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General elections were held in Bolivia on 20 October 2019.[1] Voters elected all 130 members of the Chamber of Deputies and 36 senators and cast ballots for a joint slate of president and vice president.

2019 Bolivian general election

← 2014 20 October 2019 (first round)
15 December 2019 (second round)
2024 →
  Evo Morales 2017.jpg Carlos Mesa, ex-President of Bolivia (croppeda).jpg
Nominee Evo Morales Carlos Mesa
Party MAS-IPSP FRI
Alliance Citizen Community
Running mate Álvaro García Linera Gustavo Pedraza

Incumbent President

Evo Morales
MAS-IPSP



For the presidential election, electoral law states that if one presidential candidate receives more than 50% of the vote, or more than 40% with a 10%-lead over his closest rival, he is elected President of Bolivia for a five-year term on the first round.[2] With a preliminary vote count of 45% for incumbent president Evo Morales and 38% for his leading challenger, former president Carlos Mesa, after 83% of votes were counted, neither of those conditions appeared likely to be met. A second-round runoff vote between those two candidates is therefore to be held on 15 December.[3]

BackgroundEdit

Article 168 of the 2009 constitution allows the President and Vice-President to put themselves forward for re-election only once, limiting the number of terms to two. The governing party, the Movement Towards Socialism–Political Instrument for the Sovereignty of the Peoples (MAS-IPSP) sponsored an effort to amend this article. The referendum was authorized by a joint session of the Plurinational Legislative Assembly on 26 September 2015, by a vote of 112 to 41.[4][5] Law 757, which convened the February referendum, passed by 113 votes to 43 and was promulgated on 5 November 2015.[6]

The referendum was held on 21 February 2016 and the proposed amendment was narrowly rejected by 51.3% to 48.7%. A successful 'yes' vote would have allowed President Evo Morales and Vice President Álvaro García Linera to run for another term in office in 2019. Morales had already been elected three times. The first time, in 2006, is not counted as it was before the two term limit was introduced by the 2009 constitution.[6]

Despite the referendum result, the Supreme Tribunal of Justice – referring to Art. 23 of the American Convention on Human Rights – ruled a little over one year later in December 2017 that all public offices would have no term limits despite what was established in the constitution, thus allowing Morales to run for a fourth term.[7]

Primary electionsEdit

Primary elections were held on 27 January 2019.[8][9][1] María Eugenia Choque, President of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE), stated that international observers had worked with the TSE to monitor the primary election results.[8] She also stated that they had been given an "information seminar" about all the logistics, legal and communication regarding the primary and had even visited polling stations to make assessments and recommendations.[8] By the time the primary was held, however, only one candidate had been registered for each of the nine parties or alliances which will participate in the general elections.[9] Morales received 36.54% of the total primary votes.[10] Revolutionary Nationalist Movement candidate Virginio Lema was his closest challenger, receiving 7.10% of the total primary votes.[10]

Presidential candidatesEdit

On 27 January 2019, the TSE announced that nine candidates would contest the presidential elections.[11][12][10]

Party Presidential candidate Vice Presidential candidate
Movement for Socialism (MAS) Evo Morales Álvaro García Linera
Civic Community Carlos Mesa Gustavo Pedraza
Democrat Social Movement Óscar Ortiz Antelo Rubén Costas
Solidarity Civic Unity Víctor Hugo Cárdenas Humberto Peinado
Christian Democratic Party Chi Hyun Chung Paola Barriga
Revolutionary Nationalist Movement Virginio Lema Fernando Untoja Choque
The Front For Victory Israel Rodriquez Faustino Challapa
National Action Party of Bolivia Ruth Nina Leopoldo Chui
Third System Movement Felix Patzi Lucia Mendieta

Opinion pollsEdit

  First place   Second place

2017Edit

Polling firm Date Morales Mesa García Linera Costas Doria Medina Quiroga Revilla Patzi Blank
Mercados y Muestras[13] January 31% 16% N/A 9% 10% 4% 2% 4% 14%
Mercados y Muestras[13] March 26% 20% N/A 8% 12% 4% 2% 3% 12%
Mercados y Muestras[13] May 29% 21% N/A 5% 7% 2% 2% 4% 13%
Captura Consulting[14] September/October 37% 20% N/A 10% 5% 3% N/A N/A N/A
N/A 24% 17% 13% 7% N/A 4% N/A N/A

2018 and 2019Edit

Polling firm Date Morales Mesa Ortiz García Linera Doria Medina Albarracín Revilla Quiroga Patzi Others Blank NS/NC
Mercados y Muestras[15] January 2018 22% N/A 15% 13% N/A N/A 5% 4% N/A N/A 10%
Mercados y Muestras[16] March/April 2018 24% N/A 14% 8% 10% N/A N/A 3% N/A N/A N/A
Captura Consulting[17] March 2018 27% 18% 9% 4% N/A 4% 2% 3% N/A N/A N/A
Captura Consulting[18] May 2018 27% 23% 11% 7% N/A N/A 2% N/A N/A N/A N/A
Mercados y Muestras[19] July 2018 27% 25% 8% 7% N/A 3% 2% 2% N/A N/A 6%
IPSOS[20] August 2018 29% 27% 7% 9% N/A 3% N/A N/A 8% N/A 5%
IPSOS[21] October 2018 39% 25% 6% 4% N/A N/A 3% N/A 7% N/A 16%
Mercados y Muestras[22] November 2018 29% 34% N/A 10% N/A N/A N/A N/A 7% 20% N/A
Mercados y Muestras[23] December 2018 30% 39% 4% 2% N/A 2% 0% 0% 0% 20% N/A
Mercados y Muestras[23] January 2019 32% 32% 4% 3% 4% 2% 0% 0% 0% 25% N/A
Mercados y Muestras[24] February 2019 31% 30% 6.6% N/A N/A 6.6% N/A N/A N/A N/A 16.7%
Tal Cual[25] March 2019 35.6% 30.3% 7.3% N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 16.7%
Estudios y Tendencias[26] April 2019 26.4% 21.1% 5.7% N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 16.7%
Tal Cual[27] May 2019 38.1% 27.1% 8.7% N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1.3% N/A N/A 16.2%
Ciesmori[28] July 2019 37% 26% 9% N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 12 7%
Captura Consulting[29][30] July 2019 38.4% 23.6% 11.9% N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1.9% N/A N/A 18.9%
Mercados y Muestras[31] August 2019 35% 27% 11% N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 2% N/A 13% 10%
Tal Cual[32][33] August 2019 40.8% 23.3% 10.8% N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1.8% N/A N/A 14.6%
CELAG[34][33] August 2019 43.4% 25.1% 12.8% N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 3.1% N/A 7.8% 5.0%
Mercados y Muestras (Nacional)[35][36] September 2019 34.4% 27.1% 13% N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1% N/A 2% 5.0%
CELAG[37] October 2019 38.8% 25.4% 11.3% N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 3.2% 5.2% 10.4% 5.7%

ResultsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Tribunal Electoral de Bolivia confirma la fecha para elecciones primarias Sputnik, 14 September 2018
  2. ^ "Will Bolivians give Evo Morales a fourth term?". BBC. 2019-10-20. Retrieved 2019-10-21.
  3. ^ "Bolivia's Evo Morales set to face first run-off". BBC. 2019-10-21. Retrieved 2019-10-21.
  4. ^ La ALP sancionó la Ley de Reforma parcial de la CPE Archived 2015-12-26 at the Wayback Machine Vice President of Bolivia
  5. ^ Bolivia passes law to allow Morales to run for fourth term Reuters, 25 September 2015
  6. ^ a b Consulta para habilitar a Evo está en marcha; El MAS ‘se juega la vida’ La Razón, 6 November 2015
  7. ^ Blair, Laurence (3 December 2017). "Evo for ever? Bolivia scraps term limits as critics blast 'coup' to keep Morales in power". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 January 2018. This week, the country’s highest court overruled the constitution, scrapping term limits altogether for every office. Morales can now run for a fourth term in 2019 – and for every election thereafter. ... the referendum results – which the government claims were invalid due to an opposition smear campaign directed by Washington ...
  8. ^ a b c "Imprimir Noticia". Plenglish.com. Retrieved 2019-10-20.
  9. ^ a b "Evo Morales habilitado para cuarto mandato en elecciones primarias en Bolivia". El Universo. Jan 27, 2019. Retrieved Oct 20, 2019.
  10. ^ a b c Aparicio, Mónica (Jan 27, 2019). "Resultados #EleccionesPrimarias2019 | Eugenia Choque, presidenta del Tribunal Supremo Electoral: Viendo todo el escenario como #TSE y como #OEP quedan retos y desafíos a implementar en la difusión y comunicación; en el sentido profundo que es la Ley de Organización Políticas.pic.twitter.com/ktHe5wFaUn". Retrieved Oct 20, 2019.
  11. ^ [1] 27 January 2019
  12. ^ Mesa va con un cruceño, Samuel se baja y Costas perfila a gente joven El Deber, 28 November 2018
  13. ^ a b c "Encuesta: Evo no supera el 30% de apoyo y arriesga un balotaje con Mesa - Diario Pagina Siete". www.paginasiete.bo (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  14. ^ "Encuesta: Evo tiene una intención de voto del 37%". eju.tv (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  15. ^ "Encuesta: Morales baja al 22% en la intención de voto - Diario Pagina Siete". www.paginasiete.bo (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  16. ^ "Emerge el nombre de Albarracín como alternativa, él dice gracias". eju.tv (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  17. ^ "Nueva intención de voto es liderada por Evo con un 27,9%". eju.tv (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  18. ^ Reynolds, Cesar Aguilar. "Encuesta de Captura Consulting demuestra que Evo Morales,es el candidato con mayor preferencia en Bolivia". kandire.bo (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  19. ^ "Intención de voto coloca a Morales con un 27% y a Carlos Mesa con 25% - Diario Pagina Siete". www.paginasiete.bo (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  20. ^ "Intención de voto favorece a Carlos Mesa en cinco ciudades de Bolivia". eju.tv (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  21. ^ "Encuesta de Ipsos le da 14 puntos de ventaja a Evo sobre Mesa". EL DEBER (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  22. ^ De 2018, 4 De Diciembre. "El ex presidente boliviano Carlos Mesa aventaja a Evo Morales en una encuesta preelectoral". Infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  23. ^ a b "En 2 meses, la preferencia de Mesa sube, baja y empata con Morales - Diario Pagina Siete". www.paginasiete.bo (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  24. ^ "Evo y Mesa empatan; Ortiz despega en intención de voto - Pagina Siete". www.paginasiete.bo (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-04-16.
  25. ^ "Evo, Mesa y Ortíz pelean el primer lugar en Santa Cruz, según encuesta de Tal Cual - Diario Eju". eju.tv (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-04-01.
  26. ^ "Si las elecciones fueran hoy ¿Por quien votaría? - HoyBolivia". hoybolivia.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-04-07.
  27. ^ "El primer test urbano-rural le da a Evo Morales 11 puntos de ventaja - la Razon". larazon.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-05-19.
  28. ^ "Evo supera con 11 puntos a Mesa en el inicio de la campaña electoral". EL DEBER (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-07-23.
  29. ^ "Encuesta Captura Consulting: Morales aumenta sube en la intención de voto con 38,4%". Bolivia TV (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-08-02.
  30. ^ v2019, ABI-Agencia Boliviana de Información. "Encuesta establece que Morales aumenta su ventaja sobre Mesa: 38,4% contra 23,6%". ABI - Agencia Bolivianan de Información. v2019. Retrieved Oct 20, 2019.
  31. ^ "Encuesta otorga Evo 35 Mesa 27 Ortiz el 11 - Pagina Siete". www.paginasiete.bo (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-08-02.
  32. ^ "Evo obtiene el 40,8%, Mesa el 23,3% y Ortiz 10,8%, según encuesta de Tal Cual". ATB (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-08-29.
  33. ^ a b "Encuesta ratifica ventaja de Evo Morales en intenciones de voto". Prensa Latina (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-08-29.
  34. ^ "Bolivia: estudio cuantitativo sobre el clima preelectoral". Aug 24, 2019. Retrieved Oct 20, 2019.
  35. ^ "Evo lidera preferencia con 34%, Mesa logra el 27% y Ortiz el 13% - Diario Pagina Siete". www.paginasiete.bo. Retrieved Oct 20, 2019.
  36. ^ "Evo lidera preferencia con 34%, Mesa logra el 27% y Ortiz el 13%". Pagina Siete (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-09-01.
  37. ^ https://www.celag.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/Clima-electoral-Bolivia-Oct-19.pdf