2018 National People's Congress

The 2018 National People's Congress, or the First Session of the 13th National People's Congress, was held in March 2018 at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, China. The session opened on 5 March[1] and concluded on 20 March.[2] Major state positions were elected in this session.


President Premier Congress Chairman
Xi Jinping 2016.jpg Dmitry Medvedev and Li Keqiang 20191101 (cropped).jpg Zhang Dejiang in May.2014.jpg
Xi Jinping Li Keqiang Zhang Dejiang
since
14 March 2013
since
15 March 2013
since
14 March 2013

President-elect Premier-elect Congress Chairman-elect
Xi Jinping 2016.jpg Dmitry Medvedev and Li Keqiang 20191101 (cropped).jpg Li Zhanshu in 2016.jpg
Xi Jinping Li Keqiang Li Zhanshu
since
17 March 2018
since
18 March 2018
since
17 March 2018

Website
2018 NPC official website

The Communist Party of China proposed amending the Constitution, for the first time after 2004,[3] including writing Scientific Outlook on Development and Xi Jinping Thought into the Preamble,[4] and removing the provision that the President and Vice President "shall serve no more than two consecutive terms" from the Constitution.[5] Amending the Constitution of China requires a majority vote of two-thirds of all the deputies to the Congress.[6] On 11 March 2018, the Congress passed the amendment in the third plenary meeting of this session,[7] attended by 2,964 out of 2,980 deputies, with 2,958 votes for, two against, three abstaining, and one void.[8][9]

On 17 March 2018, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, was unanimously re-elected as the President of the People's Republic of China and the Chairman of the Central Military Commission,[10] and Li Zhanshu was elected as the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress.[11]

Li Keqiang was nominated as the Premier by President Xi Jinping and approved by the Congress on 18 March 2018.[12] Han Zheng, Sun Chunlan, Hu Chunhua and Liu He are nominated as the Vice Premiers by Premier Li Keqiang and approved by the Congress on 19 March 2018.[13]

Election resultsEdit

NPCSC Chairman Election NPCSC Secretary-general Election
Candidates For Against Abstain Candidates For Against Abstain
Li Zhanshu 2980 0 0 Yang Zhenwu 2980 0 0
Presidential Election Vice-Presidential Election
Candidates For Against Abstain Candidates For Against Abstain
Xi Jinping 2980 0 0 Wang Qishan 2969 1 0
NPCSC Vice-Chairmen Election NSC Director Election
Candidates For Against Abstain Candidates For Against Abstain
Wang Chen 2980 0 0 Yang Xiaodu 2969 1 0
Cao Jianming 2980 0 0
Zhang Chunxian 2979 1 0
Shen Yueyue 2979 1 0
Ji Bingxuan 2980 0 0
Arken Imirbaki 2980 0 0
Wan Exiang 2980 0 0
Chen Zhu 2980 0 0 Liu Yuan 2 0 0
Wang Dongming 2979 1 0
Padma Choling 2980 0 0
Ding Zhongli 2978 1 1
Hao Mingjin 2980 0 0
Cai Dafeng 2979 1 0
Wu Weihua 2980 0 0
Premierial Election Vice-Premierial Election
Li Keqiang 2964 2 0 Han Zheng 2976 4 0
Sun Chunlan 2956 5 8
Hu Chunhua 2979 0 1
Liu He 2964 3 2
CMC Chairmanship Election CMC Vice-Chairmanship Election
Candidates For Against Abstain Candidates For Against Abstain
Xi Jinping 2980 0 0 Xu Qiliang 2962 0 4
Zhang Youxia 2963 2 1
Supreme Court President Election Procurator-general Election
Candidates For Against Abstain Candidates For Against Abstain
Zhou Qiang 2956 5 5 Zhang Jun 2951 5 10

Legislation and resolutionsEdit

Topic For Against Abstain Rate
Report on the Work of the Government by Premier Li Keqiang 2956 3 3 99.80%
Plan for the Institutional Reform on the State Council 2966 2 2 99.87%
Implementation of the 2017 National Economic and Social Development Plan and the 2018 National Economic and Social Development Plan 2902 41 19 97.97%
2017 Central and Local Budget Performance Report and the Draft of the 2018 Central and Local Budget 2838 87 37 95.81%
Amendment to the Constitution 2958 2 3 99.83%
Supervision Law 2914 28 18 98.45%
Work report of NPC Standing Committee by Zhang Dejiang 2922 22 18 98.65%
Work Report of the Supreme People's Court by Zhou Qiang 2806 132 23 94.77%
Work Report of the Supreme People's Procuratorate by Cao Jianming 2781 138 43 93.89%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "China's national legislature starts annual session". National People's Congress. 5 March 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  2. ^ "China's national legislature holds closing meeting". Xinhuanet. 20 March 2018. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  3. ^ "China to drop presidential term limits, clearing way for Xi Jinping to stay on". CNN.com. 25 February 2018. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
  4. ^ "Xi Jinping thought proposed to be included in Constitution". Xinhuanet. 25 February 2018. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
  5. ^ "China Focus: Proposed constitutional amendment package unveiled". Xinhuanet. 25 February 2018. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
  6. ^ Article 64 of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China.
  7. ^ "China's national legislature adopts constitutional amendment". Xinhuanet. 11 March 2018. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  8. ^ "十三届全国人大一次会议举行第三次全体会议" (in Chinese). Sina.com.cn. 11 March 2018. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  9. ^ "習近平可延任到2023年後!人大修憲2958票通過 僅2票反對" (in Chinese). Ettoday.net. 12 March 2018. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  10. ^ "China Focus: Xi Jinping unanimously elected Chinese president, CMC chairman". Xinhuanet. 17 March 2018. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  11. ^ "Li Zhanshu elected chairman of NPC Standing Committee". Xinhuanet. 17 March 2018. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  12. ^ "Li Keqiang endorsed as Chinese premier". Xinhuanet. 18 March 2018. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  13. ^ "Quick look at China's new cabinet lineup". Xinhuanet. 19 March 2018. Retrieved 19 March 2018.

External linksEdit

Preceded by
2017 NPC
Annual National People's Congress Sessions of the
People's Republic of China

March 2018
Succeeded by
2019 NPC