2019–20 NCAA football bowl games

The 2019–20 NCAA football games was a series of college football bowl games played to complete the 2019 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The games began on December 20, 2019, and, aside from the all-star games that followed, ended with the 2020 College Football Playoff National Championship played on January 13, 2020.

2019–20 NCAA football bowl games
Season2019
Regular seasonAugust 24, 2019 (2019-08-24) – December 14, 2019 (2019-12-14)
Number of bowls41[a]
All-star games4
Bowl gamesDecember 20, 2019 (2019-12-20) – January 13, 2020 (2020-01-13)
National Championship2020 College Football Playoff
National Championship
Location of ChampionshipMercedes-Benz Superdome
New Orleans, LA
ChampionsLSU Tigers
Bowl Challenge Cup winnerSEC
Bowl record by conference
Conference Bowls Record Final AP Poll
ACC 11 4–7 (0.364) 1
SEC 10 8–2 (0.800) 5
Big Ten 9 4–5 (0.444) 6
Conference USA 8 3–5 (0.375) 0
American 7 4–3 (0.571) 4
Mountain West 7 4–3 (0.571) 2
Pac-12 7 4–3 (0.571) 2
MAC 7 3–4 (0.429) 0
Big 12 6 1–5 (0.167) 3
Sun Belt 5 3–2 (0.600) 1
Independents 3 2–1 (0.667) 1

The total of 40 team-competitive bowls in FBS, including the national championship game, was unchanged from the previous season. With the first staging of the Hula Bowl since January 2008, the number of all-star games increased from three to four.

ScheduleEdit

The schedule for the 2019–20 bowl games is below. All times are EST (UTC−5). The schedule consists of 40 bowl games in FBS (the New Year's Six bowl games, 33 additional bowl games, and the National Championship game) and one bowl game in FCS (the Celebration Bowl). Division II bowls and Division III bowls are not included here. After the National Championship game, there are additionally four all-star games scheduled.

College Football Playoff and Championship GameEdit

The College Football Playoff system is used to determine a national championship of Division I FBS college football. A 13-member committee of experts ranked the top 25 teams in the nation after each of the last seven weeks of the regular season. The top four teams in the final ranking were seeded in a single-elimination semifinal round, with the winners advancing to the National Championship game.

The semifinal games for the 2019–20 season were the Fiesta Bowl and the Peach Bowl. Both were played on December 28, 2019, as part of a yearly rotation of three pairs of six bowls, commonly referred to as the New Year's Six bowl games. The winners advanced to the 2020 College Football Playoff National Championship at Mercedes-Benz Superdome in New Orleans, Louisiana, scheduled for January 13, 2020.

Semifinals Championship
December 28 – Peach Bowl
Mercedes-Benz Stadium, Atlanta
  1   LSU 63  
  4   Oklahoma 28   January 13 – National Championship
Mercedes-Benz Superdome, New Orleans
 
      1   LSU 42
December 28 – Fiesta Bowl
State Farm Stadium, Glendale
    3   Clemson 25
 
  2   Ohio State 23
  3   Clemson 29  
Date Game Site Teams Affiliations Results
Dec. 28 Cotton Bowl Classic AT&T Stadium
Arlington, Texas
12:00 pm
No. 10 Penn State Nittany Lions (10–2)
No. 17 Memphis Tigers (12–1)
Big Ten
American
Penn State 53
Memphis 39
Peach Bowl

(Playoff Semifinal Game)

Mercedes-Benz Stadium
Atlanta, Georgia
4:00 pm
No. 1 LSU Tigers (13–0)
No. 4 Oklahoma Sooners (12–1)
SEC
Big 12
LSU 63
Oklahoma 28
Fiesta Bowl

(Playoff Semifinal Game)

State Farm Stadium
Glendale, Arizona
8:00 pm
No. 3 Clemson Tigers (13–0)
No. 2 Ohio State Buckeyes (13–0)
ACC
Big Ten
Clemson 29
Ohio State 23
Dec. 30 Orange Bowl Hard Rock Stadium
Miami Gardens, Florida
8:00 pm
No. 9 Florida Gators (10–2)
No. 24 Virginia Cavaliers (9–4)
SEC
ACC
Florida 36
Virginia 28
Jan. 1 Rose Bowl Rose Bowl
Pasadena, California
5:00 pm
No. 6 Oregon Ducks (11–2)
No. 8 Wisconsin Badgers (10–3)
Pac-12
Big Ten
Oregon 28
Wisconsin 27
Sugar Bowl Mercedes-Benz Superdome
New Orleans, Louisiana
8:45 pm
No. 5 Georgia Bulldogs (11–2)
No. 7 Baylor Bears (11–2)
SEC
Big 12
Georgia 26
Baylor 14
Jan. 13 College Football Playoff National Championship

(Fiesta Bowl winner vs Peach Bowl Winner)

Mercedes-Benz Superdome
New Orleans, Louisiana
8:00 pm
No. 1 LSU Tigers (14–0)
No. 3 Clemson Tigers (14–0)
SEC
ACC
LSU 42
Clemson 25

[1][2]

Non CFP bowl gamesEdit

For the 2019–20 bowl season, the Dollar General Bowl changed sponsors to become the LendingTree Bowl.[3] The Cure Bowl, previously held at Camping World Stadium, changed venues to Exploria Stadium—both are in Orlando, Florida.[4] As the First Responder Bowl's usual venue of the Cotton Bowl in Dallas was unavailable due to a scheduling conflict with the 2020 NHL Winter Classic, the 2019 edition was played at Gerald J. Ford Stadium in nearby University Park, Texas.[5]

Date Game Site Television Teams[b] Affiliations[c] Results
Dec. 20 Bahamas Bowl Thomas Robinson Stadium
Nassau, Bahamas
2:00 pm
ESPN Buffalo Bulls (7–5)
Charlotte 49ers (7–5)
MAC
C–USA
Buffalo 31
Charlotte 9
Frisco Bowl Toyota Stadium
Frisco, Texas
7:30 pm
ESPN2 Kent State Golden Flashes (6–6)
Utah State Aggies (7–5)
MAC
MWC
Kent State 51
Utah State 41
Dec. 21 New Mexico Bowl Dreamstyle Stadium
Albuquerque, New Mexico
2:00 pm
ESPN San Diego State Aztecs (9–3)
Central Michigan Chippewas (8–5)
MWC
MAC
San Diego State 48
Central Michigan 11
Cure Bowl Exploria Stadium
Orlando, Florida
2:30 pm
CBSSN Liberty Flames (7–5)
Georgia Southern Eagles (7–5)
Independent
Sun Belt
Liberty 23
Georgia Southern 16
Boca Raton Bowl FAU Stadium
Boca Raton, Florida
3:30 pm
ABC Florida Atlantic Owls (10–3)
SMU Mustangs (10–2)
C–USA
American
Florida Atlantic 52
SMU 28
Camellia Bowl Cramton Bowl
Montgomery, Alabama
5:30 pm
ESPN Arkansas State Red Wolves (7–5)
FIU Panthers (6–6)
Sun Belt
C–USA
Arkansas State 34
FIU 26
Las Vegas Bowl Sam Boyd Stadium
Whitney, Nevada
7:30 pm
ABC Washington Huskies (7–5)
No. 19 Boise State Broncos (12–1)
Pac-12
MWC
Washington 38
Boise State 7
New Orleans Bowl Mercedes-Benz Superdome
New Orleans, Louisiana
9:00 pm
ESPN No. 20 Appalachian State Mountaineers (12–1)
UAB Blazers (9–4)
Sun Belt
C–USA
Appalachian State 31
UAB 17
Dec. 23 Gasparilla Bowl Raymond James Stadium
Tampa, Florida
2:30 pm
ESPN UCF Knights (9–3)
Marshall Thundering Herd (8–4)
American
C–USA
UCF 48
Marshall 25
Dec. 24 Hawaii Bowl Aloha Stadium
Honolulu, Hawaii
8:00 pm
ESPN Hawaii Rainbow Warriors (9–5)
BYU Cougars (7–5)
MWC
Independent
Hawaii 38
BYU 34
Dec. 26 Independence Bowl Independence Stadium
Shreveport, Louisiana
4:00 pm
ESPN Louisiana Tech Bulldogs (9–3)
Miami Hurricanes (6–6)
C–USA
ACC
Louisiana Tech 14
Miami 0
Quick Lane Bowl Ford Field
Detroit, Michigan
8:00 pm
ESPN Pittsburgh Panthers (7–5)
Eastern Michigan Eagles (6–6)
ACC
MAC
Pittsburgh 34
Eastern Michigan 30
Dec. 27 Military Bowl Navy–Marine Corps Memorial Stadium
Annapolis, Maryland
12:00 pm
ESPN North Carolina Tar Heels (6–6)
Temple Owls (8–4)
ACC
American
North Carolina 55
Temple 13
Pinstripe Bowl Yankee Stadium
The Bronx, New York
3:20 pm
ESPN Michigan State Spartans (6–6)
Wake Forest Demon Deacons (8–4)
Big Ten
ACC
Michigan State 27
Wake Forest 21
Texas Bowl NRG Stadium
Houston, Texas
6:45 pm
ESPN Texas A&M Aggies (7–5)
No. 25 Oklahoma State Cowboys (8–4)
SEC
Big 12
Texas A&M 24
Oklahoma State 21
Holiday Bowl SDCCU Stadium
San Diego, California
8:00 pm
FS1 No. 16 Iowa Hawkeyes (9–3)
No. 22 USC Trojans (8–4)
Big Ten
Pac-12
Iowa 49
USC 24
Cheez-It Bowl Chase Field
Phoenix, Arizona
10:15 pm
ESPN Air Force Falcons (10–2)
Washington State Cougars (6–6)
MWC
Pac-12
Air Force 31
Washington State 21
Dec. 28 Camping World Bowl Camping World Stadium
Orlando, Florida
12:00 pm
ABC No. 15 Notre Dame Fighting Irish (10–2)
Iowa State Cyclones (7–5)
Independent
Big 12
Notre Dame 33
Iowa State 9
Dec. 30 First Responder Bowl Gerald J. Ford Stadium
University Park, Texas
12:30 pm
ESPN Western Kentucky Hilltoppers (8–4)
Western Michigan Broncos (7–5)
C–USA
MAC
Western Kentucky 23
Western Michigan 20
Music City Bowl Nissan Stadium
Nashville, Tennessee
4:00 pm
ESPN Louisville Cardinals (7–5)
Mississippi State Bulldogs (6–6)
ACC
SEC
Louisville 38
Mississippi State 28
Redbox Bowl Levi's Stadium
Santa Clara, California
4:00 pm
Fox California Golden Bears (7–5)
Illinois Fighting Illini (6–6)
Pac-12
Big Ten
California 35
Illinois 20
Dec. 31 Belk Bowl Bank of America Stadium
Charlotte, North Carolina
12:00 pm
ESPN Kentucky Wildcats (7–5)
Virginia Tech Hokies (8–4)
SEC
ACC
Kentucky 37
Virginia Tech 30
Sun Bowl Sun Bowl
El Paso, Texas
2:00 pm
CBS Arizona State Sun Devils (7–5)
Florida State Seminoles (6–6)
Pac-12
ACC
Arizona State 20
Florida State 14
Liberty Bowl Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium
Memphis, Tennessee
3:45 pm
ESPN No. 23 Navy Midshipmen (11–2)
Kansas State Wildcats (8–5)
American
Big 12
Navy 20
Kansas State 17
Arizona Bowl Arizona Stadium
Tucson, Arizona
4:30 pm
CBSSN Wyoming Cowboys (7–5)
Georgia State Panthers (7–5)
MWC
Sun Belt
Wyoming 38
Georgia State 17
Alamo Bowl Alamodome
San Antonio, Texas
7:30 pm
ESPN Texas Longhorns (7–5)
No. 11 Utah Utes (11–2)
Big 12
Pac-12
Texas 38
Utah 10
Jan. 1 Citrus Bowl Camping World Stadium
Orlando, Florida
1:00 pm
ABC No. 13 Alabama Crimson Tide (10–2)
No. 14 Michigan Wolverines (9–3)
SEC
Big Ten
Alabama 35
Michigan 16
Outback Bowl Raymond James Stadium
Tampa, Florida
1:00 pm
ESPN No. 18 Minnesota Golden Gophers (10–2)
No. 12 Auburn Tigers (9–3)
Big Ten
SEC
Minnesota 31
Auburn 24
Jan. 2 Birmingham Bowl Legion Field
Birmingham, Alabama
3:00 pm
ESPN No. 21 Cincinnati Bearcats (10–3)
Boston College Eagles (6–6)
American
ACC
Cincinnati 38
Boston College 6
Gator Bowl TIAA Bank Field
Jacksonville, Florida
7:00 pm
ESPN Tennessee Volunteers (7–5)
Indiana Hoosiers (8–4)
SEC
Big Ten
Tennessee 23
Indiana 22
Jan. 3 Famous Idaho Potato Bowl Albertsons Stadium
Boise, Idaho
3:30 pm
ESPN Ohio Bobcats (6–6)
Nevada Wolf Pack (7–5)
MAC
MWC
Ohio 30
Nevada 21
Jan. 4 Armed Forces Bowl Amon G. Carter Stadium
Fort Worth, Texas
11:30 am
ESPN Tulane Green Wave (6–6)
Southern Miss Golden Eagles (7–5)
American
C–USA
Tulane 30
Southern Miss 13
Jan. 6 LendingTree Bowl Ladd–Peebles Stadium
Mobile, Alabama
7:30 pm
ESPN Louisiana Ragin' Cajuns (10–3)
Miami RedHawks (8–5)
Sun Belt
MAC
Louisiana 27
Miami 17

[1][2][6][7]

FCS bowl gameEdit

The FCS has one bowl game. They also had a championship bracket that culminated in the 2020 NCAA Division I Football Championship Game.

Date Game Site Television Participants Affiliations Results
Dec. 21 Celebration Bowl Mercedes-Benz Stadium
Atlanta, Georgia
12:00 pm
ABC North Carolina A&T Aggies (8–3)
Alcorn State Braves (9–3)
MEAC
SWAC
North Carolina A&T 64
Alcorn State 44

All-star gamesEdit

Organizers renamed the East–West Shrine Game to East–West Shrine Bowl.[8] The Hula Bowl returned for its first playing since January 2008.[9]

Date Game Site Television Participants Results
Jan. 18 East–West Shrine Bowl Tropicana Field
St. Petersburg, Florida
3:00 pm
NFL Network East Team
West Team
East 31
West 27
NFLPA Collegiate Bowl Rose Bowl
Pasadena, California
7:00 pm
NFL Network National Team
American Team
National 30
American 20
Jan. 25 Senior Bowl Ladd–Peebles Stadium
Mobile, Alabama
2:30 pm
NFL Network North Team
South Team
North 34
South 17
Jan. 26 Hula Bowl Aloha Stadium
Honolulu, Hawaii
10:30 pm
CBS Sports Network Team Kai (West)
Team Aina (East)
Kai (West) 23
Aina (East) 7

Team selectionsEdit

CFP top 25 standings and bowl gamesEdit

On December 8, 2019, the College Football Playoff selection committee announced its final team rankings for the year.[10] Two of the four semifinalists – Clemson and Oklahoma – had also been semifinalists the previous season. This was the sixth year of the College Football Playoff era, and the first year that Alabama was not in the semifinals.

Rank Team W–L Conference and standing Bowl game
1
LSU Tigers 13–0 SEC champions Peach Bowl (CFP semifinal)
2
Ohio State Buckeyes
13–0
Big Ten champions Fiesta Bowl (CFP semifinal)
3
Clemson Tigers
13–0
ACC champions Fiesta Bowl (CFP semifinal)
4
Oklahoma Sooners
12–1
Big 12 champions Peach Bowl (CFP semifinal)
5
Georgia Bulldogs
11–2
SEC East Division champions Sugar Bowl
6
Oregon Ducks
11–2
Pac-12 champions Rose Bowl
7
Baylor Bears
11–2
Big 12 first place (tie) Sugar Bowl
8
Wisconsin Badgers
10–3
Big Ten West Division co-champions Rose Bowl
9
Florida Gators
10–2
SEC East division second place Orange Bowl
10
Penn State Nittany Lions
10–2
Big Ten East Division second place Cotton Bowl
11
Utah Utes
11–2
Pac-12 South Division champions Alamo Bowl
12
Auburn Tigers
9–3
SEC West Division third place Outback Bowl
13
Alabama Crimson Tide
10–2
SEC West Division second place Citrus Bowl
14
Michigan Wolverines
9–3
Big Ten East Division third place Citrus Bowl
15
Notre Dame Fighting Irish
10–2
Independent Camping World Bowl
16
Iowa Hawkeyes
9–3
Big Ten West Division third place Holiday Bowl
17
Memphis Tigers
12–1
American champions Cotton Bowl
18
Minnesota Golden Gophers
10–2
Big Ten West Division co-champions Outback Bowl
19
Boise State Broncos
12–1
Mountain West champions Las Vegas Bowl
20
Appalachian State Mountaineers
12–1
Sun Belt champions New Orleans Bowl
21
Cincinnati Bearcats
10–3
American East Division champions Birmingham Bowl
22
USC Trojans
8–4
Pac-12 South Division second place Holiday Bowl
23
Navy Midshipmen
10–2
American West Division co-champions Liberty Bowl
24
Virginia Cavaliers
9–4
ACC Coastal Division champions Orange Bowl
25
Oklahoma State Cowboys
8–4
Big 12 third place (tie) Texas Bowl

Conference champions' bowl gamesEdit

Two bowls featured a matchup of conference champions—the Fiesta Bowl and the Peach Bowl. Rankings are per the above CFP standings.

Conference Champion W–L Rank Bowl game
ACC Clemson Tigers
13–0
3 Fiesta Bowl
American Memphis Tigers
12–1
17 Cotton Bowl
Big Ten Ohio State Buckeyes
13–0
2 Fiesta Bowl
Big 12 Oklahoma Sooners
12–1
4 Peach Bowl
C-USA Florida Atlantic Owls
10–3
Boca Raton Bowl
MAC Miami RedHawks 8–5 LendingTree Bowl
Mountain West Boise State Broncos
12–1
18 Las Vegas Bowl
Pac-12 Oregon Ducks
11–2
6 Rose Bowl
SEC LSU Tigers
13–0
1 Peach Bowl
Sun Belt Appalachian State Mountaineers
12–1
20 New Orleans Bowl

Bowl-eligible teamsEdit

Generally, a team must have at least six wins to be considered bowl eligible, with at least five of those wins being against FBS opponents. The College Football Playoff semi-final games are determined based on the top four seeds in the playoff committee's final rankings. The remainder of the bowl eligible teams are selected by each respective bowl based on conference tie-ins, order of selection, match-up considerations, and other factors.

However, six teams (Army, East Carolina, Florida, Hawaii, Liberty and Virginia Tech) needed to win seven games to become bowl eligible for the 2019–20 season – Army and Hawaii because their regular season consisted of 13 games, and the other four because they defeated two FCS teams during the season. At season's end, Florida, Hawaii, Liberty, and Virginia Tech were bowl-eligible with at least seven wins each, while Army and East Carolina did not reach the seven win threshold.

Number of bowl-eligible teams: 79
Number of bowl berths available: 78

Bowl-eligible teams that did not receive a berthEdit

As there were more bowl-eligible teams than there were bowl berths available, one team that was bowl-eligible (Toledo, 6–6) did not receive an invitation.[11]

Bowl-ineligible teamsEdit

Number of bowl-ineligible teams: 51

Television ratingsEdit

Most watched non-CFP bowl gamesEdit

Rank Date Matchup Network Viewers (millions) TV Rating[14] Game Location
1 January 1, 2020, 5:00 ET #6 Oregon 28 #8 Wisconsin 27 ESPN 16.30 8.7 Rose Bowl Rose Bowl, Pasadena, CA
2 January 1, 2020, 1:00 ET #14 Michigan 16 #13 Alabama 35 ABC 14.00 8.0 Citrus Bowl Camping World Stadium, Orlando, FL
3 January 1, 2020, 8:30 ET #5 Georgia 26 #7 Baylor 14 ESPN 10.22 5.7 Sugar Bowl Mercedes-Benz Superdome, New Orleans, LA
4 December 28, 2019, 12:00 ET #17 Memphis 39 #10 Penn State 53 6.22 3.8 Cotton Bowl AT&T Stadium, Arlington, TX
5 December 30, 2019, 8:00 ET #9 Florida 36 #24 Virginia 28 6.07 3.5 Orange Bowl Hard Rock Stadium, Miami Gardens, FL
6 December 31, 2019, 7:30 ET Texas 38 #11 Utah 10 5.61 3.1 Alamo Bowl Alamodome, San Antonio, TX
7 December 27, 2019, 6:45 ET #25 Oklahoma State 21 Texas A&M 24 4.90 2.8 Texas Bowl NRG Stadium, Houston, TX
8 January 2, 2020, 7:00 ET Indiana 22 Tennessee 23 4.32 2.6 Gator Bowl TIAA Bank Field, Jacksonville, FL
9 December 28, 2019, 12:00 ET #15 Notre Dame 33 Iowa State 9 ABC 4.17 2.7 Camping World Bowl Camping World Stadium, Orlando, FL
10 January 1, 2020, 1:00 ET #18 Minnesota 31 #12 Auburn 24 ESPN 3.99 2.4 Outback Bowl Raymond James Stadium, Tampa, FL

#CFP Rankings.

College Football PlayoffEdit

All times Eastern.

Game Date Matchup Network Viewers (millions) TV Rating Location
Peach Bowl (semifinal) December 28, 2019, 4:00 p.m. #4 Oklahoma 28 #1 LSU 63 ESPN 17.2 9.5 Mercedes-Benz Stadium, Atlanta, GA
Fiesta Bowl (semifinal) December 28, 2019, 8:00 p.m. #3 Clemson 29 #2 Ohio State 23 21.2 11.1 State Farm Stadium, Glendale, AZ
National Championship January 13, 2020, 8:00 p.m. #3 Clemson 25 #1 LSU 42 25.6 14.3 Mercedes-Benz Superdome, New Orleans, LA

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 40 FBS bowl games, including the College Football Playoff National Championship Game, and 1 FCS bowl game.
  2. ^ Win-loss records are prior to the bowl game being played.
  3. ^ Conferences listed reflect those of the actual participants.
  4. ^ Stanford finished their season bowl-ineligible for the first time since 2008.[12]
  5. ^ In January 2019, Missouri's football program received a one-season postseason ban, due to misconduct by a tutor in completing coursework for student-athletes.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "2019-20 college football bowl schedule, games, dates, times, TV channels". CBSSports.com. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "2019-20 College Football bowl schedule". The Tennessean. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  3. ^ "Mobile's college bowl game renamed LendingTree Bowl". WALA-TV. November 15, 2019. Retrieved November 19, 2019.
  4. ^ McElwain, John (May 1, 2019). "2019 Cure Bowl to be Played at Orlando City Stadium". sunbeltsports.org. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  5. ^ Baby, Ben (May 23, 2019). "Conflict with Winter Classic forces First Responder Bowl to move from Cotton Bowl to SMU's Ford Stadium". dallasnews.com. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  6. ^ "ESPN Events Reveals 2019-20 Bowl Season Slate". ESPN Events. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  7. ^ "We don't know yet how we're going to start the @CFBONFOX season, but we know how we'll finish it. Dates and kickoff times for the @RedboxBowl and @HolidayBowl pic.twitter.com/iI1210XBwb". @FOXSportsPR. 29 May 2019. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
  8. ^ "East-West Shrine football announces name change". shrinegame.com (Press release). September 12, 2019. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  9. ^ Peterkin, Olivia (October 31, 2019). "HULA BOWL to reboot after 12 years as part of CBS Network partnership". bizjournals.com. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
  10. ^ "2019 Rankings". College Football Playoff. December 8, 2019. Retrieved December 8, 2019.
  11. ^ Buckey, Brian (December 8, 2019). "Toledo football left out of bowl picture". The Blade. Toledo, Ohio. Retrieved December 9, 2019.
  12. ^ Fried, Justin (December 1, 2019). "Stanford Football: Cardinal season ends with a whimper and another streak ended". goldengatesports.com. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
  13. ^ Myerberg, Paul (January 31, 2019). "NCAA hits Missouri football, other sports with postseason ban for academic misconduct". USA TODAY. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
  14. ^ "College Football TV Ratings". Sportsmediawatch.com. Retrieved 3 January 2020.

Further readingEdit