". GazetaExpress. 2019-07-09. Retrieved 2019-09-08.
  9. ^ "Kosovo parties sign first pre-election coalition". GazetaExpress. 2019-08-19. Retrieved 2019-08-23.
  10. ^ "Pacolli and Limaj sign pre-election coalition". GazetaExpress. 2019-08-23. Retrieved 2019-08-23.
  11. ^ "Nisma dhe AKR arrijnë marrëveshje edhe me një parti tjetër". GazetaExpress. 2019-08-27. Retrieved 2019-08-27.
  12. ^ "Bashkohen serbët e Kosovës për zgjedhje kundër Listës Srpska". GazetaExpress. 2019-08-28. Retrieved 2019-08-28.
  13. ^ Election: over 3,700 votes from Serbia removed from final count Prishtina Insight, 14 November 2019
  14. ^ Walker, Shaun (26 March 2020). "Kosovans look on aghast as government falls while coronavirus bites". The Guardian.